SlideShare a Scribd company logo
THROTTLE & DEBOUNCE 
PATTERNS 
IN WEB APPS 
@ALMIRFILHO
@loopinfinito 
l8p.com.br 
@almirfilho
@loopinfinito 
l8p.com.br 
@almirfilho
@loopinfinito 
l8p.com.br 
@almirfilho 
after 
conf
THE PROBLEM
How to control 
user events 
frequency?
SOME CASES 
onclick 
onresize 
onscroll 
onmousemove
onclick 
Order some shit 
… 
Some AJAX action. Whatever
onclick 
Order some shit 
Some AJAX action. Whatever 
click 
freak
onresize 
Responsive modafoca
onresize 
Δ = 100px 
≃ 100 * 
triggerings! 
!%?#$ 
Responsive modafoca
onscroll 
Paralax bullshit
onscroll 
Δ = 100px 
… same 
fuc*ing 
thing 
≃ 
Paralax bullshit
onmousemove 
Gaming junk
onmousemove 
Δx = 100px 
Δy = 50px 
≃ 150 * 
trigg… OMG 
plz stop 
Gaming junk
**BONUS** PROBLEM
Updating <canvas> 
drawings?
Updating <canvas> 
drawings? 
just redraw 
E-V-E-R-Y-T-H-I-N-G
stage.update = function(){ 
redrawHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
while(game.isOn){ 
game.step(); 
stage.update(); 
} 
stupid 
game loop
WAY COOLER 
stage.update = function(){ 
redrawHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
var gameLoop = function(){ 
game.step(); 
stage.update(); 
requestAnimationFrame(gameLoop); 
}; 
! 
gameLoop();
WAY COOLER 
stage.update = function(){ 
redrawHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
var gameLoop = function(){ 
game.step(); 
stage.update(); 
requestAnimationFrame(gameLoop); 
}; 
! 
gameLoop();
Measuring 
damage with 
dev tools
RENDERING & PAINTING COSTS 
all major and modern* browsers 
* even in IE (11)
So, how to control 
user events 
frequency?
THROTTLE
A throttle is a 
mechanism to 
manage fuel flow 
in an engine
ENGINE THROTTLE
So, throttle is just a 
valve? 
! yeeep
COMMON CASES 
resizing 
scrolling 
mouse moving
0s 0.1s 
t 
onscroll 
E E E E E E E E E E E 
paralax()
onscroll throttled 
0s 0.1s 
t 
E E E E E E E E E E E 
THROTTLE 
paralax()
onscroll throttled 
0s 0.1s 
t 
E E E E E E E E E E E 
THROTTLE 
paralax()
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
window.addEventListener(‘scroll’, function(e){ 
paralax(e.args); 
});
LET’S 
THROOOOTLE IT 
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
window.addEventListener(‘scroll’, 
throttleParalax() 
);
var throttleParalax = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 500; 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
var lastExecution = new Date(now - timeWindow); 
! 
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
if(lastExecution.getTime() + timeWindow <= now){ 
lastExecution = new Date(); 
return paralax.apply(this, arguments); 
} 
}; 
}());
var throttleParalax = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 500; 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
var lastExecution = new Date(now - timeWindow); 
! 
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
if(lastExecution.getTime() + timeWindow <= now){ 
lastExecution = new Date(); 
return paralax.apply(this, arguments); 
} 
}; 
}()); 
sets 
a context
var throttleParalax = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 500; 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
var lastExecution = new Date(now - timeWindow); 
! 
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
if(lastExecution.getTime() + timeWindow <= now){ 
lastExecution = new Date(); 
return paralax.apply(this, arguments); 
} 
}; 
}()); 
sets 
the func.
var throttleParalax = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 500; 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
var lastExecution = new Date(now - timeWindow); 
! 
var paralax = function(args){ 
complexHeavyShit(); 
}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var now = (new Date()).getTime(); 
if(lastExecution.getTime() + timeWindow <= now){ 
lastExecution = new Date(); 
return paralax.apply(this, arguments); 
} 
}; 
}()); 
returns the 
event handler
Let’s visualize it
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 
event 
happens
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 
event 
executes
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
timeWindow
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E 
another event 
happens
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E 
no execution
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E E 
event 
happens
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E E 
same thing 
now
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E E 100ms
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E E 1E00msE E
DEBOUNCE
A debouncing is a 
technique to 
guarantee that a 
button was pressed 
only once.
ELECTRONIC 
DEBOUNCING
Debounce cancels 
multiple actions for 
postpone to the 
last one.
COMMON CASES 
clicking 
key pressing
0s 1s 
t 
onkeyup 
E E E E E E E E E 
autoComplete()
onkeyup debouncing 
0s 1s 
t 
E E E E E E E E E 
DEBOUNCE 
autoComplete()
onkeyup debouncing 
0s 1s 
t 
E E E E E E E E E 
DEBOUNCE 
autoComplete()
btn.addEventListener(‘keyup’, function(){ 
autoComplete(); 
});
LET’S 
DEBOOOUNCE IT 
btn.addEventListener(‘keyup’, 
debounceAutoComplete() 
);
var debounceAutoComplete = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 100; 
var timeout; 
! 
var autoComplete = function(arg1, arg2){/* … */}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var context = this; 
var args = arguments; 
clearTimeout(timeout); 
timeout = setTimeout(function(){ 
autoComplete.apply(context, args); 
}, timeWindow); 
}; 
}());
var debounceAutoComplete = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 100; 
sets 
var timeout; 
a context 
! 
var autoComplete = function(arg1, arg2){/* … */}; 
! 
return function(){ 
var context = this; 
var args = arguments; 
clearTimeout(timeout); 
timeout = setTimeout(function(){ 
autoComplete.apply(context, args); 
}, timeWindow); 
}; 
}());
var debounceAutoComplete = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 100; 
var timeout; 
! 
var autoComplete = function(arg1, arg2){/* … */}; 
! 
return function(){ 
sets 
the func. 
var context = this; 
var args = arguments; 
clearTimeout(timeout); 
timeout = setTimeout(function(){ 
autoComplete.apply(context, args); 
}, timeWindow); 
}; 
}());
var debounceAutoComplete = (function(){ 
var timeWindow = 100; 
var timeout; 
! 
var autoComplete = function(arg1, arg2){/* … */}; 
! 
return function(){ 
return the 
handler 
var context = this; 
var args = arguments; 
clearTimeout(timeout); 
timeout = setTimeout(function(){ 
autoComplete.apply(context, args); 
}, timeWindow); 
}; 
}());
Let’s visualize it
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 
event 
happens
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
setTimeOut
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E 
another event 
happens
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
E 
clearTimeOut
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E 100ms 
reset 
timeOut 
E
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E E 10E0ms
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E E 10E0ms
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E E E 100ms
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E E E 100ms 
cool to 
execute!
Let’s visualize it 
0s 500ms 
t 
E E E 100ms 
E 
life goes on…
READ ABOUT [PT-BR]
but… 
<x-mimimi>
JQUERY PLUGIN 
jquery-throttle-debounce 
$(window).scroll($.throttle(250, paralax)); 
! 
$('input').keyup($.debounce(250, autoComplete)); 
github.com/cowboy/jquery-throttle-debounce
UNDERSCORE.JS 
$(window).scroll(_.throttle(paralax, 250)); 
! 
$(‘input’).keyup(_.debounce(autoComplete, 250)); 
underscorejs.org
THANK 
YOU! 
@ALMIRFILHO

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