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Step	
  1:	
  Renaming	
  Photos	
  	
  
	
  
It	
  is	
  necessary	
  to	
  rename	
  photos	
  so	
  that	
  they	
  can	
  easily	
  be	
  sorted	
  and	
  a	
  
qualitative	
  analysis	
  performed.	
  	
  This	
  first	
  step	
  is	
  very	
  labor	
  intensive.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
Photos	
  should	
  be	
  renamed:	
  
	
  
Site	
  -­‐	
  PhotoPoint#	
  -­‐	
  Date	
  (yyyy/mm/dd)	
  
	
  
eg:	
  	
  SC-­‐001-­‐20120120	
  	
  	
  
	
  
Try	
  batch-­‐renaming	
  software,	
  though	
  there	
  might	
  be	
  limitations.	
  (I	
  
have	
  not	
  tried	
  it,	
  but	
  it’s	
  worth	
  a	
  shot	
  before	
  you	
  go	
  through	
  and	
  rename	
  
photos	
  manually)	
  
	
  
There	
  are	
  often	
  duplicate	
  photos.	
  	
  Please	
  make	
  sure	
  that	
  every	
  photo	
  is	
  
named	
  correctly	
  and	
  there	
  is	
  only	
  one	
  photo	
  per	
  Site	
  area	
  per	
  week.	
  
	
  
The	
  date	
  used	
  should	
  always	
  fall	
  on	
  a	
  Friday.	
  	
  For	
  the	
  sake	
  of	
  keeping	
  
the	
  photos	
  organized	
  and	
  ensuring	
  that	
  there	
  is	
  a	
  photo	
  record	
  for	
  every	
  
week,	
  Faniswa	
  names	
  every	
  photo	
  as	
  if	
  it	
  was	
  taken	
  on	
  that	
  Friday,	
  even	
  
if	
  it	
  was	
  taken	
  earlier	
  in	
  the	
  week.	
  	
  This	
  information	
  is	
  important	
  
because	
  you	
  will	
  have	
  to	
  manually	
  reset	
  the	
  date	
  that	
  is	
  loaded	
  into	
  
Jetphoto	
  by	
  the	
  camera	
  in	
  order	
  to	
  keep	
  everything	
  consistent.	
  	
  (Don’t	
  
worry!	
  	
  It’s	
  easy	
  to	
  do!)	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Guidelines	
  for	
  Organizing	
  and	
  Assessing	
  Existing	
  
Monument	
  Photographs	
  Using	
  JetPhoto	
  Studio	
  
 
	
  
Step	
  2:	
  Sorting	
  Photos	
  into	
  Jetphoto	
  	
  	
  
	
  
Create	
  a	
  new	
  album	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Name	
  your	
  new	
  album	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Import	
  photos	
  into	
  the	
  album	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Observe	
  the	
  calendar	
  date	
  that	
  photos	
  are	
  sorted	
  into-­‐	
  It	
  is	
  
indicated	
  here	
  by	
  the	
  red	
  triangle	
  on	
  November	
  6.	
  	
  (This	
  is	
  the	
  date	
  
the	
  camera	
  inputs	
  for	
  when	
  the	
  photo	
  was	
  taken.)	
  	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
 
Here	
  is	
  where	
  you	
  must	
  correct	
  the	
  date	
  imputed	
  automatically	
  by	
  
the	
  camera.	
  	
  Select	
  the	
  photos	
  that	
  you	
  would	
  like	
  to	
  adjust.	
  	
  	
  
1) Select	
  the	
  calendar	
  date	
  –	
  push	
  on	
  the	
  red	
  triangle	
  
2) Push	
  Ctrl	
  +	
  A	
  to	
  select	
  all	
  photos	
  taken	
  on	
  that	
  day	
  (notice	
  
how	
  only	
  photos	
  from	
  that	
  day	
  are	
  highlighted)	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Find	
  the	
  gear	
  icon	
  and	
  select	
  “Correct	
  Capture	
  Time	
  for	
  Selected	
  
Photos…”	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Adjust	
  the	
  number	
  of	
  days	
  so	
  that	
  the	
  photos	
  are	
  recorded	
  on	
  the	
  
appropriate	
  Friday	
  date.	
  	
  In	
  this	
  case,	
  I	
  am	
  subtracting	
  1	
  day	
  since	
  
the	
  camera	
  reports	
  the	
  photo	
  was	
  taken	
  on	
  a	
  Saturday.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Notice	
  that	
  there	
  are	
  now	
  two	
  triangles.	
  	
  In	
  order	
  to	
  fix	
  this,	
  make	
  
sure	
  you	
  keep	
  the	
  photos	
  highlighted	
  that	
  you	
  just	
  adjusted.	
  	
  (Do	
  
NOT	
  push	
  anything	
  on	
  the	
  screen	
  otherwise	
  you	
  will	
  have	
  to	
  re-­‐
highlight	
  the	
  photos)	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Go	
  straight	
  back	
  to	
  the	
  gear	
  icon.	
  	
  Select	
  “Arrange	
  all	
  photos	
  by	
  
time.”	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Problem	
  fixed!	
  	
  The	
  photos	
  are	
  now	
  loaded	
  correctly	
  onto	
  Jetphoto.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Step	
  3:	
  Knowledge	
  Preparation	
  for	
  Qualitative	
  Analysis	
  
	
  
Once	
  you	
  have	
  all	
  photos	
  renamed	
  and	
  loaded	
  correctly	
  into	
  Jetphoto,	
  you	
  can	
  start	
  
the	
  qualitative	
  analysis.	
  	
  Before	
  you	
  do	
  this,	
  it	
  is	
  necessary	
  that	
  you	
  read	
  some	
  
important	
  documents.	
  
	
  
Reading	
  the	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Framework	
  for	
  that	
  particular	
  Site	
  will	
  give	
  you	
  insight	
  
into	
  what	
  the	
  original	
  team	
  hoped	
  to	
  capture	
  when	
  choosing	
  the	
  monument	
  photo	
  
points.	
  	
  Keep	
  in	
  mind	
  that	
  the	
  points	
  were	
  chosen	
  a	
  few	
  years	
  ago,	
  likely	
  before	
  
projects	
  were	
  implemented	
  (based	
  on	
  predictions	
  of	
  what	
  would	
  happen)	
  and	
  have	
  
not	
  been	
  reviewed	
  since	
  then.	
  	
  Often	
  things	
  don’t	
  happen	
  according	
  to	
  the	
  timeframe	
  
set,	
  due	
  to	
  political	
  reasons	
  in	
  the	
  community	
  or	
  other	
  factors.	
  	
  Therefore,	
  you	
  will	
  
have	
  to	
  review	
  whether	
  the	
  photos	
  are	
  still	
  relevant	
  based	
  on	
  what	
  is	
  happening	
  
presently.	
  	
  Knowledge	
  of	
  the	
  original	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Framework	
  will	
  be	
  particularly	
  
useful	
  when	
  you	
  are	
  deciding	
  on	
  which	
  photos	
  to	
  keep	
  and	
  whether	
  new	
  photos	
  
should	
  be	
  added	
  to	
  the	
  Monument	
  Photo	
  record.	
  
	
  
Reading	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Principles	
  of	
  a	
  Safe	
  Neighborhood	
  is	
  useful	
  for	
  assessing	
  
the	
  photos	
  based	
  on	
  whether	
  they	
  follow	
  the	
  7	
  safety	
  principles	
  of	
  design.	
  	
  While	
  it	
  
is	
  very	
  difficult	
  to	
  draw	
  concrete	
  corollaries	
  from	
  Monument	
  Photos	
  that	
  VPUU	
  
interventions	
  promote	
  “social	
  change,”	
  or	
  increase	
  neighborhood	
  safety,	
  by	
  showing	
  
how	
  VPUU	
  designs	
  use	
  general	
  safety	
  principles	
  of	
  design,	
  it	
  is	
  possible	
  to	
  draw	
  this	
  
conclusion	
  in	
  the	
  qualitative	
  assessment.	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
You	
  can	
  also	
  read	
  the	
  Logical	
  Framework	
  Indicators	
  in	
  preparation	
  for	
  the	
  
Qualitative	
  Analysis,	
  but	
  understanding	
  of	
  this	
  is	
  not	
  as	
  useful	
  or	
  important	
  as	
  the	
  
other	
  documents.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
7	
  Safety	
  Principles	
  of	
  Design	
  
	
  
• Surveillance	
  and	
  Visibility	
  
• Territoriality	
  
• Defined	
  access	
  and	
  safe	
  movement	
  
• Image	
  and	
  aesthetics	
  
• Physical	
  barriers	
  
• Maintenance	
  and	
  management	
  
• Inclusive	
  Design	
  
Step	
  4:	
  Performing	
  a	
  Qualitative	
  Analysis	
  of	
  Each	
  Photo	
  
	
  
You	
  are	
  now	
  ready	
  to	
  perform	
  an	
  analysis	
  of	
  each	
  photo	
  series	
  taken	
  per	
  site.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
First,	
  organize	
  the	
  photos	
  according	
  to	
  photo	
  number	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Next	
  you	
  should	
  go	
  through	
  each	
  photo	
  series	
  (ex:	
  all	
  001)	
  and	
  mark	
  the	
  ones	
  that	
  
you	
  believe	
  tell	
  a	
  good	
  story-­‐	
  whether	
  that	
  be	
  because	
  they	
  relate	
  to	
  the	
  Urban	
  
Design	
  Framework	
  or	
  illustrate	
  principles	
  of	
  safe	
  design.	
  
	
  
In	
  the	
  search	
  bar	
  (magnifying	
  glass	
  icon),	
  input	
  the	
  first	
  part	
  of	
  the	
  
photo	
  name.	
  	
  Omit	
  the	
  date.	
  Ex:	
  SC-­‐005	
  
	
  
Press	
  Enter.	
  	
  Notice	
  that	
  SC-­‐005	
  photos	
  are	
  in	
  color	
  and	
  all	
  other	
  
photo	
  series	
  are	
  blacked	
  out.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Next	
  select	
  all	
  the	
  SC-­‐005	
  photos	
  by	
  pushing	
  Ctrl	
  +	
  A	
  
	
  
 
	
  
Double	
  click	
  on	
  one	
  of	
  the	
  photos	
  for	
  a	
  larger	
  image	
  of	
  the	
  series.	
  
	
  
Use	
  arrow	
  keys	
  to	
  move	
  from	
  picture	
  to	
  picture.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Create	
  a	
  tag	
  for	
  photos	
  that	
  you	
  would	
  like	
  to	
  review	
  again	
  later.	
  	
  
Not	
  all	
  photos	
  in	
  the	
  large	
  photo	
  series	
  will	
  be	
  useful	
  so	
  you	
  must	
  
choose.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
In	
  the	
  keyword	
  section,	
  double	
  click	
  to	
  edit	
  a	
  line.	
  	
  Name	
  the	
  line	
  
accordingly.	
  	
  Ex:	
  #5	
  (representing	
  SC-­‐005	
  photos	
  of	
  interest)	
  
	
  
Make	
  sure	
  you	
  check	
  the	
  box	
  next	
  to	
  the	
  keyword.	
  
	
  
You	
  can	
  also	
  take	
  notes	
  in	
  the	
  notes	
  tab	
  above	
  the	
  keywords.	
  	
  This	
  
will	
  be	
  useful	
  when	
  you	
  would	
  like	
  to	
  make	
  your	
  final	
  qualitative	
  
analysis.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
 
	
  
Later	
  you	
  can	
  search	
  and	
  review	
  the	
  photos	
  that	
  you	
  marked.	
  
	
  
In	
  the	
  search	
  tab,	
  search	
  by	
  the	
  keyword	
  (Ex:	
  #5).	
  	
  Push	
  Ctrl	
  +	
  A	
  to	
  
highlight	
  those	
  photos.	
  
	
  
Notice	
  how	
  the	
  photos	
  you	
  marked	
  are	
  highlighted	
  and	
  the	
  others	
  
blacked	
  out.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
You	
  can	
  double	
  click	
  on	
  one	
  of	
  the	
  photos	
  to	
  again	
  view	
  a	
  bigger	
  
version	
  of	
  the	
  selected	
  photos.	
  	
  You	
  can	
  use	
  your	
  arrow	
  key	
  to	
  
move	
  between	
  selected	
  photographs.	
  	
  This	
  will	
  be	
  useful	
  for	
  
reading	
  notes	
  that	
  you	
  might	
  want	
  to	
  use	
  when	
  you	
  do	
  the	
  overall	
  
qualitative	
  analysis.	
  
	
  
 
	
  
	
  
Step	
  5:	
  Summarizing	
  Analysis	
  of	
  Each	
  Photo	
  Series	
  
	
  
Now	
  that	
  you	
  have	
  written	
  notes	
  for	
  each	
  individual	
  photo	
  linking	
  it	
  to	
  
the	
  Urban	
  Design	
  framework	
  and	
  Safety	
  Principles,	
  you	
  can	
  make	
  an	
  
overall	
  assessment	
  of	
  each	
  photo	
  series	
  (eg	
  SC-­‐001,	
  SC-­‐002,	
  SC-­‐003).	
  	
  	
  
	
  
Please	
  refer	
  to	
  the	
  Excel	
  notes	
  for	
  the	
  qualitative	
  analysis	
  of	
  Site	
  C.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
 
Mention	
  a	
  location	
  for	
  the	
  photograph	
  (street	
  intersections)	
  and	
  show	
  a	
  
picture	
  from	
  early	
  on	
  in	
  the	
  series	
  and	
  one	
  from	
  later	
  on,	
  to	
  
demonstrate	
  physical	
  changes.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
For	
  Example	
  
	
  
SC-­‐005	
  
Off	
  Njongo	
  Str-­‐	
  handrail	
  entrance	
  to	
  elevated	
  Nolungile	
  Railway	
  
station	
  ramp	
  
	
  
	
  	
   	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
It	
  is	
  useful	
  to	
  have	
  an	
  overall	
  summary	
  of	
  what	
  each	
  photo	
  series	
  
(over	
  the	
  3-­‐4	
  year	
  period)	
  shows.	
  
	
  
	
  
Overall	
  intervention	
  has	
  lead	
  to	
  greater	
  surveillance	
  and	
  visibility	
  as	
  entrance	
  space	
  has	
  
opened	
  up	
  to	
  street	
  view	
  (clear	
  lines	
  of	
  sight)	
  and	
  also	
  allowed	
  for	
  maintaining	
  visual	
  
connections	
  with	
  the	
  marketplace	
  vendors.	
  	
  It	
  has	
  lead	
  to	
  defined	
  access	
  and	
  safe	
  
movement	
  with	
  a	
  disability-­‐friendly	
  railing	
  entrance	
  and	
  leveled	
  street.	
  Additionally	
  
hazardous	
  exposed	
  metal	
  at	
  the	
  entrance	
  is	
  eliminated.	
  	
  Surfaces	
  are	
  even	
  and	
  suitable	
  
for	
  harsh	
  weather	
  (water	
  does	
  not	
  pool	
  or	
  make	
  entranceway	
  inaccessible).	
  	
  Upgrading	
  
to	
  concrete	
  from	
  dirt	
  entrance	
  also	
  improves	
  condition	
  of	
  railway	
  entrance	
  during	
  bad	
  
weather	
  since	
  there	
  is	
  no	
  mud	
  (safety	
  hazard	
  and	
  uncomfortable).	
  The	
  intervention	
  has	
  
also	
  created	
  defined	
  walkways	
  and	
  demarcation	
  between	
  vehicular	
  and	
  pedestrian	
  
areas.	
  There	
  is	
  less	
  litter	
  than	
  before	
  perhaps	
  showing	
  public	
  pride	
  in	
  infrastructure.	
  	
  
Beautification	
  of	
  environment	
  with	
  ease	
  of	
  access/improved	
  safety	
  for	
  pedestrians.	
  
2009	
   	
   	
   	
   	
   	
  	
  	
  2012	
  
 
	
  
Step	
  6:	
  Deciding	
  on	
  New	
  Monument	
  Points	
  	
  
	
  
You	
  have	
  examined	
  the	
  Monument	
  Photos	
  and	
  now	
  have	
  a	
  thorough	
  understanding	
  
of	
  the	
  stories	
  each	
  series	
  tells.	
  	
  It	
  is	
  useful	
  to	
  derive	
  information	
  from	
  this	
  
comprehensive	
  photo	
  record	
  so	
  that	
  the	
  efforts	
  of	
  the	
  last	
  4	
  years	
  are	
  not	
  wasted.	
  	
  
However,	
  it	
  is	
  also	
  necessary	
  to	
  look	
  to	
  the	
  future.	
  	
  In	
  this	
  next	
  step,	
  you	
  will	
  decide	
  
if	
  these	
  photographs	
  are	
  still	
  useful	
  today-­‐	
  which	
  points	
  to	
  keep	
  and	
  which	
  to	
  
eliminate.	
  
	
  
Please	
  review	
  the	
  Case	
  Study	
  Qualitative	
  Analysis	
  of	
  Site	
  C	
  before	
  you	
  begin.	
  
	
  
Additionally,	
  it	
  is	
  useful	
  to	
  meet	
  with	
  the	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Team	
  to	
  find	
  out	
  what	
  is	
  
currently	
  happening	
  at	
  that	
  Site	
  and	
  if	
  it	
  follows	
  the	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Framework	
  plans	
  
or	
  if	
  things	
  have	
  changed.	
  
	
  
The	
  following	
  check-­‐list	
  will	
  be	
  very	
  useful	
  for	
  analyzing	
  existing	
  points	
  and	
  
choosing	
  new	
  points.	
  	
  Additionally,	
  you	
  can	
  make	
  suggestions	
  on	
  the	
  process:	
  eg	
  
timeframes,	
  times	
  of	
  day	
  to	
  take	
  picture	
  
	
  
Ask	
  input	
  of	
  urban	
  design	
  team	
  on	
  where	
  the	
  best	
  new	
  photos	
  could	
  be	
  taken	
  
and	
  go	
  to	
  site	
  to	
  trial	
  pictures.	
  The	
  check-­‐list	
  will	
  be	
  a	
  good	
  tool	
  during	
  this	
  phase.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Safety	
  Principles	
  Illustrated	
  
1)	
  Surveillance	
  and	
  visibility	
  	
  
3)	
  Defined	
  access	
  and	
  safe	
  movement	
  
4)	
  Image	
  and	
  aesthetics	
  
	
  
Relationship	
  to	
  Urban	
  Design	
  Framework	
  Site	
  C	
  2009	
  
2)	
  Clarify,	
  reinforce,	
  strengthen	
  the	
  public	
  spatial	
  structure	
  
3)	
  Maximize	
  opportunities	
  for	
  small	
  business	
  creation	
  
4)	
  Escape	
  from	
  intensity	
  of	
  daily	
  living	
  
6)	
  Contribute	
  to	
  combating	
  crime	
  and	
  through	
  increased	
  surveillance	
  
*Located	
  in	
  identified	
  hotspot	
  for	
  crime	
  
	
  
Logical	
  Framework	
  Indicators	
  
1.4	
  Intergrated	
  natural	
  surveillance	
  of	
  public	
  space	
  
2.5	
  Littering	
  reduction	
  
	
  
	
  
VPUU/ITSP	
  MONUMENT	
  POINTS	
  –	
  CHECK	
  LIST	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
SNA	
   Project/Intervention’	
  Stage	
  
	
   £ Before:	
  
£ During:	
  
£ After:	
  
£ Other:	
  
	
  
VPUU/ISTP	
  Intervention(s)	
  to	
  be	
  captured	
  	
  	
   Speed	
  of	
  implementation	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
£ Slow	
   £ Regular	
   £ Fast	
  
£ Specify:	
  
Monument	
  Point	
  Location	
   Frequency	
  at	
  which	
  photos	
  should	
  be	
  
taken	
  
	
   £ Weekly	
  
£ Monthly	
  
£ Weekday	
  
£ Weekend	
  
Monument	
  Point	
  ID	
  Number	
   Times	
  of	
  Day	
  at	
  which	
  photos	
  should	
  be	
  
taken	
  
	
   £ 6-­‐8	
  
£ 8-­‐10	
  
£ 10-­‐12	
  
£ 12-­‐14	
  
£ 14-­‐16	
  
£ 16-­‐18	
  
£ Other:	
  
Monument	
  Point	
  features/characteristic:	
   Linkage	
  to	
  other	
  M&E	
  system	
  
£ Construction	
  Project	
  
£ Identified	
  Crime	
  Hotspot	
  
£ Managed	
  Space	
  
	
  
£ Household	
  Survey	
  
£ Water	
  Taps	
  &	
  Toilets	
  M&E	
  
£ Monthly	
  Stats	
  
£ Other:	
  
Safety	
  Principles	
   	
  
£ Surveillance	
  and	
  Visibility	
  
£ Owned	
  Spaces	
  
£ Defined	
  Access	
  and	
  Safe	
  Movement	
  
£ Image	
  and	
  Aesthetics	
  
£ Physical	
  Barriers	
  
£ Operation,	
  Maintenance	
  and	
  Management	
  
£ Inclusive	
  Design	
  
Logical	
  Framework	
  Indicators	
   	
   	
  
£ Physical	
  interventions	
  based	
  on	
  CPTED	
  
£ Integrated	
  Natural	
  Surveillance	
  of	
  Public	
  
Space	
  
£ Number	
  of	
  Businesses	
  formulized	
  or	
  
supported	
  	
  
Social	
  Aspects	
   	
  
£ Perceived	
  Safety	
   	
  
£ Perceived	
  Security	
  of	
  Tenure	
   	
  
£ Sense	
  of	
  space	
  ownership	
  
£ Business	
  
 
Step	
  7:	
  Sharing	
  information	
  with	
  relevant	
  parties	
  
	
  
It	
  is	
  important	
  to	
  share	
  information	
  with	
  both	
  Faniswa	
  and	
  the	
  field	
  workers	
  so	
  that	
  
they	
  feel	
  included	
  in	
  the	
  process.	
  	
  Since	
  your	
  assessment	
  may	
  drastically	
  change	
  
what	
  the	
  fieldworkers	
  have	
  been	
  doing	
  for	
  the	
  last	
  four	
  years	
  (eg:	
  they	
  will	
  now	
  take	
  
completely	
  different	
  photos),	
  it	
  is	
  good	
  to	
  explain	
  the	
  reasons	
  behind	
  the	
  changes.	
  	
  	
  
	
  
• What	
  was	
  useful	
  about	
  the	
  photographs	
  field-­‐workers	
  have	
  been	
  taking	
  
since	
  2009?	
  
	
  
• Why	
  is	
  VPUU	
  now	
  asking	
  them	
  to	
  take	
  different	
  photos?	
  
	
  
This	
  step	
  is	
  crucial	
  to	
  allowing	
  field	
  workers	
  to	
  develop	
  a	
  sense	
  of	
  ownership,	
  which	
  
may	
  help	
  with	
  Service	
  Provider	
  turnover.	
  
	
  
Please	
  see	
  example	
  powerpoint	
  Presentation	
  to	
  Siko.	
  
	
  
	
  
DETERMINING NEW MONUMENT POINTS
Step 1:
Use checklist
Read Urban Design Framework.
Consult with lead design team.
Consult with workstream leaders.
Step 2:
Trial for 2 months. Assess results.
Step 3:
Perform mini qualitative analysis and make adjustments
Step 4:
Trial for 4 months. Assess results.
Step 5:
Perform mini qualitative analysis and make adjustments
Step 6:
Determine final points.
Additionally,	
  you	
  can	
  create	
  a	
  slideshow	
  to	
  show	
  to	
  others,	
  or	
  
export	
  a	
  Flash	
  movie.	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Additional	
  Notes:	
  Using	
  GPS	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
From	
  there….just	
  keep	
  zooming	
  in…	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
 
	
  
Since	
  none	
  of	
  these	
  photos	
  are	
  GPS	
  located,	
  you	
  will	
  need	
  to	
  do	
  it	
  
manually.	
  	
  But	
  don’t	
  worry,	
  you	
  can	
  do	
  an	
  entire	
  series	
  (eg:	
  SC-­‐001)	
  
at	
  a	
  time.	
  
	
  
 
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
In	
  the	
  search	
  bar,	
  type	
  in	
  the	
  first	
  part	
  of	
  the	
  name	
  	
  
(eg	
  SC-­‐001)	
  
Remember	
  to	
  push	
  Ctnl	
  +	
  A	
  in	
  order	
  to	
  highlight	
  all	
  photos	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Click	
  on	
  the	
  Geo-­‐tag	
  Sidebar	
  
	
  
	
  
Find	
  the	
  appropriate	
  location	
  and	
  Geo-­‐tag	
  all	
  photos	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
All	
  Geo-­‐tagged	
  photos	
  should	
  look	
  like	
  this…	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  or	
  like	
  this	
  
	
  
	
  	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
Once	
  you	
  Geo-­‐tag	
  all	
  photos	
  you	
  can	
  also	
  generate	
  a	
  map	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
	
  
 
	
  
	
  
	
  
Things	
  that	
  require	
  further	
  research:	
  
• How	
  do	
  you	
  embed	
  this	
  link	
  onto	
  a	
  Webpage?	
  	
  Does	
  it	
  have	
  to	
  do	
  
with	
  an	
  API	
  key?	
  
• Can	
  you	
  include	
  a	
  flash	
  video	
  with	
  each	
  point?	
  
	
  

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Steps of qa jetphoto mp vpuu

  • 1.     Step  1:  Renaming  Photos       It  is  necessary  to  rename  photos  so  that  they  can  easily  be  sorted  and  a   qualitative  analysis  performed.    This  first  step  is  very  labor  intensive.         Photos  should  be  renamed:     Site  -­‐  PhotoPoint#  -­‐  Date  (yyyy/mm/dd)     eg:    SC-­‐001-­‐20120120         Try  batch-­‐renaming  software,  though  there  might  be  limitations.  (I   have  not  tried  it,  but  it’s  worth  a  shot  before  you  go  through  and  rename   photos  manually)     There  are  often  duplicate  photos.    Please  make  sure  that  every  photo  is   named  correctly  and  there  is  only  one  photo  per  Site  area  per  week.     The  date  used  should  always  fall  on  a  Friday.    For  the  sake  of  keeping   the  photos  organized  and  ensuring  that  there  is  a  photo  record  for  every   week,  Faniswa  names  every  photo  as  if  it  was  taken  on  that  Friday,  even   if  it  was  taken  earlier  in  the  week.    This  information  is  important   because  you  will  have  to  manually  reset  the  date  that  is  loaded  into   Jetphoto  by  the  camera  in  order  to  keep  everything  consistent.    (Don’t   worry!    It’s  easy  to  do!)                   Guidelines  for  Organizing  and  Assessing  Existing   Monument  Photographs  Using  JetPhoto  Studio  
  • 2.     Step  2:  Sorting  Photos  into  Jetphoto         Create  a  new  album                                   Name  your  new  album                              
  • 3. Import  photos  into  the  album                                         Observe  the  calendar  date  that  photos  are  sorted  into-­‐  It  is   indicated  here  by  the  red  triangle  on  November  6.    (This  is  the  date   the  camera  inputs  for  when  the  photo  was  taken.)                              
  • 4.   Here  is  where  you  must  correct  the  date  imputed  automatically  by   the  camera.    Select  the  photos  that  you  would  like  to  adjust.       1) Select  the  calendar  date  –  push  on  the  red  triangle   2) Push  Ctrl  +  A  to  select  all  photos  taken  on  that  day  (notice   how  only  photos  from  that  day  are  highlighted)           Find  the  gear  icon  and  select  “Correct  Capture  Time  for  Selected   Photos…”                
  • 5. Adjust  the  number  of  days  so  that  the  photos  are  recorded  on  the   appropriate  Friday  date.    In  this  case,  I  am  subtracting  1  day  since   the  camera  reports  the  photo  was  taken  on  a  Saturday.             Notice  that  there  are  now  two  triangles.    In  order  to  fix  this,  make   sure  you  keep  the  photos  highlighted  that  you  just  adjusted.    (Do   NOT  push  anything  on  the  screen  otherwise  you  will  have  to  re-­‐ highlight  the  photos)          
  • 6. Go  straight  back  to  the  gear  icon.    Select  “Arrange  all  photos  by   time.”           Problem  fixed!    The  photos  are  now  loaded  correctly  onto  Jetphoto.         Step  3:  Knowledge  Preparation  for  Qualitative  Analysis     Once  you  have  all  photos  renamed  and  loaded  correctly  into  Jetphoto,  you  can  start   the  qualitative  analysis.    Before  you  do  this,  it  is  necessary  that  you  read  some   important  documents.    
  • 7. Reading  the  Urban  Design  Framework  for  that  particular  Site  will  give  you  insight   into  what  the  original  team  hoped  to  capture  when  choosing  the  monument  photo   points.    Keep  in  mind  that  the  points  were  chosen  a  few  years  ago,  likely  before   projects  were  implemented  (based  on  predictions  of  what  would  happen)  and  have   not  been  reviewed  since  then.    Often  things  don’t  happen  according  to  the  timeframe   set,  due  to  political  reasons  in  the  community  or  other  factors.    Therefore,  you  will   have  to  review  whether  the  photos  are  still  relevant  based  on  what  is  happening   presently.    Knowledge  of  the  original  Urban  Design  Framework  will  be  particularly   useful  when  you  are  deciding  on  which  photos  to  keep  and  whether  new  photos   should  be  added  to  the  Monument  Photo  record.     Reading  Urban  Design  Principles  of  a  Safe  Neighborhood  is  useful  for  assessing   the  photos  based  on  whether  they  follow  the  7  safety  principles  of  design.    While  it   is  very  difficult  to  draw  concrete  corollaries  from  Monument  Photos  that  VPUU   interventions  promote  “social  change,”  or  increase  neighborhood  safety,  by  showing   how  VPUU  designs  use  general  safety  principles  of  design,  it  is  possible  to  draw  this   conclusion  in  the  qualitative  assessment.                           You  can  also  read  the  Logical  Framework  Indicators  in  preparation  for  the   Qualitative  Analysis,  but  understanding  of  this  is  not  as  useful  or  important  as  the   other  documents.                               7  Safety  Principles  of  Design     • Surveillance  and  Visibility   • Territoriality   • Defined  access  and  safe  movement   • Image  and  aesthetics   • Physical  barriers   • Maintenance  and  management   • Inclusive  Design  
  • 8. Step  4:  Performing  a  Qualitative  Analysis  of  Each  Photo     You  are  now  ready  to  perform  an  analysis  of  each  photo  series  taken  per  site.         First,  organize  the  photos  according  to  photo  number                                                                            
  • 9. Next  you  should  go  through  each  photo  series  (ex:  all  001)  and  mark  the  ones  that   you  believe  tell  a  good  story-­‐  whether  that  be  because  they  relate  to  the  Urban   Design  Framework  or  illustrate  principles  of  safe  design.     In  the  search  bar  (magnifying  glass  icon),  input  the  first  part  of  the   photo  name.    Omit  the  date.  Ex:  SC-­‐005     Press  Enter.    Notice  that  SC-­‐005  photos  are  in  color  and  all  other   photo  series  are  blacked  out.                                                 Next  select  all  the  SC-­‐005  photos  by  pushing  Ctrl  +  A    
  • 10.     Double  click  on  one  of  the  photos  for  a  larger  image  of  the  series.     Use  arrow  keys  to  move  from  picture  to  picture.                                                
  • 11. Create  a  tag  for  photos  that  you  would  like  to  review  again  later.     Not  all  photos  in  the  large  photo  series  will  be  useful  so  you  must   choose.         In  the  keyword  section,  double  click  to  edit  a  line.    Name  the  line   accordingly.    Ex:  #5  (representing  SC-­‐005  photos  of  interest)     Make  sure  you  check  the  box  next  to  the  keyword.     You  can  also  take  notes  in  the  notes  tab  above  the  keywords.    This   will  be  useful  when  you  would  like  to  make  your  final  qualitative   analysis.                          
  • 12.     Later  you  can  search  and  review  the  photos  that  you  marked.     In  the  search  tab,  search  by  the  keyword  (Ex:  #5).    Push  Ctrl  +  A  to   highlight  those  photos.     Notice  how  the  photos  you  marked  are  highlighted  and  the  others   blacked  out.                       You  can  double  click  on  one  of  the  photos  to  again  view  a  bigger   version  of  the  selected  photos.    You  can  use  your  arrow  key  to   move  between  selected  photographs.    This  will  be  useful  for   reading  notes  that  you  might  want  to  use  when  you  do  the  overall   qualitative  analysis.    
  • 13.       Step  5:  Summarizing  Analysis  of  Each  Photo  Series     Now  that  you  have  written  notes  for  each  individual  photo  linking  it  to   the  Urban  Design  framework  and  Safety  Principles,  you  can  make  an   overall  assessment  of  each  photo  series  (eg  SC-­‐001,  SC-­‐002,  SC-­‐003).         Please  refer  to  the  Excel  notes  for  the  qualitative  analysis  of  Site  C.                            
  • 14.   Mention  a  location  for  the  photograph  (street  intersections)  and  show  a   picture  from  early  on  in  the  series  and  one  from  later  on,  to   demonstrate  physical  changes.         For  Example     SC-­‐005   Off  Njongo  Str-­‐  handrail  entrance  to  elevated  Nolungile  Railway   station  ramp                 It  is  useful  to  have  an  overall  summary  of  what  each  photo  series   (over  the  3-­‐4  year  period)  shows.       Overall  intervention  has  lead  to  greater  surveillance  and  visibility  as  entrance  space  has   opened  up  to  street  view  (clear  lines  of  sight)  and  also  allowed  for  maintaining  visual   connections  with  the  marketplace  vendors.    It  has  lead  to  defined  access  and  safe   movement  with  a  disability-­‐friendly  railing  entrance  and  leveled  street.  Additionally   hazardous  exposed  metal  at  the  entrance  is  eliminated.    Surfaces  are  even  and  suitable   for  harsh  weather  (water  does  not  pool  or  make  entranceway  inaccessible).    Upgrading   to  concrete  from  dirt  entrance  also  improves  condition  of  railway  entrance  during  bad   weather  since  there  is  no  mud  (safety  hazard  and  uncomfortable).  The  intervention  has   also  created  defined  walkways  and  demarcation  between  vehicular  and  pedestrian   areas.  There  is  less  litter  than  before  perhaps  showing  public  pride  in  infrastructure.     Beautification  of  environment  with  ease  of  access/improved  safety  for  pedestrians.   2009                2012  
  • 15.     Step  6:  Deciding  on  New  Monument  Points       You  have  examined  the  Monument  Photos  and  now  have  a  thorough  understanding   of  the  stories  each  series  tells.    It  is  useful  to  derive  information  from  this   comprehensive  photo  record  so  that  the  efforts  of  the  last  4  years  are  not  wasted.     However,  it  is  also  necessary  to  look  to  the  future.    In  this  next  step,  you  will  decide   if  these  photographs  are  still  useful  today-­‐  which  points  to  keep  and  which  to   eliminate.     Please  review  the  Case  Study  Qualitative  Analysis  of  Site  C  before  you  begin.     Additionally,  it  is  useful  to  meet  with  the  Urban  Design  Team  to  find  out  what  is   currently  happening  at  that  Site  and  if  it  follows  the  Urban  Design  Framework  plans   or  if  things  have  changed.     The  following  check-­‐list  will  be  very  useful  for  analyzing  existing  points  and   choosing  new  points.    Additionally,  you  can  make  suggestions  on  the  process:  eg   timeframes,  times  of  day  to  take  picture     Ask  input  of  urban  design  team  on  where  the  best  new  photos  could  be  taken   and  go  to  site  to  trial  pictures.  The  check-­‐list  will  be  a  good  tool  during  this  phase.             Safety  Principles  Illustrated   1)  Surveillance  and  visibility     3)  Defined  access  and  safe  movement   4)  Image  and  aesthetics     Relationship  to  Urban  Design  Framework  Site  C  2009   2)  Clarify,  reinforce,  strengthen  the  public  spatial  structure   3)  Maximize  opportunities  for  small  business  creation   4)  Escape  from  intensity  of  daily  living   6)  Contribute  to  combating  crime  and  through  increased  surveillance   *Located  in  identified  hotspot  for  crime     Logical  Framework  Indicators   1.4  Intergrated  natural  surveillance  of  public  space   2.5  Littering  reduction      
  • 16. VPUU/ITSP  MONUMENT  POINTS  –  CHECK  LIST           SNA   Project/Intervention’  Stage     £ Before:   £ During:   £ After:   £ Other:     VPUU/ISTP  Intervention(s)  to  be  captured       Speed  of  implementation         £ Slow   £ Regular   £ Fast   £ Specify:   Monument  Point  Location   Frequency  at  which  photos  should  be   taken     £ Weekly   £ Monthly   £ Weekday   £ Weekend   Monument  Point  ID  Number   Times  of  Day  at  which  photos  should  be   taken     £ 6-­‐8   £ 8-­‐10   £ 10-­‐12   £ 12-­‐14   £ 14-­‐16   £ 16-­‐18   £ Other:   Monument  Point  features/characteristic:   Linkage  to  other  M&E  system   £ Construction  Project   £ Identified  Crime  Hotspot   £ Managed  Space     £ Household  Survey   £ Water  Taps  &  Toilets  M&E   £ Monthly  Stats   £ Other:   Safety  Principles     £ Surveillance  and  Visibility   £ Owned  Spaces   £ Defined  Access  and  Safe  Movement   £ Image  and  Aesthetics   £ Physical  Barriers   £ Operation,  Maintenance  and  Management   £ Inclusive  Design   Logical  Framework  Indicators       £ Physical  interventions  based  on  CPTED   £ Integrated  Natural  Surveillance  of  Public   Space   £ Number  of  Businesses  formulized  or   supported     Social  Aspects     £ Perceived  Safety     £ Perceived  Security  of  Tenure     £ Sense  of  space  ownership   £ Business  
  • 17.   Step  7:  Sharing  information  with  relevant  parties     It  is  important  to  share  information  with  both  Faniswa  and  the  field  workers  so  that   they  feel  included  in  the  process.    Since  your  assessment  may  drastically  change   what  the  fieldworkers  have  been  doing  for  the  last  four  years  (eg:  they  will  now  take   completely  different  photos),  it  is  good  to  explain  the  reasons  behind  the  changes.         • What  was  useful  about  the  photographs  field-­‐workers  have  been  taking   since  2009?     • Why  is  VPUU  now  asking  them  to  take  different  photos?     This  step  is  crucial  to  allowing  field  workers  to  develop  a  sense  of  ownership,  which   may  help  with  Service  Provider  turnover.     Please  see  example  powerpoint  Presentation  to  Siko.       DETERMINING NEW MONUMENT POINTS Step 1: Use checklist Read Urban Design Framework. Consult with lead design team. Consult with workstream leaders. Step 2: Trial for 2 months. Assess results. Step 3: Perform mini qualitative analysis and make adjustments Step 4: Trial for 4 months. Assess results. Step 5: Perform mini qualitative analysis and make adjustments Step 6: Determine final points.
  • 18. Additionally,  you  can  create  a  slideshow  to  show  to  others,  or   export  a  Flash  movie.                                            
  • 19. Additional  Notes:  Using  GPS           From  there….just  keep  zooming  in…                                              
  • 20.     Since  none  of  these  photos  are  GPS  located,  you  will  need  to  do  it   manually.    But  don’t  worry,  you  can  do  an  entire  series  (eg:  SC-­‐001)   at  a  time.    
  • 21.                          
  • 22. In  the  search  bar,  type  in  the  first  part  of  the  name     (eg  SC-­‐001)   Remember  to  push  Ctnl  +  A  in  order  to  highlight  all  photos           Click  on  the  Geo-­‐tag  Sidebar      
  • 23. Find  the  appropriate  location  and  Geo-­‐tag  all  photos         All  Geo-­‐tagged  photos  should  look  like  this…          or  like  this                
  • 24. Once  you  Geo-­‐tag  all  photos  you  can  also  generate  a  map                                
  • 25.         Things  that  require  further  research:   • How  do  you  embed  this  link  onto  a  Webpage?    Does  it  have  to  do   with  an  API  key?   • Can  you  include  a  flash  video  with  each  point?