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Using the power of data by David Wollman


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Using the power of data by David Wollman

  1. 1. NIST Smart Grid Program andGreen Button Data Access to Consumers Dr. David Wollman Deputy Director, Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Manager, Smart Grid Standards and Research Engineering Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) U.S. Department of Commerce
  2. 2. National Institute of Standards and Technology• Non-regulatory agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce – Originally National Bureau of Standards (established 1901) – NIST Laboratories measurement science research activities at two main campuses in Gaithersburg, Maryland and Boulder, Colorado G. Wheeler  $567M (USD) for Laboratories; ~3000 employees (3 Nobel Prizes), 2800 associates, U.S. National Metrology Institute  Strong partnerships with industry, academia, government  Research, calibrations, standard reference materials, data …  Engineering, IT, Physical Measurement, Material Measurement Labs
  3. 3. Standards – Key Aspect of US Smart Grid Policy White House June 2011 Policy Framework includes 4 key Federal policy recommendations: enable cost-effective smart grid investments, unlock innovation, empower and inform consumers, and secure the grid The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 gives NIST “primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes … standards … to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems…”
  4. 4. Key US Government Roles in Smart Grid Public Consultation, $ R&D Utility Engagement, (and ARRA – stimulus funding), Agency Coordination National Labs State Regulators Industry NARUC – National Association Smart Grid Coordination, of Regulatory Utility Task Force R&D Commissioners Interagency Coordination Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Standards Regulatory Structure Developing Organizations NERC – North American Electric Reliability Corporation NAESB – North American Energy Standards Board
  5. 5. Coordination and Acceleration of Smart GridStandardization: NIST Three Phase Plan PHASE 1 PHASE 2 Identify an initial set of Establish Smart Grid Interoperability existing consensus Panel (SGIP) public-private forum standards and develop a with governance for ongoing efforts roadmap to fill gaps PHASE 3 Summer 2009 Workshops Conformity Framework Draft Framework Sept 2009 (includes Testing and Smart Grid Interoperability Panel Certification) Established Nov 2009 NIST Framework 2.0 SGIP self- NIST Smart Grid Interoperability sustaining Released Feb 2012 Framework 1.0 business plan Released Jan 2010 2009 2010 2011 2012
  6. 6. NIST Smart Grid Framework and Roadmap 1.0 and 2.0• Release 1 published January 2010 – Extensive public input and review – Completed in less than 1 year – Smart Grid Vision and Reference Model – Identified existing standards – Priority Action Plan Projects – Companion Cyber Security Strategy NISTIR 7628• Release 2 published January 2012 – Extensive involvement of Smart Grid Interoperability Panel plus public input and review – Improvements include revised architecture, Interoperability Process Reference Manual, additional identified standards, completed and new Priority Action Plans, SGIP structure …
  7. 7. NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Panel• Public-private partnership created in Nov. 2009• Approx. 750 member organizations, 1900+ participants• Open, public process with international participation• Coordinates standards development – Identifies Requirements – Prioritizes standards development programs – Works with over 20 SDOs including IEC, ISO, ITU, IEEE, … – Significant international participation• Web-based participation SGIP Twiki: sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/SGIP
  8. 8. Smart Disclosure and Open Government• Smart disclosure refers to the timely release of complex information and data in standardized, machine readable formats in ways that empower and enable consumers to make informed decisions – Product or Service Data, Data on Providers, Individualized Consumer Data• White House Initiative – Smart Disclosure Task Force• Open Government Directive – Transparency and Open Government – January 21, 2009 – – May 21, 2009 ( – June 2011) – Open Government Partnership National Action Plan Sept 2011 – Smart Disclosure Summit March 30, 2012 • Blue Button (Health IT), Green Button (Smart Grid) key examples
  9. 9. Customer DomainWholesale Customer Retail Domain Markets
  10. 10. Smart Grid Data Physical Infrastructure Generate Data Move andStandardization Store Use Policy / Custodian
  11. 11. Administration Privacy Blueprint – Feb 2012 • Guides efforts to give users more control over the use of their personal information and help businesses maintain consumer trust. • Recommends convening stakeholders to develop and implement enforceable privacy policies based on the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights • In the energy utility sector, the Federal Smart Grid Task Force (led by Dept. of Energy) is leading privacy efforts. – DOE hosted Smart Grid Privacy Workshop on 31 Jan 2012 to convene multiple stakeholders in a collaborative process Vendor, Consumer State 24% Advocate,Press Release: Regulators, 18%press-office/2012/02/23/we-can-t-wait-obama- 5%administration-unveils-blueprint-privacy-bill-rights Governm Industry, ent, 27% 26% Breakdown of 80 participants by Organization Type
  12. 12. Let’s Directly Empower Consumers with Data A Challenge – Design a “Green Button” A Challenge to Industry: How can we safely and securely provide customers electronic access to their energy information, thereby supporting the continuing development of innovative new products and services in the energy sector? Key Principles • Use SGIP standards • Open, Collaborative • Multi-Stakeholder Sept 2011 OSTP Blog: • “Lean Startup” Modeling a Green • Easy-to-use Energy Challenge after a Blue Button Aneesh Chopra – former U.S. Chief Technology Officer – September 2011
  13. 13. What is Green Button?• Common-sense idea that electricity customers should be able to download their own energy usage information in a consumer- and computer-friendly electronic format from their utility’s secure website.• A common experience, from provider to provider, setting clear expectations that consumers’ information is theirs to have – and share. 10 million consumers have access to Green Button data NOW, and 31+ million will by 2013 & greenbutton.cfmSource:
  14. 14. What might Green Button data be good for? Empower Consumers and Spur Innovation Insight: entrepreneur-created web portals analyze energy usage and provide actionable tips; Heating and Cooling: customized heating and cooling for savings and comfort; Education: community and student energy efficiency competitions; Retrofits: improved decision-support tools to facilitate energy efficiency retrofits; Verification: measurement of energy efficiency investments; Real Estate: provide energy costs for tenants and/or new home purchasers; and Solar: optimize the size and cost-effectiveness of rooftop solar panels.Source:
  15. 15. The ecosystem of companies and organizationssupporting and using Green Button data…• Utilities• Utility software vendors• Apps developers• Device manufacturers• Standards organizations
  16. 16. What people are saying about Green Button… It may finally give consumers a reason to care about the smart grid. – SF Chronicle Solar companies are also eager for consumer data because understanding a homeowners electricity use is key to the sales process. – San Jose Mercury News The project is important because it is a broad-based plan to take energy data and standardize the format of it, open it up (while also providing security) and make it readily available to consumers. – Gigaom Im a big fan of simplicity and open standards to unleash a lot of innovation.…Im going to reach out to ConEd, the utility in NYC, and find out when they are going to add Green Button support to their consumers data. I hope it is soon. – Fred Wilson (Venture Capitalist)Source:
  17. 17. Future Plans• New SGIP Priority Action Plan 20 for Green Button – Additional revisions to NAESB standards, international standardization, development of testing and certification (UCAIug OpenADE – Open Automated Data Exchange)• Green Button Download My Data – Consumer directly downloads their energy usage information, then can choose to share it with third parties to receive value-added services• Green Button Connect My Data – More persistent and automated data exchange from utilities to third parties as authorized by consumers – Uses fuller functionality of NAESB ESPI standard, some utilities are ready and interested in implementing
  18. 18. Further information• NIST smart grid program information:• NIST SGIP information: sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/FactSheets• My contact info: David Wollman Deputy Director, Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Manager, Smart Grid Standards and Research Engineering Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) U.S. Department of Commerce USA: +1 (301) 975-2433