CHAPTER 2 – LESSON 3PLANNED CITIES ON THE INDUS SOCIAL STUDIES 7TH. GRADE SECOND PERIOD
Outline• Environment Indus flooding unpredictable. Natural barriers: mountains and deserts. Monsoon winds.• Power and authority Strong centralized government. Planned cities• Science and Technology Writing (not yet deciphered). Cities built on precise grid. Plumbing and sewage systems.
TERMS AND NAMES• Subcontinent: A large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent.
monsoon• A wind that shifts in direction at certain times of the year.
Harappan civilization• Another name for the Indus Valley civilization that arose along the Indus River, possibly as early as 7,000 B.C.; characterized by sophisticated city planning.
What is one conclusion you can drawabout the Indus Valley civilizaton?• Cities – Central planning, advanced plumbing and sewage systems.• Language – Written with symbols and phonetic sounds.• Trade – Thriving trade by river, overland, and sea.• The Indus Valley civilization had a high level of culture and organization.
What problems can monsoons cause?• They can dump excessive rain, causing flood damage, or they may not come, causing crops failures.
How were the planned cities of theIndus Valley different from otherearly cities?• They were laid out on a grid and had sewers; other cities had winding streets and lacked sewers.
What reasons are suggested for thedisappearance of the Indus Vallecivilization?• Tectonic plate shifts altered the course of riveers, which changed agriculture and trade.
What evidence suggests Indus Valleycities were run by a strong centralgovernment?• Planned cities, standard building materials, sanitation systems.
What skills would the construction ofplanned cities require? Explain Central government. Standard building materials. Engineering and architectural skills.
How were the people of the IndusValley connected to Mesopotamia?• They were linked through the Indian Ocean trade. They also could go overland.
What does the attention the Induspeople gave to plumbing and sewersystems suggest about their culture? • The Indus people valued personal cleanliness and social sanitation. • They may have known that poor sanitation could spread disease.
What is the main reason Harappanlanguage has not been deciphered?• No bilingual texts have been found to help in the translating of the symbols.
What do planned cities of the IndusValley people tell us about theirculture?• High level of cooperation.• Strong central government.
What are some characteristics of theHarappan culture?• They were peaceful, organized and clean.