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  1. 1. Welcome
  2. 2. Islamic History
  3. 3. Layout Introduction The Islamist and Pakistan The Islamist and Pakistan Maulana Mawdudi and Jama`t Islamist and State of Pakistan  Establishment's Islam Zia and Islam Benazir Butto, Nawas & Islamism The Ulema parties
  4. 4. Madaris Ethos of Radical Islamic Groups The parliamentary Strategy. Islamist concept of foreign affairs Terrorism as a Strategy The state and the Radical Islam Blowback Pakistani Style Portent and possibilities Army and Islamists Islamic Strategies
  5. 5. Introduction • Pakistan was a product of a classic nationalist movement with a geopolitical vision that sought a protected area where Muslims could live un threatened lives. • Pakistan a Muslim State • Pakistan an Islamic State • Pakistan resembles Israel
  6. 6. The Islamist and Pakistan • Well organized Muslim Society • Formation of Tablighi jama`t • Maulana Mawdudi and Jama`t • Islamist and State of Pakistan
  7. 7. Maulana Mawdudi and Jama`t • The most influential of Pakistan's Islamists • More Anti-Hindu than Pro-Pakistan • Formation of Jama`at-i-Islami • Partition of JI
  8. 8. Islamist and State of Pakistan • Role of Islamist In helping Pakistan recover from the devastation of partition • Pressure on Muslim League For Islamic State • Ingathering of Muslims is not enough. • Elimination of British-derived civil and criminal laws and creation of State based upon Shariat.
  9. 9. Establishment's Islam • Pakistan Institutions were results of adapting the British dominated enviroment while simultaneously supporting tand exploiting the traditional alliances and structures. • Pakistan slowly moved to Islamized State • Reasons??? • Risk????
  10. 10. Establishment's Islam Cont….. • Constitutional Assembly's Objective Resolution 1949 • Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan and Butto continued to seek compromise with Islamist. • Butto banned Alchohol, Declared Ahmediyya sect non-Muslim and Idea of Islamic Bomb at islamic Conference 1974.
  11. 11. Zia and Islam • A move towards Islamic State. • Signboards placed around cantonments quoting Quran verses. • Pakistan Studies a compulsory subject. • Zia. Aslam Beg and Hamidf Gul followed the ideology of JI. • Promotion of Jihad and madrassas • Islamic Army
  12. 12. Benazir Butto, Nawas & Islamism • Islamist and Benazir Butto • Shariat Bill in 1999. • Pakistan's Nuclear Test and 9/11 • West against Islam
  13. 13. Jama`at and centrist Islamism • Relations of JI,ISI and Army • Taliban and JI • JI an organized party. • JI Objective • India and USA chief enemy • A militant political party • Islamic Jamia`t Tulba or IJT
  14. 14. The Ulema parties • Deobandi School of thought • JUI, JUP, • Barelvi school of thought • Sunni Tehreek, • Ahle hadit • Shia parties
  15. 15. Madaris • Madaris at the time of independence were 250. • In 1987 increased to the 3000 and currently about 4500. • Zia encouraged the expanding of the madras’s. • Massive funds from Gulf States.
  16. 16. Ethos of Radical Islamic Groups • Primary concern for the governance. • Second, for the foreign policy and relation with Islamic countries. • Divided by their theology inheritance. • Disagree on the social, economic and political problems and their solutions.
  17. 17. The parliamentary Strategy. • History of religious politics • October 2002 elections, MMA won 62 seats. Form government in NWFP and coalition government in Balochistan. • MMA an artificial alliance. • MMA and Hisba bill. • Artificial allance.
  18. 18. Islamist concept of foreign affairs • NWFP and Balochistan great chance to prove their selves. • Pak Afghan relation based on the ethnic affinity. • Taliban were born out of the JUI madaris. • Al Quida is a salafist jihadi movement.
  19. 19. Terrorism as a Strategy • Conceptually the terrorism literature compares terrorism to theater • One is enemy • The second group is “bystanders” • Remainder is potential recruits for the cause.
  20. 20. The state and the Radical Islam • Army is main character in this entire scenario. • Always used them, trained them and supported for its own purposes. • Behari vs Bengali • Zia ul haq and Islamic groups
  21. 21. Blowback Pakistani Style • ISI supported hard line groups with America’s help. • Negative consequences of Afghan war for Pakistan. • An increase in domestic and sectarian violence.
  22. 22. Portent and possibilities • Axis of Evil, has nuclear weapons, terrorists and stagnant economy. • A new Iran, center for new Islamic revolution. • Pakistanis subject to careful security regulations and discrimination.
  23. 23. Army and Islamists • Army , the main barrier for Islamic radicalism as will for the democracy. • Trained by British past, international contacts and un Islamic structure. • Current officers critical of zia’s experiment • Army view it self as last best hope. • Continue to exploit militant groups. • Army has its own way to run state.
  24. 24. Islamic Strategies • JI can be bridge between secular and militant groups • JI is capable of movement but fears of out flanked by Army and Establishment • Needs alliance to come in power. • No prediction for near future. • Islamic revolution, but no one on Khomeini’s status. • JI can become second most important force.