Creation, Crisis and Conservation Simon N. Stuart Yellow-eared Parrot  Ognorhynchus icterotis
<ul><li>Why should we care for Creation? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a Christian calling?  </li></ul>
Christian Attitudes to Environmentalism <ul><li>There are four different attitudes to the worldwide movement to conserve t...
<ul><li>Environmentalism is  inimical  to biblical Christianity   </li></ul>This view holds that environmentalism is funda...
Environmentalism is  irrelevant  to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This attitude does not hold that environmentalism is ine...
Environmentalism is  incidental  to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This view holds that environmentalism is legitimate, but...
Environmentalism is  integral  to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This view holds that caring for God’s Creation is an integ...
The Biblical Basis for Creation Care Wood Turtle  Clemmys insculpta
<ul><li>God made everything .  </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:1; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16. </li></ul>Dlinza Forest Pinwheel ...
<ul><li>God made everything very good . </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:31; Psalm 8:3.   </li></ul>St. Helena Redwood  Trochet...
<ul><li>The process of Creation is adornment . The beauty, diversity and complexity of Creation are beyond our understandi...
<ul><li>God has made people in His own image   </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:27; Genesis 2:15 </li></ul>
<ul><li>The ecological crisis is at root a spiritual crisis   </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 3:17; Jeremiah 12:4; Ezekiel 34:17...
<ul><li>There is a mysterious way in which God’s saving plans extend to all of Creation .  </li></ul><ul><li>Romans 8:19-2...
<ul><li>Though fallen, God loves and sustains his Creation, and stakes his ownership of it </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 24:1-2;...
<ul><li>In summary: </li></ul><ul><li>God made everything </li></ul><ul><li>God made everything very good </li></ul><ul><l...
So Why Does Creation Exist? <ul><li>Creation exists to display God’s glory.  All things were made by him and  for him  (Co...
<ul><li>Caring for Creation </li></ul><ul><li>If we carelessly deface Creation, we are cutting off part of God’s revelatio...
Crisis? What Crisis? The world has recognized that biodiversity is continuing at unacceptable levels In 2002, the World Su...
To achieve the 2010 Target we need to know: <ul><li>What is the overall status of biodiversity? </li></ul><ul><li>At what ...
Which species are in trouble? <ul><li>The 2004 IUCN Red List contains 15,589 species threatened with extinction </li></ul>...
How is the state of biodiversity changing? Red List Indices Darwin’s Frog  Rhinoderma darwini
Extinction in recent times <ul><li>The world’s list of documented extinctions continues to rise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ...
The Geography of Extinction
Where is the risk of extinction greatest?   Areas of threatened species richness
Which Ecosystems are Losing the Most Species? <ul><li>The Tropical/ </li></ul><ul><li>Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest B...
What are the causes of decline and loss?
The social and economic context   People and threatened species are often concentrated in the same areas
The social and economic context   The number of threatened species is likely to increase rapidly in regions where human po...
The social and economic context     Countries with the most threatened species tend to be those least able to invest signi...
What responses are in place? For birds 67% of threatened species have some action underway; but these actions have only be...
Is the 2010 Target being achieved? <ul><li>The findings of the 2004 IUCN Red List indicate very little progress so far, ex...
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Creation crisis and conservation

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Christianity and the Environment

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Creation crisis and conservation

  1. 1. Creation, Crisis and Conservation Simon N. Stuart Yellow-eared Parrot Ognorhynchus icterotis
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why should we care for Creation? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a Christian calling? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Christian Attitudes to Environmentalism <ul><li>There are four different attitudes to the worldwide movement to conserve the environment. </li></ul>Pygmy Hog Sus salvanius Ethiopian Wolf Canis simensis
  4. 4. <ul><li>Environmentalism is inimical to biblical Christianity </li></ul>This view holds that environmentalism is fundamentally anti-Christian, and is rooted in New Age, pagan and occultic thinking Cycas tansachana
  5. 5. Environmentalism is irrelevant to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This attitude does not hold that environmentalism is inevitably anti-Christian, but it is irrelevant, because Creation is destined for destruction by fire </li></ul>
  6. 6. Environmentalism is incidental to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This view holds that environmentalism is legitimate, but is not something that we all need to be concerned about. It is fine for those who are called to do so to work on protecting God’s Creation, but for most of us, the priority is to get on with saving souls </li></ul>Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus
  7. 7. Environmentalism is integral to biblical Christianity <ul><li>This view holds that caring for God’s Creation is an integral part of our Christian calling </li></ul>Bowmouth Guitarfish Rhina ancylostoma
  8. 8. The Biblical Basis for Creation Care Wood Turtle Clemmys insculpta
  9. 9. <ul><li>God made everything . </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:1; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16. </li></ul>Dlinza Forest Pinwheel Trachycystis clifdeni
  10. 10. <ul><li>God made everything very good . </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:31; Psalm 8:3. </li></ul>St. Helena Redwood Trochetiopsis erythroxylon Seychelles Scops Owl Otus insularis
  11. 11. <ul><li>The process of Creation is adornment . The beauty, diversity and complexity of Creation are beyond our understanding. Creation has a huge word stamped all over it: Design! </li></ul>Harlequin Toad Atelopus varius
  12. 12. <ul><li>God has made people in His own image </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:27; Genesis 2:15 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The ecological crisis is at root a spiritual crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 3:17; Jeremiah 12:4; Ezekiel 34:17-19; Hosea 4:3; Revelation 11:18) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>There is a mysterious way in which God’s saving plans extend to all of Creation . </li></ul><ul><li>Romans 8:19-22; Colossians 1:19-20 </li></ul>Golden Toad Bufo periglenes
  15. 15. <ul><li>Though fallen, God loves and sustains his Creation, and stakes his ownership of it </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 24:1-2; Genesis 9:9-17; Psalm 104; Leviticus 25: 23 </li></ul>Boreal Felt Lichen Erioderma pedicellatum
  16. 16. <ul><li>In summary: </li></ul><ul><li>God made everything </li></ul><ul><li>God made everything very good </li></ul><ul><li>God adorned and beautified His Creation </li></ul><ul><li>God made humans in His own image </li></ul><ul><li>The ecological crisis is at root a spiritual crisis </li></ul><ul><li>God’s saving plans extend to all Creation </li></ul><ul><li>God owns His Creation, and loves and sustains it </li></ul>
  17. 17. So Why Does Creation Exist? <ul><li>Creation exists to display God’s glory. All things were made by him and for him (Colossians 1: 16). </li></ul><ul><li>Several psalms declare the glory of God as a result of what He has made (e.g., Psalms 19 and 148). </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Caring for Creation </li></ul><ul><li>If we carelessly deface Creation, we are cutting off part of God’s revelation to people. </li></ul><ul><li>If God owns His Creation, and loves it and sustains it, and we are destroying it, we are working against God. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Crisis? What Crisis? The world has recognized that biodiversity is continuing at unacceptable levels In 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development agreed the following target: TO SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE THE RATE OF BIODIVERSITY LOSS BY 2010
  20. 20. To achieve the 2010 Target we need to know: <ul><li>What is the overall status of biodiversity? </li></ul><ul><li>At what rate is biodiversity being lost? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is biodiversity being lost? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the causes of decline and loss of biodiversity? </li></ul>www.iucnredlist.org
  21. 21. Which species are in trouble? <ul><li>The 2004 IUCN Red List contains 15,589 species threatened with extinction </li></ul><ul><li>12% of birds </li></ul><ul><li>23% of mammals </li></ul><ul><li>32% of amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>25% of conifers </li></ul><ul><li>52% of cycads </li></ul><ul><li>42% of turtles </li></ul><ul><li>18% of sharks and rays </li></ul><ul><li>27% of FW fish in E. Africa </li></ul>
  22. 22. How is the state of biodiversity changing? Red List Indices Darwin’s Frog Rhinoderma darwini
  23. 23. Extinction in recent times <ul><li>The world’s list of documented extinctions continues to rise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 2004 Red List includes 784 species listed as Extinct and 60 Extinct in the Wild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>27 documented extinctions in the last 20 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent extinction rates exceed those in the fossil record </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current extinction rates are 100 to 1,000 times natural (background) extinction rates </li></ul></ul>Hawaiian Crow Corvus hawaiiensis Thylacine Thylacinus cynocephalus
  24. 24. The Geography of Extinction
  25. 25. Where is the risk of extinction greatest? Areas of threatened species richness
  26. 26. Which Ecosystems are Losing the Most Species? <ul><li>The Tropical/ </li></ul><ul><li>Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forest Biome is by far the richest in terms of species and of threatened species </li></ul>-80% -70% -60% -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% Mediterranean forest Temperate grassland Temperate broadleaf forest Tropical dry forest Flooded grassland Tropical grassland Tropical coniferous forest Mangroves Deserts and xeric shrub Montane grassland Tropical moist forest Temperate coniferous forest Boreal forest Tundra % converted by 1950 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Number of threatened vertebrates % converted by 1950 number of threatened vertebrates
  27. 27. What are the causes of decline and loss?
  28. 28. The social and economic context People and threatened species are often concentrated in the same areas
  29. 29. The social and economic context The number of threatened species is likely to increase rapidly in regions where human population growth rates are high
  30. 30. The social and economic context Countries with the most threatened species tend to be those least able to invest significant resources into conservation
  31. 31. What responses are in place? For birds 67% of threatened species have some action underway; but these actions have only benefited 24% of species so far
  32. 32. Is the 2010 Target being achieved? <ul><li>The findings of the 2004 IUCN Red List indicate very little progress so far, except at the local level </li></ul>

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