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Construction most freq cited cy10 national


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Construction most freq cited cy10 national

  1. 1. Most Frequently Cited Construction Standards Federal OSHA – CY 2010
  2. 2. #1 1926.501 (b)(13) <ul><li>Most the falls are those with no slide guards </li></ul><ul><li>Workers can slip on shingle or felt to start slipping </li></ul><ul><li>Most are roof falls in residential </li></ul>No slide protection used
  3. 3. 2010 Accident Causation Factors in Residential Construction <ul><li>48 falls: includes 19 from roofs, 12 from ladder, 6 scaffolds, 2 porches </li></ul><ul><li>16 electrocution: includes 9 110/220volts, 7 powerlines </li></ul><ul><li>12 struck by objects/overturned include: 7 earth moving equipment, 2 falling objects, 1 aerial lift, 1 dump bed, 1 forklift </li></ul><ul><li>9 caught in/collapses: 7 trench excavations, 1 trailer, 1 scaffold </li></ul><ul><li>5 burns: 2 propane, 2 solvent, 1 arc blasts </li></ul><ul><li>6 others include: 2 heat stress, 2 insects stings, 1 inhalation of CO, 1 natural gas, 1 infection </li></ul>
  4. 4. Part 1 Directive <ul><li>Effective June 16, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA has issued a directive rescinding the Interim Fall Protection Compliance Guidelines for Residential Construction (STD 03-00-001) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Residential? <ul><li>The end-use is to have people live in as their home, i.e., a dwelling/apartment </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>The structure being built must be constructed using traditional wood frame construction materials and methods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal Studs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Masonry </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Residential? NO! (most instances) <ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Banks </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels </li></ul>Nursing Homes Hotels Banks
  7. 7. Low Sloped Roofs (less than 4/12 pitch) <ul><li>Other fall protection measures may be used to the extent allowed under other provisions of 29 CFR 1926.501(b) addressing specific types of work. For example, 1926.501(b)(10) permits the use of warning lines and safety monitoring systems during the performance of roofing work on low-sloped roofs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sloped Roofs Slide guards with guardrails for sheathing No Fall Protection
  9. 9. Fall Protection Plan <ul><li>1926.502(k) </li></ul><ul><li>See Appendix E in OSHA Subpart M </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z359.2 – Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fall Protection Program <ul><li>Written Plan showing it is not feasible </li></ul><ul><li>Plan must be specific to the site it is used on </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used for repetitive use for a particular style/model house if ALL issues related to fall protection are addressed </li></ul>
  11. 11. #2 1926.501(b)(1) <ul><li>No midrails on the commercial building. </li></ul><ul><li>Found quite a bit at elevator shafts, and stairwells also. </li></ul>
  12. 12. #3 1926.1053(b)(1) <ul><li>Ladder not extending over the edge 3 feet </li></ul>
  13. 13. #4 1926.100(a) <ul><li>No Hard Hats </li></ul><ul><li>When working around the bucket of a back hoe, hard hats should be worn. </li></ul>
  14. 14. #5 1926.503(a)(1) <ul><li>This is a program requirement. Many use job safety analysis to determine potential hazards faced in construction. </li></ul>
  15. 15. #6 1926.102(a)(1) (new) <ul><li>1926.102(a)(1) – eye/face protection </li></ul><ul><li>Grinding, Chemicals, Sparks, and any other flying object hazard </li></ul>
  16. 16. #7 1926.453(b)(2)(v) <ul><li>No Fall Protection in aerial lifts. </li></ul><ul><li>Worker in photo is wearing a full body harness for fall arrest. </li></ul><ul><li>342 aerial lift deaths since 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Users need a PAL’s card. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Develop Safety Rules <ul><li>Follow Manufacturer’s instructions. Use ANSI A92 standards on aerial lifts if you cannot get them. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow Warning Labels. </li></ul><ul><li>Only trained personnel can operate the lifts. </li></ul><ul><li>A trained person must inspect the machine before each shift. </li></ul><ul><li>And many more! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Aerial Lift Training <ul><li>Hands on training is necessary. An aerial lift is not a car. </li></ul><ul><li>The worker should be able to demonstrate all predicted uses of the lift and compliance with manufacturers instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Always close lift platform chains or door. (This is always required). </li></ul><ul><li>Many fatal falls are under six feet. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Aerial Lift Training <ul><li>The worker must know where to attach the snaphook for any aerial lift that has an OSHA rated anchorage. </li></ul><ul><li>He is wearing a full body harness for fall arrest. </li></ul><ul><li>Guardrails are not meant to be used as anchorages on an aerial lift. </li></ul><ul><li>The manufacturer’s manual will designate the proper anchorage points. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Aerial Lift Training <ul><li>National Training guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>International Powered Access Federation (IPAF) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Spot the Mistake&quot; video </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes safe and effective of product </li></ul><ul><li>15 training centers/companies in the US. </li></ul><ul><li>Successful trainees are awarded the PAL Card (Powered Access License) as proof of training </li></ul>
  21. 21. #8 1926.451 (g)(1) <ul><li>No guard rails on scaffolds. </li></ul><ul><li>Often ends are not protected. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cross bracing may serve as ONE of the rails only if it meets certain height criteria. </li></ul>
  22. 22. #9 1926.451 (e)(1) <ul><li>Unsafe Access to scaffold. </li></ul><ul><li>No using the cross bracing to climb. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a maximum spacing between rungs of 16 3/4 inches </li></ul>
  23. 23. #10 1926.451(b)(1) <ul><li>Scaffolds not fully planked. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Bubbling Under the Top Ten <ul><li>1926.20(b)(2) – Competent person </li></ul><ul><li>1926.451(b)(1) – Scaffold needed stable footing </li></ul><ul><li>1926.501(b)(10) – fall protection on flat roofs </li></ul><ul><li>1926.652(a)(1) – cave-in protection </li></ul><ul><li>1926.454(a) Scaffold training </li></ul>
  25. 25. Resources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance Assistance Specialists in OSHA offices </li></ul><ul><li>On-site Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Takes </li></ul><ul><li>Comments or Corrections go to John Newquist </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] or 312-353-5977 </li></ul>