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This was part of a presentation my classmates and I put together for our education and society class in Fall of 2010

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  1. 1. Poverty and Inner-City School Dropouts
  2. 2. Proposed Legislation <ul><li>20 States: </li></ul><ul><li>Push the dropout age up to eighteen </li></ul><ul><li>8 States: </li></ul><ul><li>School compulsory until students are 17 </li></ul><ul><li>21 States: </li></ul><ul><li>School compulsory until students are 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Texas: </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers under the age of eighteen will have their license revoked if they drop out of school </li></ul>
  3. 3. Statistics <ul><li>Based on data collected in the 2007-08 school year, only 74.9% students graduated </li></ul><ul><li>The graduation rate for Native American/Alaskan Native was 64.2%, African Americans were at 61.5%, and Hispanic Americans were at 63.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Yet the graduation rate for Asian American/Pacific Islander was 91.4% and white Americans was 81% </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past ten years, the graduation rate has hovered at around 75% </li></ul><ul><li>Formally number one for graduation rate, the United States is now number 22 in the world for graduation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reasons why students drop out <ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Struggling in class and academic failure </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral problems in and out of school </li></ul><ul><li>Family involvement and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy and family responsibility </li></ul>Most of the time, students drop out for more than one reason! These reasons often tie into one another
  5. 5. Motivation <ul><li>Why are we here? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we need to know this? </li></ul><ul><li>I must be stupid </li></ul><ul><li>I can be in a job making money rather than sitting in class wasting my time </li></ul><ul><li>No role models or support </li></ul>
  6. 6. What can we do?
  7. 7. Relevant classroom experience <ul><li>Programs offer students classroom experience that specifically pertains to employment </li></ul><ul><li>Consortium for Entrepreneurship Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tends to focus on business education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers some vocational experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves local business for hands-on education </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Resiliency Programs <ul><li>Motivation and support system </li></ul><ul><li>ScholarCentric’s Success Highways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaches students how to make education a priority regardless of outside factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps students build internal motivation for success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on problem-solving skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful in Milwaukee Public Schools </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Success Highways <ul><li>Tested and researched for 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Piloted in various urban schools for 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Schools participating showed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>64% rise in retention rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>137% improvement in school attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52% improvement in grades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33% increase in classes passed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Academic Failure and Poverty <ul><li>Lack of preparation in previous coursework </li></ul><ul><li>Undiagnosed learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Failure in core courses </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of credits </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Factors in Academic Failure <ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students in poverty under perform national averages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCLB does not address issues of poverty with assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCLB does not address cause of poverty either </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Proposal 1 <ul><li>Tutoring programs beginning freshman year </li></ul><ul><li>One on one tutor along with programs for self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Studies did not show programs as being affective </li></ul>
  13. 13. Proposal 2 - Beating the Odds <ul><li>Program aimed to enable freshmen to graduate on time </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Core Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplines employed by all faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Implements timely support for students </li></ul><ul><li>Short term support </li></ul>
  14. 14. Proposal 3 - Green Dot <ul><li>Locke High School in Los Angeles, CA failing high school </li></ul><ul><li>Changed to Charter School - college based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive remediation for struggling students </li></ul><ul><li>Increased graduation rate by 20% </li></ul>
  15. 15. Behavioral Problems <ul><li>Boredom - due to lack of engagement in curriculum and class work </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Gang Violence </li></ul>
  16. 16. NEA - Preventing Future High School Dropouts <ul><li>Three-tiered prevention and intervention program </li></ul><ul><li>Enables schools to react to early signs of poor attendance, negative behavior, and class failure </li></ul>
  17. 17. Three Tiers <ul><li>School-wide interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive interventions </li></ul>
  18. 18. Check and Connect Program <ul><li>Connects students with behavioral problems with a mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor that acts as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Coordinator </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Talent Development High Schools <ul><li>School reform model for schools with discipline problems, poor student achievement, and high dropout rates </li></ul><ul><li>Reform focuses on curriculum and structure </li></ul>
  20. 20. Support from Family and Home <ul><li>Parents do not support students’ educational decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no communication between teachers and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Family and student not involved in community </li></ul><ul><li>Schools offer limited services to students from families with low income </li></ul>
  21. 21. Proposals for Greater Involvement <ul><li>Funding for after-school programs </li></ul><ul><li>School-linked social services </li></ul><ul><li>School-community partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Providing adult advocates for students at risk of dropping out </li></ul>
  22. 22. Early Intervention - Child-Parent Center Program <ul><li>Encourage parents to take an active roll in their child’s education from preschool through high school </li></ul><ul><li>Parents have active involvement in child’s education by assisting in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting in the classroom is mandatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two days a month or a half a day a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent-room or classroom activities </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Teenage Pregnancy <ul><li>United States has highest rate of teen pregnancy in Western world </li></ul><ul><li>Young women living in poverty and from ethnic backgrounds are more likely to become pregnant before they are 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanic population has highest rate of teen pregnancy </li></ul>
  24. 24. Internal Poverty <ul><li>Characteristic found in teen pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from low educational expectations and lack of resiliency </li></ul><ul><li>Teenage mothers believe life is controlled by other forces - helpless </li></ul><ul><li>Teen pregnancy contributed to welfare crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Babies considered source of unconditional love </li></ul><ul><li>Schools offer little assistance and hope teen mother drop out </li></ul>
  25. 25. Pregnancy Assistance Fund <ul><li>Grant program </li></ul><ul><li>Gives assistance to teen parents to help them complete high school </li></ul><ul><li>Gives teens access to support services so they can finish school </li></ul>
  26. 26. School based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center <ul><li>Provide support, behavior modeling for parents, and safe development care for children </li></ul><ul><li>New Haven, CT had program that provided daily parenting classes, outreach, transportation, and other forms of assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100% graduation rate from participants </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=5AJkAZIR5sc
  28. 28. Conclusion