Tutorial imex builder (field units)

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  • We Can supply Aviation Kerosene,Jet fuel (JP 54-A1,5), Diesel (Gas Oil) and Fuel Oil D2, D6,ETC in FOB/Rotterdam only, serious buyer should contact or if you have serious buyers my seller is ready to close this deal fast contact us below:now base email us (neftegazagent@yandex.ru) PRODUCT AVAILABLE IN ROTTERDAM/ CI DIP AND PAY IN SELLER EX-SHORE TANK. Russia D2 50,000-150,000 Metric Tons FOB Rotterdam Port. JP54 5000,000 Barrels per Month FOB Rotterdam. JA1 Jet Fuel 10,000,000 Barrels FOB Rotterdam. D6 Virgin Fuel Oil 800,000,000 Gallon FOB Rotterdam. E-mail: neftegazagent@yandex.ru E: neftegazagent@mail.ru E: neftegazagent@yahoo.com Best Regards (Mr.) Vladislav Yakov Skype: neftegazagent Thank You
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  • @milad1991: hi did you find the files?
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  • Hi Viviana, please where I can get the files that accompany this interesting tutorial: "TO10FLT_fld.bna Porosflt_fld.bna Thickflt_fld.bna TRAJ_Feet.wdb PERFS_Feet.perf production-history_fld.prd"? I look forward to a speedy response.
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  • i would like to know which constraint to use when modeling horizontal wells in imex
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  • Thank you so much
    How Can i find its required files
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Tutorial imex builder (field units)

  1. 1. Computer Modelling Group Ltd. 2008 Tutorial Building, Running and Analyzing a “Black Oil” Reservoir Simulation Model Using Field Units Builder 2008.10 IMEX 2008.10 &
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES...............................................................................................................................2 CREATING A “BLACK OIL” MODEL USING BUILDER 2008.10.......................................................5 Starting CMG Launcher.........................................................................................................................................5 Opening BUILDER 2008.10...................................................................................................................................5 Creating the Simulation Grid (structural data)........................................................................................................5 Assigning Porosity & Permeability to the Model...................................................................................................10 Creating PVT Data............................................................................................................................................... 11 Creating Relative Permeability Data....................................................................................................................12 Creating Initial Conditions....................................................................................................................................14 INCORPORATING WELL TRAJECTORIES AND PERFORATIONS................................................14 ADDING HISTORICAL PRODUCTION DATA TO THE MODEL.......................................................17 Creating Average Monthly Production / Injection Recurrent Well Data................................................................18 Creating Field Production History (*.fhf) for History Match...................................................................................18 Well Definition and Constraints............................................................................................................................19 WRITE OUT RESTART INFORMATION TO A RESTART FILE........................................................23 RUNNING THE IMEX DATASET........................................................................................................23 REVIEWING THE SIMULATION RESULTS USING RESULTS GRAPH AND RESULTS 3D...........24 USING THE HISTORICAL DATA RESTART FILE IN A PREDICTION RUN.....................................25 Adding an Aquifer................................................................................................................................................ 27 Analyzing the Data............................................................................................................................................... 29 Further Analysis................................................................................................................................................... 30 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 1
  3. 3. LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1: NEW IMEX DATASET WITH CONTOUR MAP OPEN......................................................6 FIGURE 2: CONTOUR MAP WITH ORTHOGONAL CORNER POINT GRID.....................................7 FIGURE 3: GENERAL PROPERTY SPECIFICATION SPREADSHEET.............................................7 FIGURE 4: SPECIFYING A GEOLOGICAL MAP FOR A PROPERTY................................................8 FIGURE 5: 3D VIEW OF RESERVOIR AFTER PROPERTY SPECIFICATION...................................9 FIGURE 6: REMOVING THE CONTOUR MAP FROM THE DISPLAY................................................9 FIGURE 7: PROPERTY SPECIFICATION SPREADSHEET WITH GRID TOP, THICKNESS & POROSITY SPECIFIED.....................................................................................................................10 FIGURE 8: COMPONENTS TAB IN THE TREE VIEW......................................................................11 FIGURE 9: IMEX PVT TABLE WITH VALUES GENERATED USING THE QUICK BLACK OIL MODEL...............................................................................................................................................12 FIGURE 10: PLOTS FOR ROCKTYPE 1...........................................................................................13 FIGURE 11: TRAJECTORY PROPERTIES WINDOW STEP 1 OF 3.................................................15 FIGURE 12: TRAJECTORY PROPERTIES WINDOW STEP 2 OF 3.................................................15 FIGURE 13: TRAJECTORY PERFORATIONS WINDOW.................................................................16 FIGURE 14: TRAJECTORY PERFORATIONS WINDOW AFTER READ IN PERFORATION FILE. 16 FIGURE 15: STEP #2 OF THE PRODUCTION DATA WIZARD........................................................17 FIGURE 16: AVERAGE PRODUCTION/INJECTION DATA PLOT...................................................18 FIGURE 17: WELL EVENTS WINDOW.............................................................................................19 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 2
  4. 4. FIGURE 18: WINDOW FOR COPYING/DELETING WELL EVENTS.................................................20 FIGURE 19: WELL COMPLETION DATA WINDOW.........................................................................21 FIGURE 21: SIMULATION LOG FILE (WHEN RUNS IMMEDIATELY).............................................23 FIGURE 22: PLOT OF SIMULATION DATA VERSUS HISTORICAL DATA.....................................24 FIGURE 23: WELL EVENTS WINDOW WITH UPDATED BHP CONSTRAINT................................25 FIGURE 24: WELL EVENTS WINDOW WITH ALTER 0 CONSTRAINT...........................................26 FIGURE 25: PLOT OF SIMULATION DATA VERSUS HISTORICAL DATA WITH FUTURE PREDICTION......................................................................................................................................27 FIGURE 26: SELECT AQUIFER LOCATION WINDOW....................................................................28 FIGURE 27: AQUIFER PROPERTIES WINDOW...............................................................................28 FIGURE 28: PLOT OF PRESSURE DIFFERENCE DUE TO AQUIFER............................................29 FIGURE 29: RESERVOIR SHOWING HIGH OIL SATURATION.......................................................30 FIGURE 30: ADDING PERFORATIONS USING THE ADVANCED OPTIONS..................................31 FIGURE 31: AREAL VIEW (IJ-2D) OF TRAJECTORY FOR W11.....................................................31 FIGURE 32: CROSS SECTION VIEW (JK-2D) OF TRAJECTORY FOR W11..................................32 FIGURE 33: INCREASED PRODUCTION DUE TO HORIZONTAL WELL IN RESULTS GRAPH....32 REQUIRED FILES FIGURE 1: NEW IMEX DATASET WITH CONTOUR MAP OPEN......................................................6 FIGURE 2: CONTOUR MAP WITH ORTHOGONAL CORNER POINT GRID.....................................7 FIGURE 3: GENERAL PROPERTY SPECIFICATION SPREADSHEET.............................................7 FIGURE 4: SPECIFYING A GEOLOGICAL MAP FOR A PROPERTY................................................8 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 3
  5. 5. FIGURE 5: 3D VIEW OF RESERVOIR AFTER PROPERTY SPECIFICATION...................................9 FIGURE 6: REMOVING THE CONTOUR MAP FROM THE DISPLAY................................................9 FIGURE 7: PROPERTY SPECIFICATION SPREADSHEET WITH GRID TOP, THICKNESS & POROSITY SPECIFIED.....................................................................................................................10 FIGURE 8: COMPONENTS TAB IN THE TREE VIEW......................................................................11 FIGURE 9: IMEX PVT TABLE WITH VALUES GENERATED USING THE QUICK BLACK OIL MODEL...............................................................................................................................................12 FIGURE 10: PLOTS FOR ROCKTYPE 1...........................................................................................13 FIGURE 11: TRAJECTORY PROPERTIES WINDOW STEP 1 OF 3.................................................15 FIGURE 12: TRAJECTORY PROPERTIES WINDOW STEP 2 OF 3.................................................15 FIGURE 13: TRAJECTORY PERFORATIONS WINDOW.................................................................16 FIGURE 14: TRAJECTORY PERFORATIONS WINDOW AFTER READ IN PERFORATION FILE. 16 FIGURE 15: STEP #2 OF THE PRODUCTION DATA WIZARD........................................................17 FIGURE 16: AVERAGE PRODUCTION/INJECTION DATA PLOT...................................................18 FIGURE 17: WELL EVENTS WINDOW.............................................................................................19 FIGURE 18: WINDOW FOR COPYING/DELETING WELL EVENTS.................................................20 FIGURE 19: WELL COMPLETION DATA WINDOW.........................................................................21 FIGURE 21: SIMULATION LOG FILE (WHEN RUNS IMMEDIATELY).............................................23 FIGURE 22: PLOT OF SIMULATION DATA VERSUS HISTORICAL DATA.....................................24 FIGURE 23: WELL EVENTS WINDOW WITH UPDATED BHP CONSTRAINT................................25 FIGURE 24: WELL EVENTS WINDOW WITH ALTER 0 CONSTRAINT...........................................26 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 4
  6. 6. FIGURE 25: PLOT OF SIMULATION DATA VERSUS HISTORICAL DATA WITH FUTURE PREDICTION......................................................................................................................................27 FIGURE 26: SELECT AQUIFER LOCATION WINDOW....................................................................28 FIGURE 27: AQUIFER PROPERTIES WINDOW...............................................................................28 FIGURE 28: PLOT OF PRESSURE DIFFERENCE DUE TO AQUIFER............................................29 FIGURE 29: RESERVOIR SHOWING HIGH OIL SATURATION.......................................................30 FIGURE 30: ADDING PERFORATIONS USING THE ADVANCED OPTIONS..................................31 FIGURE 31: AREAL VIEW (IJ-2D) OF TRAJECTORY FOR W11.....................................................31 FIGURE 32: CROSS SECTION VIEW (JK-2D) OF TRAJECTORY FOR W11..................................32 FIGURE 33: INCREASED PRODUCTION DUE TO HORIZONTAL WELL IN RESULTS GRAPH....32 Creating a “Black Oil” Model using Builder 2008.10 Create a working directory somewhere on your disk and put the map files that accompany this tutorial in this directory. Starting CMG Launcher 1. Start the CMG Launcher by using the icon on your desktop, or by going through the Start menu and selecting Programs/CMG/Launcher. 2. Select menu item Projects, then Add Project. 3. Browse for the directory where you stored the map files. 4. Call the project Tutorial. 5. Click OK to exit back to the Launcher. 6. You should now have this directory displayed. Opening BUILDER 2008.10 1. Open Builder 2008.10 by double clicking on the appropriate icon in the Launcher. 2. Choose: • IMEX Simulator, Field Units, Single Porosity • Starting date 1991-01-01 3. Click OK twice. Creating the Simulation Grid (structural data) 1. Click on File (on the menu bar, top left), then “Open Map File…”. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 5
  7. 7. 2. Choose “Map Type – Atlas Boundary format (.bna)” and ft in “Units for X,Y coordinates in the files” box. 3. Select the Top-of-Structure map file called “To10flt_fld.bna” by clicking on the Browse button and locating the file. 4. Click OK. FIGURE 1: New IMEX Dataset with Contour Map Open tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 6
  8. 8. 5. Maximize the screens for a better view by clicking on the window maximize button. 6. Click “Reservoir” (on the menu bar) and “Create Grid”. 7. Select Orthogonal Corner Point and specify a 25 (I-direction) x 35 (J-direction) x 4 (K-direction) grid. 8. Enter 25*360 in the I direction box (meaning all 25 columns in the I-direction will be 360 feet in length). 9. Enter 35*410 in the J-direction box (meaning all 35 rows in the J-direction will be 410 feet in length). 10. Click OK. 11. Hold down Shift key and hold down left mouse button to move (pan) grid. 12. Hold down Ctrl key and hold down left mouse button to rotate grid. FIGURE 2: Contour Map with Orthogonal Corner Point Grid 13. Align the grid with the fault so that a grid block boundary lies along it, and the grid covers the whole map area. 14. Change display control to Probe mode by clicking on this toolbar button on left hand side. 15. Click on the Specify Property button (top middle of screen) to open the General Property Specification spreadsheet as shown below. FIGURE 3: General Property Specification Spreadsheet tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 7
  9. 9. 16. Select the box for layer 1 under the property column labeled Grid Top. Right click in this box and select the Geological Map option as the data source. 17. Click the Values in file1 button, then Browse and select the top-of-structure map file called To10flt_fld.bna (it should already be selected from previous actions). FIGURE 4: Specifying a Geological Map for a Property 18. Click OK to return to the spreadsheet type window. 19. Repeat this action for Grid Thickness in the layer1 box, but this time select Thickflt_fld.bna in the Values in file1 box. Also, enter 0.25 in the times box (still on the property specification menu) in order to allocate 25% of the total thickness map to each of the 4 layers in the grid. Finally, copy the layer1, Grid Thickness cell contents and paste it into the layer 2, layer 3 and layer 4 Grid Thickness cells to complete the specification of Grid Thickness source data for each of the 4 layers in the grid. You can use Ctrl-C and Ctrl-V keys to copy specifications for the first layer to the other 3 just as in a regular spreadsheet. . 20. Click OK the Calculate Property button will pop up click OK to populate the grid with top-of-structure and grid thickness data (this operation is performed by BUILDER using the specified map data to interpolate grid cell values). Press OK to the message that appears regarding values being clamped. 21. Change the view from IJ-2D Areal to 3D View (in the upper left corner!!). tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 8
  10. 10. FIGURE 5: 3D View of Reservoir after Property Specification 22. Click on the Rotate (3D View) button (from the toolbar) to rotate the display by holding down the left mouse button and using the cursor to move the model. Hold down the Ctrl key with the left mouse button and move the mouse toward the bottom of the screen to zoom in or move the mouse to the top of the screen to zoom out. 23. To remove the contour map from the display, click the right mouse button while the cursor is anywhere in the display area. Select Properties from the displayed menu (bottom of list), Maps from the tree view; and (finally) uncheck the Show Map Contours Lines and Fault boxes. Press OK. FIGURE 6: Removing the Contour Map from the Display tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 9
  11. 11. Assigning Porosity & Permeability to the Model 24. Repeat the above process for Porosity (i.e. similar to step #19), but select the map porosflt_fld.bna. Use the same map for each layer. This time, leave the value in the times box set to 1 in order to allocate the whole porosity map to each of the 4 layers in the grid. FIGURE 7: Property Specification Spreadsheet with Grid Top, Thickness & Porosity Specified 25. Select Permeability I from the list on the panel and enter the following: Layer 1 50 Layer 2 250 Layer 3 500 Layer 4 100 26. Select Permeability J and right click in the Whole Grid box. Select EQUALSI then OK. 27. Do the same with Permeability K and select EQUALSI. In the first box select * and then enter a value of 0.1 in the second field (this applies a Kv/Kh ratio of 0.1). Press the OK button. 28. Press OK to leave the General Property Specification section and then press OK to calculate the Properties. 29. Double click on Rock Compressibility in the tree view menu and input 4E-6 in the rock compressibility box, 4000 psi in the reference pressure box and OK. Units will be applied automatically; you should now have the Green check mark for Reservoir section. 30. This would be a good point to save the data set you are working on. Click File then Save As. Save file as Tutorial.dat. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 10
  12. 12. Creating PVT Data 1. Click the Components tab in the tree view. Double click the MODEL keyword. FIGURE 8: Components Tab in the Tree View 2. Select Launch dialog to create a quick BLACKOIL model using correlations then press the OK button. 3. Enter 158 (deg F implied) in the Reservoir Temperature box. Generate Pressure data up to 5000 psi. For Bubble Point Pressure, select the “Value Provided” option and enter a value of 943 psi. For the Oil Density option, select “Stock tank oil gravity (API)” as the type of gravity value you want to use and enter a value of 35 in data entry window. Change the Gas Density box to display Gas Gravity(Air=1) and type . 65 in the data entry window. 4. In the Reference Pressure for Water properties box, enter a value 4000 psi and leave the rest of the options at their default values and Click OK. 5. Double click on “PVT Region: 1” in the tree view and select the PVT Table tab to view the BLACKOIL PVT data. For this example, the data shown in this table was generated using the information entered in the “Quick black oil model” window. However, it is also possible to directly enter or edit values in the PVT Table. These values can also be updated by using your mouse to select points on the plots associated with the PVT Region, and dragging the points to the desired location. Please note that the “IMEX PVT Regions” window has to be open while using your mouse to change the points on the plot. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 11
  13. 13. FIGURE 9: IMEX PVT Table with Values Generated using the Quick Black Oil Model 6. Close the PVT Table window. 7. The Component section should have a green check mark now. Creating Relative Permeability Data 1. Click the Rock-Fluid tab in the tree view. 2. Double click on Rock Fluid Types in the tree view. A window will open. Click on the button and select New Rock Type. 3. Press the Tools button (on the “Relative Permeability Tables” tab) and select Generate Tables using Correlations. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 12
  14. 14. Enter the following parameters for the analytical relative permeability curves generation. SWCON 0.2 SWCRIT 0.2 SOIRW 0.4 SORW 0.4 SOIRG 0.2 SORG 0.2 SGCON 0.05 SGCRIT 0.05 KROCW 0.8 KRWIRO 0.3 KRGCL 0.3 KROGCG 0.8 All Exponents 2.0 4. Press Apply and then OK. Press OK again to get out of the Rock Types window. A graph containing the relative permeability curves will appear. 5. The Rock Fluid section should have a green check mark. Save the file at this time. FIGURE 10: Plots for RockType 1 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 13
  15. 15. Creating Initial Conditions 1. Click the Initial Conditions tab on the tree view of Builder. 2. Double click on Initial Conditions. 3. Select Water, Oil, Gas as the initial fluid in the reservoir to perform a Gravity-Capillary Equilibrium Calculation. 4. Type the following values in the available fields: 4000 (psi implied) in the Reference Pressure window 10007 (ft implied) in the Reference Depth window 10105 (ft implied) in the Water-Oil Contact window 6496 (ft implied) in the Gas-Oil Contact window 943 (psi implied) in Constant Bubble Point Pressure (PB) window 5. Leave the other boxes blank. Initial conditions interface should look as: 6. Click on Apply; then OK. 7. You should now be back in the main Builder window with all tabs showing a green checkmark in the tree view, except for the “Wells & Recurrent” tab. 8. At this point it is advisable to save the data again by selecting File from the top menu and Save. Incorporating Well Trajectories and Perforations Once we have created the static model, we will now incorporate the trajectory and perforation information into the model. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 14
  16. 16. 1. Go to the main Builder menu and select Well / Well Trajectories / Well Trajectories…. The following window will pop up. 2. You need to choose Trajectory File Type and appropriate Units for it (3 Steps Wizard). FIGURE 11: Trajectory Properties Window Step 1 of 3 3. Choose Table Format and ft for X, Y and Z,MD then browse for the file “TRAJ_Feet.wdb”, Open, and press Next >(Step 1 of 3) 4. Check the box Clear all existing trajectories then press Next> (Step 2 of 3). FIGURE 12: Trajectory Properties Window Step 2 of 3 5. Click Finish to complete Step 3 of 3. 6. This screen will create a vertical trajectory for each well that exists in the main contour map. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 15
  17. 17. 7. Now go back to top menu and select Well / Well Trajectories, click on Trajectory Perforation Intervals… a window will open (Figure 13): 8. Click on Read File and choose File unit selection option as Field then browse PERFS_Feet.perf. Press Open. 9. If this is done correctly, the window will be like Figure 14: 10. Press Apply and then OK. This completes the trajectories and Perforation of the wells in the model. FIGURE 13: Trajectory Perforations Window FIGURE 14: Trajectory Perforations Window after Read in Perforation File tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 16
  18. 18. Adding Historical Production Data to the Model The last item we want to do is add historical rate data so that we can set up a history match run. 1. Go to the main Builder menu and select Well / Import Production/Injection Data (this is the wizard to import production/injection data into the well & recurrent data for the simulator and it also defines the status of each well!!). 2. STEP 1: First step of this wizard is to provide the type and name of the production file. In our case, we will use General and choose a file in the tutorial directory named Production-history_fld.prd. Press the Next button. [Use the Next/Back buttons on the panels to move forward/backward between each Step]. 3. STEP 2: Follow the instructions and highlight the first line containing the production data (top window) and well name (lower window) (as shown in the following figure). Press Next. FIGURE 15: Step #2 of the Production Data Wizard 4. STEP 3: If the delimiters look good and the columns are separated correctly, click Next to go to STEP 4. 5. STEP 4: Go to Columns 3 to 5 and in the identifier row, choose Oil Produced, Water Produced and Gas Produced for each column. Leave others as they pop up then click Next to go to the next step. 6. STEP 5: This is the place showing you which well’s production data has been picked up and which well is not. For example, the program could not find any production data from well 5, 7 and 9. Since wells 5, 7 and 9 have no production history, the easiest action is to delete them from the model. We will do this later. Other than that, click Finish. The Simulation Dates window will appear. Press Close. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 17
  19. 19. Creating Average Monthly Production / Injection Recurrent Well Data Next thing we want to do is to generate the well recurrent data for every month. 1. Go back to the main Builder menu and select Well / Average Production/Injection Data... 2. Now, move your mouse and right click on the y-axis. A menu will show up to allow you to change the average interval from this point on to monthly, bi-annually, yearly, etc. FIGURE 16: Average Production/Injection Data Plot 3. Select “Reset all intervals to every month” and press the OK button. Creating Field Production History (*.fhf) for History Match 1. Next thing we want to do is to create a field history file so that we can make a comparison between the simulation run and the actual field history file. 2. Go to the top menu again and select Well / Create Field History File… then provide a filename (or you can just use the default). Press OK. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 18
  20. 20. Well Definition and Constraints 1. For those wells that have no production history, we can either delete them or define them as a producer or injector and shut-in the wells so that they will not affect the history match. 2. In this tutorial, we will delete Well 5 and change Wells 7 & 9 so that they are injectors. To do that, open the tree view and press the Wells & Recurrent tab. Expand the Wells list. Right mouse click on Well 5, select Delete and press Yes to the message that pops up. 3. Go to Well 7, right mouse click and select Properties. A new window will show up as follows: FIGURE 17: Well Events Window 4. Click on ID & Type, and select INJECTOR MOBWEIGHT for the type. Check the “Auto-apply” check box. 5. Go to Constraints tab (say YES to apply changes if asked!!), and check the Constraint definition box. 6. Under select new (in the Constraint column of the table), select OPERATE. Then select BHP bottom hole pressure, MAX, 3626 psi, CONT REPEAT. Press Apply. 7. Go to the Injected Fluid tab and choose Water as injection fluid. Press Apply. 8. Go to the Options tab. Check the Status box and choose to SHUTIN the well at this time. Press Apply. 9. Now, we can copy all the above specifications to Well 9. To do that, make sure you are looking at “Well 7” in the Name/Date list. Then highlight the following Events (for Well 7) by clicking on them with your mouse and pressing down the Ctrl key to select multiple items: INJECTOR, constraints, injected fluid and SHUTIN (all of them!!!). Press the Tools button at the bottom of the screen, and select Copy events using filter. This will open a new window. In the Select Wells tab, check on Well 9 and then go to the Select Dates tab. Check the date 1991-01-01 and press the Search & Add button. The window should look like this: tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 19
  21. 21. FIGURE 18: Window for Copying/Deleting Well Events 10. Click OK and the same constraint information created for Well 7 will now be copied to Well 9. If a message pops up requesting to change the well type for Well 9, say Yes. Press OK to close the window. 11. Make sure that the View Type is set to IK-2D X-Sec (located in the upper left hand corner of the main Builder window). 12. Even though we defined Well 7 as an injector, provided constraint information and defined the trajectory path, perforations need to be defined along the trajectory path. (Note: There is no perforation information for Well 7 in ‘PERFS_ft.perf’ file.) 13. On main Builder menu, select Well / Well Completions (PERF)… Click on button and select Completion – Add New as shown below. Press OK to use the default date shown. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 20
  22. 22. FIGURE 19: Well Completion Data Window Select the Perforations tab and press the button. This will allow you to use your mouse to select the grid blocks where you want the well completions to be. Change the Plane Slider to 15 (it may be 16 based on grid positioning) and zoom in to the section containing Well 7 so that you can see the trajectory for Well 7. Use your mouse to click in grid blocks 1, 2 and 3 along the Well 7 trajectory in the main Builder window. Press when you are done. Your screen should look similar to figure 20 below. Press Apply and then OK to close the window. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 21
  23. 23. Figure 20: Adding perforations to well 14. If everything is OK, all of the tabs in the tree view should have a green checkmark. The Dates under Wells & Recurrent tab may still have a yellow exclamation mark. This can be removed by deleting ALTER 0 at 1991-09-01 using Delete event using filter…. option in Well Events Window. 15. Please save the file one more time! tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 22
  24. 24. Write Out Restart information to a Restart File 1. Click on the I/O Control tab in the tree view. 2. Double click on Restart. 3. Check on Enable Restart Writing. 4. Press the button and select the first simulation date which is 1991-01-01. Press OK. 5. Set the “Writing Frequency Option” to Every TIME or DATE Keywords. 6. Click OK to close the window. 7. Click File in the main Builder menu and select Save As. Name this file Tutorial_hm.dat. 8. We now have a completed dataset so we can exit Builder and drag and drop the Tutorial_hm.dat file onto the IMEX icon to run it. You will be able to make prediction runs without having to rerun the historical data portion as a result of using the Restart Run feature. Running the IMEX Dataset 1. If everything is OK, you should be able to run the dataset using IMEX. First locate the file Tutorial_hm.dat in your launcher, then drag and drop it onto the IMEX 2008.10 icon and release the mouse. A new window will show up. Press the Run Immediately button. 2. If there are no errors, a MS-DOS window will open up and show you the progress of the run. When finished, the MS-DOS window will be terminated and shows a brief summary of results. FIGURE 21: Simulation Log File (when runs immediately) tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 23
  25. 25. Reviewing the Simulation Results using RESULTS GRAPH and RESULTS 3D We can now look at the simulation run and compare it with the historical data and see how the reservoir would perform. 1. Drag and drop Tutorial_hm.irf onto the Results Graph 2008.10 icon. 2. Select menu item File; then Open Field History. 3. Select the production-history.fhf file we created in the Creating Field Production History section of the tutorial. Click on the Add Curve icon . 4. Select the file to display data from as Tutorial_hm.irf. Select curve parameter Oil Rate SC. Choose Well 3 for the Origin and then Click OK. 5. Now repeat the same steps but this time select the file as production-history.fhf, as we want to compare the simulated data with the historical input data. You should now see a plot similar to: FIGURE 22: Plot of Simulation Data versus Historical Data 6. Repeat the same procedure as above except this time, plot the Water Rate SC & Gas Rate SC curves either in the same plot or separately. 7. In order to view this plot for all the production wells you can use the Repeat origins button . 8. In the Repeat Plots window, select the All Producers option and OK to generate the plots. 9. You should now have a series of plots showing the historical data and simulator calculation for each of your production wells. 10. You can now continue to investigate the results from these datasets in Results Graph and Results 3D, and interactively discover the large range of features that are available to you for analyzing your data. Exit Graph and save the template file. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 24
  26. 26. Using the Historical Data Restart File in a Prediction Run We want to predict the reservoir performance until 1/1/1993 if the producers are fixed to a minimum BHP of 2175 psi. 1. Load the dataset tutorial_hm.dat back into Builder. 2. Click on the I/O Control tab in the tree view. 3. Double click on the Restart option. 4. Check the box for Restart from previous simulation run (RESTART). 5. Browse to select Tutorial_hm.irf. Click “Record to restart from” (Note that a series of restart dates are now available). 6. In the “Record to restart from” field, select the date 1991/09/01 and then press OK to exit back to the main Builder window (press OK to the message that appears). 7. Click on the Well & Recurrent section in the tree view and expand the Dates. 8. Double click on the date 1991-09-01 9. If the Set stop box is checked on this date, uncheck it. Then click the button Add a range of dates. 10. Change the range of dates so that the From date is 1991-09-01 and the To date is 1993-01-01. Press OK. Press Close. 11. If the Set stop box is checked on 1991-09-01, uncheck it and check 1993-01-01. Press Close. 12. Click on the Wells & Recurrent section in the tree view again. Expand the Well items in the tree view and double click on Well 1. 13. Change the date to 1991-09-01, check the Auto-apply check box, and click on the Constraints tab. 14. Check the Constraint definition box, then change OPERATE, MIN BHP to 2175 psi 15. The panel that is displayed should look similar to: FIGURE 23: Well Events Window with Updated BHP Constraint tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 25
  27. 27. 16. Click Apply, a new constraint will be created in the date 1991-09-01 for Well 1. The next task will be to copy the same constraint to all the other wells to do the forecast. 17. Highlight the Well 1 constraints Event for 1991-09-01 (in the Name/Date list). Click the Tools button at the bottom of the screen and select Copy events using filter. 18. On the “Select Wells” tab; check Producers and Select. Then on the “Select Dates” tab check on 1991-09-01. At this tab; make sure to check on “Do you want to create new dates?”. This option creates new date for wells which are already shut in because of production history event. Press the Clear List button. Press the Search & Add button, then OK. All the wells except wells 7 & 9 will have a new constraint starting 1991-09-01. 19. On the “Well Event” window; you might see ALTER event equal to 0 on 1991-09-01. This should be deleted from prediction data file (Figure 24). FIGURE 24: Well Events Window with ALTER 0 Constraint 20. Right click on highlighted ALTER and select “Delete event using filter..” then repeat step 17 to fix it 21. Click OK and return to the main menu. 22. Save the new file as Tutorial_pred.dat. Now all checkmarks must be green. 23. We can now exit Builder and drag and drop the Tutorial_pred.dat file onto the IMEX icon to run it. We can now look at the simulation run and compare it with the historical data and see how the reservoir would continue to perform. 24. Drag and drop Tutorial_pred.irf onto the Results Graph icon. 25. Select menu item File; then Open Field History. 26. Select the production-history.fhf file we created in the Creating Field Production History section of the tutorial. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 26
  28. 28. 27. Click on the Add curve icon . 28. Select the file to display data from as Tutorial_pred.irf. Select curve parameter Oil Rate SC; then Click OK. 29. Now repeat the same steps, but this time select the file as production_history.fhf, as we want to compare the prediction run and the history match run. 30. To increase the size of the historical data markers select menu item View; Properties. 31. Select the Curve tab and increase the marker size from 4 to 8 and Click OK. 32. You should now see a plot similar to: FIGURE 25: Plot of Simulation Data versus Historical Data with Future Prediction 33. You can obtain the same plot for all the producers pressing the Repeat Plots button. 34. Repeat the same procedure as above except this time plot the Water Cut variable. Adding an Aquifer The next thing we want to do is add an aquifer, and compare the simulation runs with and without an aquifer to see the difference it makes. 1. Drag and drop Tutorial_hm.dat onto the Builder icon. 2. Once in Builder go to the Reservoir and select Create/Edit Aquifers…. (Alternatively, you can just click on the Create/Edit Aquifers button (second from bottom on the left hand tool bar) . 3. Select the first listed type – Bottom aquifer, and OK the panel. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 27
  29. 29. FIGURE 26: Select Aquifer Location Window 4. Select Modelling Method – Carter-Tracey (infinite). Leave all other items blank. FIGURE 27: Aquifer Properties Window 5. OK to exit the panel to return to the model display area. 6. Go to File; Save As and change the file name to be saved to Tutorial_hm_aq.dat. 7. OK to save the new file and exit Builder. You can now drag and drop Tutorial_hm_aq.dat onto the IMEX icon. (To run simulation). tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 28
  30. 30. Analyzing the Data 1. The file Tutorial_hm_aq.irf file can be dragged and dropped onto the Results Graph icon. 2. Select File; Open CMG Simulation Results from the menu bar and select Tutorial_hm.irf. 3. We now have both simulation results loaded so that we can compare them. 4. Click on the + icon to add a curve . 5. Select Origin Type – Sector (Region). 6. Parameter – Ave Pres HC POVO SCTR. 7. Click on OK to display the line. 8. Repeat the above except select the filename as Tutorial_hm_aq.irf. 9. We now have a comparison plot that should look similar to: FIGURE 28: Plot of Pressure Difference Due to Aquifer 10. You can also enter the 3D display area from here (Results 3D) and both types of display are linked together. When you exit Results 3D or Graph, the .ses (line plot) or .3tp (3D image) file referred to is a template that you can use to re-create the images that you have generated using the same or other input files. 11. Results 3D and Graph are very intuitive and most things can be accessed by the menus or by right mouse clicking on the display areas. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 29
  31. 31. Further Analysis When you view the ternary plot for Tutorial_pred.irf in Results 3D it seems that there is quite a bit of oil left in the southern anticline at the end of this simulation, especially in layer K = 2. As part of our reservoir plan we would like to put in a horizontal well on 1/1/1992 to access this ‘remaining’ oil. FIGURE 29: Reservoir Showing High Oil Saturation 1. Load the dataset Tutorial_pred.dat into Builder. 2. Make sure you have the IJ-2D areal view showing so that we can easily locate the well we are about to add. 3. Click on the Wells & Recurrent tab, then right click on Wells in the tree view. From the popup menu that appears, select New… 4. Name the new well W11 and change the date to be 1991-12-01. 5. Select the Constraints tab and check the Constraint definition check box. 6. Enter the constraint OPERATE; BHP bottom hole pressure; MIN; 1450 psi; CONT REPEAT. 7. Click OK to exit from the Create New Well panel. 8. Well W11 should have appeared on the Well & Recurrent tree view. There should be an exclamation mark next to this well indicating that there is a data problem. 9. Right click on this well and select Validate to display any error or warning messages. The message should indicate that there are no valid perforations. 10. Click the + sign next to W11 and double click on 1991-12-01 PERF. tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 30
  32. 32. 11. In the Well Completion Data (PERF) panel that appears, select the Perforations tab. FIGURE 30: Adding Perforations using the Advanced Options 12. Click the Begin button to Add perfs with the mouse, then click on the tool button for Advanced options for perforating intermediate blocks between mouse clicks. 13. Check the Perforate all intermediate blocks box, and check the box to Set constant well length and change the well length to 3280 ft. Then click OK. 14. Now, move the Well Completion Data (PERF) panel to the side so that the model grid can be viewed. Using the knowledge gained from the previously displayed oil saturation plot from RESULTS 3D, select an area in the model that has both high oil saturation, and low well density. Once the area for the new horizontal has been selected, click once to add the first perforation. Move the mouse to a position approximately near the end of the 3280 ft horizontal well and click a second time. Click OK to exit. 15. Well W11 should have appeared on your display. You can also view it in JK cross section around plane 12. Note, the exact grid block position may vary slightly from that displayed below: FIGURE 31: Areal View (IJ-2D) of Trajectory for W11 tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 31
  33. 33. FIGURE 32: Cross Section View (JK-2D) of Trajectory for W11 16. Note that the perforation will appear and disappear depending on the date you have displayed in Builder. 17. Double click on well W11 to see that there is one date associated with it 1991-12-01. If there is also the simulation start date 1991-01-01 then select this date in the tree view, right mouse click and select "Delete". This will remove this unwanted date. 18. “Well 11” is now fully defined. Save the dataset as Tutorial_Pred1.dat, and exit. Now run the dataset in IMEX and compare it with tutorial_pred.irf. Look at the oil saturation at the end of the simulation in Results 3D and the Field oil production rate in Results Graph. Note the increased production when the horizontal well opens. FIGURE 33: Increased Production due to horizontal well in RESULTS GRAPH tutorialimexbuilderfieldunits-130922161228-phpapp01.doc 22/09/2013 32

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