Started blogging as part of a Warwick WELA course in 2004 Use of office tools in teaching GRASS database
A personal journey through CALL
A PERSONAL JOURNEY
COMPUTER-ASSISTED LANGUAGE LEARNING
THE 1960’S The University of
Centre opened in 1964
View the archive
WHAT IS CALL?
• "the search for and study of applications of the computer in
language teaching and learning“ (Levy, 1997)
• Early CALL favoured an approach that drew heavily on practices
associated with programmed instruction.
• Started with university experimentation using mainframe
computers, democratised by the arrival of the personal
computer and the internet.
OF TOOLS AND THEIR USES:
• Behaviouristic CALL: language labs, drills, translation tests
• Communicative CALL: CD-ROMs, multimedia applications,
structured interaction, early gamification.
• Integrated CALL: devices for internet use (MALL), Online
Intercultural Exchange, task based learning.
• "In a statistical sense, we may one day communicate with each
other far more via computer mediation than in direct
interaction.” Crystal (2001, p.241)
The internet is “ a communication space through which people
can communicate” Tim Berners-Lee.
APPROACHES AND PEDAGOGIES
• Importance of teacher attitude and confidence (Levy, 1997)
Importance of shifting the locus of control: (Benson & Voller,
• Teaching practices should be based on negotiation with
• Teachers should monitor and reflect upon their practices
CALL AND TRANSFORMATION
“networked multimedia environments provide opportunities for
asynchronous and synchronous dialogue in which meaning can
be negotiated in modes other than written or printed text. The
interactions between and among learners… enhance the
“learning as knowledge” process.”
Virtual Exchange: “technology-enabled, sustained, people to
people education programmes”
• Benson, P and Voller, P. (1997) Autonomy and Independence in
Language Learning. Routledge.
• Levy, M. (1997). CALL: Context and Conceptualisation. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
• Warschauer, M., & Healey, D. (1998). Computers and language
learning: An overview. Language Teaching, 31, 57-71.