Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

fall protection 2015

986 views

Published on

fall protections standards cited in 2014

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

fall protection 2015

  1. 1. Subpart M, Fall Protection • 1926.500, Scope, application, and definitions applicable to this subpart • 1926.502, Fall protection systems criteria and practices • 1926.503, Training requirements • Appendix
  2. 2. When Is Fall Protection Required?  If workers are working over dangerous materials, they have to wear fall protection below 6 feet
  3. 3. 690 694 762 878 1145 1240 1351 1409 1585 4301 501(b)(10) 451(e)(1) 453(b)(2)(v) 451(g)(1) 100(a) 102(a)(1) 503(a)(1) 501(b)(1) 1053(b)(1) 501(b)(13) Most Frequently Cited Serious Violations in Construction 2014 3 1926OverallMFC FALL PROTECTION – RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION PORTABLE LADDERS NOT EXTENDED 3 FEET ABOVE LANDING FALL PROTECTION – UNPROTECTED SIDES & EDGES FALL PROTECTION – TRAINING EYE AND FACE PROTECTION HEAD PROTECTION SCAFFOLDS – FALL PROTECTION AERIAL LIFTS – FALL PROTECTION SAFE ACCESS FALL PROTECTION – ROOFING WORK ON LOW-SLOPED ROOFS M X M M E E L L L M 29CFR1926SUBPARTS
  4. 4. 538 690 1351 1409 4301 501(b)(11) 501(b)(10) 503(a)(1) 501(b)(1) 501(b)(13) Fall Protection [1926.500 – 503] 4 ROOFING WORK ON LOW-SLOPED ROOFS ROOFING WORK ON STEEP ROOFS RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION UNPROTECTED SIDES & EDGES FALL HAZARD TRAINING SUBPARTM
  5. 5. Scope and Application • Exception: inspection, investigation, or assessment of workplace conditions 1926.500(a)(1)
  6. 6. Scope and Application • Does not apply to • scaffolds • working on cranes and derricks • steel erection work (except for towers and tanks) are provided in subpart R of this part. • certain types of equipment used in tunneling • erection of tanks and communication and broadcast • construction of electric transmission or distribution lines or equipment. • stairways and ladders 1926.500(a)(2)
  7. 7. Definitions • Anchorage • secure point of attachment for lifelines, lanyards or deceleration devices 1926.500(b)
  8. 8. Definitions • Body Belt • strap with means both for securing it about the waist 1926.500(b)
  9. 9. Definitions • Body Harness • straps which distribute the fall arrest forces 1926.500(b)
  10. 10. Definitions • Connector • used to connect parts of the personal fall arrest system and positioning device systems together 1926.500(b)
  11. 11. Definitions • Controlled Access Zone • area in which certain work (e.g., overhand bricklaying) may take place 1926.500(b)
  12. 12. Definitions • Dangerous Equipment • equipment hazardous to employees who fall onto or into such equipment. 1926.500(b)
  13. 13. Definitions • Deceleration Device • equipment that dissipates a substantial amount of energy during a fall arrest 1926.500(b)
  14. 14. Definitions • Deceleration Distance • distance between the location of an employee's body belt or body harness attachment point at the moment of activation and the location of that attachment point after the employee comes to a full stop. 1926.500(b)
  15. 15. Definitions • Free Fall • act of falling before a personal fall arrest system begins to apply force to arrest the fall 1926.500(b)
  16. 16. Definitions • Guardrail system • a barrier erected to prevent employees from falling to lower levels 1926.500(b)
  17. 17. Definitions • Hole • a gap or void 2 inches (5.1 cm) or more in its least dimension 1926.500(b)
  18. 18. Definitions • Infeasible • impossible to perform the construction work using a conventional fall protection system 1926.500(b)
  19. 19. Definitions • Lanyard • flexible line of rope, wire rope, or strap which generally has a connector at each end 1926.500(b)
  20. 20. Definitions • Leading Edge • edge which changes location as additional sections are placed, formed, or constructed 1926.500(b)
  21. 21. Definitions • Lifeline • component consisting of a flexible line for connection to an anchorage 1926.500(b)
  22. 22. Definitions • Low Slope Roof • roof having a slope less than or equal to 4 in 12 1926.500(b)
  23. 23. Definitions • Mechanical equipment • motor or human propelled wheeled equipment used for roofing work, except wheelbarrows and mopcarts 1926.500(b)
  24. 24. Definitions • Opening • gap or void 30 inches or more high and 18 inches or more wide, in a wall or partition, through which employees can fall to a lower level 1926.500(b)
  25. 25. Definitions • Fall Arrest System • consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness 1926.500(b)
  26. 26. Definitions • Positioning Device System • rigged to allow an employee to be supported on an elevated vertical surface and work with both hands free while leaning. 1926.500(b)
  27. 27. Definitions • Rope Grab • deceleration device which travels on a lifeline and automatically, by friction, engages the lifeline and locks so as to arrest the fall of an employee. 1926.500(b)
  28. 28. Definitions • Roofing work • hoisting, storage, application, and removal of roofing materials 1926.500(b)
  29. 29. Definitions • Safety Monitoring System • safety system in which a competent person is responsible for recognizing and warning employees of fall hazards 1926.500(b)
  30. 30. Definitions • Self-retracting lifeline/lanyard • deceleration device after onset of a fall, automatically locks the drum and arrests the fall 1926.500(b)
  31. 31. Definitions • Snaphook • connector comprised of a hook- shaped member with a normally closed keeper • Takes two actions to open 1926.500(b)
  32. 32. Definitions • Steep Roof • roof having a slope greater than 4 in 12 1926.500(b)
  33. 33. Definitions • Toeboard • low protective barrier that will prevent the fall of materials and equipment to lower levels and provide protection from falls for personnel 1926.500(b)
  34. 34. Definitions • Unprotected side or edge • means any side where there is no wall or guardrail system at least 39 inches high. 1926.500(b)
  35. 35. Definitions • Walking Working surface • surface, horizontal or vertical on which an employee walks or works • not include ladders, vehicles, or trailers 1926.500(b)
  36. 36. Duty to Have Fall Protection • The employer shall determine if the walking/working surfaces on which its employees are to work have the strength and structural integrity to support employees safely. 1926.501(a)(2)
  37. 37. Duty to Have Fall Protection • unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling 1926.501(b)(1)
  38. 38. Duty to Have Fall Protection • leading edge 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected 1926.501(b)(2)(i)
  39. 39. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee in a hoist area shall be protected from falling 6 feet or more to lower levels 1926.501(b)(3)
  40. 40. Duty to Have Fall Protection • protected from falling through holes (including skylights) more than 6 feet above lower levels 1926.501(b)(4)(i)
  41. 41. Duty to Have Fall Protection • protected from tripping in or stepping into or through holes (including skylights) by covers 1926.501(b)(4)(ii)
  42. 42. Duty to Have Fall Protection • protected from objects falling through holes 1926.501(b)(4)(iii)
  43. 43. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee on the face of formwork or reinforcing steel shall be protected from falling 6 feet or more to lower levels 1926.501(b)(5)
  44. 44. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee on ramps, runways, and other walkways shall be protected from falling 6 feet or more to lower levels 1926.501(b)(6)
  45. 45. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee at the edge of an excavation 6 feet or more in depth shall be protected from falling when the excavations are not readily seen because of plant growth or other visual barrier 1926.501(b)(7)(i)
  46. 46. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee at the edge of a well, pit, shaft, and similar excavation 6 feet or more in depth shall be protected from falling 1926.501(b)(7)(ii)
  47. 47. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee less than 6 feet above dangerous equipment shall be protected from falling 1926.501(b)(8)(i)
  48. 48. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee performing overhand bricklaying and related work 6 feet or more above lower levels, shall be protected from falling’ • employee reaching more than 10 inches below the level of the walking/working surface on which they are working, shall be protected by conventional fall protection 1926.501(b)(9)(i)
  49. 49. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee engaged in roofing activities on low-slope roofs, with unprotected sides and edges 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling • Warning line system allowed 1926.501(b)(10)
  50. 50. Duty to Have Fall Protection • Each employee on a steep roof with unprotected sides and edges 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling 1926.501(b)(11)
  51. 51. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee engaged in the erection of precast concrete members who is 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling 1926.501(b)(12)
  52. 52. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee engaged in residential construction activities 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected 1926.501(b)(13)
  53. 53. Duty to Have Fall Protection • employee working on, at, above, or near wall openings shall be protected from falling • Includes chutes 1926.501(b)(14)
  54. 54. Duty to Have Fall Protection • Walking/working surfaces not otherwise addressed 1926.501(b)(15)
  55. 55. Guardrail Systems • Top Rail 42 inches +/- 3 inches 1926.502(b)(1)
  56. 56. Guardrail Systems • Midrails installed between top edge of guardrail and walking working surface 1926.502(b)(2)(i)
  57. 57. Guardrail Systems • Intermediate members such as ballusters – 19 inches 1926.502(b)(2)(iii)
  58. 58. Guardrail Systems • Guardrail systems – 200 pounds outward and downward 1926.502(b)(3)
  59. 59. Guardrail Systems • Midrails – 150 pounds outward and downward 1926.502(b)(5) Failure of a midrail
  60. 60. Guardrail Systems • So surfaced to prevent injury to an employee from puncture or laceration 1926.502(b)(6)
  61. 61. Guardrail Systems • The ends of top rails and midrails shall not over hang the terminus posts 1926.502(b)(7)
  62. 62. Guardrail Systems • If wire rope is used for top rails, it shall be flagged at not than 6 foot intervals. 1926.502(b)(9)
  63. 63. Guardrail Systems • A chain, gate, or removal guardrail section shall be places across the access openings at hoisting areas 1926.502(b)(10)
  64. 64. Guardrail Systems • Ladderways or points of access shall be provided with a gate or offset 1926.502(b)(13) No gate or offset
  65. 65. Safety Net Systems • See 1926.502(c) 1926.502(c)
  66. 66. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Snaphooks not directly engaged to webbing, rope, wire rope • To each other • With another snaphook to the same d-ring • To a horizontal lifeline • Incompatible shaped 1926.502(d)(6)(i)- (vi)
  67. 67. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Horizontal lifelines maintaining a safety factor of two 1926.502(d)(8)
  68. 68. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Lanyards and lifelines shall have a minimum braking strength of 5,000 pounds 1926.502(d)(9)
  69. 69. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Lifelines shall protected from being abraded 1926.502(d)(11)
  70. 70. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Self-retracting lifelines and lanyards which limit free fall to 2 feet shall be capable of supporting 3,000 pounds 1926.502(d)(12)
  71. 71. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Self-retracting lifelines and lanyards which do not limit free falls to 2 feet shall be capable of supporting 5,000 pounds 1926.502(d)(13)
  72. 72. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Anchorages independent from equipment suspension anchorages 1926.502(d)(14)
  73. 73. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Anchorages 5,000 pounds or maintain a safety factor of two 1926.502(d)(15)(i)
  74. 74. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Limit fall arrest forces to 1800 pounds with a harness 1926.502(d)(16)(ii)
  75. 75. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • No free fall more than 6 feet nor contract and lower level 1926.502(d)(16)(iii)
  76. 76. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Limit maximum deceleration distance to 3.5 feet 1926.502(d)(16)(iv)
  77. 77. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Withstand twice the potential impact energy of an employee falling 6 feet or the free fall distance permitted by the system. 1926.502(d)(16)(v)
  78. 78. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Remove when subjected to impact loading 1926.502(d)(19)
  79. 79. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • The employer shall provide for prompt rescue 1926.502(d)(20)
  80. 80. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Inspected prior to each use 1926.502(d)(21)
  81. 81. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • Not attached to guardrails 1926.502(d)(23)
  82. 82. Personnel Fall Arrest Systems • When use at hoist areas, rigged to allow the movement of the employee only so far as the edge of the walking/working surface. 1926.502(d)(24)
  83. 83. Work Positioning Systems • Limit free fall to 2 feet • Anchorage 3000 pounds 1926.502(e)(1)&(2)
  84. 84. Warning Line Systems • Flags 6 feet away when mechanical equipment not used • Access path from ladder formed from two warning lines 1926.502(f)(1)(i)&(iii)
  85. 85. Warning Line Systems • When mechanical equipment is used • Flags 6 feet when using parallel • Flags 10 feet when perpendicular 1926.502(f)(1)(ii)
  86. 86. Controlled Access Zones • Leading Edge • Overhand Bricklaying • Precast 1926.502(g)
  87. 87. Safety Monitoring System • Roofing only • On the same level • Close to communicate • No other responsibility 1926.502(h)(1)(iii)- (v) Flags too close
  88. 88. Covers • Support twice the weight • Secured • Colored coded, or use “Hole, “Cover” 1926.502(i)(1)-(4)
  89. 89. Toeboards • 50 pounds strength • 3.5 inches high 1926.502(j)(2)-(3)
  90. 90. Fall Protection Plan • Prepared by qualified person • Copy at the jobsite • Document why and where conventional fall protection cannot be used • Names of employees allowed in the controlled access zone 1926.502(k)(1)-(6)
  91. 91. Fall Protection Training • Employer shall provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. • The program shall enable each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize these hazards. 1926.503(a)(1)

×