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  1. 1. CONTENTS Preview1-1 The simple present and the present progressive1-2 Forms of the simple present and the present…1-3 Frequency adverbs1-4 Singular / Plural1-5 Spelling of final -s/-es1-6 Non-action verbs1-7 Present verbs: short answers to yes/no…
  2. 2. CHAPTER 1: PREVIEW Nice to meet My you, Alex. Myname is name is Jonas. Alex. 2
  3. 3. CHAPTER 1: PREVIEWI’m glad to I’m frommeet you, thetoo. Where Czechare you Republic.from? 3
  4. 4. CHAPTER 1: PREVIEW I live in MexicoWhere do City.you livenow? 4
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1: PREVIEWI live in an apartment IWhere a house live in do youWhereten minutesabout do you live? near school. live?away by bicycle. 5
  6. 6. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE We shop every Monday. 6
  7. 7. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE SIMPLE PRESENT future past now x x x x x x x x x x x 7
  8. 8. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE SIMPLE PRESENT(a) Jill eats lunch every day. Monday(b) I usually study English Tuesday Wednesday on Wednesday. Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 8
  9. 9. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE SIMPLE PRESENT(a) Jill eats lunch every day. daily habits,(b) I usually study English usual activities on Wednesday.(c) Dogs bark. Lions roar. general statements of fact events or situationsSIMPLE PRESENT (always, usually, habitually) in the past, present, future 9
  10. 10. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE SIMPLE PRESENT (d) NEGATIVE: He doesn’t watch TV on weekends. (e) QUESTION: Does that dog bark loudly? events or situationsSIMPLE PRESENT (always, usually, habitually) in the past, present, future 10
  11. 11. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE(f) Magda is feeding her horse right now.(g) I can’t talk now. I am playing the guitar.(h) They are eating dinner right now. 11
  12. 12. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE(f) Magda is feeding her horse right now.(g) I can’t talk now. I am playing the guitar.(h) They are eating dinner right now.PRESENT an activity in progressPROGRESSIVE (is happening right now) 12
  13. 13. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE(i) NEGATIVE: It isn’t snowing right now.(j) QUESTION: Is it snowing right now? PRESENT PROGRESSIVE am, is, are + -ing FORM: 13
  14. 14. 1-1 THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVETHE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE finish? start now x x x in pr o e ss g r 14
  15. 15. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVEIt swims. It is swimming. 15
  16. 16. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVESTATEMENTSIMPLE PRESENT PRESENT PROGRESSIVE They run. They are running. people in running clothes – but not running. 16
  17. 17. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVEQUESTIONSIMPLE PRESENT PRESENT PROGRESSIVE Do you run? Are you running? 17
  18. 18. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVECONTRACTIONS I + am = I’m running. you + are = You’re running. she + is = She’s running. Pronoun + be 18
  19. 19. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVECONTRACTIONS does + not = doesn’t do + not = don’t She doesn’t run. They don’t run. 19
  20. 20. 1-2 FORMS OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT AND THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVECONTRACTIONS is + not = isn’t are + not = aren’t He isn’t running. (am + not = am not)They aren’t running. running. I am not 20
  21. 21. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICEIt’s Monday, and my mom is teachingmath. ? daily / usual habit or happening right now 21
  22. 22. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICEShe doesn’t usually teach on Monday. ? daily / usual habit or happening right now 22
  23. 23. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICEShe usually teaches on Tuesday andThursday. ? M T W Th F Sat S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 daily / usual habit 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 orhappening right now 23
  24. 24. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICEToday is unusual. She is teaching aclass for new students. ? daily / usual habit orhappening right now 24
  25. 25. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICE listening1. Are you _______? listen are singing2. The birds __________ right now. sing sing3. They _____ every morning. sing 25
  26. 26. 1-1 / 1-2 LET’S PRACTICE watching1. Are you ________ TV? watch checking email2. No, I am ____________. check email3. I always ___________ check email check email before I go to sleep. 26
  27. 27. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS alwaysAyako frequently talks on the phone. 27
  28. 28. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS100% always almost always usually positive often frequently generally sometimes occasionally seldom negative rarely hardly ever almost never0% not ever, never 28
  29. 29. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS(a) Hannah always eats lunch at school. SUBJECT + FREQ ADV + SIMPLE PRESENT VERB (except be)(b) Hannah is always happy. SUBJECT + BE + FREQ ADV 29
  30. 30. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBSQUESTION(c) Does he usually walk to school? FREQ ADV SUBJECT + 30
  31. 31. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS (d) Alex usually doesn’t eat meat. FREQ ADV + NEGATIVE VERB (except always & ever)(e) Alex doesn’t always eat meat. Negative helping verb Negative be verb + always 31
  32. 32. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS(f) CORRECT: Marcy never drinks milk.(g) INCORRECT: Marcy doesn’t never drink milk. Negative adverb + negative verb 32
  33. 33. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS seldom rarelyNegative hardly everadverbs almost never not ever, neverNegative adverb + negative verb 33
  34. 34. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS(h) Do you ever Yes, I ride horses? sometimes ride horses. questions about frequency Ever “at any time” 34
  35. 35. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS(i) No, I don’t ever Do you ride ride horses. horses? Ever with not 35
  36. 36. 1-3 FREQUENCY ADVERBS(j) I ever Do you ride ride horses. horses? Ever NOT used in statements 36
  37. 37. 1-3 LET’S PRACTICE oftenJacob plays his guitar.Jacob often plays his guitar. 37
  38. 38. 1-3 LET’S PRACTICE usuallyThe baby is happy.The baby is usually happy. 38
  39. 39. 1-3 LET’S PRACTICE alwaysKatie is at her violin lesson on Thursday.Katie is always at her violin lesson on Thursday. 39
  40. 40. 1-4 SINGULAR / PLURAL She eats. eat together. eats. They She 40
  41. 41. 1-4 SINGULAR / PLURAL(a) SINGULAR: one dog(b) PLURAL: two dogs, three dogs, many dogs, all dogs, etc. SINGULAR = one, not two or more PLURAL = two, three, or more 41
  42. 42. 1-4 SINGULAR / PLURAL(c) Dogs bark.(d) A dog barks. A plural noun ends in -s. A singular verb ends in -s. 42
  43. 43. 1-4 SINGULAR / PLURAL(e) A cat plays with the ball. It plays in the basement. Zoe plays with her toys. She plays happily. Tyler plays with his toy trucks. He plays every day. a singular subject + a singular verb 43
  44. 44. 1-4 LET’S PRACTICE Justin has two children. singular verb singular noun or or verb plural ? 44
  45. 45. 1-4 LET’S PRACTICE Peaches are usually delicious. plural noun singular noun ? or or verb plural 45
  46. 46. 1-4 LET’S PRACTICE Peaches are usually delicious. plural verb singular noun ? or or verb plural 46
  47. 47. 1-4 LET’S PRACTICE My mom teaches at the university. singular verb singular noun ? or or verb plural 47
  48. 48. 1-5 SPELLING OF FINAL -SI-ES My mom grows tomatoes in her garden. 48
  49. 49. 1-5 SPELLING OF FINAL -SI-ES a) visit visits visites speak speaks speakes(b) ride rides write writes add -s, not -es, for most verbs add -s, for verbs ending in -e 49
  50. 50. 1-5 SPELLING OF FINAL -SI-ESc) catch catches wash washes miss misses fix fixes buzz buzzes add -es to -ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z 50
  51. 51. 1-5 SPELLING OF FINAL -SI-ESd) fly flies flys paies(e) pay pays payes consonant: change + -y to -i, & add -es vowel + -y: add -s 51
  52. 52. 1-5 SPELLING OF FINAL -SI-ESf) go goes do does have has irregular forms 52
  53. 53. 1-5 LET’S PRACTICE -s or -es? Verb?The child smilesa lot. 53
  54. 54. 1-5 LET’S PRACTICE -s or -es? Verb?The girl washes car. the 54
  55. 55. 1-5 LET’S PRACTICE -s or -es? Verb? He does laundry on Monday. his 55
  56. 56. 1-6 NON-ACTION VERBS Elaine has a new car. 56
  57. 57. 1-6 NON-ACTION VERBS I am wanting I am a) I know your sister. I something am knowing preferring your sister. to drink. (b) I’m thirsty. iced tea. I want something to drink.(c) I prefer iced tea. non-action verbs existing situation action in progress? ≠ non-action verbs 57
  58. 58. 1-6 NON-ACTION VERBSd) I think that learning English is important.e) I am thinking about studying right now. when think = believe (non-progressive) when think = thoughts in a person’s mind (can be progressive) 58
  59. 59. 1-6 NON-ACTION VERBSf) Jesse has a motorbike. (g) My aunt is having an operation. when have = own (not used in progressive) when have ≠ own (can be progressive) 59
  60. 60. 1-6 LET’S PRACTICEPROGRESSIVE VERBS or NON-ACTION VERBS rememberDoes he always remember your birthday? ________ 60
  61. 61. 1-6 LET’S PRACTICE PROGRESSIVE VERBS or NON-ACTION VERBS have havingAre you ______ trouble with your homework? 61
  62. 62. 1-6 LET’S PRACTICEPROGRESSIVE VERBS or NON-ACTION VERBS she, think is she thinking What _____________ about? 62
  63. 63. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSIs Andrew muddy? 63
  64. 64. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTIONS WITH DO / DOESQUESTION: Does Cheryl like yogurt?SHORT ANSWER: Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.LONG ANSWER: Yes, she likes yogurt. No, she doesn’t like yogurt. 64
  65. 65. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTIONS WITH DO / DOESQUESTION: Do you like yogurt?SHORT ANSWER: Yes, I do. No, I don’t.LONG ANSWER: Yes, I like yogurt. No, I don’t like yogurt. 65
  66. 66. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTIONS WITH BEQUESTION: Are you teaching ?SHORT ANSWER: Yes, I am. No, I’m not.LONG ANSWER: Yes, I am teaching. No, I’m not teaching. 66
  67. 67. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTIONS WITH BEQUESTION: Is Madison a teacher?SHORT ANSWER: Yes, she is. No, she’s not. No, she isn’t.LONG ANSWER: Yes, she is (she’s) a teacher. No, she’s not a teacher. No, she isn’t a teacher. 67
  68. 68. 1-7 PRESENT VERBS: SHORT ANSWERS TO YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTIONS WITH BEQUESTION: Are Jean and Ali teaching ?SHORT ANSWER: Yes, they are. No, they’re not. No, they aren’t.LONG ANSWER: Yes, they are (they’re) teachers. No, they’re not teachers. No, they aren’t teachers. 68
  69. 69. 1-7 QUESTIONS WITH DO/DOES Oscar, sendDoes __________many text messages? Oscar sendYes, _______. he does 69
  70. 70. 1-7 QUESTIONS WITH DO/DOES he, sendIs he sending____________a text message right now?No, ______. he isn’t 70
  71. 71. 1-7 LET’S PRACTICE you, likeDo you like_________ scary movies?Yes, ___. I do your sister, likeDoes your sister like__________________ scary movies, too?No, ___________. she doesn’t 71
  72. 72. PHOTO CREDITSCopyright © 2008 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved. Images used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.• Clipart, Inc. 72

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