Research to assess the impact of inclusive volunteers clubs

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Research to assess the impact of inclusive volunteers clubs in Montenegro in 2012 - UNICEF & Ipsos Strategic Marketing

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Research to assess the impact of inclusive volunteers clubs

  1. 1. Research to assess the impact of inclusive volunteers clubs in 2012
  2. 2. Key findings  The data indicate that work of inclusive Volunteer Clubs had a significantly positive effect on knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children towards children with disabilities. Members of Volunteer Clubs:  They state more frequently that they know a child or person with disabilities  They state more frequently that they maintain at least occasional contact with children with disabilities  They socialize more frequently and have friends among children with disabilities  They think more frequently that they know something about children with disabilities  They express more positive attitude and bigger willingness to socialize with these children (answers to statement „I would gladly socialize with children with disabilities)  They express bigger readiness to be included in actions aimed at helping the children with disabilities (making audio recordings of textbooks, learning sign and Braille sign language)  Higher percentage of them think that family ambiance is very beneficial for children with disabilities, while other children are not neglected either  They feel weaker social distance, particularly in relationships: to be my friend, to enter into marriage with him/her  They know what Day Care Centers are, many of them have visited one and they are more than other pupils interested in socializing with children with disabilities in the future in Day Care Centers  Focus group discussions indicate that visits to Day Care Centers have a great role in changing attitudes and behavior of children (fear and unease that they felt towards children with disabilities disappeared and they realized that children with disabilities were just like all other children)
  3. 3. Key findings  Activities of volunteer clubs aimed at promotion of inclusion make very positive impression on the very participants, and they drew attention of many pupils non-members who attend the same schools.  It is pupils’ general assessment that attitude of schools and town towards children with disabilities has improved even more since the activities of volunteer clubs started, aimed at promotion of inclusion of children with disabilities.  However, there are visible differences between towns regarding their attitude towards children with disabilities, which also affects the influence of volunteer clubs. For example, in Bar is there no Day Care Center and data indicate that children with disabilities who live in this town have less contact with other children. In Pljevlja, judging by many indicators (contact with children with disability, attitude towards educational inclusion, social distance), attitude towards children with disabilities is best, and their volunteer club is also active.
  4. 4. CONTENTS  Methodology  Contact with children with disabilities  Education of children with disabilities  Family and children with disabilities  Social distance towards children with disabilities  Day Care Centers  Activities of volunteers clubs related to children with disabilities  School climate
  5. 5. METHODOLOGY Quantitative part Size of sample: 360 pupils divided into 3 groups: members of Volunteer Clubs (experimental group), children from the same class who are not members of clubs (control group 1) and children from other schools in which Volunteer Club has not been organized (control group 2). Structure of the groups by towns is given in the table: Group Description Bijelo Polje Pljevlje Herceg Novi Bar TOTAL Experimental Children in inclusive Volunteer Clubs 30 30 30 30 120 Control 1 Children from the same class who are not members of Volunteer Clubs 30 30 30 30 120 30 30 30 30 120 90 90 90 90 360 Control 2 Children from other schools in which Volunteer Club has not been organized TOTAL per municipality Comparison of experimental and control group 2 was aimed at ascertaining whether knowledge, attitudes and behavior of volunteers differed in comparison with general population of pupils, while the aim of comparison between experimental group and control group 1 was to ascertain whether transfer of experiences from volunteers to their classmates has taken place Groups were matched by gender, age, and performance at the end of the previous grade Method of data collection: interviewing in schools 1:1 between interviewer and pupil Qualitative part Qualitative part of the research encompassed volunteers with and without disabilities, parents of volunteers with disabilities and teachers who led Volunteer Clubs. Structure of respondents by towns is given in the table: Group Focus group Description Children, volunteers without disabilities Bijelo Polje Pljevlje 1 Herceg Novi Bar TOTAL 1 Interviews Volunteers with disabilities and their parents 2 3 - - 5 Interviews Teachers who led Volunteer Clubs in their schools 1 1 1 1 4 3 5 1 1 10
  6. 6. Members of volunteers club Pol Godine Obrazovanje Stratum Satisfactory 33% Very good Excellent 33% Secondary Elementary Girls 25% Boys 25% Bijelo Polje 25% Pljevlje 25% Bar Herceg Novi 33% Children from other schools 33% Children who go to the same class SAMPLE 79% 67% 53% 36% 21% 12% Tip naselja 6
  7. 7. Contact with children with disabilities 7
  8. 8. The most frequently used term when it comes to children with disabilities – Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups spontaneous 44% Children with special needs 49% 58% 49% Children with disabilities 45% 27% 2% Children with invalidity 3% 5% 3% Handicapped children 1% 5% Members of volunteers club 0% Other answers Children who go to the same class 2% 4% 2% Don't know 0% 0% Children from other schools Members of volunteers club most frequently use the term children with disabilities, while children from other schools use it most infrequently – they most often use the term children with special needs. One answer; Base: All respondents Can you tell me which term you use most frequently when it comes to children whose physical, mental or sensory abilities are below the average capacity of children in their age? 8
  9. 9. Do you know any child with disabilities or someone (relative, friend, acquaintance, etc.) a child with this or similar disorders? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups %Yes % No Members of volunteers club Children who go to the same class Children from other schools 94 87 82 6 13 18 Members of volunteers club more often know a child or a person with disabilities. One answer: Base: All respondents Do you know any child with disabilities or someone (relative, friend, acquaintance, etc.) a child with this or similar disorders? 9
  10. 10. Are there any children with disabilities in your school? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Members of volunteers club Children from other schools Children who go to the same class 100 91 92 88 92 77 Student responses Responses of directors and facilitators When comparing student with directors and facilitators responses, the results show that children from other schools who did not have an opportunity to be involved in UNICEF events are less aware of the presence of children with disabilities in their schools. Base: All respondents Are there any children with disabilities in your school? 10
  11. 11. Are there any children with disabilities in your school? – by cities Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups BijeloPolje Pljevlja Herceg Novi Bar 100 98 100 84 83 100 80 59 Student responses Responses of directors and facilitators Analysis by cities shows that students in Bar are the least aware of the presence of children with disabilities in their school. Base: All respondents Are there children with disabilities in your school? 11
  12. 12. Are there any children with disabilities in your class? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes Members of volunteers club 30 % No 70 Children who go to the same class 24 76 Children from other schools 25 75 In classes of students who responded, representation of the students with disabilities is very low; only every 4th student goes to the same class with a child with disabilities. Base: All respondents Are there any children with disabilities in your class? 12
  13. 13. Are there any children with disabilities in your class? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes BijeloPolje 10 90 39 Pljevlja 61 35 Herceg Novi Bar % No 21 65 79 When compared to the other cities, Bijelo Polje and Bar have significantly less students who are in the same class with a child with disabilities, only 10% and 21% respectively. In Pljevlja the numbers are the highest. Base: All respondents Are there any children with disabilities in your class? 13
  14. 14. How often do you come into contact with children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Every day Members of volunteers club 40% 12% 13 12% 9 3 4 30 4 Several times a week Once a week Several times a month Once a month Children who go to the same class 37% 12% 10% 5 3 8 2 7 4 10 Once in 2-3 months Once in 6 months Once a year Less than once a year Children from other schools 30% 17% 8% 13 5 3 8 4 2 11 I have no contacts whatsoever with children with disabilities Don't know/None Members of volunteers club are more frequently in contact with children with disabilities than the other two groups of children. Children from the other schools more often say that they do not have any contact with children with disabilities. Its noticed that children in Bar, compared to the children from other cities, more frequently say that they do not have any contact with children with disabilities. Base: All respondents How often do you come into contact with children with disabilities? 14
  15. 15. Socializing with children with disabilities Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups 88 Members of volunteers club Children from other schools Children who go to the same class 74 68 60 43 37 Have you ever socialized with some child/person with disabilities? Do you have a friend with disabilities? Members of volunteers club socialize more often with children with disabilities and they also consider to have more friends amongst them more often as well than other two groups. Base: All respondents Have you ever socialized with some child/person with disabilities? Do you have a friend with disability? 15
  16. 16. Do you have a friend with disabilities? – by cities Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups BijeloPolje Pljevlja Herceg Novi Bar 100 61 70 58 35 50 33 20 All student responses Only responses of memebers of volunteers club In Pljevlja, all members of the volunteers club say that they have a friend with disabilities. Differences amongst volunteers clubs clearly show the differences between students by city. In Bar, students have the least close contacts in both groups. Base: All respondents How often do you come into contact with children with disabilities? Do you have a friend with disabilities? 16
  17. 17. How informed are you about children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups I don't know anything 0% about children with disabilities 5% 6% 4% I have very little knowledge about children with disabilities 13% 14% Members of volunteers club are the most informed about children with disabilities (especially in Pljevlja), while children from other schools, where there were no similar activities in promoting inclusion, are the least informed. 29% I have some knowledge about children with disabilities 48% 51% 47% I know much about children with disabilities 26% 22% I know very much about children with disabilities Don't know I do not know anything or know very little Members of volunteers club 19% 7% 5% Children who go to the same class Children from other schools 1% 1% 1% 4% 18% 20% 66% 33% Knows much or very much 27% Base: All respondents How informed are you? How much do you know about children with disabilities? 17
  18. 18. Do you think that a child with disability could one day become a famous artist, businessman, successful politician or statesman in Montenegro? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes, this is possible % Don't know Members of volunteers club Children who go to the same class Children from other schools % No, this is not possible 93 83 87 3 5 7 3 10 11 The vast majority of students from all three groups believes that business or other success is possible for children with disabilities. However, children who are not members of volunteers club and who go to the same class with the volunteers believe less in business success of children with disabilities and more frequently say that such success is impossible. Base: All respondents Do you think that a child with disability could one day become a famous artist, businessman, successful politician or statesman in Montenegro? 18
  19. 19. Contacts with children with disabilities  Members of Volunteer Club are aware of and use the official term – children with disabilities. The term which is also used, but less frequently is – children with special needs.  Before volunteering, majority of children had the opportunity to meet the children with disabilities at school, but there are also some who established their first contact with children with disabilities through voluntary work.  Due to voluntary work and activities of the Club majority of volunteers have a daily contact with children with disabilities. Volunteer from Pljevlja: “Since we have started coming here, we are in daily contact with children with disabilities.”  During the first contact dominant feeling was fear, jitters – most of all from own behavior, from fear of making some mistake. All volunteers stated to have worried of making some mistake and harm the child with disability. Besides that, they worried how the children with disabilities would accept them “I was wondering how these children would accept me.”  Activities of Volunteer Club contributed to disappearance of fear and jitters, because they realized that children with disabilities were like all other children, so socializing continued without any problems. “I had jitters, but as the time passed I realized that these children were like all other children which need attention.” • Volunteering brought big knowledge and experience with children with disabilities to everyone involved. Findings from Focus Groups and in-depth interviews 19
  20. 20. Conclusion: Contact with children with disabilities  In our sample of interviewed pupils children with disabilities were represented in almost all schools (out of 35 schools only in 2 schools they were not represented, one in Bjelo Polje and one in Pljevlja). However, it is obvious that children from Bar are by far less aware of children with disabilities in their neighborhood. Despite high level of representation in schools, only ¼ of classes which were attended by interviewed pupils also have a child with disabilities, in Bijeo Polje and Bar even less (10% and 21% representation in class, respectively). In contrast to this situation, in Pljevlja almost 40% of pupils attend inclusive classes.  Although representation of these children in classes is relatively low, still great majority of pupils in all 3 groups, more than 2/3 (more than 4/5 of members in Volunteer Clubs!), state that they re in contact with these children at least once a month, and more than a half of the pupils (2/3 of members of Volunteer Clubs!) state that they are in contact with these children at least once a week.  Data indicate that UNICEF activities of Volunteer clubs aimed at bigger inclusion of children had a significantly positive effect when it comes to contacts with children with disabilities. Data on which this conclusion is based are the following :  Members of Volunteer Clubs:  They state more frequently that they know a child or person with disabilities  They state more frequently that they maintain at least occasional contact with children with disabilities  They socialize more frequently and have friends among children with disabilities  They think more frequently that they know something about children with disabilities.  Members of Volunteer Clubs use more frequently the term which is socially more acceptable to refer to this group of children: children with disabilities. Some members of Volunteer Clubs have made the first contact with children with disabilities through activities of Volunteer Clubs, and now they meet almost daily. • Volunteers think that engagement in this Club gave them great knowledge and experience with children with disabilities, reduced prejudice and took away the initial fear and jitters. 2
  21. 21. Education of children with disabilities 21
  22. 22. Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Children with disabilities should be allowed to attend school together with other children % Children with disabilities should go to special school which accommodates only such children Don't know Members of volunteers club 73 26 2 Children who go to the same class 71 28 1 Children from other schools 64 36 0 Although the vast majority believes that children with disabilities should go to the same school together with other children, the percentage of students who believe that children with disabilities should go to special schools should not be neglected. Base: All respondents Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? 22
  23. 23. Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Children with disabilities should be allowed to attend school together with other children % Children with disabilities should go to special school which accommodates only such children Don’t know 70 BijeloPolje 95 Pljevlja Herceg Novi Bar 28 45 2 5 0 53 67 2 33 0 Big diferences between cities: in Pljevlja 95% children believes that children with disabilities should go to the same school together with other children. In Herceg Novi, the majority of students believes that children with disabilities should go to special school (53%). Base: All respondents Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? 23
  24. 24. Regular / special school or class • All parents of children with disabilities think that it is better for children with disabilities to attend regular school, and the best would be with presence of assistant. Parent: „Regular teaching with the assistant would make possible better socialization of children than teaching in special classes.” • Parents of children with disabilities are satisfied with education of children in regular classes. They also think that decisions for inclusion should contain the exact diagnosis, with explanation what this diagnosis involves, to make it easier for teachers and school staff to know the child and his/her abilities and limits. • Mother of one boy who attends special class within the school thinks about moving the child to another school where he would be included in regular teaching. When the child was enrolled in school institution of assistant didn’t exist. Now, when she sees the experiences of children with disabilities who attend regular classes with the assistant she thinks that it would be more useful for her child to have the assistant. Parents: “It is a great success to have a teaching assistant and to attend regular classes, socialization is much better.” “It is very important that my son is going to regular class – they imitate other children, learn from them, and that’s always positive, he is better at school than here. It is interesting for him, he comes home full of new impressions.” • Mother of a boy from Pjevlja is a supporter of regular school, but she thinks that it is better for children with serious disabilities to go to a special class. Parents: „I support regular classes, but this maybe depends on kind of disability, because there are children who simply wouldn’t be able to follow regular teaching.” 24
  25. 25. Attitude towards inclusive education % I don't agree at all Bar 4 % I agree % UndecidedMembers % I don't agree % I agree % I completely agree % Undecided Bar 8 % I don't agree ofIvolunteers Children who go to % agree same class club theChildren from other schools When children with disabilities go to school together with other children, the teachers have to devote too much attention to them, so other children do not get enough attention from the teachers. 73 226 76 24 71 30 If I could choose I would rather be in the class in which there are no children with disabilities than in the class which has such children. 78 3 20 76 2 22 77 1 22 I would gladly socialize with children with disabilities. 7 1 95 I feel fear and discomfort to socialize with children with disabilities. Children with disabilities are equally valuable as other children. 1 2 10 93 98 91 90 5 5 2 93 16 1 10 84 90 4 1 9 96 Children from other schools would less likely socialize with children with disabilities when compared to other respondents. Base: All respondents On a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means Strongly disagree and 5 completely agree, to assess the level of agreement with each statement 25
  26. 26. Children with disabilities are often faced with problems in school that other children are not faced with: they often can't come to the classroom, gymnasium, library, schoolyard without someone else's help...Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % I understand this problem, but the entire school environment can't be adapted to small number of children with disabilities % The schools' duty is to do everything that is necessary to adapt school environment to children with disabilities Members of volunteers club 13 88 Children who go to the same class 13 87 Children from other schools 13 87 The vast majority of all respondents believe that it is the school’s a duty to adapt its environment to children with disabilities. Base: All respondents Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? 26
  27. 27. How interested would you be to join in this activities? Statistički značajna razlika na nivou 0.05 između grupa % I wouldn't be interested % I am interested Bar 3 % I am not interested % I am interested Bar 6 Children who go Members of % I am not interested volunteers % I am interested to theChildren from other Children with visual impairments need the audio recordings of textbooks. In this way blind children who can not read books can listen to CD with recorded voice of someone who reads that book. If action of making audio recordings of textbooks were organize schools same class club 100 4 95 4 97 Deaf-mute person use sign language for communication. They communicate through signs, performed by hands. If the school organized a course in sign language, would you be interested to join and learn to communicate with children with speech and hearing dif 3 97 10 89 5 95 Blind persons can read books that are written in a special Braille system in which varied arrangements of raised dots representing letters and numerals are identified by touch. If the school organized a course in Braille system would you be interested to 3 98 12 87 8 91 If the school organized a sports club for children with and without disabilities, would you be interested to join and play together with your peers with disabilities? 3 98 8 91 12 86 The great interest is shown from all respondents for all activities. However, members of volunteers club show the greatest interest.. Base: All respondents On a scale of 1 to 4, where 1 means not at all like a / la interested / 5 and would be fully / by interested / and rate the level of agreement with each statement read. 27
  28. 28. Education of children with disabilities  Teachers and pupils generally stimulate and are open to work and socializing with disabilities, although they state that there are still some pupils who will not accept and understand a child with disabilities.  Teaching in classes where there is a child with disabilities usually evolves smoothly and without problems because teachers have pre-written curriculum for all children. Volunteers point out that the teachers do their best to include children with disabilities in class activities as much as possible, and that other pupils are not neglected in the class.  But, sometimes inclusion of children in activities in class depends on child’s character and type of disability – it is sometimes not possible to include these children in everything. “We have a friend in my class and we are trying to include her in journalism section, to write texts, but she is introvert, so she often doesn’t want to spend time with us.“ • Many teachers have attended seminars and they are educated for working with children with disabilities. However, some volunteers are under the impression that teachers don’t have enough time in class to work with children with disabilities and that new teachers are not informed and educated enough for working with children with disabilities. “Teachers usually don’t have enough time to work with these children.” • Facilitators notice that some teachers sometimes refuse to work and commit to children with disabilities “It happens sometimes that teacher says – I am not trained for that, I haven’t done it ever and I won’t do it. It is considered that there are special institutions for that, special classes for working with such children.”  Volunteers say that children with disabilities are not sitting alone, but usually with a friend, and those who have an assistant sit with that assistant. In some cases, child is sitting alone because of symptoms or child’s nature. 28
  29. 29. Conclusion: Education of children with disabilities  Still more than one third of pupils think that children with disabilities should go to special schools (about ¼ of volunteers). There are huge differences between towns and it reflects on volunteers’ attitudes: in Pljevlja 95% of pupils think that they should attend regular schools, and in Herceg Novi only 47%!  The reason for that lies in still insufficiently organized teaching in inclusive classes, which primarily refers to teaching assistants, that the findings of FGD and interviews point to.  On the other hand, volunteers say that teachers are trying to keep children with disabilities included in activities in class and that other pupils are not neglected, that teachers attend seminars and that they are educated to work with these children. They only mention the problem with new teachers who have not had any training.  This data also indicate that UNICEF activities of School Parliaments have had positive effect on the attitude towards children with disabilities. The conclusion is based on the fact that there are significant differences between groups regarding their willingness to socialize with children with disabilities. 93% of members of volunteer clubs agree with the statement „I would gladly spend time with children with disabilities”, 91% of their class mates and 84% of pupils who attend another school without UNICEF activities aimed at promotion of inclusive education.  9 out of 10 pupils in all three groups are aware that school is obliged to do everything necessary to adapt the environment to children with disability.  Great majority in all three groups, about 90% of pupils, and almost all volunteers are interested in being included in different activities aimed at helping and better understanding children with disabilities (creating audio recordings of textbooks, learning Braille, sign language). 2
  30. 30. Family and children with disabilities 30
  31. 31. Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Children with disabilities should live with their family % Children with disability should live in home for children with disabilities instead of living with their family Members of volunteers club 97 3 Children who go to the same class 96 4 Children from other schools 96 4 Almost all of the respondents believes that children with disabilities should live with their family. Base: All respondents Which of the following two statements is closer to your own opinion? 31
  32. 32. How much would you be interested to get involved in the following activities? % I don’t agree Bar 5 Statically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Bar 9 Members of volunteer club Other children who grow up in families with children with disabilities learn to be more careful and tolerant. 2 0 Other children who grow up in families with children with disabilities are neglected because parents do not have enough time to devote to them. If a child with disability loses parents, it is better for that child to live in foster family than in home for children. 92 4 21 89 % I agree Bar 7 Bar 11 Bar 4 Bar 8 Children who go to the same class 7 1 98 75 % Don’t know Bar 6 Bar 10 93 73 21 2 Children from other school 4 0 1 27 77 96 68 21 3 0 32 76 Compared to the other two groups, members of volunteers club agree less with the statement that children who grow up in families with children with disabilities are neglected. Also, they agree less with the statement that children with disabilities and without parents are better off if living in foster home or home for children. Base: All respondents Evaluate to what extent you agree with each of the statements using the scale from 1 to 5. 1 means you don’t 32
  33. 33. Family and children with disabilities • Volunteers single out the following problems as most common for children with disabilities and their parents:  Rejection  Prejudice “There are still many people who don’t want these children to be equal members of the society.”  Volunteers also think that it is better to place children with disabilities who have no parental care in foster families than in institutions, since they would be better cared for there. „ It is better in foster families because they have more love and care there.” Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 33
  34. 34. CONCLUSION: Family and children with disabilities  More than 95% of pupils from all 3 groups think that children with disabilities should live with their families.  Pupil from all 3 groups think that, if children with disabilities live with their family other children from the household also have some benefits. Nevertheless ¼ of pupils in all 3 groups think that other children can be neglected in such families.  Respondents also give advantage to foster families over homes for children in case of children with disabilities who lose parents.  Higher percentage of volunteers than children from the other two groups think that other children will not be neglected in families that have a child with disabilities, and higher percentage of them give advantage to foster families over homes for children in case of children with disabilities who lose parents 3
  35. 35. Social distance towards children with disabilities 35
  36. 36. When we talk about children with disabilities, can you tell me which of the following relationships would be more acceptable for you Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Members of the volunteer club Children who attend the same class Children from other schools 94% 92% 94% To live in the same settlement / street 93% 93% 92% To go to the same school 92% To socialize / play with him / her 82% 89% 84% 84% 85% To go to the same class 63% To be best friend to him / her 56% 61% 18% To be his / her emotional partner To marry him / her in adult age Don’t know 10% 16% 13% 4% 11% 0% 2% 2% Respondents who attend the same class as the members of volunteers club, compared to the members themselves, would less likely socialize/play with children with disabilities. Furthermore, they are not as open to marrying someone with disabilities. Base: All respondents When we talk about children with disabilities, can you tell me which of the following relationships would be more acceptable for you 36
  37. 37. When we talk about children with disabilities, can you tell me which of the following relationships would be more acceptable for you Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups BijeloPolje Pljevlja Herceg Novi 83% To live in the same settlement / street 98% 92 87% To go to the same school 100 96% 87 79% To socialize / play with him / her 100 94% 81 97 67% To go to the same class 96% 77 41% To be best friend to him / her 25 To be his / her emotional partner 0% To marry him / her in adult age 0% Don’t know Bar 97 86% 87 31% 9 18 16% 9 The lowest social distance is in Pljevlja. 11 2% 1% 2 0 Base: All respondents When we talk about children with disabilities, can you tell me which of the following relationships would be more acceptable for you 37
  38. 38. Attitude towards children with disabilities  All pupils volunteers would like to have a child with disability for a friend.  During volunteering, they made lots of friends and they found socializing very interesting and educational. “Here in the Center we socialize with everybody, we spend time with everybody, it is perhaps easier to communicate with a child who can understand you, but it is sometimes better and more interesting to socialize with someone who requires not so simple communication.” volunteer  They think that friendship with a person with disability is of better quality – they are more secure and they trust them more. “They empathize with us when we have a problem.”  Type of disability is not important – it is important that they get on well.  Entering into emotional relationship or marriage with a person with disability is not impossible for them, especially if they get on well. “No one knows what will happen in life, so never say never.”  Volunteers think that children with disabilities can become successful adults – politicians, businessmen, artists. Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 38
  39. 39. CONCLUSION: Social distance towards children with disabilities  Great majority accepts that children with disabilities attend their school (more than 90%)  More than 4/5 would accept to socialize/play with children with disability  Differences between children volunteers and their class mates are greatest on 2 relationships:  To be my friend  To enter into marriage with him/ her  However, in all three groups, social distance is very strong regarding entering in emotional relationship and marriage (less than 20% would accept this)  Focus group findings indicate that this seemingly strong social distance perhaps reflects in insufficient awareness of opportunities for such relationships and that even sole thinking about that reduces this distance. 3
  40. 40. Day Care Centers 40
  41. 41. Do you know what Day Care Centers for children with disabilities are? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes % Don’t know / None 93 Members of volunteers club 72 Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions % No 63 7 28 37 Compared to the members of volunteers club where almost all students know what are Day Care Centers for children with disabilities, children who go to the same class and especially children from other schools know significantly less what are Day Care Centers. Respondents in Bar are the least informed (41%). Base: All respondents Do you know what Day Care Centers for children with disabilities are? 41
  42. 42. Day Care Centers In Day Care Centers, children with disabilities can take part in different educational and creative activities organized by different experts. Children spend a few hours a day in Day Care Center, which enables their parents to be employed or attend to their other responsibilities. In this way, families of children with disabilities are helped and prevented is separating of children from their families. 42
  43. 43. Have you ever visited a Day Care Center? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes % Don’t know / None Members of volunteers club 75 Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions % No 25 38 18 62 82 Members of volunteers club visited Day Care Center more times than other two groups. The vast majority of children from other schools have never visited Day Care Center. Base: All respondents Have you ever visited a Day Care Center? 43
  44. 44. Is there a Day Care Center in your town? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes % Don’t know / None Members of volunteers club 94 Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions % No 15 67 52 25 19 8 29 Almost all members of volunteers club are familiar with the existence of Day Care Center in their town. Thus, they are significantly more familiar than other two groups. Base: All respondents Is there a Day Care Center in your town? 44
  45. 45. Do you think that your town needs a Day Care Center for children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes Members of volunteers club % Don’t know / None % No 100 0 Children who go to the same class 98 2 Children from other schools without similar actions 99 1 Almost all respondents believe that their town needs a Day Care Center for children with disabilities. Base: All respondents Do you think that your town needs a Day Care Center for children with disabilities? 45
  46. 46. If there was a Day Care Center in your town, would you be interested in spending time with children with disabilities once a week as a volunteer? Statically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups % Yes % Don’t know / None Members of volunteers club 93 Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions % No 5 2 91 80 2 7 3 17 Although the vast majority is interested in spending time with children with disabilities in Day Care Center, children from other schools show slightly less interest for those activities. Base: All respondents If there was a Day Care Center in your town, would you be interested in spending time with children with disabilities once a week as a volunteer? 46
  47. 47. Day Care Center • Main activities of Volunteer Clubs are visits to Day Care Centers and socializing with many children with disabilities. • Volunteers in Pljevlja say that the Day Care Center in Pljevlja is the best thing that could be built. They all agree that Day Care Centers are necessary. Day Care Center made possible socializing of these children, going out, education, available professional assistance. • Parents of children with disabilities often suggest opening of Day Care Centers for adults. Potential problem for children with disabilities is absence of institutions and organizations that will take care of them when they grow up (over 25 years of age). „These centers should be for both children and adults. They need a place to meet.” „We have 2 children who are excluded from the Day Care Center because they are 27 years old. Parents and children are so sad, it was the world to them. There is no institution for older children and we should work on that, since such children have no place to go. “ • Parents of children with disabilities are worried for their children in the future, when they finish schooling, since there is no institution for those older than 27 years. “Something should be done there, since our children are going to grow up as well.” • Parents say that in Bar, Danilovgrad, Mojkovac, Kolašin are there no Day Care Centers , which makes the children more isolated and invisible in these areas. Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 47
  48. 48. CONCLUSION: Attitudes towards Day Care Centers for children with disabilities • Support to establishment of Day Care Centers is very strong both among members of Volunteer Clubs and other pupils. • Almost all volunteers (93%) know what day care Centers for children with disabilities are. Knowledge about Day Care Centers is lower among pupils who attend the same class as members of Volunteer Clubs, but it is still high (72% of pupils from the same class are aware of Day care Centers), but it is lower among children from other schools (63% of pupils from other schools are aware of Day Care Centers) .This finding shows that there was probably a transfer of experiences of Volunteer Club members to their classmates. • 3/4 of Volunteer Club members participated in visits to Day Care Centers.Percentage of pupils who visited Day care Centers and are not members is smaller by far (38% of pupils from the same class and 18% of pupils from other schools without similar activities). • Children who go to other schools, but also pupils from the same classes which members of Volunteer Clubs attend are by far less aware that there is a Day Care Center in their town for children with disabilities (!% of members of Volunteer Clubs do not know whether there are any Day care Centers in their place, the same as 25% of pupils from the same class and 19% of pupils from other schools). • Children who stated that Day care Center did not exist in their town or those who didn’t know whether they existed in their town were asked whether such Center was needed in the town. In all three groups almost all children answered that their town needed such Day Care Center. • Both members and non-members of Volunteer Club would like to visit children with disabilities and they would gladly socialize with them– even 93% of members of Volunteer Club are interested in once a week volunteer socializing with children with disabilities (this percentage is somewhat lower among pupils from other schools - 80). 48
  49. 49. Activities of volunteers clubs towards Children with disabilities 49
  50. 50. Awareness of activities of volunteers clubs Now I would like to talk about the activities of volunteers clubs aimed to promote the equal rights of children with disabilities. Have you heard of these clubs? What is your general impression about this clubs? 15 0% 1% Members of volunteers club 0% Very bad Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions Mainly bad 72 % No 85 Neither good nor bad 4% 24% 30% 28% 34% Mainly good % Yes 28 38% 68% Very good Children from Children who go to other schools the same class without similar actions The vast majority of children from other schools have never heard for volunteer clubs, while clubs were the most familiar to children who go to the same class. 41% 32% Very or mainly bad Very or mainly good 0% 1% 0% 96% 75% 70% Members of volunteers club have the most positive general impressions about its activities. Base: All respondents Now I would like to talk about the activities of volunteers clubs aimed to promote the equal rights of children with disabilities. Have you heard of these clubs? What is your general impression about this clubs? Rate on a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 means you have a very bad impression and 5 that you have a very good impression. 50
  51. 51. Why do you think so? What most influenced that these activities make a GOOD impression on you? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups 42% 42% 44% Extending help, support, care 31% Socializing with them/ finding new friends/ becoming close t 25% 8% Acceptance, fitting into society/ we are all equal Meeting these children, getting to know their problems, need 0% Positive/good/ useful activities 1% Various activities are organized/ common work 1% 0% It is interesting, amusing/ good atmosphere 11% 23% 10% 11% 14% Children feel better, happier, they progress We learn from them/ we understand them better/ we have better relationship 40% 7% 6% 7% 6% 5% 7% 5% 7% 0% 0% 1% Other answers 0% 0% 1% Don't know 2% 3% 7% Clubs activities are perceived to have contributed to the help, support, and care for children with disabilities which influenced the positive attitude towards these activities. Members of School Parliament Children who go to the same class Children from other schools Multiple responses; Base: those whose general impression of these activities was a good Why do you think so? What most influenced that these activities make a GOOD impression on you? 51
  52. 52. In your opinion whether these actions have attracted the attention of students in a school or remained largely unknown? They drew attention of other students They remained mainly unknown to other students Don't know Members of volunteers club Children who go to the same class Children from other schools without similar actions 73 57 54 12 28 30 16 16 16 Opinion that these actions have attracted the attention of students is prevalent. However, 1/3rd of children who go to the same class with volunteers and 1/3rd of children from other schools believes that these activities remained unknown to other students. Base: Those who have heard of these activities In your opinion whether these actions have attracted the attention of students in a school or remained largely unknown? 52
  53. 53. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only How many times have you participated in these activities? Don't know 6% Once 8% 2 to 5 times 30% More than 5 times 56% More than a half of volunteers participated in more than 5 activities of the club. Base: Members of volunteers clubs How many times have you participated in the activities of the volunteers clubs, which aims to promote the equal rights of children with disabilities. 53
  54. 54. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only Have you found out anything new in this club, something you never thought about, associated with children with disabilities and their inclusion in the society? I didn’t find out anything new 1% Don’t know 8% I found out a lot of new things 50% I found out something new 41% The vast majority of volunteers found out something new about children with disabilities, but half expresses that they found out a lot of new things about children with disabilities. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Have you found out anything new in this club, something you never thought about, associated with children with disabilities and their inclusion in the society? 54
  55. 55. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only What is new that you learned from these actions? 45% I found out that children with disabilities could progress/ learn 44% That they should be approached and treated like all other children 42% That they can be good friends with children without disabilities 40% I found out how to help children with disabilities. 33% That the society is obliged to enable them to grow up same as other children 26% That they can be successful artists, athletes, journalists 28% That they can attend regular school. 24% I found out that it was best for these children to grow up in family I found out about Day Care Centers for children with disabilities 20% About benefits of socializing of children with and without disabilities 20% 13% I found out about negative consequences of children staying in institutions/home Other Don't know 4% 5% The new most learned (over 40% ) are: that children with disabilities could progress/learn, that they should be approached and treated like all other children, that they can be good friends with children without disabilities, and how to help children with disabilities. Base: Members of volunteers clubs What is new that you learned from these actions? 55
  56. 56. Influence of activities  Influence of activities has always been substantial and positive both on volunteers and children with disabilities, but also on local community. Parent: „Owing to „Zradak nade” , attitude towards children with disabilities is at a better level.” • Volunteers ate enriched with new experiences and accepting and including differences in everyday life. Volunteers say that : • they found out a lot about life of children, how they learn, what they do, what they are interested in, what they can do • they were informed about types of disabilities • they broke down prejudice and changed the way they felt when in contact with children with disabilities – no discomfort, fear, anxiety • they realized that children with disabilities have abilities to work and that they can contribute to the society Volunteer: „Children with disabilities can achieve something, if he can’t be a lawyer – he can be a seller, he can pack products, or arrange products on shelves. These are not children without abilities, and they can contribute to the society.” • they learnt a lot about volunteerism and humanness • Children with disabilities , with the help of some activities, found out a lot about some everyday situations and tasks such as, for example, paying phone bills. • Parents of children with disabilities are very satisfied with the influence of activities. Their children made friends and some even visited them at home – better socialization was achieved and their children became far more active. Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 56
  57. 57. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only In the case of voluntary clubs which aim to promote the equal rights of children with disabilities which activity you like the most? 16% Socializing with them 20% Creative workshops 15% Performances/ going to theatre 13% 12% Art workshop, drawing Music workshop, singing, dance 7% Walking/ socializing outdoors 6% Playing with them Common work Sports activities Making presents/ greeting cards Meetings of the club where we expressed our observations Visit to Center Writing, reading books Other answers Don't know 3% 4% 4% 3% 2% 2% 3% Among all of the activities, volunteers liked creative workshops, socializing with them, and performances/going to theatre the most. 7% Base: Members of volunteers clubs In the case of voluntary clubs which aim to promote the equal rights of children with disabilities which activity you like the most? 57
  58. 58. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only Why that action? 27% Fe felt how much our attention meant to them, our support/ they were happy 20% Nice socializing with them/ all of us had a pleasant time 15% Interesting, I liked it 12% Common work with them They showed their skills/ talents 10% We helped them in various activities/ we taught them something new 10% 9% We got to know more about them/ understood them 5% It is useful, we made an effort/ we learned how to help them We learned a lot about them/ we found out something new Other answers Don't know 4% 3% 8% The most liked activities of volunteers club were rated this way because volunteers got the opportunity to feel how much their attention and support meant to them, and how that makes them happy, as well as because of the pleasant socializing and teamwork. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Why that action? 58
  59. 59. Most appealing activities • Volunteers liked all the activities in the club, they were diversified and many could not single out the best ones. • All towns had similar activities, but some clubs still offered more diversified activities. • Volunteers mentioned the following activities: • Art – making cards, masked ball, gifts, candle holders, drawing on glasses, making snow flakes and Snowman with a yoghurt cup • Folklore and sports activities in the school gym • Literary section – writing newspaper articles for the newspaper of the NGO Zračak nade • Puppet shows • Recitation section • Cooking – making cakes and pancakes • Going downtown of children with and without disabilities and socializing – visiting banks, pharmacy, cafés • Parties • Shows and performances – at the end and “crown” of their work Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 59
  60. 60. Participation in the activities of volunteers club - members only How much do you think these activities influenced you to seriously think about children with disabilities and the attitude of the society towards them? They influenced me a lot 53% They influenced me mainly 38% Neither yes nor no 2% They mainly didn’t influence me 1% They didn’t influence me at all 7% Very or mostly influenced Mostly not or not at all influenced 91% 1% Almost all volunteers think that these activities influenced them to seriously think about children with disabilities and about the attitude of the society towards them. Only several volunteers in Bar think that these activities did not influence them to think about children with disabilities any different. Base: Members of volunteers clubs How much do you think these activities influenced you to seriously think about children with disabilities and the attitude of the society towards them? 60
  61. 61. Familiarity with the activities of volunteers clubs in the campaign Did you talk to the members of your family about children with disabilities after these activities? No 23% How did the members of your family react? Would they like you to socialize with children with disabilities? They told me that I should socialize and support children with disabilities They have no opinion on whether I should or should not socialize with children with disabilities Yes 77% Almost 4/5ths of volunteers talked to the members of their family about children with disabilities after these activities. 94% 6% Families of volunteers support their children to socialize and to support children with disabilities. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Did you talk to the members of your family about children with disabilities after these activities? How did the members of your family react? Would they like you to socialize with children with disabilities? 61
  62. 62. Participation in the activities of volunteers clubs - members only Have these activities influenced you to change some of your attitudes towards children with disabilities? They did not influence me because everything matched my opinion on proper attitude towards children with disabilities They did not influence me, my attitudes are somewhat different, but I don’t think that I should change them They made me change some of my attitudes 37% 7% 57% In more than a half of volunteers, the activities of volunteers club changed some attitudes about children with disabilities. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Have these activities influenced you to change some of your attitudes towards children with disabilities? 62
  63. 63. Participation in the activities of volunteers clubs - members only Can you tell me which attitudes you changed? 59% Children with disabilities are less unknown to me – I understand them better 49% I observe children with disabilities like all other children more I do not mind any more socializing with children with disabilities at school, in the playground etc. 41% I believe more in the possibility of providing quality life for children with disabilities in our society 36% I fear contact with children with disabilities less 36% Among children with disabilities I see potential future artists and successful/prominent members of our society 20% Volunteers clubs activities influenced change in attitudes for volunteers, making them understand children with disabilities better, observe them like all other children more, and socialize with children with disabilities without discomfort. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Can you tell me which attitudes you changed? 63
  64. 64. Familiarity with the activities of volunteers clubs in the campaign Have these activities of volunteers club made you change your behavior towards children with disabilities? No 23% What behavior have you changed? I socialize/communicate more with children with disabilities 68% I communicate more easily with children with disabilities Yes 77% Almost 4/5ths volunteers states that they changed their behavior towards children with disabilities. I am less uncomfortable when I see a child with disability 53% 27% After the volunteers clubs activities, volunteers socialize and communicate more with children with disabilities, and communication is easier. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Have these activities of volunteers club made you change your behavior towards children with disabilities? What behavior have you changed? 64
  65. 65. Familiarity with the activities of volunteers clubs in the campaign Would you repeat this experience with the volunteers club and be engaged again in activities associated with informing our society with life of children with disabilities? Why would you do it again? No 0% I liked it/ it was pleasant/ I like to work with them 42% To help as much as possible 19% Because of socializing/ finding new friends Interesting/ new/ good experience Yes 100% Educative/ we will learn more/ we will get to know each othe 21% 14% 12% Children were happy/ they felt 8% All members of volunteers club would repeat better/ equal experiences with the volunteers club and would Don't know 5% engage again in these clubs because their previous experience felt pleasant and they Base: Members of volunteers clubs enjoyed the activities. Would you repeat this experience with the volunteers club and be engaged again in activities associated with informing our society with life of children with disabilities? Why would you do it again? 65
  66. 66. Participation in the activities of volunteers clubs - members only And what would you change regarding this volunteers club. What would you do differently? More socializing 6% VecCi prostor/ bolje opremljen prostor 6% JosS radionica, igraonica, predstava... Engagement of bigger number of children/ discussions, inform More activities/ more frequent engagement VisSe aktivnosti u prirodi Odnos prema volonterima/ organizacija/ strucHnjaci za vodjen ChesScCe organizovanje volonterske sekcije 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% Uvodjenje volonterskih kampova 2% VisSe sportskih aktivnosti Members of volunteers club most often state that they would not change anything . However, some would like more socializing, workshops, theatre and activities, and bigger space with more equipment… 2% Ostali odgovori 1% 44% NisSta/ sve je dobro/ neka se nastavi Ne zna 22% Base: Members of volunteers clubs And what would you change regarding this volunteers club. What would you do differently? 66
  67. 67. Participation in the activities of volunteers clubs - members only Would you introduce any new activity? Which one? Spending more time together in the countryside, picnics, walks Help with studying Sports activities adjusted to them Collecting donations/ clothes More workshops, programs Visits, excursions, visiting Day Care Centers More fun, going out, going to the theater Education, informing, engaging more people Volunteer camps More frequent visits/ socializing Working with volunteer clubs from other towns Other answers 11% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 3% 33% Nothing/ everything is good Don't know 25% If volunteers had to chose new activities, they would like to spend more time together in the countryside, picnics, or walks. Also, they would like more sports activities adjusted to children with disabilities and more help with studying. Base: Members of volunteers clubs Would you introduce any new activity? Which one? 67
  68. 68. Participation in the activities of volunteers clubs - members only What would be your wishes/recommendations for the next year regarding this volunteers club? 35% To have as many volunteers as possible 13% To keep up the work 10% More associations/ visits/ joint activities 7% Going together to picnics, excursions, walks, camps More attention, conversations, helping children and their fa 3% More money for volunteer clubs 3% Better education, informing people Other answers Nothing Don't know 2% 1% Members of volunteers club would like to have as many volunteers as possible, to keep up the work, and to have more associations/visits/ joint activities. 3% 28% Base: Members of volunteers clubs What would be your wishes/recommendations for the next year regarding this volunteers club? 68
  69. 69. Wish for activities for the next year  Volunteers would like to visit institutions in other towns, to meet children with different disabilities, to keep up with projects, to organize joint activities of towns - for example performances, to have magazines about activities of clubs and children, to organize oneday picnics for volunteers and children with disabilities...  Facilitators think that such projects should be continuous, since new generations of pupils come every year and all of them should have these activities available. It would be useful to connect towns and organize visits.  Furthermore, parents of children with disabilities bi would like the activities to go on. Parent: „The club took them to restaurants, cafés... and they are satisfied. Children tell us to go away, that they want to be with their friends. “ Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 69
  70. 70. CONCLUSION: Activities of Volunteer Clubs which relate to children with disabilities • Activities of Volunteer Clubs aimed at promotion of inclusion make very positive impression on the very participants, also drawing attention of a large number of pupils attending the included schools who are not members of School Parliament. • 85% of pupils attending the same school are aware of activities Volunteer Clubs aimed at promotion of inclusion (in comparison with just 28% of pupils from other schools). Impression of these activities is very positive among all children, but it is the most positive among the members of Volunteer Clubs (68% of volunteers have a very good impression, 35% have a good impression). • Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews have shown that impact of activities was great and positive both on volunteers and children with disabilities, but also on local community. Volunteers gained a rich new experience and started to accept and include differences in everyday life. Children with disabilities found out various things about everyday situations, for example, payment of phone bills, thanks to some activities. Parents of children with disabilities are exceptionally satisfied with influence of activities of the Club. • More than one half of pupils who have heard about these activities think that they attracted the attention in school. • Half of volunteers think that they found out many new things about children with disabilities, primarily that these children can progress/ learn, that they should be treated same as other children, that children with and children without disability can be good friends. • Volunteers liked creative workshops best (art, literary, folklore, cooking...), socializing with children with disabilities and performances. Most appealing activities of volunteer clubs were assessed that way because they enabled volunteers to feel how important their attention was to children with disabilities, their support, how happy it made them feel, as well as because of nice and interesting socializing and joint work. 7
  71. 71. CONCLUSION: Activities of Volunteers clubs related to children with disabilities • 91% of volunteers thought seriously about children with disabilities and attitude of the society towards them. • After the activities, almost 4/5 of volunteers talked about children with disabilities with their family members. Families of volunteers supported them in these activities and providing support to children with disabilities. • More than half of the volunteers say that they have changed some attitudes of theirs towards children with disabilities after volunteer club activities, primarily in terms of easier communication, perceiving these children in the same way as other children and reduced feeling of unease with these children.  Almost 4/5 of volunteers say that they have changed some behavior of theirs towards children with disabilities: they socialize and communicate more with children with disabilities, and their communication is a lot easier. • All volunteers say that they would repeat this experience because they liked it very much and because it was pleasant.  Members of volunteer clubs usually say that they are satisfied and that they wouldn’t change anything about the activities. Some would prefer more socializing, workshops, performances and activities, bigger and better equipped space...  As for new activities, volunteers would introduce more socializing in the countryside, picnics, walks, sports activities adapted to children with disabilities, help with learning...  Members of volunteer clubs would like the number of volunteers to be increased, to keep up working, to have larger number of organizations, visits, joint activities. 7
  72. 72. Climate in school 72
  73. 73. How would you describe the attitude towards children with disabilities in your school? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level 46% 42% Children with disabilities are supported 25% 33% Children with disabilities are mainly supported 40% 41% 17% 16% Children with disabilities are mainly not supported 24% Children with disabilities are not supported at all 3% 2% 5% Don't know 2% 0% 5% Members of volunteers clubs Children who go to the same class Children from other schools 79% 82% Supported or mainly supported 66% Mainly not supported or not at all 19% 18% 28% The vast majority of students from all three groups believes that children with disabilities have support in their schools. However, children from other schools without similar activities significantly less believe that the children with disabilities are supported in their school. Base: All respondents How would you describe the attitude towards children with disabilities in your school? 73
  74. 74. Do you think that the attitude of school towards children with disabilities has changed since the start of activities of the volunteers club that promote equal rights of children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Not changed at all Members of the volunteers clubs Children attending the same class Children from other schools Changed a little 6 Very much changed 47 9 43 52 21 Don't know 35 4 29 7 9 38 Close to 90% of volunteers and children attending same class thinks that the attitude towards children with disabilities changes after the volunteers clubs activities. More than 1/3rd of children from other schools thinks that nothing changed at all. Base: All respondents Do you think that the attitude of school towards children with disabilities has changed since the start of activities of the volunteers club that promote equal rights of children with disabilities? 74
  75. 75. Zašto tako misliš? Učenici koji smatraju da postoji podrška Svi im pomažemo, podržavamo ih Poštujemo ih, svi smo ravnopravni/ prihvadeni su Nastavnici/ škola im posveduju mnogo pažnje Postoji volonterski klub/ aktivni članovi koji se trude Vedina pruža podršku/ uglavnom im se pomaže Družimo se/ imamo zajedničke aktivnosti Raste interesovanje, trud / menjaju se stavovi Prave se prilazi, rampe, lift/ posebna odeljenja Akcije/ informisanje je uticalo/ učimo da ih razumemo, Zajedno učimo/ pomaže im se u radu na časovima Neki ih podržavaju, druže se, a neki ne Kada bi bilo takve dece u školi, pružili bi im podršku Učenici koji smatraju da ne postoji podrška 25% 14% 14% Vedina ih ne podržava/ ne vode računa o njima/ loše se ponašaju 29% Ne obrada se pažnja na njihove potrebe/ nije im prilagodjena škola 25% 7% 7% 6% Postoje oni koji se ružno ponašaju, vređaju/ diskriminišu 14% Neki ne žele da se druže s njima/ izbegavaju ih/ neprijatno im je 11% 6% 5% 5% Neki ih podržavaju, druže se, a neki ne 7% Nema takve dece u školi 4% Podrška je nedovoljna/ mora još dosta da se radi 3% 5% 3% 1% Baza: Svi ispitanici Zašto tako misliš? 75
  76. 76. Do you think that other students in your school have become more interested in socializing with children with disabilities after all the activities of the volunteers clubs? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups No Yes, to some extent Members of the volunteers clubs Children attending the same class Children from other schools 13 Yes, to a great extent Don't know 63 21 24 51 37 1 27 41 6 1 16 The largest number of volunteers and children attending the same class thinks that other students in school have become more interested for socializing with children with disabilities. Base: All respondents Do you think that other pupils in your school have become more interested in socializing with children with disabilities after all the activities of the volunteers clubs? 76
  77. 77. Statistički značajna razlika na nivou 0.05 Socijalizacija djece sa smetnjama u razvoju Da li su djeca/dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju koja idu u tvoju školu uključena uvijek, ponekad ili nikad u sledede aktivnosti? Uvek i ponekad Nikad Ne znam Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju na časovima sjedi u klupi sa dijetetom bez smetnji u razvoju. 77 122 80.4 5 15 81.7 0 18 Djeca sa smetnjama u razvoju se na odmoru druže sa djecom bez smetnji u razvoju. 79 318 82 7 11 76.2 618 Poslije časova se djeca sa smetnjama u razvoju druže sa djecom bez smetnji u razvoju. 69 1318 83 5 12 Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju ide na rođendane kod djece bez smetnji u razvoju. 61 20 19 77.7 914 56.4 Djeca iz skole koja nemaju smetnje u razvoju su bila na rođendanu kod djeteta sa smetnjama u razvoju. 64 16 20 75.9 717 60.5 14 26 421 83.9 1 15 Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju učestvuje na časovima zajedno sa ostalom djecom Compared to other children, children from other schools without similar activities more frequently think that they are not aware whether children with disabilities socialize after classes and whether their classmates attend their birthdays. 75 65.8 79.4 1420 20 23 516 Baza: Svi ispitanici Da li su djeca/dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju koja idu u tvoju školu uključena uvijek, ponekad ili nikad u sledede aktivnosti? 77
  78. 78. Statistički značajna razlika na nivou 0.05 Socijalizacija djece sa smetnjama u razvoju Da li se djeca druže spontano, ili samo kada to nastavnici podstiču ili se to dešava i spontano i kada nastavnici podstiču? Dešava se spontano Samo kada nastavnici podstiču I spontano i kada nastavnici podstiču Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju na časovima sjedi u klupi sa dijetetom bez smetnji u razvoju. 34 23 35 30 15 50 37 11 52 Djeca sa smetnjama u razvoju se na odmoru druže sa djecom bez smetnji u razvoju. 66 7 25 70 517 85 1 13 Poslije časova se djeca sa smetnjama u razvoju druže sa djecom bez smetnji u razvoju. 72 714 71 620 83 3 13 Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju ide na rođendane kod djece bez smetnji u razvoju 72 9 67 120 Djeca iz skole koja nemaju smetnje u razvoju su bila na rođendanu kod djeteta sa smetnjama u razvoju. 72 48 68 319 Dijete sa smetnjama u razvoju učestvuje na časovima zajedno sa ostalom djecom Students believe that socializing with children with disabilities happens spontaneously, except when two students share a desk or socialize in classroom setting. 35 14 44 41 15 34 67 10 11 78 29 4 5 13 63 Baza: Svi ispitanici Da li se djeca druže spontano, ili samo kada to nastavnici podstiču ili se to dešava i spontano i kada nastavnici podstiču? 78
  79. 79. How would you describe the attitude of your town towards children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level 47% Children with disabilities are supported 39% 35% 28% Children with disabilities are mainly supported 44% 43% 18% Children with disabilities are mainly not supported 11% 15% 8% 6% 6% Children with disabilities are not supported at all Don't know Members of volunteers clubs Children who go to the same class 1% 1% 1% Children from other schools 74% Supported or mainly supported Mainly not supported or not at all 83% 78% 25% 17% 21% Majority of the respondents believe that city/town supports children with disabilities. Base: All respondents How would you describe the attitude of your town towards children with disabilities? 79
  80. 80. Zašto tako misliš? Učenici koji smatraju da postoji podrška Postoji Dnevni centar 27% Postoje organizacije/udruženja/NVO koje im pomažu Grad i građani pruzaju podršku, brinu, pomaže im se u svemu Organizuju se aktivnosti ( predstave, koncerti, kampanje...) Deca se ne izdvajaju, niko ih ne izbegava, imaju ista prava Uključenost nastavnika/stav škole prema njima Nema vidljive pomodi/ podrške 22% 14% 13% 8% Vidljiv je napredak Vedina se trudi da im pomogne/ ima razumevanja Stvaraju se bolji uslovi za život/ izgradnja rampi, prilaza Organizuju se volonterski kluobvi/mnogo je volontera Učenici koji smatraju da ne postoji podrška 7% 7% 7% 7% 6% 5% Baza: Svi ispitanici Zašto tako misliš? Potrebna je veda podrška, pomod/ nije dovoljno urađeno Ne postoji zainteresovanost/ deca su neprimetna/ ne Predrasude/ nerazumevanje/ loš odnos, vredjanje Nema Dnevnog centra/ akcija za podršku/ udruženja Ljudi nisu dovoljno informisani/ upudeni u njihove Treba im pomodi/ voleo bih/la da pomognem/ svako treba da 19% 15% 8% 8% 4% 3% 80
  81. 81. Do you think that the attitude of your town towards children with disabilities has changed since the start of activities of the volunteers club that promote equal rights of children with disabilities? Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level between groups Not changed at all Changed a little Members of volunteers clubs 10 Children attending the same class 10 Children from other schools Very much changed 40 35 46 26 Don't know 15 32 23 13 12 38 Majority members of volunteers club and children attending the same class think that the relationship between city and children with disabilities has changed together with volunteers clubs activities. Base: All respondents Do you think that the attitude of your town towards children with disabilities has changed since the start of activities of the volunteers club that promote equal rights of children with disabilities? 81
  82. 82. Attitude of local community towards children with disabilities • It is general assessment of focus group participants that status of children with disabilities and attitude of the community towards them has changed for the better upon establishing of the Day Care Center, but that some people still have prejudice and behave badly towards children with disabilities, as well as that not all local communities are equally dedicated to children with disabilities and improving their life and status. “The attitude is better because children are more engaged.” “Those who don’t know them ridicule them.” • Activities of „Zračak nade“ contributed significantly to improvement of the attitude towards children with disabilities – according to both children and club facilitators “When there were no Zračak nade and Day Care Center, parents were ashamed to take their children out, and now they go to the part, downtown, same as other children and their parents because they have the same rights.”  Parents who live in Pljevlja are freer, they take their children to the town, to the park.  In Bar, there is no Day Care Centre, although its building was planned. Parents associations are the main triggers of all ideas with local self government. • Facilitator in Bijelo Polje says that work and activities of Parents Association are responsible for improved attitude of local community towards children with disabilities. • In Herceg Novi are there 3 associations for children with disabilities – which, according to the facilitator, illustrates good attitude of the local community towards children with disabilities . On the other hand, parents were unsatisfied because their children had no assistant. Findings of focus groups and in-depth interviews 82
  83. 83. CONCLUSION: School climate  It is general pupils’ assessment that support to children with disability is present in their school and their town, but that this attitude became even better since activities of School Parliaments started, aimed at promotion of inclusion of children with disabilities.  More than 4/5 of pupils in classes attended by members of volunteer clubs and 2/3 of pupils from other schools believe that their school provides support to children with disabilities.  Members of School Parliament, same as their class mates, mainly think that attitude of school towards children with disabilities has changed since School Parliament activities started. 43% of School Parliament members believe that it has changed a little, 38% that it has changed very much.  Members of School Parliament, same as their class mates, mainly think that other pupils became more interested in socializing with children with disabilities since School Parliament activities started. 63% of School Parliament members became more interested to a little extent, 24% to a great extent.  About ¾ of pupils think that attitude of the town towards these children is good and supportive.  The core of their opinion that towns provide support to children with disabilities is presence of Day Care Centers.  Volunteers, same as their class mates, mainly think that attitude of town towards children with disabilities has changed since Volunteer Clubs activities started. 40% of volunteers think that it has changed a little, 35% that it has changed a lot. 8
  84. 84. Final questions 84
  85. 85. We are almost finished with the questionnaire, so I would like you to tell me what it is that you would like to find out/ learn/ hear about children and adults with disabilities. 12% Way of life, how they spend their day, interests 7% Treatment, accepting by the society/ support of the society 8% 4% Braille alphabet/ sign language/ how they communicate Information about their disease/ problems/ needs 4% 3% How they cope with their problems/ how hard it is for them How they socialize/ if they are lonely/ if they like to socialize to us 4% 2% The way people treat them Don't know 9% 7% Ways how to help them more Statistically significant differences at the 0.05 level 18% 7% 8% Their abilities/ possibilities/ successes/ results Nothing 16% 11% Their perception of things, the way they think/ their feelings Other answers 17% 9% 7% 6% 14% 9% 10% 14% 9% Members of volunteers clubs 7% Children who go to the same class 8% 5% 6% 5% Children from other schools 7% 3% 2% 3% 4% 4% 3% 1% 3% 1% Multiple responses; Base: All respondents We are almost finished with the questionnaire, so I would like you to tell me what it is that you would like to find out/ learn/ hear about children and adults with disabilities. The way of life, how they spend their day, their interests, perception of things, the way they think/feel, and the way people treat children with disabilities are the fields that show the most interest. 85
  86. 86. Ipsos Strategic Marketing Gavrila Principa 8, Belgrade, Serbia Direct: +381 11 3284 075 http://www.ipsos.com Ipsos Strategic Puls Rimski trg 50, PC Kruševac Podgorica, Montenegro Tel. +382 20 411 610 www.ipsos.com The Home of Researchers

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