Ohms Africa Unit


Published on

OHMS Powerpoints regarding Africa
These were taken from Pete's Powerpoints and other places on the web. This PPT is used to coincide with Georgia Performance Standards on Africa.

Published in: Technology, Travel
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ohms Africa Unit

  1. 1. Africa
  2. 2. Africa – Unit 8 <ul><li>Explain problems faced after independence by countries, such as Kenya and Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>Experience of South Africa – Read p. 560 - 563 </li></ul><ul><li>Origins and ending of Apartheid (p.516 and p.562) </li></ul><ul><li>Nelson Mandela (p.561) </li></ul><ul><li>F. W. de Klerk (p.562) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Repeated civil war in Africa – Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>- Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire ) - Following the First Congo War which led to the overthrow of Mobutu in 1997, the country was renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo. From 1998 to 2003, the country suffered greatly from the devastating Second Congo War (sometimes referred to as the African World War), [5] the world's deadliest conflict since World War II . However, related fighting still continues in the east of the country. </li></ul>Rwanda and Conflicts
  4. 4. <ul><li>Zaire (1971 – 1997) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rwanda <ul><li>Problems created by governmental corruption. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Africa <ul><li>Look at the location of the various countries in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia- The oldest human fossils came from Hadar, Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa is 3x the size of the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Before Pangaea separated around 225 million years ago, Africa was the center of Earth’s only continent. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Place <ul><li>(What makes Africa different from other places?) </li></ul><ul><li>What types of climate does Africa have? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of physical features are there in Africa? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Physical Features of Africa Atlas Mountains Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Great Rift Valley
  9. 9. Sahel <ul><li>Semiarid Region, which is south of the Sahara. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Savannas <ul><li>Can be found in the semiarid and tropical areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Are flat grasslands with scattered trees and shrubs. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>What are the major physical features of Africa? </li></ul>
  12. 13. Namib Desert Stretching 1,200 miles in length, but averaging a width of only 70 miles, the Namib Desert is home to the highest sand dunes in the world. Nicknamed the world’s oldest desert.
  13. 14. Drakensberg Mountains <ul><li>The Drakensberg ( Afrikaans : &quot;Dragon's Mountain&quot;) mountains are the highest in Southern Africa , rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana to 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. In Zulu , they are referred to as uKhahlamba (&quot;barrier of spears&quot;), and in Sesotho as Maluti (also spelled Maloti ). </li></ul><ul><li>They are located in the eastern part of South Africa, running for some 1,000 km (600 mi) generally southwest to northeast, with a northwesterly bend forming the northeastern border of Lesotho with South Africa. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Mount Kilimanjaro <ul><li>Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo , Mawensi , and Shira , is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania . Although it does not have the highest elevation , Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise [1] in the world, [2] rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base, and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft), providing a dramatic view from the surrounding plains. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Ethiopian Highlands <ul><li>The Ethiopian Highlands are a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia , Eritrea (which is sometimes referred to as the Eritrean Highlands ), and northern Somalia ( Somaliland ) in northeastern Africa . The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (5000 ft), while the summits reach heights of 4600 m to 4900 m (15,000 to 16,000 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area it covers. [1] </li></ul>
  16. 17. Ethiopian Highlands
  17. 18. Major rivers and lakes Nile River Niger River Congo River Lake Victoria Lake Tanganyika Lake Nyasa Zambezi River
  18. 19. Are you able to locate the countries of Africa? <ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Mozambique </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Republic of the Congo </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>Mali (p.504) </li></ul><ul><li>Mauritania </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Libya </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Chad </li></ul>
  19. 20. Fill in the Correct Countries. Nile River South Africa Z Tanzania Dem. Rep. of Congo R South Africa Zimbabwe (Z) Tanzania Rwanda (R) Mozambique (M) Democratic Republic of the Congo Ghana (G) Mali (p.504) M G Mali <ul><li>Mauritania </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone (SL) </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Libya </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Chad </li></ul>Mauritania Egypt SL Kenya Ethiopia Sudan Libya Chad
  20. 21. Africa
  21. 22. Literary and Music <ul><li>Wole Soyinka of Nigeria p. 538 </li></ul><ul><li>Naguib Mafuz, Egypt - Najib Mahfuz (born 1912) was Egypt's foremost novelist and the first Arab to win the Nobel Prize in literature . He had wide influence in the Arab world and was the author from that area best known to the West in the latter half of the 20th century. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Najib Mahfuz was born in the popular quarter Hayy Al-Jamaliyya in Cairo, Egypt, on December 12, 1912, to a middle-class merchant family. During his high school years he began to read the Arabic classics as well as the Western ones that he could find in translation. He proceeded to major in philosophy at Cairo University , and after graduating in 1934 he worked his way up the bureaucracy as a civil servant. He continued to work until he retired as director of the Cinema Organization, after which he worked as a consultant to several governmental cultural organizations. He was a frequent contributor to the daily newspaper Al-Ahram, where most of his writings appeared in serial form before being published in book form. Mahfuz was married and the father of two daughters. </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Nadin Gordimer, South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Biography </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Springs, South Africa, 20/11/1923. Daughter of Isidore and Nan Gordimer. Has lived all her life, and continues to live, in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Principal works: 10 novels, including A Guest of Honour , The Conservationist , Burger's Daughter , July's People , A Sport of Nature , My Son's Story and her most recent, None to Accompany Me . </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>10 short story collections, the most recent Jump , published 1991, and Why Haven't You Written: Selected Stories 1950-1972 , published 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-fiction: The Essential Gesture ; On the Mines ; The Black Interpreters . </li></ul><ul><li>Among honorary degrees: from Yale, Harvard, Columbia, New School for Social Research, USA; University of Leuven, Belgium, University of York (England), Universities of Cape Town and the Witwatersrand (South Africa), Cambridge University (England). </li></ul><ul><li>Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic </li></ul><ul><li>Music forms of people in the region, p.539 </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Vice-President of International PEN. </li></ul><ul><li>From Nobel Lectures , Literature 1991-1995 , Editor Sture Allén, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>This autobiography/biography was first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel . It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures . To cite this document, always state the source as shown above. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1991 </li></ul>
  26. 27. Unit 9 <ul><li>Impact of Government Policies and Individual Behaviors on African Environments. </li></ul><ul><li>How pollution affected Kenya, Egypt, South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of the extraction of natural resources on the environments of Kenya, Chad, and Nigeria (p. 538). </li></ul><ul><li>Explain importance of water as a natural resource in Egypt, Sudan, Mali, and Chad. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Unit 9 – page 2 <ul><li>Improvement of African environment </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification defined as farmland turns to sand. (p.497) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cote d’Ivoire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Botswana </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Impact physical features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deserts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proximity to ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affect/effect it has on Ethiopia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sudan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morocco </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Describe factors which influence economic growth and examine their presence or absence in such African countries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria (Natural Resources – rubber, cacao, peanuts, rich deposits of oil (main export), palm oil plantations, and natural gas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Importance of investment in human capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe how factors of political stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health issues inhibit or enhance investment African people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital Goods (Defined as factories, machinery, and new technology) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>Describe how natural resources (land, air, water, minerals, time, and other gifts of nature) have affected economic development. (p.501) </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the entrepreneurs who take risks of organizing productive resources. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Religion, Customs, and Traditions <ul><li>Arab </li></ul><ul><li>Ashanti </li></ul><ul><li>Bedouin </li></ul><ul><li>Khoikhoi </li></ul><ul><li>San </li></ul><ul><li>Ibo </li></ul><ul><li>Swahili </li></ul><ul><li>(p.503) </li></ul>
  33. 34. Literacy Rate <ul><li>Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Major Literary Artists </li></ul><ul><li>Wole Soyinka of Nigeria p. 538 </li></ul><ul><li>Naguib Mafuz, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Nadin Gordimer, South Africa </li></ul>
  34. 35. Modern Governments of Africa <ul><li>Structure of national governments (p.538)(Type of Governments, Form of Leadership, Form of Legislature, and Role of Citizen) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern nations of Morocco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul>
  35. 36. Voluntary Benefit Buyers and Sellers <ul><li>Trade Barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sahara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical Rainforest </li></ul></ul>
  36. 37. Unit 10 <ul><li>Development of African empires including Ghana, Mali, Songhai, and Ethiopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of cities as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timbuktu (center for learning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Djenne (oldest city of Africa) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zanzibar (center of commerce) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significance of Sundiata, Mansa Musa, Zara Yakob </li></ul></ul>
  37. 38. Reasons for African Independence <ul><li>Explain origins of slave trade in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Describe trade routes </li></ul><ul><li>Development of European empires in African </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for colonization and partitioning of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Approach to empire by Great Britain, France, and Belgium </li></ul>
  38. 39. <ul><li>Nationalist movements in colonial Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ghana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belgian Congo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze the impact of colonial period on the development of Africa </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Economics <ul><li>Distribution of Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How it affected Chad, Sudan, and South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect the Sahara, Sahel, Savannah, and tropical rain forest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where people live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of work they do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>Voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Africa. (p.504, 546 and 538) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze the development of voluntary trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trans-Saharan trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle East and Asian trade routes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International trade requires a system of exchanging currency between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt/Pound </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa/Rand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nigeria/Naira </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chad/CFA Franc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>Function and purpose of SADC (Southern African Development Community) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ECOWAS started 1975 worked to improve trade within Western African and with countries outside the region. ECOWAS also has mediated disputed between countries in Western Africa and tried to end government corruption. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 43. Cultural Characteristics <ul><li>Trace the spread of the Bantu peoples (p.503) – The Bantu people lived in what is not Cameroon around 5000 years ago. They began moving to other parts of Africa around 1000 B.C. They needed more land because of population growth. For about 2,000 years, the Bantus gradually spread across continents. Bantus eventually intermarried with the Pygmies. They use the Swahili, Zulu and Bantu languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Impact this had on Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of voluntary trade benefits buyers and sellers in Africa over time p.504 </li></ul>
  43. 44. Unit 11 <ul><li>Personal Money Management Choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investing </li></ul></ul>