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Understanding the economic and
social context of gender-based and
domestic violence
FROGEE Survey: Introduction
Michał Myck, Centre for Economic Analysis
with: Monika Oczkowska, Maria Perrotta Berlin, Jesper Roine and Kajetan Trzciński
Economic and Social Context
of Domestic Violence
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Background
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Perspectives on gender-based violence in the context of the Russian invasion
• Growing interest in the context and causes of domestic and gender-based violence
• increases in incidence during COVID-19 lockdowns
• tragically brought to the world’s attention in the context of war
• High heterogeneity in the level of gender (in)equality in the FREE Network countries
• potential to identify the driving factors of domestic violence
• lack of comparable micro-data for all countries
• high policy relevance
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Development and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Questionnaire and survey design developed as part of the FROGEE project
• Telephone survey conducted in September 2021 in: Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Latvia,
Poland, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine:
• sample: between 925 and 1000 interviews per country
• interview of approx. 25 minutes
• Survey content:
• socio-economic conditions (demographics, material situation, family and housing)
• domestic and gender-based violence:
• questions focused on individual evaluations and perceptions and NOT on personal experience of
violence
• response to domestic violence and the legal framework
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Three areas of analysis based on collected data:
• Yaroslava Babych (ISET)
Perceptions ofViolence andTheir Socio-economic Determinants:
A Comparative Analysis
• Monika Oczkowska (CenEA)
Social Contexts and the Perception of DifferentialTreatment
• Maria Perrotta Berlin (SITE)
DomesticViolence Legislation - Awareness and Support in Latvia, Russia and
Ukraine
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Perceptions of violence:
„… in your opinion these are examples of
abuse within the couple…”:
• Beating causing severe physical harm
• Sexual act against the partner’s will
• Threat to do harm by using the couple’s children
• Locking the partner in a room, apartment, house
• Verbal threats of physical violence
• Constant humiliation, criticism
• Quarrels, scandals, screams
• Prohibition to communicate with friends and / or relatives
• Forced abortion
• Intentional refusal to get medical care
• Prohibition to visit public places without permission
• Restrictions on access to financial resources
• Requirement to show SMS, correspondence in social networks
• Prohibition to dress as one likes
Beating causing severe physical harm…
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Perceptions of violence:
„… in your opinion these are examples of
abuse within the couple…”:
• Beating causing severe physical harm
• Sexual act against the partner’s will
• Threat to do harm by using the couple’s children
• Locking the partner in a room, apartment, house
• Verbal threats of physical violence
• Constant humiliation, criticism
• Quarrels, scandals, screams
• Prohibition to communicate with friends and / or relatives
• Forced abortion
• Intentional refusal to get medical care
• Prohibition to visit public places without permission
• Restrictions on access to financial resources
• Requirement to show SMS, correspondence in social networks
• Prohibition to dress as one likes
Prohibition to dress as one likes…
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Perceptions of violence:
„… is a husband justified in hitting or beating
his wife in the following situations”:
• If she goes out without telling him?
• If she neglects the children?
• If she argues with him?
• If she refuses to have sex with him?
• If she burns the food?
• The importance of „don’t know” answers
If she neglects the children?
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Frequency of differential treatment/harrassment:
„… in the last year how often have you witnessed
any of the following things happen to a woman?”
NEVER, RARELY, SOMETIMES,
OFTEN,V.OFTEN
• A woman has been treated with less courtesy than men
• A woman has been treated with less respect than men
• People have acted as if they think women are not smart
• Men have acted as if they’re better than women are
• A woman has been called names or insulted for
being a woman
• A woman has been the target of jokes of a sexual nature
• A woman has received unwanted sexual advances from
a man she doesn’t know
Men have acted as if they’re better than
women are (often, v.often)
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Frequency of abuse:
„… in your day-to-day life, how often have you
witnessed any of the following things happen
to a woman?...”
NEVER, RARELY, SOMETIMES,OFTEN,V.OFTEN
• A woman has been threatened physically by a man
• A woman has been slapped, hit or punched by a man
• A woman has been sexually abused or assaulted
by a man.
• A woman has been beaten by a man.
• A woman has been touched inappropriately, without her
consent, by a man.
A woman has been slapped, hit or punched
by a man
(sometimes, often, v.often)
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Frequency of abuse:
„… how many times in the last three months
have you heard that a woman you know was
beaten, slapped or threatened physically
from their intimate partner?”
NEVER, ONCE, 2-5TIMES,
6-9TIMES, 10+TIMES
A woman was beaten, slapped or threatened
physically from their IP (once or more)
• Seeking help:
„If a woman is beaten by her partner,
she should seek help from…”:
• police, relatives and friends, help centre,
lawyer, … „it is their own business”
• IPV legislation:
• Do you think that the State should have specific legislation aimed at punishing IPV?
• Does your country have specific legislation aimed at punishing IPV?
• Specific questions on IPV reforms in Russia, Ukraine and Latvia
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
Results and content
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
Seeking help: „it is their own business”
FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence:
#AcademicsStandWithUkraine
• Yaroslava Babych (ISET)
Perceptions ofViolence andTheir Socio-economic Determinants:
A Comparative Analysis
• Monika Oczkowska (CenEA)
Social Contexts and the Perception of DifferentialTreatment
• Maria Perrotta Berlin (SITE)
DomesticViolence Legislation - Awareness and Support in Latvia, Russia and
Ukraine
• Comments and discussion

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Understanding the economic and social context of gender-based and domestic violence FROGEE Survey: Introduction

  • 1. Understanding the economic and social context of gender-based and domestic violence FROGEE Survey: Introduction Michał Myck, Centre for Economic Analysis with: Monika Oczkowska, Maria Perrotta Berlin, Jesper Roine and Kajetan Trzciński Economic and Social Context of Domestic Violence
  • 2. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Background #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Perspectives on gender-based violence in the context of the Russian invasion • Growing interest in the context and causes of domestic and gender-based violence • increases in incidence during COVID-19 lockdowns • tragically brought to the world’s attention in the context of war • High heterogeneity in the level of gender (in)equality in the FREE Network countries • potential to identify the driving factors of domestic violence • lack of comparable micro-data for all countries • high policy relevance
  • 3. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Development and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Questionnaire and survey design developed as part of the FROGEE project • Telephone survey conducted in September 2021 in: Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Russia, Sweden, Ukraine: • sample: between 925 and 1000 interviews per country • interview of approx. 25 minutes • Survey content: • socio-economic conditions (demographics, material situation, family and housing) • domestic and gender-based violence: • questions focused on individual evaluations and perceptions and NOT on personal experience of violence • response to domestic violence and the legal framework
  • 4. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Three areas of analysis based on collected data: • Yaroslava Babych (ISET) Perceptions ofViolence andTheir Socio-economic Determinants: A Comparative Analysis • Monika Oczkowska (CenEA) Social Contexts and the Perception of DifferentialTreatment • Maria Perrotta Berlin (SITE) DomesticViolence Legislation - Awareness and Support in Latvia, Russia and Ukraine
  • 5. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine
  • 6. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Perceptions of violence: „… in your opinion these are examples of abuse within the couple…”: • Beating causing severe physical harm • Sexual act against the partner’s will • Threat to do harm by using the couple’s children • Locking the partner in a room, apartment, house • Verbal threats of physical violence • Constant humiliation, criticism • Quarrels, scandals, screams • Prohibition to communicate with friends and / or relatives • Forced abortion • Intentional refusal to get medical care • Prohibition to visit public places without permission • Restrictions on access to financial resources • Requirement to show SMS, correspondence in social networks • Prohibition to dress as one likes Beating causing severe physical harm…
  • 7. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Perceptions of violence: „… in your opinion these are examples of abuse within the couple…”: • Beating causing severe physical harm • Sexual act against the partner’s will • Threat to do harm by using the couple’s children • Locking the partner in a room, apartment, house • Verbal threats of physical violence • Constant humiliation, criticism • Quarrels, scandals, screams • Prohibition to communicate with friends and / or relatives • Forced abortion • Intentional refusal to get medical care • Prohibition to visit public places without permission • Restrictions on access to financial resources • Requirement to show SMS, correspondence in social networks • Prohibition to dress as one likes Prohibition to dress as one likes…
  • 8. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Perceptions of violence: „… is a husband justified in hitting or beating his wife in the following situations”: • If she goes out without telling him? • If she neglects the children? • If she argues with him? • If she refuses to have sex with him? • If she burns the food? • The importance of „don’t know” answers If she neglects the children?
  • 9. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Frequency of differential treatment/harrassment: „… in the last year how often have you witnessed any of the following things happen to a woman?” NEVER, RARELY, SOMETIMES, OFTEN,V.OFTEN • A woman has been treated with less courtesy than men • A woman has been treated with less respect than men • People have acted as if they think women are not smart • Men have acted as if they’re better than women are • A woman has been called names or insulted for being a woman • A woman has been the target of jokes of a sexual nature • A woman has received unwanted sexual advances from a man she doesn’t know Men have acted as if they’re better than women are (often, v.often)
  • 10. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Frequency of abuse: „… in your day-to-day life, how often have you witnessed any of the following things happen to a woman?...” NEVER, RARELY, SOMETIMES,OFTEN,V.OFTEN • A woman has been threatened physically by a man • A woman has been slapped, hit or punched by a man • A woman has been sexually abused or assaulted by a man. • A woman has been beaten by a man. • A woman has been touched inappropriately, without her consent, by a man. A woman has been slapped, hit or punched by a man (sometimes, often, v.often)
  • 11. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Frequency of abuse: „… how many times in the last three months have you heard that a woman you know was beaten, slapped or threatened physically from their intimate partner?” NEVER, ONCE, 2-5TIMES, 6-9TIMES, 10+TIMES A woman was beaten, slapped or threatened physically from their IP (once or more)
  • 12. • Seeking help: „If a woman is beaten by her partner, she should seek help from…”: • police, relatives and friends, help centre, lawyer, … „it is their own business” • IPV legislation: • Do you think that the State should have specific legislation aimed at punishing IPV? • Does your country have specific legislation aimed at punishing IPV? • Specific questions on IPV reforms in Russia, Ukraine and Latvia FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: Results and content #AcademicsStandWithUkraine Seeking help: „it is their own business”
  • 13. FROGEE Survey of Gender-BasedViolence: #AcademicsStandWithUkraine • Yaroslava Babych (ISET) Perceptions ofViolence andTheir Socio-economic Determinants: A Comparative Analysis • Monika Oczkowska (CenEA) Social Contexts and the Perception of DifferentialTreatment • Maria Perrotta Berlin (SITE) DomesticViolence Legislation - Awareness and Support in Latvia, Russia and Ukraine • Comments and discussion