Observational Documentaries


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Observational Documentaries

  1. 1. Observational Documentaries
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Documentary maker follows the person around to observe the events that happen in their life </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment can be informal, such as the use of hand-held cameras </li></ul><ul><li>Usually no interviews are include and there is no voice over </li></ul><ul><li>Long takes are used </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronous sound incorporated </li></ul>
  3. 3. MTV’s Teen Cribs <ul><li>This is a reality TV/documentary programme originally airing on MTV. The basis of the show features tours of houses and mansions of very wealthy families and teenagers. </li></ul><ul><li>Before it was Teen Cribs it was just MTV Cribs, which featured the very big houses of really rich celebrities. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>This show classes as a observational documentary because it follows the teenagers around as they do a tour of their house. The camera focuses on all of the wealthy items and furniture that is inside the house as well as outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews aren’t included but the teenagers and parents do talk about the house whilst they’re doing the tour of the house. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Techniques <ul><li>Editing: The speeding up of clips helps to show the less interesting parts of the house quickly and emphasises the good parts of the house when the speed returns to normal </li></ul><ul><li>Sound: Music makes it more interesting to watch </li></ul><ul><li>Camera shots: Long takes used to show everything </li></ul>
  6. 7. 16 and Pregnant <ul><ul><li>This is a reality TV/documentary programme following the lives of pregnant teenage mums and how they deal with high school and being pregnant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The episode usually begins with the teenage mum being around 5 months pregnant and ending with the baby, having been born, about 3 months old. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is produced in a documentary format with an animation on notebook paper showing highlights during each episode. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>This show is classed as an observational documentary because it follows the pregnant teens around and observes their every day life and how they deal with it. </li></ul><ul><li>They’re aren’t any interviews but the girls do talk through what they are doing, how it makes them feel and the effects it will have on them and their babies. </li></ul><ul><li>Long takes are used </li></ul>
  8. 10. Techniques <ul><li>Editing: Post-production editing using a notebook-style format is used to emphasise the main parts of the show and also makes it more interesting visually for the viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Sound: Music helps to engage the viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Camera Shots: A variety is used especially long shots. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Examples of Observational Documentaries <ul><li>16 And Pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>MTV’s Teen Cribs </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Mom </li></ul><ul><li>Big Brother </li></ul><ul><li>Jersey Shore? </li></ul>