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Upgrading Wood Based Industries in Sri Lanka with special reference to Moratuwa Furniture Cluster

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Upgrading Wood Based Industries in Sri Lanka with special reference to Moratuwa Furniture Cluster
H S Amarasekera
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka

The wood-based industry is one of the oldest industries in the country that provides livelihood to many people in both rural and urban areas. However, the industry has been in a state of deterioration in terms of quality and competitiveness due to inadequate wood supply in term of quality and quantity, unfavorable business climate, scarcity of trained manpower, lack of market opportunities, research support and finances for investments to improve the industry.
There are around 1700 industries in Moratuwa wood based furniture cluster and it has been in existence for many decades. This industry has deteriorated over the years and is currently incapable of producing furniture of high quality for the export market. However large firms in the cluster use advanced technology and have a totally integrated production process with saw mills, timber seasoning and treatment facilities indicating that it is an organized cluster that can be upgraded to an innovative cluster by implementing a comprehensive development program.
There have been several initiatives on development of wood working industry and timber utilization research on timber processing have yielded data towards upscaling and redefining the small timber manufactures in Sri Lanka. The key options that can be adopted to improve the industry are to improve utilization of available sustainable timber resources to increase the supply of raw materials to the Moratuwa cluster, improve product quality, increase marketability of products and minimize environmental pollution. Selected industries in this cluster can be upgraded into international standards by introduction of new technology and transfer of knowledge, providing systematic training in improving furniture designing, timber preservation, seasoning and machine maintaining capabilities.
Achievement of productive wood products industry will make a significant contribution towards employment generation and increasing the percentage of contribution to GDP by Timber based products.
Keywords – wood industry, furniture, forestry, timber, development plan
http://scholar.sjp.ac.lk/hiran

Published in: Engineering
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Upgrading Wood Based Industries in Sri Lanka with special reference to Moratuwa Furniture Cluster

  1. 1. Prof Hiran Amarasekera Department of Forestry and Environment Science University of Sri Jayewardnepura http://scholar.sjp.ac.lk/hiran 2018
  2. 2. Solid wood industries Sawmilling, Furniture, Flooring, Crafts….
  3. 3. Many logs in Sri Lanka end up in a sawmill 3
  4. 4. SAWMILLING – FRAME SAW (MORATUWA) 4Prof. Hiran Amarasekera, 2013
  5. 5. FURNITURE Moratuwa has a traditional furniture cluster 5Prof. Hiran Amarasekera, 2013
  6. 6. MORATUWA FURNITURE CLUSTER
  7. 7. http://www.slideshare.net/sahan/wooden- toys-in-sri-lanka 7
  8. 8. Wood Based Composites Plywood, Chipboard, Fibreboard
  9. 9. 9 Lanka Plywood, Kegalle After closing CPC now SL has small scale plywood mills
  10. 10. Chipboard furniture is very popular in Sri Lanka 10
  11. 11. DAMRO FURNITURE
  12. 12. MERBOK MDF FACTORY, HORANA
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. MDF (FIBER BOARD) Prof. Hiran Amarasekera 14
  15. 15. PULP AND PAPER Forestry sector did not produce raw materia our pulp mills (Embilipiya mill) 15
  16. 16. 16 Furniture Parquet for flooring Brush handles Wooden panels Wooden toys
  17. 17. 17 Construction timer – kempus, balu from Malaysia Furniture Plywood, MDF, Chipboard Pulp and paper
  18. 18.  Information Technology Division /Sri Lanka Export Development Board  H.44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal -4,000.00 -2,000.00 0.00 2,000.00 4,000.00 6,000.00 8,000.00 10,000.00 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 TotalValueinLKR(millions) Export performance Exports imports Balance of trade 18Prof. Hiran Amarasekera, 2013
  19. 19. In a state of deterioration in terms of quality and competitiveness inadequate wood supply in term of quality and quantity, Unfavorable business climate, Scarcity of trained manpower, Lack of market opportunities, research support and Lack of finances for investments to improve the industry.
  20. 20.  Lack of stable policy direction  Excessive regulation of transport of wood and finished products  Bad image of the quality of the industry
  21. 21. Reason for using Rubber, Albizia, Imported timber? 21
  22. 22. MORATUWA FURNITURE CLUSTER Around 1700 industries In existence for many decades. Incapable of producing quality furniture for the export market.
  23. 23. Large firms use advanced technology Have a integrated production process with saw mills, timber seasoning and treatment facilities Hence it is an organized cluster Can be upgraded to by a comprehensive development program.
  24. 24. Wood based industry study for Forestry sector master plan 1995 Upwood Project for upgrading wood working industry in Moratuwa - Ministry of Enterprise Development, Industrial Policy and Investment Promotion, 2003 Wood Industry Development study by Ministry of Industries Study on improvement of Moratwua Furniture cluster and Wewaldeniya cane cluster – National Enterprise Development Agency (NEDA) and National Chamber of Commerce - 2007
  25. 25.  Moratu Eliya Kaldemulla, Thelawala, Ratmalana, Borupana.  Moratu Pitiya Katubedda, Kuduwamulla.  Moratu Uyana Uyana, Rawathawaththa, Angulana, Laxapathiya.  Moratu Mulla Moratumulla, Kadalana, Willorawaththa, Molpe, Indibedda.  Morau Wella Diggarolla, Horakele.  Moratu Dikwella Koralawella, Egodauyana, Katukurunda
  26. 26. Carpentry Industries 1445 Saw Mills 270 Total 1715
  27. 27.  Traditional Skill Base  Transport Facilities  Physical infrastructure facilities such as roads, communication and electricity  Apprenticeship Training Institute, University of Moratuwa and University of Sri Jayewardenepura can provide the skilled workforce and S&T manpower
  28. 28.  1. Elmairah  2. Bed  3. Bookrack  4. Cabinet  5. Chair  6. Cot  7. Couch  8. Cupboard  9. Dressing Table  10. Easy Chair  11. Chair Set  12. Stools  14. Sofa  15. Table
  29. 29. MARKETS OF MORATUWA CLUSTER 80% of the furniture marketed are semi- finished - furniture with out sanding and polishing Workshops with the floor area 250-500 sq.ft only produce semi-finished furniture Large-company manufacturers make and display both semi-finished and finished furniture in their showrooms Few companies undertake export orders
  30. 30. Use more high density timber (above 800kg/m3) timber than low density wood (below 800kg/m3). Timber is transported in log form or as sawn timber shortage of good quality timber in required quantities the local market, Timber is imported to fill the gap.
  31. 31. Teak is the major species Mahogany, Jak, Kolon, Satin Alstonia, Ginisapu, Lunumedella, Rubber
  32. 32. Improve utilization of available sustainable timber resourcesImprove Improve product quality,Improve Increase marketability of productsIncrease Minimize environmental pollution.Minimize
  33. 33. 35
  34. 34.  Selected industries to upgrade into international standards  Introduction of new technology  Transfer of knowledge  Providing systematic training  Improving furniture designing,  Timber preservation,  Seasoning  Machine maintaining capabilities.
  35. 35.  Use of research data on timber processing to upscaling and redefining the small timber manufactures  Improve utilization of available sustainable timber resources  Increase the supply of raw materials to the Moratuwa cluster  Improve product quality  Increase marketability of products  Minimize environmental pollution.
  36. 36. Furniture industry needs new designs and innovation to compete with imported 38
  37. 37. University of Moratuwa University of Sri Jayawardenepura Ministry of Science Technology and Research
  38. 38. PROCESS INNOVATION WASTE UTILIZATI ON VALUE CHAIN ENHANCEMEN T CLEANER PRODUCTION PROCESS
  39. 39. Establish area of Moratuwa as region of excellence in Timber Product designs. Upscale and redefine the small timber manufactures in Sri Lanka. Capacity building through trainings, knowledge & technology transferring. Create unique branding identity to Sri Lankan Timber designs & protect it through Intellectual Property Rights.
  40. 40.  Enhance high-end export market for Sri Lankan Timber & Timber base products  Increase the percentage of contribution to GDP by Timber & Timber base product  Exports for the Economic growth
  41. 41. Employment generation Increasing the percentage of contribution to GDP by Timber based products. Dr Hiran Amarasekera University of Sri Jayewardenepura http://scholar.sjp.ac.lk/hiran twitter @hiran

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