North Africa - GEO - Mr. P

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Geography notes on North Africa

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North Africa - GEO - Mr. P

  1. 1. LIFE ON THE SAHARA… NORTH AFRICA
  2. 2. Political Geography <ul><li>Use the map on page 405 to help you in identifying the correct country and capital </li></ul><ul><li>-Khartoum, Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>-N’Djamena, Chad </li></ul><ul><li>-Cairo, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>-Tripoli, Libya </li></ul><ul><li>-Tunis, Tunisia </li></ul><ul><li>-Algiers, Algeria </li></ul><ul><li>-Rabat, Morocco </li></ul>
  3. 3. Physical Geography <ul><li>Use the map on page 403 to help you in identifying the following physical features </li></ul><ul><li>-the Nile River -Ahaggar Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>-the Blue Nile River -Atlas Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>-the White Nile River -the Gulf of Sidra </li></ul><ul><li>-the Nubian Desert -the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Sea </li></ul><ul><li>-the Libyan Desert -the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><li>-Lake Chad -the Tropic of Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>-the Tibesti Mountains -the Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><li>-the Strait of Gibraltar -Lake Nasser </li></ul>
  4. 4. Colonialism in North Africa <ul><li>Which colonial influences are prevalent in North Africa and where in North Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>-France, Italy, Britain, Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>-How are relations with the past colonial powers today? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Influence of Nile <ul><li>River floods roughly same time of year, providing people with water and rich soil </li></ul><ul><li>Civilizations since 3300 BCE (before common era) </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian dynasty – 2,600 years, 30 dynasties, led by Pharaohs – god-kings, theocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced with farming, building cities, writing, medicinal practices </li></ul>
  6. 6. Influence of Islam <ul><li>North Africa lies close to Southwest Asia and across the Mediterranean Sea from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Easily invaded, occupied </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks, Romans, Phoenicians, Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Islam remains major cultural and religious influence </li></ul><ul><li>Islam spreads to N. Africa around 634 ACE (after common era) </li></ul><ul><li>Often, it spread by force </li></ul><ul><li>From there, spread west </li></ul>
  7. 7. Influence of Oil <ul><li>Began as agricultural economy </li></ul><ul><li>Today, based around oil </li></ul><ul><li>Libya and Algeria supply EU with much of its oil and gas </li></ul><ul><li>Has caused problems, as well: labor force to meet demands, lack of education to support infrastructure? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cultural Influences <ul><li>SOUKS </li></ul><ul><li>Marketplaces </li></ul><ul><li>Storytellers, musicians, fortunetellers </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Medina – old section </li></ul><ul><li>Marrakesh, Morocco (model Medina Souks) </li></ul><ul><li>Bargaining, bartering, clothes, spics, foods </li></ul><ul><li>RAI </li></ul><ul><li>Music style – 1920s in Algeria before independence </li></ul><ul><li>Protest music </li></ul><ul><li>Today, used as form of rebellion against Islamic foundamentalists </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gender Roles <ul><li>Households centered around males </li></ul><ul><li>Eat-pray separately </li></ul><ul><li>Changing today, however – women in professional jobs; increased penalties for spousal abuse; no more preteen arranged marriages in Tunisia </li></ul>
  10. 10. What’s up next? <ul><li>Political map test on Monday December 7, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Physical map test on Wednesday December 9, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>On Monday we will take a closer look at North African issues of today </li></ul><ul><li>Also, answer the following question on loose-leaf paper in a paragraph – discuss what is the single biggest cultural influence in North Africa? Is it the oil supplies, the climate, Islam, or the Nile river? Discuss. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, like your paper assessment on West Africa, you will have a similar project for North Africa – due also on Wednesday December 9, 2009 </li></ul>

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