Tv documentary


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Tv documentary

  1. 1. TV Documentary
  2. 2. •The purpose of a documentary is to document i.e. report with evidence something that has actually happened it can show this by actual footage or reconstructions •It can use a narrators voice over to anchor the meaning or rely on the interjection by the narrator. •The term documentary was coined by the film maker john Grerson in 1926 to describe film made about on a south sea island he defined documentary as the “ the creative treatment of act vality ( or reality )
  3. 3. Types of Documentary
  4. 4. Fully narrated The voice over is used to make sense of the visuals and dominates their meaning for example natural history documents. Fly on the wall Cameras film the subjects without interference for example 24 hours A&E Mixed documentary This uses a mixed combination of interview observation and narration for example the devil made me do it
  5. 5. Self-reflective The subjects of the documentary acknowledge the presence of the camera often speak directly to the film maker. They draw attention to the film makers role in constructing a view of reality . Docudrama Reconstruction, a re-enactment of events as they are supposed to have actually happened. Docusoaps These programmes follow the daily loves of particular individuals with in an organisation Eg Airline, The cruise.
  6. 6. Features of Documentaries
  7. 7. Observation The programme makes pretend that the camera is unseen or ignored by the people taking part in events. A places the audience (watching the programme ) as an “eye whiteness” to the events. Interview TV documents rely on interviews. The interviewee address then unseen interviewer rather than the audience. Interviews are interact with images or observations to illustrate what they are talking about Gate Keeping Gate keeping is about he selection and rejection of information .
  8. 8. Mise en scene Documentary makes carefully compose that‟s so that they contain the images they want the audience to see. Exposition This is basically the line of argument. The way the argument „unfolds‟ Drama Tisation All docs use sense of drama throughout the observation element. This is designed to keep the audience interested and make them easy to follow the narrative.
  9. 9. Types of narrative structure
  10. 10. Open Vs Closed Open: Questions left un answered loose ends. Closed: No loose ends and all questions are answered.
  11. 11. Single strand V Multi-strand Single strand: This is only one narrative thread (our story line) Multi Strand: More than one narrative thread sometimes these do converge, but always.
  12. 12. Linear V Non Linear Linear: Follows chronological order Non Linear: Doesn't follow time order use of flashbacks and flash forwards.