What is Conceptual Art?Art that is intended to convey an idea or concept to theperceiver and doesn’t involve the creation or appreciationof a traditional art object such as a painting or sculpture.The commercial or communal aspect of the “work” is oftena set of instructions for what exists in the artist’s mind.
Sol Lewitt, Wall Drawing #273,Lines to points on a grid (1975),Water-soluble crayon on wall
French artist Marcel Duchamp paved the way for the conceptualists,providing them with examples of early conceptual works — the readymades. Conceptual art emerged as a recognized art movement in the 1960s. The term Conceptual art wasnt coined until the 1950s. The term wasfirst used by Edward Kienholz.Where did Conceptual Art Originate?
The Conceptual Art Movement The conceptual art movement began in 1966 in the United States,Latin America, and Europe and ended in 1972. This movement focuses on Marcel Duchamps notion that ANYTHINGcan be art be a work of art. For advocates of this movement, the idea of a work matters more thanits physical identity.
Bruce Nauman, The True ArtistHelps the World by RevealingMystic Truths, (1967)
The Conceptual Art Movement Conceptual art was seen to act as a reaction against formalism andcommodification. This group believed that the art object was not an endin itself and saw artistic knowledge as equal to artistic production. The first exhibition specifically devoted to Conceptual Art tookplace in 1970 at the New York Cultural Centre. The term “Conceptual Art" came to encapsulate all forms ofcontemporary art that did not utilize the traditional skills of painting andsculpture.
Conflicts with Conceptual Art Some have argued that conceptual art continued the "dematerialization"of art by removing the need for objects altogether, while others saw conceptualart as a radical break with formalist Modernism. When Marcel Duchamp submitted his piece, “Fountain”, in the exhibitSociety of Independent Artists in New York, it was rejected. A commonplaceobject such as a urinal cannot be art because it is not made by an artist orwith any intention of being art, nor is it unique or hand-crafted.
Important Facts Most conceptual art actively sets out to be controversial. The job of conceptual artists is to encourage a revisionary understandingof art, artist, and artistic experience Because Conceptual Art is so dependent upon the text surrounding it, itis strongly related to numerous other movements of the last century.
Conceptual Art & Language The Art & Language group was founded in 1967 and is a collaboration ofimportant conceptual artist influences. The first Art & Language journal was released in 1969 and was regardedas an important influence on conceptual art in the United States and UnitedKingdom. Sol Lewitt was a huge contributor to the Art & Language group when hefirst published an article in the magazine called Sentences on Conceptual Artin 1969.
Conceptual Art and Skill An important difference between conceptual art and more "traditional"forms of art goes to the question of artistic skill. It is difficult to argue that no skill is required to make conceptual works, orthat skill is always absent from them. It is not so much an absence of skill that defines conceptual art as anevident disregard for conventional, modern notions of authorial presence andindividual artistic expression.
Conceptual Artist’s Joseph Kosuth Lawrence Weiner Sol Lewitt Betye Saar Judy Chicago Yoko Ono Barbara Krueger Martin Creed Jenny Holzer Andy Warhol
Sourceswww.slideshare.net/ArtsyRosemarie/conceptual-art-grade-12-art-historywww.diaart.org/exhibitions/main/3www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/131001/conceptual-artwww.allbuyart.com/art-movement-conceptual-art.aspwww.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2010/originalcopy/intro05.htmlen.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kosuth_OneAndThreeChairs.jpgconceptualartdebate.wikispaces.com/http://oberlin.edu/amam/images/LeWitt_1972.77.jpgLucy Lippard & John Chandler, "The Dematerialization of Art",Art International 12:2, February 1968. p. 218