Creating Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage. 3D Icons Project in Romania

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E. Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Corina Nicolae, Mihai Bozgan, Marius Amarie and Tudor Martin, 'Creating Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage. 3D Icons Project in Romania ', presentation given at the Congress 3D-Documentation in Archaeology & Monument Preservation, held at LWL Industrial Museum, Dortmund (Germany), 16th-18th October 2013

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Creating Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage. 3D Icons Project in Romania

  1. 1. 25/11/2013 Creating Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage. 3D Icons Project in Romania E. Oberländer-Târnoveanu, Corina Nicolae, Mihai Bozgan, Marius Amarie, Tudor Martin Romanian National History Museum, Bucharest, Ro 1
  2. 2. 25/11/2013 3D Digitisation of Icons of European Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (3D Icons) project is a pilot project funded under the European Commission’s ICT Policy Support Programme, built on the results of CARARE and 3D-COFORM. 3D-ICONS proposes to digitize a series of architectural and archaeological masterpieces of world and European cultural significance and provide 3D models and related digital content to Europeana, with the aim of contributing to the critical mass of highly engaging content available to users. 2
  3. 3. 25/11/2013 The project will exploit existing tools and methods, to integrate them in a complete supply chain of 3D digitization to contribute a significant mass of 3D content to Europeana. The project will focus on UNESCO World Heritage monuments and other monuments of outstanding value at European level, to illustrate a particular strand of Europe’s history. 3
  4. 4. 25/11/2013 Partners 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Università degli Studi de Napoli L’Orientale, Italy MDR PARTNERS (CONSULTING) LIMITED, Great Britain CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE, Italy ATHENA RESEARCH AND INNOVATION CENTER IN INFORMATION COMMUNICATION & KNOWLEDGE TECHNOLOGIES, Greece THE DISCOVERY PROGRAMME LBG, Irland UNIVERSIDAD DE JAEN, Spain CMC Associates Ltd., Great Britain POLITECNICO DI MILANO, Italy Visual Dimension bvba, Belgiun ASSOCIATION POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT DE L’ENSEIGNEMENT ET DES RECHERCHES AUPRES DES UNIVERSITES, DES CENTRES DE RECHERCHE ET DES ENTREPRISES D’AQUITAINE, France FONDAZIONE BRUNO KESSLER, Italy KONINKLIJKE MUSEA VOOR KUNST EN GESCHIDENIS, Belgium THE CYPRUS RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION, Cyprus CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, France Romanian National History Museum NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS, Greec 4
  5. 5. 25/11/2013 The digital content will include overall 3D models and reconstructions, enlarged models of important details, images, texts, videos. It will also include and recontextualize in 3D, objects belonging to a monument but presently located elsewhere, for example in a museum. Technology • 3D model generation via - image-based modeling, requiring mainly a digital camera; - 3D scanning, a medium- or long-range 3D scanner required; - procedural modeling and 3D sketching, using free or inexpensive specific software • 3D model and digital information storage management: requires standard computer resources and an open source repository management system • 3D visualization tools: open source or free software 5
  6. 6. 25/11/2013 Romanian National History Museum Saint Michael Romano-Catholic Cathedral, Alba Iulia, one of the most important medieval architectural monuments from Transylvania, candidate on the UNESCO lists 6
  7. 7. 25/11/2013 Romanian National History Museum Sarmizegetusa Regia, the Dacian fortress from the Orăștie Mountains, UNESCO monument, together with the archaeological finds from its neighborhood 7
  8. 8. 25/11/2013 The softwares used in the project are based mainly on open-source technologies or on technologies that have a low acquisition costs. Besides the 3D content that the project intends to make available to the general public, another important task is to make publicly available the production pipeline to other cultural institutions or owners of 3D cultural content. Photogrammetry offers accurate results, being a method suited for personnel from cultural heritage domain, with a limited technical background, but as well it is able to deliver measurable, accurate and detailed 3D information. 8
  9. 9. 25/11/2013 Data acquisition - Canon EOS 5D Mk II ISO 100, t=1/60/ zoom lens EF 24-105 AF IS @ 35 mm f: 22 2 Studioflash 1000w 2 Studioflash 300w Processing and post processing Hardware: APPLE MAC 2.3GHz quad-core Intel Core i7 (Turbo Boost up to 3.3GHz) cu 6MB L3 cache (2 buc.), Intel HD Graphics 4000, 32GB 1600MHz DDR3 Software: Agisoft Photoscan – fully automated 3D modeling method, based on a structure from motion approach MeshLab v.1.3.2 Blender 2.67 9
  10. 10. 25/11/2013 Stone relief, depicting a Bishop, Saint Michael Romano- Catholic Cathedral, Alba Iulia Statue of a Transylvanian leader, made of stone, dated to the XVIIth c., Saint Michael Romano-Catholic Cathedral, Alba Iulia Holy water font, made of marble, dated to the XVIIth c., Saint Michael Romano-Catholic Cathedral 10
  11. 11. 25/11/2013 Stone niche, Saint Michael RomanoCatholic Cathedra, Alba Iulia Wooden statue of Mary, XIIIth c., Saint Michael Romano-Catholic Cathedral, Alba Iulia Northern entrace, XIXth c., Saint Michael Romano-Catholic Cathedral, Alba Iulia 11
  12. 12. 25/11/2013 Web visualisation • Possibility to visualize different level of information • Segmented information may lead to historical interpretation by analyzing models which are located in different places, but belong to the same culture • Visualisation for the public • Visualization and usage by cultural heritage experts , which us still considered as a medium to reach the public, rather than a basic instrument for research and conservation 12
  13. 13. 25/11/2013 Up on the cloud p3d.in 13
  14. 14. 25/11/2013 Sketchfab 3Dfile.io 14
  15. 15. 25/11/2013 Conclusions Web-based vizualisation offers the possibility for documentation of heritage sites and artefacts at different scales and resolutions for applications such as conservation, restoration or education 3D replicas communicate in an effective way Characteristics such as metrics, accuracy and photorealism should be taken into consideration when it comes to study and research 15

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