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Week1 Art or Not


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art, art appreciation, art or not, what is art, art history, education

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Week1 Art or Not

  1. 1. Art(?) What are we appreciating?
  2. 2. Art is made up of: <ul><li>Form: Media, Style, Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Content: Subject matter, Message, Iconography </li></ul><ul><li>Context: Knowledge of artist, time & culture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Source: “Art or Bunk” by Ian Ground, 1989
  4. 4. <ul><li>Art and Artist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creator determined – intention/content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Art and Audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewer determined – eye of the beholder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Art and Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historically conditioned object/historical process </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What distinguishes Art? without doubt everything is clear <ul><li>Human-made? </li></ul><ul><li>Certain Materials? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the material alone make it art? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An idea or intent? </li></ul><ul><li>Physical? </li></ul><ul><li>Limits/Parameters? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical limits? Time? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A function? </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty ? </li></ul><ul><li>Skill? </li></ul><ul><li>The audience? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Is every piece of fiction in a library a work of art? Is every object a work of art?
  7. 7. <ul><li>“Our enjoyment and appreciation of works of art in whatever medium is not something completely isolated from everyday aspects of human life. All of us, most of the time, make decisions, come to conclusions and above all appreciate and enjoy things in ways which are the same sorts of ways in which we enjoy and understand works of art” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ian Ground </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Example: Choosing where to sit in the park typically involves some kind of aesthetic decision
  9. 9. Is this elephant making Art?
  10. 11. “From an anonymous and abstract place, tied to intellectual activity, the gallery becomes a concretely real space, open to stimulating all the senses. “ “emblem of rationality subduing nature” – the Enlightenment Jannis Kounellis - Untitled - 1969
  11. 12. <ul><li>“ Permanent Vacation” by Cory Arcangel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two unattended computers send endlessly bouncing out-of-office auto-responses to each other. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. Cy Twombly ,Untitled , 1970 Crayon and house paint on paper 27 3/4 x 39 3/8 in. (70.5 x 100 cm)
  13. 16. JEAN ARP, Collage Arranged According to the Laws of Chance, 1916–1917. Torn and pasted paper, 1’ 7 1/8” x 1’ 1 5/8”. Museum of Modern Art, New York
  14. 17. Nature vs. Art
  15. 18. Vik Muniz, “Pictures of Clouds”, 2001
  16. 19. ‘Alba’ is a transgenic albino rabbit: She contains a jellyfish gene that makes her glow green when illuminated with the correct light. “GFP Bunny” has raised many ethical questions and sparked an international controversy about whether Alba should be considered art at all….
  17. 21. Paul McCarthy's sculpture &quot;Complex Shit&quot; (2008)
  18. 22. Figure 22-23 MARCEL DUCHAMP, Fountain, (second version), 1950 (original version produced 1917). Ready-made glazed sanitary china with black paint, 12” high. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
  19. 24. Carl Andre, “Equivalent VIII”, 1989 Fire bricks
  20. 25. Counterfeit <ul><li>A forged bill is not counterfeit because it doesn’t look like the original but because it was not made under the right authority or reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciating art is not just appearance/aesthetic value ( how ) –it also involves understanding why a work is made in a certain way and for what reasons. </li></ul>
  21. 26. Jean Dubuffet “dhotel nuance d'abricot” Beauty?
  22. 27. Courbet, Les Baigneuses , 1853
  23. 29. French performance artist Orlan, who has dedicated herself to embodying classic beauty as found in the works of Leonardo, Botticelli and Boucher through multiple plastic surgeries Detail from The Birth of Venus , by Sandro Botticelli, 1486
  24. 30. Barry McGee aka Twist Context
  25. 31. Barry McGee aka Twist Context
  26. 33. Context
  27. 34. Vs. Appearance vs. Intention
  28. 35. Waving vs. Drowning
  29. 36. “ I use the pollen or the beeswax, which I did not create. I participate in the most beautiful things in the world, which I could never create. I could never create this beauty of the pollen. So the tragedy for me would be if I tried to make a painting out of pollen.“ “ for me, the sky is much more important than trying to make a painting that is a symbol for the sky. “
  30. 38. Wolfgang Laib Milk stone 1980 marble and milk 2.6 (h) x 91.9 (w) x 74.2 (d) cm
  31. 39. Martin Creed, Work No. 850, 2008 Work No. 850 centers on a simple idea: that a person will run as fast as they can every thirty seconds through the gallery in the Tate Britain. Each run is followed by an equivalent pause, like a musical rest, during which the grand Neoclassical gallery is empty.
  32. 40. Felix Gonzales-Torres,untitled, 1991
  33. 41. Tom Friedman 1,000 Hours of Staring 1992-97 stare on paper 32 1/2 x 32 1/2 in.
  34. 42. John Baldessari, “I will not make any more boring Art”, 1971
  35. 46. Marina Abramović, The Artist Is Present, 2010
  36. 49. Possible definitions of Art: <ul><li>A perceptual shift </li></ul><ul><li>A formal expression of a conceived image or imagined conception in terms of a given medium – Sheldon Cheney </li></ul><ul><li>“ Art makes looking worthwhile” (pg 28) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Aesthically intelligible artifacts” </li></ul>
  37. 50. Chapter 2 <ul><li>What is Art? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience/Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notion of Beauty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representational/Naturalistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-representational </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-objective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics: Philosophy of meaning & nature of art </li></ul>
  38. 51. <ul><li>• Representational (Naturalistic, trompe l’oeil) </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract (Stylized) </li></ul><ul><li>Nonrepresentational/Nonobjective </li></ul>
  39. 52. (abbreviated) Fallacies about Contemporary Art – L Magazine, May 13, 2009 <ul><li>Anything can be art! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duchamp didn’t make every shovel art, just the one he labeled. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Value is completely subjective. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are methods of evaluating art, and just because viewers respond differently doesn’t mean they don’t exist. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anyone could do that. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A sentiment typically refuted with the argument, “But you didn’t. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I don’t know enough about art to talk about it. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone can discuss art well, few of us however look at it long enough to be able to do so. Trust your instincts, talk about what you see — don’t be afraid to be wrong. The beauty of an opinion is that you can change it as your response evolves. </li></ul></ul>