Residential Safety 2009

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  • 18 roof Falls 10 Ladder Falls 6 Floor/star openings
  • Employee was framing the 1st floor of a house. The employee stepped onto the floor joist laying on the flat side to reach others when the one he was standing on broke. He fell into the foundation striking his head on the concrete wall of the foundation. On January 14, 2008, at approximately 8:46 am a 21 year old english speaking male fell from the 2nd story roof of a residential structure while installing a roof vent as the structure was being re-roofed. Employee #1 (deceased) was working on the south west corner of the structure near the peak approximately 28' above the ground with a roof pitch of 8 in 12 with no fall protection. Ice and snow was present on the roof and constributed to the accident.
  • Employees were installing approximately 70 foot long trusses without proper temporary bracing when the trusses fell along with employees working from trusses. An employee was installing a mobile home on a lot. During the installation the employees used 12 ton hydraulic jacks to support the home before they put the masonry blocks under the home before final installation.The victim Roger Dunithan was in the process of removing the final 12 ton hydraulic jack, during the removal he used a tool to take weight of the jack to lower the home. During this procedure the home shifted 3 feet and crushed him. The victim sustained a crushed chest and pelvis and died. On November 9, 2005 at approximately 8:45 a.m. an employee was fatally crushed when an overhead garage door frame weighing approximately 800 pounds with a 600 pound, 17 foot 10 inch steel I-beam encased in approximately 200 pounds of lumber tipped over on him. The victim was operating and using the LULL 944E-42 rough terrain forklift to hoist the overhead garage door frame when he backed up the forklift and retracted the boom of the forklift. The victim exited the cab of the forklift and began walking towards the overhead garage door frame that was only secured by one nut and bolt on the sill plate. The top heavy overhead garage door frame tipped over outwards from the garage and struck the victim in the back of the head as he was walking over stacked lumber and he was reacting to the falling frame by covering his head with his hands and ducking down at the same time. An employee was digging under an extension of the poured footing inside of an excavation when it gave way; fatally crushig him. Employee was crushed between framed wall and floor while attempting to stand the wall up during framing of house. On Thursday, March 30, 2006 at approximately 6:00 PM, employee #1 was cleaning out the pumping system and pipelines of a concrete pumping rig. A column of highly compressed air had become lodged inside the line behind an obstruction. The air pressure eventually forced the obstruction out and produced a violent percussive blast within the immediate vicinity of employee #1. On December 2, 2004 at approximately 3:43 p.m., an employee was in the process of using a Bobcat to place pea gravel in a crawlspace of a new single-family home when he noticed a hydraulic hose line had ruptured. The victim was working under the raised bucket full of pea gravel on the Bobcat trying to repair the ruptured hydraulic hose line. The victim was in the process of loosening another hydraulic hose line with a wrench to move it out of the way to repair the ruptured hose line. When the victim loosened the hydraulic hose line in the front, the bucket full of pea gravel slowly fell on the victim crushing him between the cab and the bucket of the Bobcat. The victim was taken to the hospital where he was pronounced dead. Employee was standing on the south side of a trailer during unloading activities. A 12 inch 700 lbs pipe fell off a front-end loader back onto the stack of pipe then rolled off and struck the employee in his chest causing him to fall to the ground. The pipe then rolled across his chest and head.
  • Victim and another worker were in the process of doing some siding work to a residential home. They removed an antenna from the side of the home when it came in contact with a 7200 volt power line and victim was fatally shocked. On November 19, 2008, at approximately 1:15 PM, a 29 year old male was electrocuted as a result of a 13/26 foot long aluminum ladder contacting a 7.2 kilo-volt overhead power line. The employee was an occasional employee for the past eight years for the company. He had worked for the last year for the company. The victim was working with a foreman. They were installing windows at a second level location, rear of the duplex. They were using the 13/26 foot aluminum extension ladder to access the exterior of the building. The windows lower section was 15 feet 6 inches above the ground. The foreman was near the victim, but was not looking at him. The victim was attempting to move the ladder, with the power lines directly behind him. He was standing the ladder straight up, so he could pick it up and move it to another window. The ground was scraped dirt, and it was muddy. The ground sloped away from the duplex toward the street and the power line. The foreman did not witness the accident but heard a noise, looked and saw the victim had made contact the power line. The foreman called 911 and Emergency Services were dispensed. The west wall was 12 feet 7 inches horizontally away from the power lines. There were no contributing weather variables; it was clear and mild, with no precipitation. The ladder apparently tilted past the 90 degree vertical and made contact with the power lines with the victim looking away from the lines. Interview with wife of deceased on 15 September 2005: Wife, Cheri, was helping husband (Jerry) in replacing a pressure tank. A pressure tank is like, "a personal water tower." the wife turned the power on to see if the tank was functional (water entering the tank). Jerry was reaching to shut off the valve when he brushed against the switch, and was electrocuted. The wife unplugged the power (tank). The Paramedics transported Gerald to Central DuPage Hospital. Coroner = "Death by electrocution." At 3:00pm, employee was working alone in a new residence while removing an air diverter from an installed residential heat pump inside air handler's duct work. The duct work in which the diverter was located was directly below the air handler, which had the 20 kilowatts auxiliary heating coils, 230 volts. The victim cut out the side of the duct work to gain access to the screws that held the diverter in place. The power was not turned off to the air handler. The victim put his head into the duct work, attempted to pull the diverter toward him in the limited space to access the last two screws, and raised his head into the heating element. The victim was electrocuted. On October 04, 2006 at approximately 4:00 p.m. two gutter installation employees were working from a ladder jack scaffold. The gutter that they were installing made contact with a high voltage over head power line resulting in the electrocution death of one of the employees.
  • Owner of plumbing company and laborer were installing sewer line approximately 13'6" below grade. The trench was vertical with no protective system in use. When working at tie-in point, west trench wall sheared, immediately covering both. Employee in a trench between seven and eight feet was not provided a protective system when installing the sewer tap and was buried alive when the trench collapsed
  • The coroner's investigation observed brown smears from the cedar shingles on the employee's clothing indicating that the employee slid down the roof prior to falling from it. A toxicological examination of the employee determined the presence of THC, a component of marijuana and opiates, consistent with a prescription for Vicodin
  • A 17 year old roofer was struck by lightning and kiled while working on a house roof. Worker was part of a four man crew. Pitch of roof was 10 in 12 with a eave height up to 24 feet 6 inches. Cal City also have done some investigations where the forklift was transporting a fully sheeted wall and was blown over, wind also effects scaffold loading.
  • Two painting crews were at new subdivisions 1 mile west of Raceway Rd on 56th St. One of the box trucks broke down near the end of the day. The company had the driver of the other box truck, pick the other crew up and drive back to the main facility in Franklin IN. That put thirteen employees in the back of the box truck and four employees in the cab. The box truck was loaded with paints, lacquer thinner, stains, and acrylics among other paint chemicals. Sometime during the travel from 56Th St down I465 to the Airport Expressway, a can of lacquer thinner was spilled. Employees were allowed to smoke in the box truck and an ignited cigarette or the spark of a lighter ignited the vapors from the lacquer thinner. The truck was engulfed immediately and the driver pulled over the shoulder of the road. The thirteen employees in the back of the box truck were all taken to area hospitals and all were initially in critical condition. As of 8-25-03 two employees have died,while three have been released from hospitals. Eight still remain in critial condition
  • Victim and another employee were staging bundles of shingles on the second story roof of the newly constructed house. Both employees were on the east side of the house near the valley when the victim slipped on ice or frost on the roof and fell 21 feet to the ground below. The victim was transported to the hospital where he died the next day. Employee was installing roofing material on existing building when employee fell from roof.
  • OSHA Installation Procedures for Roof Truss and Rafter Erection During the erection and bracing of roof trusses/rafters, conventional fall protection may present a greater hazard to workers. On this job, safety nets, guardrails and personal fall arrest systems will not provide adequate fall protection because the nets will cause the walls to collapse, while there are no suitable attachment or anchorage points for guardrails or personal fall arrest systems. On this job, requiring workers to use a ladder for the entire installation process will cause a greater hazard because the worker must stand on the ladder with his back or side to the front of the ladder. While erecting the truss or rafter the worker will need both hands to maneuver the truss and therefore cannot hold onto the ladder. In addition, ladders cannot be adequately protected from movement while trusses are being maneuvered into place. Many workers may experience additional fatigue because of the increase in overhead work with heavy materials, which can also lead to a greater hazard. Exterior scaffolds cannot be utilized on this job because the ground, after recent backfilling, cannot support the scaffolding. In most cases, the erection and dismantling of the scaffold would expose workers to a greater fall hazard than erection of the trusses/rafters. On all walls eight feet or less, workers will install interior scaffolds along the interior wall below the location where the trusses/rafters will be erected. "Sawhorse" scaffolds constructed of 46 inch sawhorses and 2x10 planks will often allow workers to be elevated high enough to allow for the erection of trusses and rafters without working on the top plate of the wall. In structures that have walls higher than eight feet and where the use of scaffolds and ladders would create a greater hazard, safe working procedures will be utilized when working on the top plate and will be monitored by the crew supervisor. During all stages of truss/rafter erection the stability of the trusses/rafters will be ensured at all times. (Your company name here) shall take the following steps to protect workers who are exposed to fall hazards while working from the top plate installing trusses/rafters: Only the following trained workers will be allowed to work on the top plate during roof truss or rafter installation: Workers shall have no other duties to perform during truss/rafter erection procedures; All trusses/rafters will be adequately braced before any worker can use the truss/rafter as a support; Workers will remain on the top plate using the previously stabilized truss/rafter as a support while other trusses/rafters are being erected; Workers will leave the area of the secured trusses only when it is necessary to secure another truss/rafter; The first two trusses/rafters will be set from ladders leaning on side walls at points where the walls can support the weight of the ladder; and A worker will climb onto the interior top plate via a ladder to secure the peaks of the first two trusses/rafters being set. The workers responsible for detaching trusses from cranes and/or securing trusses at the peaks traditionally are positioned at the peak of the trusses/rafters. There are also situations where workers securing rafters to ridge beams will be positioned on top of the ridge beam. (Your company name here) shall take the following steps to protect workers who are exposed to fall hazards while securing trusses/rafters at the peak of the trusses/ridge beam
  • 03/02/2005 at 4:46PM Cause of Death: Fall The victim was one of a four man crew framing a two story residential building with a basement. The victim returned from lunch and the crew was on the second floor preparing to start work setting the east interior wall of the bonus room when the victim fell down the stairwell opening 19' 2" to the basement concrete floor. There were no guardrails on three sides of the 10' by 8' stairwell opening.
  • Employee was working on the exterior of a house when he leaned a ladder on the corner of the structure. Another employee was holding the ladder. Deceased climbed up to approximately 7 ft. and the ladder slipped and could not be held. The deceased fell striking his head and neck on the ground
  • On September 11, 2008, at approximately 8:45am, a 30-year-old male died because of a cardiac arrhythmia. Multiple injuries due to a fall from height were significant conditions contributing to his death. The employee, a Polish worker spoke only Polish. Polish was the primary language at the work site. The employee was performing tuckpointing from a ladder jack scaffold platform erected approximately 5.5 feet above the asphalt driveway. The work was being conducted on the south side of a one and one half story existing single family home. The employer was working with the deceased employee on the scaffold. This was the first day at the site and employees were just starting to work from the scaffold. The employer stated that he observed the employee fall forward and did not put his arms out to stop the fall. The employee fell between the wall and the scaffold striking his head on the driveway. The weather was warm and sunny. Personal fall protection is required when working from a ladder jack scaffold platform above ten feet high. The employee was not wearing personal fall protection. The employer had personal fall protection available for employee use. This was the third day the employee had worked for the company.
  • Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to struck-by and fall hazards: Employees were installing approximately twenty-six, 80 foot span wooden trusses, without sufficient bracing to prevent collapse of the trusses. Feasible methods of abatement include, but are not limited to: Installing wood trusses and temporary bracing of the wood trusses in accordance with all of the following: 1. The Wood Truss Council of America and Truss Plate Institute guidelines contained in the Building Component Safety Information (BCSI) Guide 1-03 entitled, "Guide to Good Practice for Handling, Installing & Bracing of Metal Connected Wood Trussed" A2. The BCSI-B1 Summary Sheet entitled, "Guide for Handling, Installing, and Bracing Metal Plate Connected Wood Trusses" AND BY 3. Consulting with a Registered Professional Engineer for the temporary bracing of wood trusses longer than sixty feet in length. On November 24, 2008 at approximately 1:30 pm two of seven employees working to install a truss system were injured when the trusses collasped. Four of the workers were outside the building at the time of the collapse. One employee was on the exterior top-plate on the north side of the building and was not injured. A male, English speaking employee of Romano Company, Inc. (SIC: 1542; NAICS: 236220), age 50, fell approximately 15-feet onto concrete. The employee sustained multiple broken bones and head trauma. The employee was pronounced dead at 5:29 pm at St. Mary's Hospital, Decatur, Illinois. A male, English speaking employee of the framing contractor was injured by this event when the employee's foot was broken when the worker fell with the trusses. The seven employees worked to set 80-foot trusses, installing a new roof system on an existing building. The Romano employee worked on the exterior top-plate on the south side of the structure. The framing contractor employee worked in the truss webbing. The truss system was supported by a steel column and beam system that was erected inside the building walls. The crew consisted of employees from two companies. Four workers were in the trusses; one on each top-plate and two in the web. At approximately 1:30 pm the 73 trusses that had been set by the team collasped and fell to the building floor. The event occurred outdoors, the temperatures were (in degrees fahrenheit): high 47, low 35, average 41. The average wind-speed was 13.2 mph with maximum recorded wind speed of 25 mph. There was 0.03 inches of precipitation. The weather station that collected this data is located approximately 5.6 miles from the construction site From the Romano Fatal in 2008 On or about November 24, 2008, employees were exposed to the hazard of being struck and crushed by metal plate connect wood trusses that were not restrained or braced in accordance with manufacturer specifications. Feasible means of abatement could have been achieved by following the truss manufacturer guidance incorporated in the document received by the employer with the truss shipment and prepared by the Truss Plate Institute and the Wood Truss Council of America. This document was entitled, BCSI-B2, Truss Installation & Temporary Restraint/Bracing, and it recommended the following for long span trusses: 1)Install top chord lateral restraints every 4-feet on-center (maximum), overlapping each 2x4 restraint by 2-trusses. 2)Install top chord diagonal bracing at each end and every 20-feet (maximum) with each brace spanning 4-trusses (maximum). 3)Install bottom chord lateral restraints every 10 to 15-feet, overlapping each 2x4 restraint by 2-trusses. 4)Install bottom chord diagonal bracing at each end and every 20-feet (maximum), at approximately 45-degree angles, and overlapping each 2x4 brace by 2-trusses. 5)Install web diagonal bracing at the same spacing as the bottom chord lateral restraints, at each end and every 20-feet (maximum), starting at or near the bottom chord and at approximately 45-degree angles. 6)Secure each temporary brace and restraint member with 2-10d, 2-12d, or 2-16d nails at each truss the brace or restraint intersects. 7)Erect temporary truss support at center of the span, to reduce bucking forces in the trusses, until all permanent bracing is installed. 8)Sheath trusses as soon as possible to ensure the integrity of the structure. 9)Ensure that all lumber used to temporarily restrain and brace the truss system is stress graded lumber. 10)Ensure that truss bracing methods used are suitable for the type and size of truss being set. 11)Consult a Professional Engineer for temporary installation of restraints and braces for truss spans over 60-feet.
  • IC 22-8-1.1 Section 2: The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to: Job site -----On or about January 18, 2007 the employer did not move and lift truss members on the 60 feet wooden trusses according to the guidelines contained within the Building Component Safety Information Parts 1-11 and the BCSI B1 Summary Sheet published by the Wood Truss Council of America (WTCA) and the Truss Plate Institute (TPI) which require that trusses not be dragged on uneven ground, not lifted by the peak, and prohibit altering truss members unless specifically permitted by the Truss Design Drawing or without the Truss Manufacturer's prior approval. Among other methods, one feasible and acceptable abatement method to correct this hazard is to lift the truss with a spreader bar or stiffback prior to moving or installation and not to add any component, alter, or make modifications to the truss
  • There were three subcontractors who died from carbon monoxide poisoning and a fourth subcontractor who was hospitalized with carbon monoxide poisoning from either a generator or a kerosene space heater that had been running to provide heat to the individuals who went to sleep in a single family home under construction. Only one of the subcontractors, a drywaller, had worked at the site and in this home. The other three subcontractors, including the one survivor, were roofers. All four were Hispanic workers.
  • Two employees were working in a forklift basket installing windows on a single family residential home. After the installing the windows, the rough terrain forklift was backed up, without lowering the boom. The forklift was on a slope and the ground had ruts. As a result, the entire forklift tipped over on its side. Employees were working from an elevated work platform on a rough terrain fork lift with a 20 ft. long manufactured pick supported by platform on one end and a ladder jack bracket on the other. Employee was working from pick one from platform when the platform disengaged from the carriage and fell to the ground. One employee received fatal head injuries. On 09/12/07 at approx. 12:45 pm employee #1 went onto a scaffold platform that was supported by a rough terrain forklift to a caulk a window preparing it to install 10 feet 3 inches above the ground below. Employee was not tied off to the platform. The platform was not secured to the forks of the forklift and when employee stepped onto the platform on one side it tipped and turned over coming off the forks and dumped employee onto the ground with the scaffold platform landing on top of him, killing employee instantly.
  • A landscaper fell off the back of a trailer behind a dump truck and was crushed by the wheels on the trailer.
  • Victim was spray painting the basement of a house being fixed-up. He was apparently overcome by paint fumes/vapors. He was not wearing a respirator. The victim was using a paint stripper which contained approximately 75-100% methylene chloride to remove the paint from a bathtub in an apartment so it could be repainted and reglazed. After repeatedly trying to call the victim and receiving no answer, an employee entered the apartment and found the victim on their knees, face down leaning on the bathtub. A very strong chemical odor was present in the bathroom when the victim was found. The coroner found 99 g/mL of methylene chloride in the victim's blood. The toxic methylene chloride blood level in humans has been estimated to be approximately 95-610 g/mL. According to the coroner, the cause of death was determined to be asphyxia due to central nervous system (CNS) depression from toxic methylene chloride vapors. The victim died during a bath tub refinishing operation involving the use of a methylene chloride-containing chemical stripping agent. The medical examiner attributed the victims death due to arteriosclerotic and hypertensive heart disease in which dichloromethane (i.e., methylene chloride) poisoning was contributing factor.
  • On September 20, 2006, at approximately 8 am, a 26 year old male was killed when he walked between a Komatsu PC300LC and a gravel box. The worker was struck-by the rotating superstructure and pinned against the gravel box. The swing radius of the excavator was not barricaded so as to prevent workers from entering the swing radius. Company was in the process of installing storm sewer pipe on the site which was being readied for the construction of 218-unit town-houses.
  • Concrete forms used - 3 feet x 8 feet tall x 2 inches wide Section of forms that fell onto employee was approximately 30 feet long. Name of Site: 2918 Albert Drive Jobsite Equipment: Western concrete forms Operation: A crew of employees were in the process of erecting concrete formwork for a residential foundation. Before leaving for break, the employees erecting a straight free-standing section, installed temporary bracing to prevent the forms collapsing. During the break, employee #1 arrived from another jobsite to help with the formwork erection. When employee #1 arrived at the jobsite, he immediately started working while the others remained on break. Evidence at the scene suggest that employee #1 began installing whaler/scaffold brackets on the side of the free-standing section of formwork. The whaler brackets are installed on the on the formwork in the location where the temporary bracing is installed, and the bracing is commonly removed to install the brackets. Once the Whalers are completely installed, the temporary bracing is then reinstalled, and nailed to the whaler. At the time of the accident, it appears that employee #1 had removed the braces to install the brackets, and the formwork then collapsed and struck him. There were no witnesses to the accident. Employee #1 received fatal injuries as a result of the accident. PPE: Hard hat Safety Program: The company has a written safety program and a training program for employees. The safety program is in both English and Spanish. The safety program does not contain guidelines on bracing of the formwork during the erection process. Injury: Fractures Contributing Factors: Temporary bracing was not maintained. Lack of policy and training lead to the bracing not being maintained throughout the erection process.
  • Employee #1 (deceased) and EE# 2 had loaded wooden doors into the box. EE# 1 told EE#3- the Operator to lift the box up to the third floor unit and lock the lift in place. EEs# 1 and 2 then walked up to the 3rd floor unit onto the balcony, EE# 1 climbed over the balcony into the box. After passing the first door to EE# 2, EE#1 went to reach for the second door when EE#3 heard wood cracking EE#1 fell from the box 40'ft to the ground below and the box landed on top of the employee before hit the ground.
  • Residential Safety 2009

    1. 1. Residential Safety Region V December 2009
    2. 2. Residential Deaths 2003 to 2008 <ul><li>Falls - 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Struck By -27 </li></ul><ul><li>Electrocution – 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Forklift -11 </li></ul><ul><li>Trenching - 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Fire – 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental - 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Health -3 </li></ul><ul><li>Drown - 2 </li></ul>No guard rails on scaffold
    3. 3. Fall Sources <ul><li>19 roof Falls </li></ul><ul><li>11 Ladder Falls </li></ul><ul><li>8 Floor/stair openings </li></ul><ul><li>Fall protection starts at 6 feet for residential carpentry </li></ul>Slides off roofs are leading cause of residential falls
    4. 4. Stuck By <ul><li>Falling objects from roof </li></ul><ul><li>Falling objects being lifted to roof </li></ul><ul><li>Walls </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Working under objects that had support fail </li></ul><ul><li>Truss Collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Trailer unloading – Concrete pipe </li></ul>Crane or forklift is recommended
    5. 5. Electrocutions <ul><li>Powerlines – 20 </li></ul><ul><li>(Most ladders and gutters) </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure tank – 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Air Handler – 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting circuit – 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical cord – 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Brick Scraper – 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffold - 1 </li></ul>10 feet away is required.
    6. 6. Trenching <ul><li>No cave in protection </li></ul><ul><li>No ladder within 25 feet </li></ul><ul><li>No competent person </li></ul><ul><li>Quick disconnect bucket hazard </li></ul>
    7. 7. Other Factors <ul><li>Drugs – including cocaine were found in some victim’s system </li></ul><ul><li>Training – many not trained in 1926.503 requirements </li></ul>Cocaine stored in a used prescription container
    8. 8. Weather <ul><li>Heat Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Lightning </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul>
    9. 9. Fire <ul><li>Painting truck catches on fire </li></ul>
    10. 10. Shingling Falls <ul><li>Most the falls are those with no slide guards </li></ul><ul><li>Workers can slip on shingle or felt to start slipping </li></ul>No slide protection used
    11. 11. Shingling Abatement <ul><li>Slide guards used when: </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Slope 8/12 or less </li></ul><ul><li>Eaves to lower level is 25 feet or less </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise Convention Fall protection must be used </li></ul><ul><li>Must be through each truss with a 16p nail </li></ul><ul><li>A 2x4 nailed flat is not acceptable </li></ul>Example of slide guard.
    12. 12. Roof Sheathing <ul><li>Conventional Fall Protection or Alternative Fall Protection requiring: </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>CAZ </li></ul><ul><li>Slideguard </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul>No slide guards used
    13. 13. Sheathing Abatement <ul><li>Conventional Fall Protection used </li></ul>Slideguards used on the roofs.
    14. 14. Controlled Access Zones <ul><li>Alternative methods </li></ul><ul><li>Floor joist installation </li></ul><ul><li>Erecting Exterior walls </li></ul><ul><li>Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Truss Erection </li></ul>
    15. 15. Top Plate <ul><li>The worker has to get on the top plate to give leverage and assist the center man with the large truss. </li></ul><ul><li>The interim protection rules, NAHB, RCEC, and carpenters all state that it is a violation, however, many contractors still think it is ok. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Floor Openings <ul><li>Many falls through openings were stair openings </li></ul>Violation: Floor opening with no guardrails.
    17. 17. Floor Opening Abatement Violation: 4' x 8' sheets of plywood covering a stairway opening to the basement of a house. Only four nails hold the two covers. The cover is not marked. No Violation: Guardrails used
    18. 18. Extension Ladders <ul><li>Ladder contacting electrical caused employee to fall in some cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying material up ladder perhaps another fall cause. </li></ul>Violation: Ladder used to support plank.
    19. 19. Extension Ladder Abatement <ul><li>Extend ladder 3 feet above access roof </li></ul><ul><li>Work within side rails </li></ul><ul><li>Secure it from movement </li></ul><ul><li>10 feet from electrical lines </li></ul>
    20. 20. Ladderjack Scaffold <ul><li>Work is often siding </li></ul><ul><li>No fall arrest worn </li></ul>
    21. 21. Ladder Jack Abatement <ul><li>Fall arrest is often a roof anchorage, rope grab, and body harness. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Open Sided Floor <ul><li>No guardrail at open sides above 6 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Often material handling is the reason no rails are not in place. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Open Side Floor Abatement <ul><li>Floor sheathing abatement using alternative fall protection methods. </li></ul>No Violation: Area for wall building marked off six feet from edge.
    24. 24. Truss Bracing <ul><li>Trusses have to have horizontal and diagonal bracing to prevent a truss collapse. </li></ul><ul><li>Cited 5(a)(1) per Truss Plate Institute Guidelines </li></ul>
    25. 25. Truss Lifting <ul><li>Lifting the truss at one point can cause the truss to separate/break and fall. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a spreader bar or a forklift. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Carbon Monoxide <ul><li>Winter time is worst time for temporary heaters. </li></ul><ul><li>No venting and use of fuels inside. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Forklifts <ul><li>Tip over </li></ul><ul><li>Untrained operators </li></ul><ul><li>All can use it </li></ul><ul><li>Riding pallet or home made platforms that fall off. </li></ul><ul><li>Forklift ran over employee </li></ul>
    28. 28. Vehicles <ul><li>Vehicle backed over employee </li></ul>
    29. 29. Health <ul><li>Basement spray painting </li></ul><ul><li>Methylene Chloride - 2 </li></ul>
    30. 30. Swing Radius <ul><li>Aerial lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Excavator </li></ul>
    31. 31. Bracing walls <ul><li>Masonry Walls (See Masonry Institute Guidelines) </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete foundations </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete Forms </li></ul>
    32. 32. Rotten Roofs <ul><li>Roof tear off on old roofs can pose a danger for falling through the roof. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Residential Top Ten Cited
    34. 34. #1 <ul><li>1926.501(b)(13) </li></ul><ul><li>No Fall Protection during residential construction </li></ul><ul><li>Sheathing – no slideguards </li></ul><ul><li>Shingling – no fall protection </li></ul>
    35. 35. #2 <ul><li>1926.501(b)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>No guardrails on open sided floors </li></ul>
    36. 36. #3 <ul><li>1926.503 (a)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>The employer shall provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. The program shall enable each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize these hazards. </li></ul>No slide guard or fall protection used
    37. 37. #4 <ul><li>1926.100 (a) </li></ul><ul><li>No Hard hats </li></ul>Working below scaffolds requires hard hats
    38. 38. #5 <ul><li>1926.102(a)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>No eye protection </li></ul>Nail guns are a common source of eye injuries.
    39. 39. #6 <ul><li>1926.451 (g)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>No guardrails on scaffolds </li></ul>No guardrails, poor access.
    40. 40. #7 <ul><li>1926.453 (b)(2)(v) </li></ul><ul><li>No fall arrest in aerial lifts </li></ul>
    41. 41. #8 <ul><li>1926.1053 (b)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>No extending ladders 3 feet above landing. </li></ul>This ladder extends 3 feet above the landing.
    42. 42. #9 <ul><li>1926.20 (b)(2) </li></ul><ul><li>No Competent Person </li></ul>Putting plywood over an opening without marking and securing it is very dangerous.
    43. 43. #10 <ul><li>1926.20 (b)(1) </li></ul><ul><li>Deficient Safety Program </li></ul>Working on a pallet is very dangerous.
    44. 44. Information <ul><li>Data used from 2003-2008 from Region V </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared by CSP John Newquist, Bill Donovan, and Jim Martinek </li></ul>

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