Intro to Art

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Intro to Art

  1. 1. Art Appreciation 111<br />“Art is neither alien nor elitist, but part of our everyday life and the culture in which we live.”-Laurie Schneider Adams, Art Across Time<br />ART 111<br />Instructor:<br />Rebecca McMillen<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Today’s Agenda<br />Why Study Art?<br />What is the purpose/significance of art?<br />Why is this class relevant?<br />Why is art important?<br />Class Reflection<br />A preview of what’s to come…<br />
  3. 3. Class Reflection<br />What is the Purpose/ Significance of Art?<br />Write down as many things you can think of<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Why Study Art?<br />What can art teach us?<br />About the world<br />About our countries<br />About our culture<br />About ourselves<br />Where do our values & beliefs come from?<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Why is this Class Relevant?<br />Art is an essential part of your everyday life<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />From the Clothes You Buy…<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />The Music You Play…<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />The Internet You Surf…<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />To the Apartment You Decorate…<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />You see & use Art every single day<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Art encompasses more than the pictures you see hanging on museum walls<br />There are multiple mediums / forms of art:<br />Architecture<br />Dance<br />Film<br />Fashion<br />Literature<br />Music <br />Painting <br />Photography<br />Sculpture <br />Theatre (to name a few)<br />Art is Vast<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Decorative Uses<br />Functional Uses<br />Sentimental Uses<br />Political / Religious Uses<br />Why is Art Important?<br />Art Has Many Uses<br />-Aesthetic<br />- Functional <br />- Decorative<br />- Sentimental<br />- Entertainment<br /> - Political<br /> - Religious<br />- Historical<br />ART<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Art Has Many Values<br />Why is Art Important?<br />Works of art are valued not only by artists, patrons, & art historians, but also by entire cultures<br />Today’s institutions, as well as individuals, fund works of art<br />There is a flourishing art market throughout the world<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Art Has Many Values<br />Why is Art Important?<br /><ul><li>Material Value:
  15. 15. Precious materials
  16. 16. Gold, Silver, Ivory
  17. 17. Intrinsic Value:
  18. 18. May not contain valuable material
  19. 19. Depends largely on the general assessment of the artist who created it</li></ul>da Vinci<br />van Gogh<br />
  20. 20. 15<br />Art Has Many Values<br />Why is Art Important?<br /><ul><li>Religious Value:
  21. 21. Religious significance
  22. 22. Sculptures of gods, temples
  23. 23. Nationalistic Value:
  24. 24. Express pride, patriotism & accomplishment of a culture
  25. 25. Triumphal arches, statues of national heroes</li></li></ul><li>16<br />Art Has Many Values<br />Why is Art Important?<br /><ul><li>Psychological Value:
  26. 26. Reactions to art cover a wide range of human emotion
  27. 27. Pleasure, Fright, Amusement, Avoidance, Outrage
  28. 28. Ability to attract & repel us
  29. 29. Not based on if its aesthetically pleasing</li></li></ul><li>17<br />Art Communicates!<br />Why is Art Important?<br />We are bombarded with millions of images from birth<br />We tend to assume we understand their meaning<br />Paradoxical fact: Although children read pictures before words, a picture is more complex than a word — hence the proverbial “A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words”<br />Times Square, NY<br />
  30. 30. 18<br />Art Communicates!<br />Why is Art Important?<br />What Do These Images Mean?<br />Thus, one of the reasons why we study art is because it’s trying to communicate something to us<br />We are “code breakers”trying to unlock the meaning of images<br />Aboriginal art symbols & their meanings<br />
  31. 31. 19<br />Class Reflection<br /><ul><li>How should we determine if something is art?
  32. 32. What is this an image of?
  33. 33. Is it art?
  34. 34. Why or why not?</li></li></ul><li>20<br />Class Reflection<br /><ul><li>What if the artist told you this was a sculpture of a bird?
  35. 35. Would you agree, i.e., does it have bird-like features/characteristics?
  36. 36. Wings - Feathers - Beak
  37. 37. Does it have any other bird-like qualities?</li></li></ul><li>21<br />Class Reflection<br />Compare the sculpture to a bird:<br />Wings<br />Feathers<br />Beak<br />Bird-like qualities<br />“What is real is not the exterior form but the idea; the essence of things.”-Brancusi<br />Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)<br />
  38. 38. 22<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />October 27, 1927 Court case between Brancusi v. United States<br />Example of:<br />Conflict between conservative & progressive views of art in early 20th century America regarding the question: “What constitutes a work of art?”<br />
  39. 39. 23<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />During a visit to France, American photographer Edward Steichen purchased the bronze sculpture Bird in Space from Romanian artist Constantin Brancusi<br />In 1926 Steichen bought the sculpture to New York<br />He assumed that because it was an original work by a professional sculptor, he would not be charged import duty<br />Original works of art are not charged import duty so long as they are declared<br />
  40. 40. 24<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />The customs officer, did not agree that the Bird was a work of art<br />It was admitted into the US under the category of “Kitchen Utensils & Hospital Supplies”<br />Steichen was charged $600 in import duty<br />
  41. 41. 25<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />The following year Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney offered to take the issue to court<br />First it was established that Brancusi had actually made the Bird<br />It was established that he was a professional sculptor with works in European & American Museums<br />Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney<br />Brancusi in his studio<br />
  42. 42. 26<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />Next came the question of whether Bird in Spacerepresented a bird<br />It was argued that it:<br />Lacked identifiable bird-like features such as wings & feathers<br />Does not look like a bird<br />Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)<br />
  43. 43. 27<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />Of course, Bird in Space is not an actual bird<br />It’s a bronze sculpture that intends to express the sense of a soaring bird in space<br />Brancusi wanted to convey the essence of an idea<br />By giving form to the graceful freedom of movement associated with the flight of birds<br />Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)<br />
  44. 44. 28<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />Art critics testified that it has the “suggestion of flight”, & that it suggests:<br />Grace<br />Aspiration<br />Vigor<br />Speed<br />Strength<br />Power<br />Beauty <br />Bird in Space, Brancusi(1928)<br />
  45. 45. 29<br />Brancusi v. United States<br />The judge’s decision, took into account the development of modernism & recognizing that abstraction was popular amongst many contemporary artists<br />He concluded that:<br />“Bird in Space is beautiful & symmetrical in outline..it is pleasing to look at & highly ornamental..it is the original production of a professional sculptor & is in fact a work of art”<br />
  46. 46. A Preview of What’s to Come<br />
  47. 47. 31<br />What is art?/ The Creative Impulse<br />A look at the origins of art & creativity<br />
  48. 48. 32<br />Cultural Purposes of Art/Decorating ourselves & our Environment<br />How art varies from culture to culture & personal decoration<br />
  49. 49. 33<br />Visual Elements of Art<br />A look at the artist’s language – line, shape, space, texture, time & motion<br />
  50. 50. 34<br />Terminology & Principles of Design<br />How the elements of artist’s language are organized<br />
  51. 51. 35<br />Methodologies of Art<br />A look at the different points of views in understanding art<br />
  52. 52. 36<br />2-D Media & Techniques of Art <br />A look at the different two-dimensional mediums used in art making<br />
  53. 53. 37<br />3-D Media & Techniques of Art<br />A look at the different three-dimensional mediums used in art making<br />
  54. 54. Questions?<br />Contact me: rebecca.mcmillen@fresno.edu<br />Next Lesson: What is Art?/The Creative Impulse<br />

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