NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, HAMIRPUR
CATEGORY A : (25-50 BEDS)
CATEGORY B : (51-100 BEDS)
CATEGORY C : (101-300 BEDS)
CATEGORY D : (301-500 BEDS)4
A hospital is an institution for providing health care treatment to the
patients with specialized staff and equipments.
A general hospital is divided into operational areas of administration,
examination, treatment, supply, disposal, residential areas, and support
areas for service operation.
CATEGORY E : (501-700 BEDS)5
Norms by Medical
Council of India
Selection of Site for Hospital
Aligned along North-West and
Aligned along South to South-
Aligned along North direction
Almost sq. area
No loss of amenity
Out Patient Department (OPD)
The OPD has facilities
It consists of the
The Examination Room should be close to the nurses
station and the consultation room.
Consultation Room is mostly used when lengthy
conversation is involved between the doctor and the patient.
Clinical Department of OPD includes clinics which can use
standard accommodation, general medicine, surgery, etc.
Types of clinics: surgical, orthopedic, medical, pediatric,skin,
ophthalmic, ENT, dental, chest, psychiatric, cardiology clinic.
OPD for the surgical department should be located on the
ground floor and near the emergency with direct access to it.
Minor Surgery Room may be used as a cast room, ECG
room, minor operations. It should have a separate entrance.
Support services includes clinics which can use standard
accommodation, general medicine, surgery, etc.
In Patient Department (IPD)
Inpatient- means that
the procedure requires
the patient to be
admitted to the
hospital so that he can
be closely monitored
during the procedure
and afterwards for
Isolation unit- An area of 14m2
for such rooms to contain a
bed, beside locker, etc and separate toilet facilities.
Wards for the particular specialties, should be located closer
to their respective department, self contained centers.
Ward unit shall comprise 24-36 beds. Isolation rooms
should be present for 15% of the patients in a hospital.
Aim is to minimize the works of the nursing staff and provide
basic amenities to the patients with in the unit.
Orientation of rooms should face south-east or south for the
adequate day lighting in the wards
Size- Width of the doors > 1.2 m, dado to a height of 1.2 m.
Effective corridor width of 2.40 m up to 3.10 m.
Size- Area of 7 m2
per bed is recommended, arranged with a
minimum distance of 2.25 m between centers of two beds.
Should be located on the ground floor with separate access for
the patients and ambulances, away from the outpatient entrance
Should be well marked with proper lighting and signs and should
be easily visible and accessible from the street
Raised platform for ambulance discharge, ramps provided for
wheelchair and pedestrian access
Close to admission, medical records, cashier’s booth, laboratory
services, and the blood bank
Proximity to elevators is also important in order to proceed to
surgery without loss of time.
Renders services right from the elementary first aid to
sophisticated management of surgical and medical emergencies
and full scale trauma care.
Should always be close to the ambulance entrance and because of
the great weight of the equipment should be on ground floor.
A connecting corridor which can be used simultaneously as a
store, dictating room and switch room for staff is desirable.
Sonography, mammography and jaw X-ray require about 12-18 sqm.
Whereas standard X-ray and admission rooms need to be 20-30 sqm.
The access route for the patients should be through 2 changing
WC’s should be installed in the X-ray room used for
Radiology includes the specialist areas which use ionizing
radiation for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This includes
X-Ray diagnosis, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine.
Flow Chart of X-Ray Department
Dark RoomDark Room
It comprises of reception, waiting area, doctor’s room (18 sqm.), switch
room (15 sqm.), localization room (20-25 sqm.), service room (20 sqm.),
film developing room (10 sqm.), stores and cleaner’s room.
Each treatment room requires a changing cubicle for patients.
If the department includes a linear accelerator, a workshop (15 sqm.)
and at least one physics laboratory (15-18 sqm.)
The clear height of the radiation rooms must be 4.3m.
For hygiene reasons the patient waiting area , examination,
localization, preparation and radiation rooms must be well ventilated.
In radiotherapy, conditions diagnosed in the radiography
department (e.g. tumors) are treated.
Should be accessed through the main reception area.
Additional rooms – changing rooms, WCs, rest rooms, linen stores,
waiting areas, cleaner’s room and service room.
A gymnasium to be included in it.
Because of the high internal temperatures (28-30 degree) construction
physics problems should be anticipated.
Should be arranged on basement floor where natural lighting can
be admitted through roof lights and light shafts.
This department contains a wet area consisting of an exercise
pool (4X6m), a four cell bath, a butterfly bath, inhalation rooms, a
massage bath, hand and foot baths as well as necessary
subsidiary rooms. Slip resistant tiles to be used.
Flow Chart of Surgical Unit
Supply UnitFrozen Section
Freedom from noise and
Freedom from contamination
and possible cross infection.
Independent of general
traffic movement from
rest of the hospital.
Correct & convenient
relationship with ICU, CSSD,
Radiology & Pathology Lab.
Freedom from noise and
Adequate glare free natural
light is required which has
psychological impact. Hence
north light is desirable.
Temperature range should be
between 23 to 24 deg C.
Most present day operations
use artificial light, but good
light and ventilation are of
Size of room – 3.8x3.8m. Electric
sliding door of clear width 1.4m.
Room should be equipped with a
refrigerator, draining sink, rinsing
line, cupboards, connections for
anesthesia equipments and
Size of roughly 10
sqm. Must be directly
accessed by the OT.
For hygiene reasons this is not
located in the surgical zone but
in the outpatient area. In
emergencies the patient must
be channeled through lobbies
in order to get to the OT.
Size of approximately
20 sqm. Should be as
close as possible to
Min. width – 1.8m. For each OT
there should be 3 non-splash
wash basins with foot controls.
It contains a non-clean area for non-
sterile material and a clean area for
prepared sterile items. Should be
equipped with a sink, storage surface,
work surface and steam sterilizer.
Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
• It should have an OT for
minor interventions (25-30
sqm.), Laboratory spaces,
Substerilisation (20 sqm.),
clean material room, non-
clean workroom, cleaning
room, lounge for relatives,
Duty doctor’s room,
Consulting room and
Description of ICU
The task of intensive care is to prevent life-threatning disruption of the
vital bodily functions. The services of ICU include monitoring and
treatment as well as care of the patient.
of Bed Spaces
• The beds may be placed
in an open, closed or
• Beds in clear view of
central nurses’ station.
• Must be a separate area
and only accessed
• For economical care of
OT patients, recovery
room is located in ICU.
• Number of patients/unit
should be 6 to 10
One-bed room with
service panel Section of the room
Section of 3-bed
Double corridor nursing floor provides closer relationship between
beds, nursing stations and other service areas.
Clean utility is designed to accommodate carts for storing linens,
utensils and other supplies .
Elevators are located outside the nursing unit to cut down noise.
Nursing services can be integrated into the same module which
includes the typical patient room.
Greater flexibility in segregation of patients for various medical
Nursing station is given in a ward in such a way that nurse keeps
an eye on all patients. Nurse work room is used to sterilise the
instruments along with storage of necessary instruments and
Maintain bed index showing current occupancy status. Prepare
admission and discharge lists and midnight census.
It should be situated on the same level as hospital’s main entrance, be
readily identifiable, and provided with a sign(easily seen).
Admitting patients’ waiting area, large enough to accommodate
patients and relatives accompanying.
Clerical work area for maintaining hospital occupancy directories,
records, forms,, notices, etc.
Wheelchair and stretcher alcove. Space for computers and office
Functions of the admitting department revolve around admitting,
transfer and discharge of patients. This department coordinates
patient’s arrival, registration, medical records and initial tests.
Maintaining proper facilities and services for accurate and timely
production, processing,checking,filing and retrieval of medical records.
It should be close to or on the corridor leading to doctors’ lounge so
that they can stop by and complete their records and study.
It should be so designed with the best possible means of
transportation of medical records thorough all stages of their use.
Reception-cum-registration area, space for copier. Work area for
record processing, assembling, numbering, indexing, etc.
Storage area for medical carts. Staff facilities.
The medical records department maintains records and
documents relating to patient care.
Flowchart of medical records on
discharge of patient
Flowchart of medical records on
admission of patient
Central Sterilisation and Supply
This method basically involves cleaning, disinfecting and sterilizing
before use all instruments, materials and equipment utilized in patient
Is performed by heating them with pressurized steam of by gas
Carrying out the process of decontamination or disinfection prior to
Packing all materials for sterilizing,Sterilizing,Labelling and dating
materials,Storing and controlling inventory,Issuing and distributing
.Accessiblity to elevators, dumbwaiters and stairs is of utmost
Despite of the advancement, hospital acquired infection remains
the hospital’s single most serious concern that negated some of
its otherwise good work.
Food Service Department
Provide best possible food at a cost consistent with the policy of the
The department should be close to the materials management
In general the important factor to be borne in mind is the logical
Plan and implement patient therapy, education and counselling.
A ground floor location is preferable, and is also convenient to
Good food is important in the treatment of the patient and is a
part of his total care. The food service department in today’s
modern hospitals ranks one of the major departments.
The Medical Facilities In Delhi are provided by various agencies operating at various
hospitals, dispensaries, clinics and nursing homes. These agencies includes Delhi
government, Central Government, Local bodies, Statuary Bodies, Voluntary Organizations
and Private Sectors. A six Tier system of health facilities has been proposed in MPD-2001 as
1 Gen. Hospital 2.5 lakh 500 Beds 4 Ha. 2 Ha. 6 Ha.
1 lakh 200 Beds 2.7 Ha. 1 Ha. 3.7 Ha.
1 lakh 80 Beds 0.6 Ha. 0.4 Ha. 1 Ha.
4 Polyclinics 1 lakh 0.2 – 0.3 Ha. -
0.2 – 0.3 Ha.
1 lakh 25-30 Beds
0.2 – 0.3 Ha.
0.2 – 0.3 Ha.
6 Dispensary 0.15 lakh
0.08 – 0.12 Ha.
0.08 – 0.12 Ha.
•Maximum Ground Coverage : 35%
•Maximum Far : 200
•Maximum Height: 33M
Case Study: Bhagwan Mahavir
Bhagwan Mahavir Hospital is located inBhagwan Mahavir Hospital is located in
Madhuban Chowk near Pitampura Metro Station,Madhuban Chowk near Pitampura Metro Station,
Delhi. It is a two side open site. There is 60m wideDelhi. It is a two side open site. There is 60m wide
road in front and 5m wide road on the side.road in front and 5m wide road on the side.
As the name suggests Bhagwan Mahavir HospitalAs the name suggests Bhagwan Mahavir Hospital
is dedicated to Bhagwan Mahavir and it runsis dedicated to Bhagwan Mahavir and it runs
under Maha Sati Devi Jain Educational Trust. Theunder Maha Sati Devi Jain Educational Trust. The
Hospital was inaugurated by the President OfHospital was inaugurated by the President Of
India Giani Zail Singh on the 23 October 1986. ItIndia Giani Zail Singh on the 23 October 1986. It
is a 40 Bedded Hospital.is a 40 Bedded Hospital.
Delhi is in the group of composite climateDelhi is in the group of composite climate
•Rainfall : 1.73MRainfall : 1.73M
In comparison, Delhi has high rainfall andIn comparison, Delhi has high rainfall and
less air movement, which in turn gives riseless air movement, which in turn gives rise
to high humidity round the year.to high humidity round the year.
FACILITIES AVAILABLE:FACILITIES AVAILABLE:
Ground Floor:Ground Floor:
•OPD ChambersOPD Chambers
Case Study: Bhagwan Mahavir
AREA STATEMENT :AREA STATEMENT :
Total Site Area: 3000 SQ.M.Total Site Area: 3000 SQ.M.
Total Covered Area : 990 SQ.M.Total Covered Area : 990 SQ.M.
F.A.R. = 100F.A.R. = 100
First Floor:First Floor:
•Operation TheatreOperation Theatre
•Staff RoomStaff Room
•Nursery roomNursery room
SITE PLANSITE PLAN
The total area of site is 3000SQ.M. . TheThe total area of site is 3000SQ.M. . The
front set back is 10M., rear set back isfront set back is 10M., rear set back is
5M., side set back is 3M. and the other5M., side set back is 3M. and the other
side is 18M. left for future extension.side is 18M. left for future extension.
Saroj HospitalSaroj Hospital R.S. InstituteR.S. Institute
Of AdvancedOf Advanced