What is a Documentary? A factual film or programme about the real world Conventionally a documentary will be one of the followingtypes;For us this will be CYBERBULLYING, a real world issueNon- Fiction We will do this one !!!!!About the real worldUnstagedBased on Observation rather than InterventionInformative and Educational
Subjectivity or ObjectivitySubjectivityObjectivity• Subjectivity is when your opinionwill show through in thedocumentary and the generalopinion or stereotype1. We believe we will be swayed moreto being subjective as there is onlyone view on cyber bullying and thatis that it is wrong and needs to bestopped.Objectivity is when you explore bothsides of an argument in thedocumentary and not just one side.1. However it could be said that we willbe Objective as we will look at theeffects of cyber bullying and whypeople do it. So we are technicallylooking at both sides of anargument. However one aide clearlyis in favour.
Modes of Documentary1. Expository Documentary2. Observational Documentary3. Participatory Documentary4. Reflexive Documentary5. Performative DocumentaryOurDocumentarywill fall underthis category.
Bill Nicholas•Identifier of the modes of address- ALL 6 OFTHEM•Key theorist when discussing Documentaries•Born – 1942•Discovered theory at San Francisco University•Stella Bruzzi2000criticsedNichols for suggesting that Documentary makershave aimed for the perfect representation of the real’ and would fail in thisimpossible aim, thus undermining the documentary form.•She said that‘all types of documentary have existed at different times’And have often, mixed styles. ‘What is the point of worrying about authenticity’She sees documentary as contributing to meaning about real world events.
Development of Modes Nicholas identifies the modes as developingchronologically. They develop because of new technologies, institutionsand audience. They can often be divided into 2 groups;GROUPA-Expository-ObservationalGROUP B- Participatory-Reflexive-Performative
Expository Documentary This type of documentary is probably the most familiar toaudiences and tends to be seen more onTV rather than incinemas. It may include the followingAIM =To inform the audience about a happening or a thingwhich they are not familiar with in our case it will beCYBERBULLYINGVoiceover narrationCommenting on the imagesExplaining what is happening in a direct address to the audience
Expository Conventions1. Voiceover addresses the audience directly and is thedominant convention2. The voiceover may be aVOICE OF GOD commentator (heard but not seen ) orVOICE OF AUTHORITYcommentator ( seen and heard)- usually an expert in thefield. We have chosen to use theVOICE OF GOD as webelieve this is most suitable for our topic.
Expository Conventions3. Images are used to illustrate the voiceover4. Direct relationship between voiceover and images shown5. Editing is used for continuity, to link together the imagessupporting the argument put forward by the voiceover6. A variety of footage, interviews, stills and archivematerial are assembled to support the argument.7. There is an attempt to persuade the audience on aviewpoint, in our case we are persuading the bullies tostop and the bullied to contact the NSPCC.
John Grierson-Although only making one film John was a film maker-His theory on documentaries has greatly influenced what westill understand to be its nature.-He defined documentary as“ an instrument of information, education andpropaganda”. He believed that documentaries could heavily influence peoplesopinions on a situation.-He defined the ideology of social integration as “good propaganda” and ideologiesthat promoted social division as “ propaganda of the devil”.-He believed it could be used to engage citizens in the workings of their country, indemocracy.