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COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR MALMÖ
SUMMARY IN ENGLISH
Adopted by Malmö City Council on May 22nd 2014
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Foreword
The comprehensive plan consists of different parts: stra-
tegies, maps with planning guidelines and an environ-
mental impact assessment. All parts of the plan can be
seen at www.malmo.se/op
STRATEGIES
MAPS
digital web-tool
www.malm.se/op/karta
ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACT
ASSESSMENT
The City of Malmö has experienced a successful transfor-
mation from industrial city in crisis to a modern, environ-
mentally aware and forward-looking city. This new com-
prehensive plan is a strategy for a new era, looking
towards Malmö in the 2030s.
The comprehensive plan is a representation of the
City of Malmö's long-term vision for development and
shows how planning can contribute to its implementa-
tion. The future is uncertain, but we can still make pre-
dictions on how different areas, such as technology, are
likely to develop. To an extent we create our own future,
although we are also subject to change from events and
processes outside our sphere of both influence and geo-
graphy. In order to navigate these hurdles we have to act
wisely.
Economic, social and environmental sustainability
are key objectives for the continued development of
Malmö. The strategy to maintain Malmö's inward expan-
sion was developed in order to efficiently deal with both
strong and weak increases in population. Dense urban
areas are more resource efficient and therefore have
reduced environmental impact in comparison with low-
density development. A compact city provides a strong
foundation for a safe and vibrant urban environment
and will do much to increase the appeal of Malmö.
Malmö's power of attraction is a key part of ensuring
a dynamic and expanding labour market. We must coo-
perate with the commercial and voluntary sectors in
Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh
Chair of the City Executive Board
order to create employment and guarantee the people
of Malmö access to these jobs.
Social divides in Malmö are to be healed and the city
united – barriers are to be broken and inequalities are to
be reduced through considered social investment. In the
same way that we invest in the physical infrastructure
then we must invest in Malmö’s human capital.
It is important that the Öresund Region is given
ample opportunity to develop. It is already apparent
that a new connection between Malmö and Copenha-
gen will be needed and planning has now started on an
Öresund Metro. The mental national border is to be era-
sed and the labour and housing markets as well as cul-
tural and commercial spheres are to be woven together
across the strait.
As a strategic document with clear directional tar-
gets, a comprehensive plan is intended as a guide and
support for municipal decisions on all levels. It aims to
aid and inspire decisions and practices within the city's
various departments to create a more sustainable
Malmö. The comprehensive plan will also aim to spur
other actors – private, public and voluntary – in their
work to improve the city. We create Malmö’s future
together.
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Summary
A comprehensive plan for a new age
Malmö faces several serious challenges in the coming
years. It is vital for the development of Malmö to create
a socially balanced city with good living conditions for
all its citizens. The city should be allowed to grow, but
with the smallest possible environmental impact, both
locally and globally.
Malmö should be a socially, environmentally and
economically sustainable city and an attractive place to
live and work. These three areas of sustainability work in
mutual symbiosis and cooperation.
Special priorities
Clear priorities will be required for Malmö’s physical
planning to achieve its objectives. These main priorities
are:
CLOSE, DENSE, GREEN MIXED-FUNCTION CITY
Malmö's should mainly grow by inward expansion. This
means mainly expanding within the city’s outer ring
road. Creating a more dense city will lead to a reduced
consumption of resources. Malmö will develop as a
mixed-function city in order to generate a rich and
vibrant urban life which still retains strong elements of
greenery. Walking, cycling and public transport will
form the basis of the transport system.
Malmö is to be a socially, environmentally
and economically sustainable city.
A REGIONAL DRIVER OF GREEN GROWTH AND EM-
PLOYMENT
Growth-oriented ventures to further the welfare of the
people of Malmö and increasing chances of employ-
ment and financial security are of central importance
to the development of the city. Furthering regional
cooperation is a key priority. Copenhagen-Malmö-Lund
are to form a coherent metropolis and generate a
vibrant economy in the Öresund region.
THE CITY AS A VENUE FOR CULTURE AND DEMO-
CRACY
Urban spaces are important for desirable social deve-
lopment, shared venues for human contact and for sti-
mulating democracy and inclusion. More social spaces
are needed and safety and equality in the city's urban
spaces must increase. Public health is vital to ensure
positive development, welfare and growth. Reducing
the public health divide within the city has high prio-
rity. The city is also socially strengthened by public par-
ticipation and it is essential that steps are taken to
increase participation in the planning processes.
Implementation strategies and work
processes
A shared holistic approach will be needed for Malmö to
reach its overarching goals. Cooperation between the
city's committees, departments and companies must
be improved in order to ensure that priorities and
investments are coherently and strategically targeted.
Investment needs to be targeted where it will do the
most long-term good.
Strategies
Achieving the overarching targets and priorities
require a number of strategies. The most important of
these strategies are briefly described in this English
summary. More detailed planning guidelines can also
be found in a web-based map tool. The map layers that
together constitute the land use map can be found
there (www.malmo.se/op).
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General Objectives
AN APPEALING CITY THAT IS SOCIALLY, ENVIRON-
MENTALLY AND ECONOMICALLY SUSTAINABLE
The three areas of sustainability are mutually depen-
dent and intricately linked – neither can be achieved
without the others. The goal is to create an attractive
and sustainable city with a robust urban structure for a
growing population.
SOCIAL BALANCE AND GOOD LIVING CONDITIONS
Social sustainability means creating a society that provi-
des opportunities to build a good life for the citizens of
today and tomorrow. This means securing every citizen’s
basic needs such as employment, education, safety and
healthcare, but it also includes other aspects such as
democratic participation, having a sense of belonging
and opportunities for creative expression.
A socially balanced city should also be an equitable
city. This means every citizen – woman and man, young
and old, wealthy and poor – should be provided the
same ability and opportunity to shape society and their
own lives.
Malmö is partly characterized by segregation and
social disparity: differences in living standard and public
health between different city districts are large. These
trends must be broken for Malmö to unlock the full
potential that the city's population and cultural struc-
ture offers. The physical environment is a framework for
social interaction and is therefore a basic condition of
life in the city. The city’s spatial arrangement and design
affects the movements, habits and residential patterns
of its citizens. In conjunction with other sectors, physical
planning can therefore contribute to a more socially
cohesive city.
ECONOMIC DYNAMISM AND SUSTAINABILITY
Economic sustainability entails a robust development of
the city and its business community, creating value and
supplying the region and the people of Malmö with an
income and livelihood. Companies should have good
opportunities to operate and grow and Malmö should
be a place which attracts established businesses. Diver-
sity in the commercial sector is important to secure a
strong post-industrial economy which can supply a
range of employment opportunities, ensuring an even
spread of wellbeing. A city with a well-educated popula-
tion is the basis for a positive development in the private
sector.
Cities and regions compete for people and capital. A
city’s overall attractiveness is influenced by a range of
factors, including availability of an attractive housing
stock and good schools, attractive public spaces and cul-
tural life, the social cohesion of the city and safety.
As an organisation, the City of Malmö is an important
player with its investments, operations and services, and
in order for these to be financed long-term through
taxes and other fees it is important that they must be
co-ordinated with spatial planning. Infrastructure
investment is a good example of a physical structure
that is vital for economic competitiveness.
The broad socio-economic perspective requires
short-term goals and priorities to be weighed against
long-term progress. Economic sustainability implies
responsible use of both human and natural resources.
RESOURCE EFFICIENT SOCIETY AND ENVIRONME-
NTAL ROBUSTNESS
Environmental targets and aspects are high priorities in
planning the sustainable city. One basic objective is to
protect the basic needs of future generations, which
means that natural and climate boundaries must be con-
sidered for a sustainable city to develop. Long-term pre-
servation of the ecosystem's production capacity is a basic
requirement, as is protecting nature and human health
from negative environmental impact.
The City of Malmö has adopted a number of ambi-
tious goals concerning resource effectivity and ecologi-
cal sustainability. In cooperation with Copenhagen,
Malmö is planning to make the Öresund Region Europe's
first cross-border carbon-neutral zone.
The environmental objectives require Malmö to be
supplied by locally sourced renewable energy as well as
reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This requires con-
structing an increasingly resource-efficient city. Biodi-
versity must be preserved, arable land and natural assets
safeguarded, natural resources efficiently utilized and
water supplies protected. Commuting habits must be
changed in order to create an environmentally sound
system, both locally and regionally.
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The map shows the strategy that the city basically shall grow inwards
with urban concentration at public transport nodes.
EXPLANATIONS
	 Areas for urban development
	
	 Public transportation node
	 Arterial roads with potential for densification
	 Structuring green passages
	
	 Principled tramways and regional rail
	connections
	
	 Existing railroads
	 Outer freight railroad / Öresundsmetro
Principled Development Strategy
Prioritized development areas.
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Priorities
Achieving the city's objectives requires the application
of clear development priorities. Malmö's principal deve-
lopment strategy is the dense urban city.
A mixed-function dense, green and
close city
An overarching priority is for Malmö to grow inwards,
within the outer ring road. This will allow the city to spa-
tially organize in a way that encourages social interac-
tion, reduces Malmö's environmental footprint and
increases its appeal. Focusing on inward growth is a
robust strategy as construction can be tailored to requi-
rements, that is to say that production can slow or even
stop without complications.
SAVING RESOURCES THROUGH HIGHER DENSITY
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
A more compact city is more resource and energy effi-
cient than a sprawling urban landscape and increases
the ability of the people of Malmö to choose a sustaina-
ble lifestyle.
By building a higher density city in the existing
urban landscape, the potential to create a resource effi-
cient transport system increases, enabling more people
to abandon their car in favour of transportation with a
low environmental impact such as walking, cycling or
public transport. New economic values are also created
by increasing the physical development opportunities
within a given space.
BUILDING FOR PROXIMITY
Malmö is a city that is‘close’from many perspectives; it is
a city close to the continent, close to Copenhagen, close
to the sea and close to the countryside. These qualities
should be strengthened further by creating a city that is
flexible, multifunctional and space efficient.
The ideal of proximity and‘closeness’applies to a
number of priorities for Malmö’s physical planning:
community service should be available in all parts of the
city and public services such as schools and pre-schools
should thus be located close to residential areas. In
dense development, residential areas are also close to
private service and retail. Shops and other businesses
directed at the general public should to a larger extent
be located close to housing, along main roads and
around public transport hubs.
A more compact city is not less green. Retaining
green qualities in a more dense city is crucial. The dis-
tance to green urban spaces will be reduced and with
more people in the same space, existing parks must be
developed and new ones established.
MIXED-FUNCTION CITY AND A VIBRANT CITY LIFE
The compact urban landscape is to become increasingly
multi-functional by adding complimentary elements
such as employment opportunities in residential areas.
With more people residing and operating in the same
space the demand for services, shops and leisure
increases.
In order to increase social sustainability, areas with
homogenous forms of housing will be interspersed with
new forms of tenure or architecture in order to achieve a
more diverse mixture of households.
A regional generator of green growth
and employment
It is vital for the city's development and the welfare of its
inhabitants to encourage economic growth, generate
employment and secure people's livelihoods.
REINFORCING THE ÖRESUND REGION’S ABILITY
TO GENERATE GREEN GROWTH
The Öresund Region will be a generator of green econo-
mic growth and a place where growth and high quality
of life go hand in hand. The Copenhagen-Malmö-Lund
metropolitan area will create a financial dynamism that
will affect not only the Öresund Region but also the
remainder of Sweden and Denmark. Cooperation bet-
ween Malmö and Lund will be deepened by a joint
vision and development work. The Fehmarn Belt fixed
link will enable more close cooperation with the German
city of Hamburg.
Establishing further connections over the Öresund
Strait is key for securing long-term growth in the region.
A partnership with Copenhagen has been established in
order to explore the possibility of an Öresund Metro.
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CONTINUED DEVELOPMENT OF AN ATTRACTIVE
CITY
An attractive city is a city that prioritizes environmental
issues. Experience will be drawn from Malmö's visionary
initiatives with an environmental or climate focus and
continued successful environmental work will be added
to creative developments in order to make Malmö a
healthier milieu for individuals and businesses alike.
Malmö's attractiveness and economic and social
development is reliant on a functional housing market
which offers a broad selection of good homes. High qua-
lity of childcare is crucial to attract working families. Good
schools ensure that as many young people as possible
progress into higher education and future employment.
CREATING SPACE FOR A DIVERSE COMMERCIAL
SECTOR
To be a centre of regional growth where companies can
safely invest, it is essential that Malmö can provide a
continuous supply of premises and land for both small
start-ups and major international companies who wish
to locate in the city.
The majority of Malmö's jobs can be found in the so-
called 'mixed-function city' next to housing and other
functions. It is, however, also important to create room
for more spatially demanding companies that are
important generators of employment.
The city as a cultural and democratic
arena
The role of the city as a social and democratic space
increases as society becomes more fragmented.
INCREASING AND IMPROVING SOCIAL SPACES
It is important to plan for a socially cohesive Malmö by
promoting movement between the city's neighbour-
hoods and better access to improved social spaces.The
city's social divisions will heal by dismantling barriers,
improving transport and creating new attractions and
spaces for interaction. A broad selection of spaces and
premises must be available for cultural activity all across
the city, and public spaces such as parks, squares, sports
halls, playgrounds, libraries, museums, etc. all have an
important role to play. It should be possible to travel eve-
rywhere within the city by public transport, bike or foot.
WORKING FOR SECURITY AND EQUALITY IN THE
CITY
Men and women utilize city spaces in different ways.
There should be a gender perspective included in all
aspects of planning in order to achieve a secure environ-
ment and provide every man, woman and child with a
feeling of safety. Key issues are safety in public spaces
and access to public transport.
The traffic in Malmö must have high safety features
while still allowing people to move around the city. This
is especially important for the disabled, pensioners and
children.
Links must be forged between the city's communi-
ties to heal a segregated Malmö. By redesigning trunk
roads and other main roads into urban high streets the
barriers will be lifted and mental distances reduced.
WORKING FOR A HEALTHY CITY
Public health is a prerequisite for social development,
welfare and economic growth. The city therefore prioriti-
zes reducing the disparity in health within its borders.
This means creating opportunities for good living condi-
tions but also encouraging healthy lifestyles. Reducing
overcrowding and making sure everyone can afford
good accommodation are also important aspects.
A diverse selection of social spaces, green areas and
parks, nature and recreational areas and leisure and
sports facilities allows for people of all ages and social
backgrounds to engage in recreation, sport and play.
ENCOURAGING PARTICIPATION
People who feel part of the democratic process and find
support amongst their peers are the people with the
best health. Physical planning can promote participation
both in the layout of communities as well as actively
encouraging input in the planning process.
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Land Use Plan
MAPS
All maps belonging to the plan can
be found in a web-based map tool.
The thematic map layers can be
combined, and turned on an off as
desired. Connected to the maps are
planning guidelines for the different
themes and geographical areas.
See www.malmo.se/op/karta
EXPLANATIONS
Mixed use, existing
Mixed use, new
Industrial area, existing
Industrial area, new
Agriculture
	
Parks and nature, existing
Parks and nature, new
Cemetery
Sport and leisure
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Strategies
To achieve Malmö's planning priorities, a number of collaborating strategies
must be formed and executed. The most important of these strategies are briefly
outlined in this section.
Regional cooperation
For Malmö, most planning issues have a regional dimension. When both inhabi-
tants and companies in and around Malmö operate and live independently of
municipal and national borders, it is a necessity for the city to broaden its hori-
zons. With the building of the Öresund Bridge in 2001, Malmö became a part of a
larger cross-border region with a total of over 3.5 million inhabitants. Increased
cooperation between the cities in this region – including Lund and neighboring
municipalities in the east – is crucial for Malmö’s future development and attrac-
tiveness.
The Copenhagen-Malmö Region should be Scandinavia’s business center,
with the best climate for international companies. This will require a number of
physical investments and strategies:
STRATEGIES
•	 Map the capacity of the Öresund Bridge and investigate a new rail connec-
tion between the city centers of Copenhagen and Malmö.
•	 Planning and designating land for future businesses and eliminating barriers
to cross-border entrepreneurship in the region.
•	 The Malmö-Lund Region should cooperate around common priorities in
infrastructure investment and have joint discussions with national and regi-
onal governments.
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Business and tourism
Malmö’s transformation from industrial to knowledge city has meant a large
scale restructuring of the city’s commercial life. A more diverse business sector,
less vulnerable to global changes has emerged. A denser city means less physical
space per employee for every business. Functional environments in attractive
urban settings will permit more work opportunities per square foot in both the
inner city and designated industrial areas.
Retail and tourism plays a considerable roll in Malmö’s commercial activity.
The two sectors have a symbiotic relationship with tourism increasing retail busi-
ness and an attractive, diverse retail selection strengthening Malmö as a visiting
destination.
By a clear vision and long-term plan for the development and localization of
different business sectors in Malmö, the commercial activity can grow in a man-
ner that is economically, socially and ecologically sustainable.
STRATEGIES
•	 Malmö’s attractiveness as both a business location and place of residence
should increase.
•	 Malmö’s central areas and areas within walking distance from railway sta-
tions and future tramlines should be especially prioritized for business loca-
tion.
•	 Current retail districts and thoroughfares should be strengthened, focusing
on developing the unique characteristics of each one.
An equal, safe and health promoting city
The access to, and possibility of meeting in, public spaces is a basic facet of a
democratic society. Well-functioning public spaces of different sizes – local as
well as city wide – should be evenly distributed throughout the city. A good
meeting place is accessible, welcoming to all and preferably free.
Designing a city that is accessible and welcoming to all, regardless of gender,
disability, sexual preference or ethnic background is a very important aspect of
urban planning. How these factors affect the use of the city need to be better
understood and incorporated into the planning process.
Besides factors like noise, pollution and physical activity, health is also stron-
gly affected by social factors such as participation, meaningful employment and
societal trust. The planning and design of cities and neighbourhoods can, either
directly or indirectly, affect these factors and contribute to better health and
wellbeing amongst its citizens.
STRATEGIES
•	 More and better public meeting places should be created in Malmö. They
should be evenly distributed (relative to population density) throughout
the city.
•	 The different experiences and needs of men, women and children should
be made visible and considered in the urban planning.
•	 The urban planning should contribute to a equal public health by planning
and designing health promoting environments in all parts of the city.
The Commission For a Socially Sustaina-
ble Malmö was a commission of scien-
tists and civil servants appointed to for-
mulate strategies to decrease the
health inequalities in Malmö. The
commission's final report was released
in 2013.
The strategies formulated in the report
will in many ways guide the direction of
Malmö's physical planning in years to
come. Strategies concerning urban
planning include doing social impact
assessments on all projects involving
physical investments, reducing physical
barriers in the city and increasing parti-
cipation in the planning process.
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A denser city with more mixed-fuction
Fitting a large part of Malmö’s expansion inside the outer ring road will mean
increasing the building volume in the existing city. This can be achieved in a
number of ways, mostly through continued development of previous industrial
and harbour areas. It could also take the form of densifying along approach roads
and other large streets or adding floors to existing buildings.
Building a denser city is a stable strategy which allows for both continued
population growth as well as other development scenarios.
STRATEGIES
•	 An effective land use should always be strived for. The existing city should
be supplemented and densified, especially in proximity to rail stations and
along public transport routes.
•	 Physical and mental barriers should be bridged through building, for
example by densifying along certain approach roads, transforming them
into city streets.
•	 All parts of the city should be planned to contain the largest variety of fun-
ctions possible. Functions such as residences, retail, social services, sports,
culture and offices can all exist in one single area.
•	 Existing industrial areas with low land use and large parking lots and
expansion surfaces should be densified to provide more space for other
businesses.
A greener city
An attractive and sustainable urban environment needs to be both dense and
green. Greenery has health improving qualities as well as reducing pollution
and noise in the city. When the number of people sharing the same space
increases, more greenery of different kinds is needed. Creating a greener city
requires innovation concerning, for example, space efficiency and mainte-
nance. Increased multi-functionality and use value in the green areas of the
city is needed.
Larger, interconnected parks and nature areas are important for recreation,
biodiversity and ecosystem services. By connecting parks and recreational areas
with green links they become more accessible and easier to use. By adding new
green qualities such as green city squares, trees and greenery along streets, the
green links are strengthened further.
STRATEGIES
•	 Densifying greenery in the inner city could mean adding new parks or
using spaces with previous other use, such as parking spaces, for nature
or greenery.
•	 Greenery along streets should be increased with the goal of vastly increa-
sing the number of trees along Malmö’s streets and city squares.
•	 Malmö should have a multitude of large and small parks, nature areas and
city squares strategically placed, evenly distributed and connected by a net-
work of green links. An aim is for every residence to have access to a larger
park within 1 km.
By connecting the city's parks and
recreational areas with green links
they become more accessible
and easier to use.
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Traffic and transportation
Through transportation planning there are opportunities of contributing to a
more sustainable social development that benefits the city and its inhabitants.
Several factors necessitate new directions in transport planning: the coming fuel
shortage, climate change, health problems, space constraints and so forth. A
continued population growth will put an increased strain on Malmö’s traffic sys-
tems while the land use must simultaneously be effective.
Priorities in the traffic system will be necessary; this means prioritizing bet-
ween space for traffic and space for buildings, squares, parks and other urban
elements. To achieve Malmö’s physical development goals, these priorities must
be made from the overall needs and gains of the city.
As the city becomes denser and is linked together by new buildings and con-
nections, the pedestrian perspective becomes increasingly important. Pedestrian
traffic should be more highly prioritized – not least because of the contribution
to urban life pedestrians provide. Safety, comfort, upkeep, design and easier
orientation are important issues to encourage people to walk more.
The city’s ambition for Malmö as a bicycle town needs to be raised. For bicyc-
ling to become the first hand choice for transportation, several strong measures
and investments need to be undertaken. Higher upkeep priority for bicycle paths
as well as behavioral measures will also be needed.
Public transport routes and nodes are fundamental to the city’s physical
structure. A strengthened public transport system contributes to faster and
easier transportation and thus links the city together. Public transport has made
regional expansion possible but can also strengthen inter-city integration.
Investments are needed to assure that the public transport system can promote
sustainable growth while simultaneously improving the urban environment,
minimizing noise and pollution and achieving Malmö’s environmental goals.
Tram is a means of transport that in a clear and structuring manner can sti-
mulate urban development and provide investment incentive along its routes.
STRATEGIES
•	 The city's traffic solutions should be human-centered. A well functioning
traffic system should improve health, safety and social cohesion.
•	 The transport system should contribute to more people walking, bicycling
or using public transport. These means of transport should be prioritized in
both local and regional traffic.
•	 All citizens, regardless of age, gender or physical ability, should safely be
able to move around the city by foot. Important destinations such as city
squares, parks and stations should be linked together better for pedestrians.
•	 Bicycling in Malmö should be simple and safe for everyone. The bicycle sys-
tem should be complemented with strategically identified links, become
more easily navigated and safe and be prioritized higher.
•	 Public transport should form the structural backbone of the urban planning.
Public transport, urban development and construction should support each
other.
•	 Malmö's public transport system should become more attractive: faster,
more conveniant, comfortable and safe and more easily accessible to diffe-
rent social groups.
Public transport network.
Main streets and roads.
Main cycle network.
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Sustainable waste management, energy and
construction
Closed eco-cycles mean solutions which don’t strain the earth’s resources. For
the single citizen, waste management is the most concrete form of environme-
ntal work. The sustainable city requires a waste management which enables
handling your waste in an accessible, safe and environmentally sustainable
manner.
The energy sector – including transports – produces the largest share of
the world’s emission of greenhouse gases. Renewable energy sources must be
phased in and fossil fuels phased out. Malmö’s Energy Strategy has the stated
goal of supporting Malmö's geographical area entirely with renewable energy
by 2030.
Investment in urban ecology contributes to decreased resource use. Energy
efficient housing, resource effective construction and sustainable buildings
combined with attractive architecture create both ecological and economic
values.
STRATEGIES
•	 Planning of waste sorting facilities in conjunction with housing and busines-
ses should be standard. Larger waste sorting stations should be evenly dist-
ributed throughout the city.
•	 Malmö's advantageous conditions for producing renewable energy, heat
and gas through wind, biomass, geoenergy and sun should be used in the
best manner.
•	 Building construction should be characterized by longevity, smart energy
solutions and environmentally adapted materials.
Nature and rural landsacpes
Malmö is a highly urbanized and agrarian municipality but still contains ele-
ments of nature and natural resources. This means the existing natural environ-
ments such as fields, leaf forests and wetlands are all the more important to safe-
guard. Ecosystem services are crucial to human existence and society's ability to
nurture and maintain them determines their future survival.
An interaction between the rural and the urban is a pre-requisite for a sus-
tainable society. A denser, less sprawling city permits unique rural landscapes
and natural environments to be preserved. Through preservation, develop-
ment and supplementing, Malmö’s surrounding rural and agricultural landsca-
pes will become more attractive and increasingly accessible to the
municipality’s inhabitants.
STRATEGIES
•	 Natural resources within the municipality must be used in a way that
promotes long-term sustainability.
•	 The municipality’s areal of land with’high natural values’should increase.
•	 The municipality should be restrictive with urban expansion on its exis-
ting rural and agricultural land.
Malmö’s Energy Strategy has the
stated goal of supporting Malmö's
geographical area entirely with
renewable energy by 2030.
Areas for windpower.
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Climate adaptation
Climate adaptation entails focusing on measures to alleviate or prevent the
effects of climate change or making use of its possibilities. The consequences of
climate change such as rising sea levels and increased precipitation can greatly
affect Malmö. By proactive and preventive measures, future costs for damages
can be reduced.
STRATEGIES
•	 There must be planning and preparedness for the effects of climate change.
•	 Urban runoff should be handled so safety margins for extreme precipitation
are met.
Sea, coast and water
Malmö's water areas are important resources to protect for both natural, social
and economical reasons. With new, urban seaside development areas, Malmö's
profile as a coast city is strengthened. The city's beaches can be developed by
adding more activities and its natural coastal areas can be made more accessible
to the public.
Groundwater is a life necessity by providing drinking water and must be pro-
tected by active planning measures. Water in built environments provides both
ecological as well aesthetic and pedagogical values. It also detains water, giving
it time to cleanse.
STRATEGIES
•	 The urban planning should protect the ecosystem services of the sea and
coast while still taking advantage of Malmö's coastal location.
•	 Malmö and its neighbouring municipalities should co-operate to protect the
groundwater.
•	 Urban runoff should be handled in a sustainable and safe way.
Production
Malmö, September 2014
Illustrations:
Džiugas Lukoševičius
Translation:
graham & gunnestad HB samt Philip Tanimura (Malmö City Planning Office)
Print: Holmbergs
Malmö’s comprehensive plan looks two decades into the future. The
overarching aim is that Malmö will be an attractive and sustainable
city socially, environmentally and economically. The city should be
able to continue to grow and there will be a need for more housing,
work places and service. The aim is to create a robust and long-term
sustainable urban structure for an increased population, green
growth and a continued development of Malmö’s attractiveness.
When Malmö is complimented with new development there is an
opportunity to improve the existing qualities of the city. Malmö has
the ambition to be a world leader in sustainable urban develop-
ment which provides a range of challenges, for example regarding
environmental issues. Achieving a socially balanced city where eve-
ryone can enjoy good conditions for life is a decisive challenge for
Malmö. A prioritised target is therefore to strengthen the economic
base for the livelihood of Malmö’s citizens.
Malmö should be a neighbourly, compact and mixed-use city – a
green city with a transport system that puts people in focus.
Malmö, together with Copenhagen, will function as an engine in
the Öresund region to strengthen competitiveness.

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World sve malmo stad_2014_en_malmo-sustainable urban planning

  • 1. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR MALMÖ SUMMARY IN ENGLISH Adopted by Malmö City Council on May 22nd 2014
  • 2. 2 Foreword The comprehensive plan consists of different parts: stra- tegies, maps with planning guidelines and an environ- mental impact assessment. All parts of the plan can be seen at www.malmo.se/op STRATEGIES MAPS digital web-tool www.malm.se/op/karta ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT The City of Malmö has experienced a successful transfor- mation from industrial city in crisis to a modern, environ- mentally aware and forward-looking city. This new com- prehensive plan is a strategy for a new era, looking towards Malmö in the 2030s. The comprehensive plan is a representation of the City of Malmö's long-term vision for development and shows how planning can contribute to its implementa- tion. The future is uncertain, but we can still make pre- dictions on how different areas, such as technology, are likely to develop. To an extent we create our own future, although we are also subject to change from events and processes outside our sphere of both influence and geo- graphy. In order to navigate these hurdles we have to act wisely. Economic, social and environmental sustainability are key objectives for the continued development of Malmö. The strategy to maintain Malmö's inward expan- sion was developed in order to efficiently deal with both strong and weak increases in population. Dense urban areas are more resource efficient and therefore have reduced environmental impact in comparison with low- density development. A compact city provides a strong foundation for a safe and vibrant urban environment and will do much to increase the appeal of Malmö. Malmö's power of attraction is a key part of ensuring a dynamic and expanding labour market. We must coo- perate with the commercial and voluntary sectors in Katrin Stjernfeldt Jammeh Chair of the City Executive Board order to create employment and guarantee the people of Malmö access to these jobs. Social divides in Malmö are to be healed and the city united – barriers are to be broken and inequalities are to be reduced through considered social investment. In the same way that we invest in the physical infrastructure then we must invest in Malmö’s human capital. It is important that the Öresund Region is given ample opportunity to develop. It is already apparent that a new connection between Malmö and Copenha- gen will be needed and planning has now started on an Öresund Metro. The mental national border is to be era- sed and the labour and housing markets as well as cul- tural and commercial spheres are to be woven together across the strait. As a strategic document with clear directional tar- gets, a comprehensive plan is intended as a guide and support for municipal decisions on all levels. It aims to aid and inspire decisions and practices within the city's various departments to create a more sustainable Malmö. The comprehensive plan will also aim to spur other actors – private, public and voluntary – in their work to improve the city. We create Malmö’s future together. 2
  • 3. 3 Summary A comprehensive plan for a new age Malmö faces several serious challenges in the coming years. It is vital for the development of Malmö to create a socially balanced city with good living conditions for all its citizens. The city should be allowed to grow, but with the smallest possible environmental impact, both locally and globally. Malmö should be a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable city and an attractive place to live and work. These three areas of sustainability work in mutual symbiosis and cooperation. Special priorities Clear priorities will be required for Malmö’s physical planning to achieve its objectives. These main priorities are: CLOSE, DENSE, GREEN MIXED-FUNCTION CITY Malmö's should mainly grow by inward expansion. This means mainly expanding within the city’s outer ring road. Creating a more dense city will lead to a reduced consumption of resources. Malmö will develop as a mixed-function city in order to generate a rich and vibrant urban life which still retains strong elements of greenery. Walking, cycling and public transport will form the basis of the transport system. Malmö is to be a socially, environmentally and economically sustainable city. A REGIONAL DRIVER OF GREEN GROWTH AND EM- PLOYMENT Growth-oriented ventures to further the welfare of the people of Malmö and increasing chances of employ- ment and financial security are of central importance to the development of the city. Furthering regional cooperation is a key priority. Copenhagen-Malmö-Lund are to form a coherent metropolis and generate a vibrant economy in the Öresund region. THE CITY AS A VENUE FOR CULTURE AND DEMO- CRACY Urban spaces are important for desirable social deve- lopment, shared venues for human contact and for sti- mulating democracy and inclusion. More social spaces are needed and safety and equality in the city's urban spaces must increase. Public health is vital to ensure positive development, welfare and growth. Reducing the public health divide within the city has high prio- rity. The city is also socially strengthened by public par- ticipation and it is essential that steps are taken to increase participation in the planning processes. Implementation strategies and work processes A shared holistic approach will be needed for Malmö to reach its overarching goals. Cooperation between the city's committees, departments and companies must be improved in order to ensure that priorities and investments are coherently and strategically targeted. Investment needs to be targeted where it will do the most long-term good. Strategies Achieving the overarching targets and priorities require a number of strategies. The most important of these strategies are briefly described in this English summary. More detailed planning guidelines can also be found in a web-based map tool. The map layers that together constitute the land use map can be found there (www.malmo.se/op). 3
  • 4. 4 General Objectives AN APPEALING CITY THAT IS SOCIALLY, ENVIRON- MENTALLY AND ECONOMICALLY SUSTAINABLE The three areas of sustainability are mutually depen- dent and intricately linked – neither can be achieved without the others. The goal is to create an attractive and sustainable city with a robust urban structure for a growing population. SOCIAL BALANCE AND GOOD LIVING CONDITIONS Social sustainability means creating a society that provi- des opportunities to build a good life for the citizens of today and tomorrow. This means securing every citizen’s basic needs such as employment, education, safety and healthcare, but it also includes other aspects such as democratic participation, having a sense of belonging and opportunities for creative expression. A socially balanced city should also be an equitable city. This means every citizen – woman and man, young and old, wealthy and poor – should be provided the same ability and opportunity to shape society and their own lives. Malmö is partly characterized by segregation and social disparity: differences in living standard and public health between different city districts are large. These trends must be broken for Malmö to unlock the full potential that the city's population and cultural struc- ture offers. The physical environment is a framework for social interaction and is therefore a basic condition of life in the city. The city’s spatial arrangement and design affects the movements, habits and residential patterns of its citizens. In conjunction with other sectors, physical planning can therefore contribute to a more socially cohesive city. ECONOMIC DYNAMISM AND SUSTAINABILITY Economic sustainability entails a robust development of the city and its business community, creating value and supplying the region and the people of Malmö with an income and livelihood. Companies should have good opportunities to operate and grow and Malmö should be a place which attracts established businesses. Diver- sity in the commercial sector is important to secure a strong post-industrial economy which can supply a range of employment opportunities, ensuring an even spread of wellbeing. A city with a well-educated popula- tion is the basis for a positive development in the private sector. Cities and regions compete for people and capital. A city’s overall attractiveness is influenced by a range of factors, including availability of an attractive housing stock and good schools, attractive public spaces and cul- tural life, the social cohesion of the city and safety. As an organisation, the City of Malmö is an important player with its investments, operations and services, and in order for these to be financed long-term through taxes and other fees it is important that they must be co-ordinated with spatial planning. Infrastructure investment is a good example of a physical structure that is vital for economic competitiveness. The broad socio-economic perspective requires short-term goals and priorities to be weighed against long-term progress. Economic sustainability implies responsible use of both human and natural resources. RESOURCE EFFICIENT SOCIETY AND ENVIRONME- NTAL ROBUSTNESS Environmental targets and aspects are high priorities in planning the sustainable city. One basic objective is to protect the basic needs of future generations, which means that natural and climate boundaries must be con- sidered for a sustainable city to develop. Long-term pre- servation of the ecosystem's production capacity is a basic requirement, as is protecting nature and human health from negative environmental impact. The City of Malmö has adopted a number of ambi- tious goals concerning resource effectivity and ecologi- cal sustainability. In cooperation with Copenhagen, Malmö is planning to make the Öresund Region Europe's first cross-border carbon-neutral zone. The environmental objectives require Malmö to be supplied by locally sourced renewable energy as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This requires con- structing an increasingly resource-efficient city. Biodi- versity must be preserved, arable land and natural assets safeguarded, natural resources efficiently utilized and water supplies protected. Commuting habits must be changed in order to create an environmentally sound system, both locally and regionally.
  • 5. 5 The map shows the strategy that the city basically shall grow inwards with urban concentration at public transport nodes. EXPLANATIONS Areas for urban development Public transportation node Arterial roads with potential for densification Structuring green passages Principled tramways and regional rail connections Existing railroads Outer freight railroad / Öresundsmetro Principled Development Strategy Prioritized development areas.
  • 6. 6 Priorities Achieving the city's objectives requires the application of clear development priorities. Malmö's principal deve- lopment strategy is the dense urban city. A mixed-function dense, green and close city An overarching priority is for Malmö to grow inwards, within the outer ring road. This will allow the city to spa- tially organize in a way that encourages social interac- tion, reduces Malmö's environmental footprint and increases its appeal. Focusing on inward growth is a robust strategy as construction can be tailored to requi- rements, that is to say that production can slow or even stop without complications. SAVING RESOURCES THROUGH HIGHER DENSITY URBAN DEVELOPMENT A more compact city is more resource and energy effi- cient than a sprawling urban landscape and increases the ability of the people of Malmö to choose a sustaina- ble lifestyle. By building a higher density city in the existing urban landscape, the potential to create a resource effi- cient transport system increases, enabling more people to abandon their car in favour of transportation with a low environmental impact such as walking, cycling or public transport. New economic values are also created by increasing the physical development opportunities within a given space. BUILDING FOR PROXIMITY Malmö is a city that is‘close’from many perspectives; it is a city close to the continent, close to Copenhagen, close to the sea and close to the countryside. These qualities should be strengthened further by creating a city that is flexible, multifunctional and space efficient. The ideal of proximity and‘closeness’applies to a number of priorities for Malmö’s physical planning: community service should be available in all parts of the city and public services such as schools and pre-schools should thus be located close to residential areas. In dense development, residential areas are also close to private service and retail. Shops and other businesses directed at the general public should to a larger extent be located close to housing, along main roads and around public transport hubs. A more compact city is not less green. Retaining green qualities in a more dense city is crucial. The dis- tance to green urban spaces will be reduced and with more people in the same space, existing parks must be developed and new ones established. MIXED-FUNCTION CITY AND A VIBRANT CITY LIFE The compact urban landscape is to become increasingly multi-functional by adding complimentary elements such as employment opportunities in residential areas. With more people residing and operating in the same space the demand for services, shops and leisure increases. In order to increase social sustainability, areas with homogenous forms of housing will be interspersed with new forms of tenure or architecture in order to achieve a more diverse mixture of households. A regional generator of green growth and employment It is vital for the city's development and the welfare of its inhabitants to encourage economic growth, generate employment and secure people's livelihoods. REINFORCING THE ÖRESUND REGION’S ABILITY TO GENERATE GREEN GROWTH The Öresund Region will be a generator of green econo- mic growth and a place where growth and high quality of life go hand in hand. The Copenhagen-Malmö-Lund metropolitan area will create a financial dynamism that will affect not only the Öresund Region but also the remainder of Sweden and Denmark. Cooperation bet- ween Malmö and Lund will be deepened by a joint vision and development work. The Fehmarn Belt fixed link will enable more close cooperation with the German city of Hamburg. Establishing further connections over the Öresund Strait is key for securing long-term growth in the region. A partnership with Copenhagen has been established in order to explore the possibility of an Öresund Metro.
  • 7. 7 CONTINUED DEVELOPMENT OF AN ATTRACTIVE CITY An attractive city is a city that prioritizes environmental issues. Experience will be drawn from Malmö's visionary initiatives with an environmental or climate focus and continued successful environmental work will be added to creative developments in order to make Malmö a healthier milieu for individuals and businesses alike. Malmö's attractiveness and economic and social development is reliant on a functional housing market which offers a broad selection of good homes. High qua- lity of childcare is crucial to attract working families. Good schools ensure that as many young people as possible progress into higher education and future employment. CREATING SPACE FOR A DIVERSE COMMERCIAL SECTOR To be a centre of regional growth where companies can safely invest, it is essential that Malmö can provide a continuous supply of premises and land for both small start-ups and major international companies who wish to locate in the city. The majority of Malmö's jobs can be found in the so- called 'mixed-function city' next to housing and other functions. It is, however, also important to create room for more spatially demanding companies that are important generators of employment. The city as a cultural and democratic arena The role of the city as a social and democratic space increases as society becomes more fragmented. INCREASING AND IMPROVING SOCIAL SPACES It is important to plan for a socially cohesive Malmö by promoting movement between the city's neighbour- hoods and better access to improved social spaces.The city's social divisions will heal by dismantling barriers, improving transport and creating new attractions and spaces for interaction. A broad selection of spaces and premises must be available for cultural activity all across the city, and public spaces such as parks, squares, sports halls, playgrounds, libraries, museums, etc. all have an important role to play. It should be possible to travel eve- rywhere within the city by public transport, bike or foot. WORKING FOR SECURITY AND EQUALITY IN THE CITY Men and women utilize city spaces in different ways. There should be a gender perspective included in all aspects of planning in order to achieve a secure environ- ment and provide every man, woman and child with a feeling of safety. Key issues are safety in public spaces and access to public transport. The traffic in Malmö must have high safety features while still allowing people to move around the city. This is especially important for the disabled, pensioners and children. Links must be forged between the city's communi- ties to heal a segregated Malmö. By redesigning trunk roads and other main roads into urban high streets the barriers will be lifted and mental distances reduced. WORKING FOR A HEALTHY CITY Public health is a prerequisite for social development, welfare and economic growth. The city therefore prioriti- zes reducing the disparity in health within its borders. This means creating opportunities for good living condi- tions but also encouraging healthy lifestyles. Reducing overcrowding and making sure everyone can afford good accommodation are also important aspects. A diverse selection of social spaces, green areas and parks, nature and recreational areas and leisure and sports facilities allows for people of all ages and social backgrounds to engage in recreation, sport and play. ENCOURAGING PARTICIPATION People who feel part of the democratic process and find support amongst their peers are the people with the best health. Physical planning can promote participation both in the layout of communities as well as actively encouraging input in the planning process.
  • 8. 8 Land Use Plan MAPS All maps belonging to the plan can be found in a web-based map tool. The thematic map layers can be combined, and turned on an off as desired. Connected to the maps are planning guidelines for the different themes and geographical areas. See www.malmo.se/op/karta EXPLANATIONS Mixed use, existing Mixed use, new Industrial area, existing Industrial area, new Agriculture Parks and nature, existing Parks and nature, new Cemetery Sport and leisure
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10 Strategies To achieve Malmö's planning priorities, a number of collaborating strategies must be formed and executed. The most important of these strategies are briefly outlined in this section. Regional cooperation For Malmö, most planning issues have a regional dimension. When both inhabi- tants and companies in and around Malmö operate and live independently of municipal and national borders, it is a necessity for the city to broaden its hori- zons. With the building of the Öresund Bridge in 2001, Malmö became a part of a larger cross-border region with a total of over 3.5 million inhabitants. Increased cooperation between the cities in this region – including Lund and neighboring municipalities in the east – is crucial for Malmö’s future development and attrac- tiveness. The Copenhagen-Malmö Region should be Scandinavia’s business center, with the best climate for international companies. This will require a number of physical investments and strategies: STRATEGIES • Map the capacity of the Öresund Bridge and investigate a new rail connec- tion between the city centers of Copenhagen and Malmö. • Planning and designating land for future businesses and eliminating barriers to cross-border entrepreneurship in the region. • The Malmö-Lund Region should cooperate around common priorities in infrastructure investment and have joint discussions with national and regi- onal governments.
  • 11. 11 Business and tourism Malmö’s transformation from industrial to knowledge city has meant a large scale restructuring of the city’s commercial life. A more diverse business sector, less vulnerable to global changes has emerged. A denser city means less physical space per employee for every business. Functional environments in attractive urban settings will permit more work opportunities per square foot in both the inner city and designated industrial areas. Retail and tourism plays a considerable roll in Malmö’s commercial activity. The two sectors have a symbiotic relationship with tourism increasing retail busi- ness and an attractive, diverse retail selection strengthening Malmö as a visiting destination. By a clear vision and long-term plan for the development and localization of different business sectors in Malmö, the commercial activity can grow in a man- ner that is economically, socially and ecologically sustainable. STRATEGIES • Malmö’s attractiveness as both a business location and place of residence should increase. • Malmö’s central areas and areas within walking distance from railway sta- tions and future tramlines should be especially prioritized for business loca- tion. • Current retail districts and thoroughfares should be strengthened, focusing on developing the unique characteristics of each one. An equal, safe and health promoting city The access to, and possibility of meeting in, public spaces is a basic facet of a democratic society. Well-functioning public spaces of different sizes – local as well as city wide – should be evenly distributed throughout the city. A good meeting place is accessible, welcoming to all and preferably free. Designing a city that is accessible and welcoming to all, regardless of gender, disability, sexual preference or ethnic background is a very important aspect of urban planning. How these factors affect the use of the city need to be better understood and incorporated into the planning process. Besides factors like noise, pollution and physical activity, health is also stron- gly affected by social factors such as participation, meaningful employment and societal trust. The planning and design of cities and neighbourhoods can, either directly or indirectly, affect these factors and contribute to better health and wellbeing amongst its citizens. STRATEGIES • More and better public meeting places should be created in Malmö. They should be evenly distributed (relative to population density) throughout the city. • The different experiences and needs of men, women and children should be made visible and considered in the urban planning. • The urban planning should contribute to a equal public health by planning and designing health promoting environments in all parts of the city. The Commission For a Socially Sustaina- ble Malmö was a commission of scien- tists and civil servants appointed to for- mulate strategies to decrease the health inequalities in Malmö. The commission's final report was released in 2013. The strategies formulated in the report will in many ways guide the direction of Malmö's physical planning in years to come. Strategies concerning urban planning include doing social impact assessments on all projects involving physical investments, reducing physical barriers in the city and increasing parti- cipation in the planning process.
  • 12. 12 A denser city with more mixed-fuction Fitting a large part of Malmö’s expansion inside the outer ring road will mean increasing the building volume in the existing city. This can be achieved in a number of ways, mostly through continued development of previous industrial and harbour areas. It could also take the form of densifying along approach roads and other large streets or adding floors to existing buildings. Building a denser city is a stable strategy which allows for both continued population growth as well as other development scenarios. STRATEGIES • An effective land use should always be strived for. The existing city should be supplemented and densified, especially in proximity to rail stations and along public transport routes. • Physical and mental barriers should be bridged through building, for example by densifying along certain approach roads, transforming them into city streets. • All parts of the city should be planned to contain the largest variety of fun- ctions possible. Functions such as residences, retail, social services, sports, culture and offices can all exist in one single area. • Existing industrial areas with low land use and large parking lots and expansion surfaces should be densified to provide more space for other businesses. A greener city An attractive and sustainable urban environment needs to be both dense and green. Greenery has health improving qualities as well as reducing pollution and noise in the city. When the number of people sharing the same space increases, more greenery of different kinds is needed. Creating a greener city requires innovation concerning, for example, space efficiency and mainte- nance. Increased multi-functionality and use value in the green areas of the city is needed. Larger, interconnected parks and nature areas are important for recreation, biodiversity and ecosystem services. By connecting parks and recreational areas with green links they become more accessible and easier to use. By adding new green qualities such as green city squares, trees and greenery along streets, the green links are strengthened further. STRATEGIES • Densifying greenery in the inner city could mean adding new parks or using spaces with previous other use, such as parking spaces, for nature or greenery. • Greenery along streets should be increased with the goal of vastly increa- sing the number of trees along Malmö’s streets and city squares. • Malmö should have a multitude of large and small parks, nature areas and city squares strategically placed, evenly distributed and connected by a net- work of green links. An aim is for every residence to have access to a larger park within 1 km. By connecting the city's parks and recreational areas with green links they become more accessible and easier to use.
  • 13. 13 Traffic and transportation Through transportation planning there are opportunities of contributing to a more sustainable social development that benefits the city and its inhabitants. Several factors necessitate new directions in transport planning: the coming fuel shortage, climate change, health problems, space constraints and so forth. A continued population growth will put an increased strain on Malmö’s traffic sys- tems while the land use must simultaneously be effective. Priorities in the traffic system will be necessary; this means prioritizing bet- ween space for traffic and space for buildings, squares, parks and other urban elements. To achieve Malmö’s physical development goals, these priorities must be made from the overall needs and gains of the city. As the city becomes denser and is linked together by new buildings and con- nections, the pedestrian perspective becomes increasingly important. Pedestrian traffic should be more highly prioritized – not least because of the contribution to urban life pedestrians provide. Safety, comfort, upkeep, design and easier orientation are important issues to encourage people to walk more. The city’s ambition for Malmö as a bicycle town needs to be raised. For bicyc- ling to become the first hand choice for transportation, several strong measures and investments need to be undertaken. Higher upkeep priority for bicycle paths as well as behavioral measures will also be needed. Public transport routes and nodes are fundamental to the city’s physical structure. A strengthened public transport system contributes to faster and easier transportation and thus links the city together. Public transport has made regional expansion possible but can also strengthen inter-city integration. Investments are needed to assure that the public transport system can promote sustainable growth while simultaneously improving the urban environment, minimizing noise and pollution and achieving Malmö’s environmental goals. Tram is a means of transport that in a clear and structuring manner can sti- mulate urban development and provide investment incentive along its routes. STRATEGIES • The city's traffic solutions should be human-centered. A well functioning traffic system should improve health, safety and social cohesion. • The transport system should contribute to more people walking, bicycling or using public transport. These means of transport should be prioritized in both local and regional traffic. • All citizens, regardless of age, gender or physical ability, should safely be able to move around the city by foot. Important destinations such as city squares, parks and stations should be linked together better for pedestrians. • Bicycling in Malmö should be simple and safe for everyone. The bicycle sys- tem should be complemented with strategically identified links, become more easily navigated and safe and be prioritized higher. • Public transport should form the structural backbone of the urban planning. Public transport, urban development and construction should support each other. • Malmö's public transport system should become more attractive: faster, more conveniant, comfortable and safe and more easily accessible to diffe- rent social groups. Public transport network. Main streets and roads. Main cycle network.
  • 14. 14 Sustainable waste management, energy and construction Closed eco-cycles mean solutions which don’t strain the earth’s resources. For the single citizen, waste management is the most concrete form of environme- ntal work. The sustainable city requires a waste management which enables handling your waste in an accessible, safe and environmentally sustainable manner. The energy sector – including transports – produces the largest share of the world’s emission of greenhouse gases. Renewable energy sources must be phased in and fossil fuels phased out. Malmö’s Energy Strategy has the stated goal of supporting Malmö's geographical area entirely with renewable energy by 2030. Investment in urban ecology contributes to decreased resource use. Energy efficient housing, resource effective construction and sustainable buildings combined with attractive architecture create both ecological and economic values. STRATEGIES • Planning of waste sorting facilities in conjunction with housing and busines- ses should be standard. Larger waste sorting stations should be evenly dist- ributed throughout the city. • Malmö's advantageous conditions for producing renewable energy, heat and gas through wind, biomass, geoenergy and sun should be used in the best manner. • Building construction should be characterized by longevity, smart energy solutions and environmentally adapted materials. Nature and rural landsacpes Malmö is a highly urbanized and agrarian municipality but still contains ele- ments of nature and natural resources. This means the existing natural environ- ments such as fields, leaf forests and wetlands are all the more important to safe- guard. Ecosystem services are crucial to human existence and society's ability to nurture and maintain them determines their future survival. An interaction between the rural and the urban is a pre-requisite for a sus- tainable society. A denser, less sprawling city permits unique rural landscapes and natural environments to be preserved. Through preservation, develop- ment and supplementing, Malmö’s surrounding rural and agricultural landsca- pes will become more attractive and increasingly accessible to the municipality’s inhabitants. STRATEGIES • Natural resources within the municipality must be used in a way that promotes long-term sustainability. • The municipality’s areal of land with’high natural values’should increase. • The municipality should be restrictive with urban expansion on its exis- ting rural and agricultural land. Malmö’s Energy Strategy has the stated goal of supporting Malmö's geographical area entirely with renewable energy by 2030. Areas for windpower.
  • 15. 15 Climate adaptation Climate adaptation entails focusing on measures to alleviate or prevent the effects of climate change or making use of its possibilities. The consequences of climate change such as rising sea levels and increased precipitation can greatly affect Malmö. By proactive and preventive measures, future costs for damages can be reduced. STRATEGIES • There must be planning and preparedness for the effects of climate change. • Urban runoff should be handled so safety margins for extreme precipitation are met. Sea, coast and water Malmö's water areas are important resources to protect for both natural, social and economical reasons. With new, urban seaside development areas, Malmö's profile as a coast city is strengthened. The city's beaches can be developed by adding more activities and its natural coastal areas can be made more accessible to the public. Groundwater is a life necessity by providing drinking water and must be pro- tected by active planning measures. Water in built environments provides both ecological as well aesthetic and pedagogical values. It also detains water, giving it time to cleanse. STRATEGIES • The urban planning should protect the ecosystem services of the sea and coast while still taking advantage of Malmö's coastal location. • Malmö and its neighbouring municipalities should co-operate to protect the groundwater. • Urban runoff should be handled in a sustainable and safe way. Production Malmö, September 2014 Illustrations: Džiugas Lukoševičius Translation: graham & gunnestad HB samt Philip Tanimura (Malmö City Planning Office) Print: Holmbergs
  • 16. Malmö’s comprehensive plan looks two decades into the future. The overarching aim is that Malmö will be an attractive and sustainable city socially, environmentally and economically. The city should be able to continue to grow and there will be a need for more housing, work places and service. The aim is to create a robust and long-term sustainable urban structure for an increased population, green growth and a continued development of Malmö’s attractiveness. When Malmö is complimented with new development there is an opportunity to improve the existing qualities of the city. Malmö has the ambition to be a world leader in sustainable urban develop- ment which provides a range of challenges, for example regarding environmental issues. Achieving a socially balanced city where eve- ryone can enjoy good conditions for life is a decisive challenge for Malmö. A prioritised target is therefore to strengthen the economic base for the livelihood of Malmö’s citizens. Malmö should be a neighbourly, compact and mixed-use city – a green city with a transport system that puts people in focus. Malmö, together with Copenhagen, will function as an engine in the Öresund region to strengthen competitiveness.