By PresenterMedia.comCHAPTER 5 SECTION 3Democracy and Greece’s Golden AgeVocabulary and Assessment QuestionsPages 134 - 136
VOCABULARYA second line of text could go hereDirect democracyA government in which citizens rule directlyrather than through representatives.
Classical art The art of ancient Greece and Rome, in whichharmony, order, and proportion wereemphasized.
Tragedy A serious form of drama dealing with thedownfall of a heroic or noble character.
Comedy A humorous form of drama that oftenincludes slapstick and satire.
Peloponnesian War A war lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in whichAthenians and allies were defeated by Spartaand its allies.
Philosopher A thinker who uses logic and reason toinvestigate the nature of the universe, humansociety, and morality.
Socrates Greek philosopher who was a critic ofSophists. He believed that absolute standardsdid exist for truth and justice.
PlatoA student of Socrates. He wrote down theconversations of Socrates and TheRepublic, invisioning a perfectly governedsociety: farmers and artisans, wariors, and theruling class.
AristotleStudent of Plato. Opened his school “Lyceum.”He questioned the nature of the world and ofhuman belief, thought and knowledge.Invented a method for arguing according to therules of logic.
Questions3. What steps did Pericles take to strengthendemocracy in Athens?He made public offices paid positions – morecitizens could take part in government.
4. What were the battle strategies of Athensand Sparta in the Peloponnesian War?Athens: avoid land battles, strike with superiornavy.Sparta: Draw Athenians into a land battle anduse superior army.
5. Why do you think some Athenians found theideas of Socrates so disturbing? They may have thought he threatenedtraditional ways of life by encouraging studentsto question vlues and beliefs.
6. How does the concept of hubris from Greektragedy apply to Poloponnesian War? Athenians were proud of their navy and mayhave underestimated Sparta.
7. Was the rule of Pericles a “golden age” forAthens?Yes. Expansion of democracy and a floweringof arts.No. Destructive war.