Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

This was part of a presentation my classmates and I put together for our education and society class in Fall of 2010

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Poverty and Inner-City School Dropouts
  2. 2. Proposed Legislation <ul><li>20 States: </li></ul><ul><li>Push the dropout age up to eighteen </li></ul><ul><li>8 States: </li></ul><ul><li>School compulsory until students are 17 </li></ul><ul><li>21 States: </li></ul><ul><li>School compulsory until students are 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Texas: </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers under the age of eighteen will have their license revoked if they drop out of school </li></ul>
  3. 3. Statistics <ul><li>Based on data collected in the 2007-08 school year, only 74.9% students graduated </li></ul><ul><li>The graduation rate for Native American/Alaskan Native was 64.2%, African Americans were at 61.5%, and Hispanic Americans were at 63.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Yet the graduation rate for Asian American/Pacific Islander was 91.4% and white Americans was 81% </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past ten years, the graduation rate has hovered at around 75% </li></ul><ul><li>Formally number one for graduation rate, the United States is now number 22 in the world for graduation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reasons why students drop out <ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Struggling in class and academic failure </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral problems in and out of school </li></ul><ul><li>Family involvement and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy and family responsibility </li></ul>Most of the time, students drop out for more than one reason! These reasons often tie into one another
  5. 5. Motivation <ul><li>Why are we here? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we need to know this? </li></ul><ul><li>I must be stupid </li></ul><ul><li>I can be in a job making money rather than sitting in class wasting my time </li></ul><ul><li>No role models or support </li></ul>
  6. 6. What can we do?
  7. 7. Relevant classroom experience <ul><li>Programs offer students classroom experience that specifically pertains to employment </li></ul><ul><li>Consortium for Entrepreneurship Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tends to focus on business education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers some vocational experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves local business for hands-on education </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Resiliency Programs <ul><li>Motivation and support system </li></ul><ul><li>ScholarCentric’s Success Highways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaches students how to make education a priority regardless of outside factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps students build internal motivation for success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on problem-solving skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful in Milwaukee Public Schools </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Success Highways <ul><li>Tested and researched for 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Piloted in various urban schools for 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>Schools participating showed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>64% rise in retention rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>137% improvement in school attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52% improvement in grades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33% increase in classes passed </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Academic Failure and Poverty <ul><li>Lack of preparation in previous coursework </li></ul><ul><li>Undiagnosed learning disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Failure in core courses </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of credits </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Factors in Academic Failure <ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students in poverty under perform national averages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCLB does not address issues of poverty with assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCLB does not address cause of poverty either </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Proposal 1 <ul><li>Tutoring programs beginning freshman year </li></ul><ul><li>One on one tutor along with programs for self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Studies did not show programs as being affective </li></ul>
  13. 13. Proposal 2 - Beating the Odds <ul><li>Program aimed to enable freshmen to graduate on time </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Core Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Disciplines employed by all faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Implements timely support for students </li></ul><ul><li>Short term support </li></ul>
  14. 14. Proposal 3 - Green Dot <ul><li>Locke High School in Los Angeles, CA failing high school </li></ul><ul><li>Changed to Charter School - college based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive remediation for struggling students </li></ul><ul><li>Increased graduation rate by 20% </li></ul>
  15. 15. Behavioral Problems <ul><li>Boredom - due to lack of engagement in curriculum and class work </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Gang Violence </li></ul>
  16. 16. NEA - Preventing Future High School Dropouts <ul><li>Three-tiered prevention and intervention program </li></ul><ul><li>Enables schools to react to early signs of poor attendance, negative behavior, and class failure </li></ul>
  17. 17. Three Tiers <ul><li>School-wide interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive interventions </li></ul>
  18. 18. Check and Connect Program <ul><li>Connects students with behavioral problems with a mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor that acts as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Coordinator </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Talent Development High Schools <ul><li>School reform model for schools with discipline problems, poor student achievement, and high dropout rates </li></ul><ul><li>Reform focuses on curriculum and structure </li></ul>
  20. 20. Support from Family and Home <ul><li>Parents do not support students’ educational decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Little or no communication between teachers and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Family and student not involved in community </li></ul><ul><li>Schools offer limited services to students from families with low income </li></ul>
  21. 21. Proposals for Greater Involvement <ul><li>Funding for after-school programs </li></ul><ul><li>School-linked social services </li></ul><ul><li>School-community partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Providing adult advocates for students at risk of dropping out </li></ul>
  22. 22. Early Intervention - Child-Parent Center Program <ul><li>Encourage parents to take an active roll in their child’s education from preschool through high school </li></ul><ul><li>Parents have active involvement in child’s education by assisting in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting in the classroom is mandatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two days a month or a half a day a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent-room or classroom activities </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Teenage Pregnancy <ul><li>United States has highest rate of teen pregnancy in Western world </li></ul><ul><li>Young women living in poverty and from ethnic backgrounds are more likely to become pregnant before they are 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanic population has highest rate of teen pregnancy </li></ul>
  24. 24. Internal Poverty <ul><li>Characteristic found in teen pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from low educational expectations and lack of resiliency </li></ul><ul><li>Teenage mothers believe life is controlled by other forces - helpless </li></ul><ul><li>Teen pregnancy contributed to welfare crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Babies considered source of unconditional love </li></ul><ul><li>Schools offer little assistance and hope teen mother drop out </li></ul>
  25. 25. Pregnancy Assistance Fund <ul><li>Grant program </li></ul><ul><li>Gives assistance to teen parents to help them complete high school </li></ul><ul><li>Gives teens access to support services so they can finish school </li></ul>
  26. 26. School based Parent Support Program and Child Care Center <ul><li>Provide support, behavior modeling for parents, and safe development care for children </li></ul><ul><li>New Haven, CT had program that provided daily parenting classes, outreach, transportation, and other forms of assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100% graduation rate from participants </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=5AJkAZIR5sc
  28. 28. Conclusion