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Danube University Krems.
The University for Continuing Education.

Smart Cities &
Smart ICT
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Who we are
• Center for E-Governance, Danube University Krems

• Research on the Intersection of
– Government Processes and Procedures
– Government Stakeholders: Citizens, Business
– ICT

• Advanced training towards MSc & MBA in Management & IT
Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 2

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Our Projects
• City of Vienna
– Study on the implementation of the Open Government strategy
– Support on Open Data projects
– ICT usage towards a smarter City

• Austrian Chancellery
– Project Group eDemocracy and Workplace of the Future
– Open Data Applications for Austria
– Development of Open Government Data Standards

• Ministry of Finance
– Re-occuring jour fixe with IT-department

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 3

NiCE project study visit
1. FACTS
Cities
give home to +50% of

Mankind

As of ~ 2009, more than 50% of world’s
population is living in cities
Until 2050, this will rise to 75%
For western civilizations this is today
already at 75%
http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/economic_studies/global_cities_of_the_future_an_interactive_map
Cities

Cities
are a melting pot of
Growth & Innovation
www.donau-uni.ac.at

FACTS

In 2020, 600 cities will account for
65% of BNP
http://www.unhabitat.org/cdrom/docs/wuf1.pdf

80% of BNP is generated in cities
(in developed countries) http://knowledge.insead.edu/economics-politics/cities-of-the-future-2484

USA: 90% of BNP, 86% of Jobs are
produced on 3% of land
http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2013/11/20/cities-solve-problems

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 7

NiCE project study visit
Cities
require us to redefine

Imagination & Reality
Babylon
Atlantis
Metropolis
Smart Cities and Smart ICT
Smart Cities and Smart ICT
2. Claims
www.donau-uni.ac.at

CLAIMS

“

Urban areas contribute disproportionally to national
productivity. However, the structural productivity of

cities will at least in part rest upon an efficient
supply of serviced land and reliable infrastructure,
including transport, power, water and sanitation as
well as information & communication technologies.
UN Habitat Report State of the World's Cities 2012/2013, p. xiv
http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3387

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 15

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

CLAIMS

1. Smart Cities are characterized by informed decisions
based on facts by government representatives and
private parties (Citizens, Economy, NGOs)
2. Information Technology enabling the free-flow of Data
& Information will contribute to the smartness of a City
3. Traditional understanding of city-planning will have to
evolve to meet the challenges of an interconnected
world

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 16

NiCE project study visit
The traditional
planning approach
Wait – Plan – Build – Hope
Image courtesy http://lifeinperpetualbeta.melissapierce.com/life-in-perpetual-beta.jpg

The new approach

Ask – Integrate – Co-create – Innovate
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/23/quadruple-helix-dna_n_2527882.html

The quadruple Helix

Local Government
http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/about-open-innovation
“Data is the Oil of the 21st Century”

Neelie Kroes, EU Commissioner responsible for the Digital Agenda

(without pollution side effects)
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Open Data Portal

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 22

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Open Data Portal

Berlin

Vienna

290
Data sets

196
Data sets

110
Applications

16
Apps

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 23

NiCE project study visit
3.

Smart City
Smart ICT
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Smartness – Viewport & Dimensions

Inside

Outside

Who?
What for?
What is?

Stakeholder viewport:
Smart Citizens vs.
Smart Administration

Dimensions
Social together: Citizen, Business drivers
government bodies

Functions: Transport, sewage system,
environment protection
Facilities: Re-creational, entertainment,
Education, jurisdiction

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 25

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Smartness and the Role of ICT

Splatters from the Internet – What constitutes a smart
city?
• … efficiency based on the intelligent management and
integrated ICT
• … ability to solve problems and use of ICTs to improve
this capacity
• … main focus is still on the role of ICT infrastructure
• … investments into ICT

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 26

NiCE project study visit
ICT is the mortar which ties building blocks together
Smart Mobility

Smart Economy

Smart Governance

Smart People

Smart Living
Smart Environment
Steering

Smart Governance

Smart
Mobility

Smart
Economy

Smart
People

Smart City
Strategy
Supportive
Measures

Smart Living

Smart
Environment

Organisation & Processes

Enabler

Policies

Values
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Influencers to ICT-Smartness Factor Identification

• Good Governance: ICT usage to leverage many eyes
and many opinions
• Sensor networks: Smart power grids, user sensors
• Situation-aware devices: GPS sensors and ambient
technologies
• User generated design: 3-D printers
• Real time data, open data, business intelligence
• Intelligent transport and routing
• Visualisations, Simulations and scenario planning
• Usability and applicability
• E-Learning and distant education
• Seed funding and venture capital

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 29

NiCE project study visit
Pervasive data all around
www.donau-uni.ac.at

User sensors?

Sensing Sydney – Datensätze von BürgerInnen

http://sensingsydney.com/explore/#/feed/
Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 31

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

ICT-Factors contributing to the Smart City Strategy
Guiding principles

1. Value is defined by the city stakeholders;
2. Technology and stakeholder groups are an entity;
technological solutions influence the stakeholders;
3. Isolated technical solutions are meaningless;
4. Interoperability is always beneficial;
5. Increased verified information leads to better decisions;
6. Intensity of ICT usage is inappropriate to predict the
contribution towards the Smart City goals
Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 32

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Next steps

• Desk research on Factors
• Factor clustering
– Possible Dimensions: Involving human interaction, Governance,
ICT, Education, Innovation & Creativity

• Test ICT Smartness assessment model on projects
• Model refinement
• Visualisation and comparison of project ICT-smartness

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 33

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

To consider

• Qualitative or quantitative model?
– What does a smartness value of „25“ express?
– Is a project of smartness value 10 only half as smart compared
to a project of smartness value 20?

– Who can reliably and mostly unbiased assess projects according
to their smartness?

• Use results for benchmarking?

• Integrate into planning process
– Make smartness contribution compulsory
for every new ICT project?

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 34

NiCE project study visit
4.

Cities
take us
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Challenges no longer met by nations?

G7 / G8 / G20  C-40

Rural structures dominate cities Federal government paralysed by shut down.
„New York garbage has to be removed nonetheless.“

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 36

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

Terms & Associations

City

Nation

Function

Identity

Work, innovation & creativity

Cultural origins

What you do and how you do it – aims and
interests

Who you are and where you come from

Advertisement

Flags

Motion - driven by aspiration

Static - defined by history

Collaboration

Power

Mayors discuss garbage and snow removal

Prime ministers / chancellors proclaim
distinctive identities

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 37

NiCE project study visit
www.donau-uni.ac.at

An idea not that revolutionary

• Democracy was born in the Polis, the city-states of
ancient Greece

• Literature on that topic

Department for E-Governance
Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education.

5 December | 2013 | Page 38

NiCE project study visit
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation
E-Democracy and E-Participation
E-Voting
Bottom-Up Movements
Social and Mobile Media for Public Administration
Open Collaborative Government
Democracy, Globalization and Migration
Connected Smart City
Technology and Architecture
Self-governance in Complex Networks
Rethinking Information Visualization for the People
Freedom and Ethics in Digital Societies
Design and Co-creation for E-democracy

• PhD Colloquium

Important Deadlines
Deadline for the submission of papers,
workshop proposals, reflections:

6. January 2014
Notification of acceptance

7. February 2014
Camera-ready paper submission

28 February 2014
Conference

21. - 23. May 2014
Umwelt

Wirtschaft

Soziale
Inklusion
IKT
Information
Kommunikation
Technologie

Bildung
Forschung,
Technologie,
Innovation

Dr. Johann Höchtl
johann.hoechtl@donau-uni.ac.at
http://www.slideshare.net/jhoechtl/

https://www.facebook.com/myprivate42
http://at.linkedin.com/in/johannhoechtl/

Gesundheit

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Smart Cities and Smart ICT

  • 1. Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Smart Cities & Smart ICT
  • 2. www.donau-uni.ac.at Who we are • Center for E-Governance, Danube University Krems • Research on the Intersection of – Government Processes and Procedures – Government Stakeholders: Citizens, Business – ICT • Advanced training towards MSc & MBA in Management & IT Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 2 NiCE project study visit
  • 3. www.donau-uni.ac.at Our Projects • City of Vienna – Study on the implementation of the Open Government strategy – Support on Open Data projects – ICT usage towards a smarter City • Austrian Chancellery – Project Group eDemocracy and Workplace of the Future – Open Data Applications for Austria – Development of Open Government Data Standards • Ministry of Finance – Re-occuring jour fixe with IT-department Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 3 NiCE project study visit
  • 5. Cities give home to +50% of Mankind As of ~ 2009, more than 50% of world’s population is living in cities Until 2050, this will rise to 75% For western civilizations this is today already at 75% http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/economic_studies/global_cities_of_the_future_an_interactive_map
  • 6. Cities Cities are a melting pot of Growth & Innovation
  • 7. www.donau-uni.ac.at FACTS In 2020, 600 cities will account for 65% of BNP http://www.unhabitat.org/cdrom/docs/wuf1.pdf 80% of BNP is generated in cities (in developed countries) http://knowledge.insead.edu/economics-politics/cities-of-the-future-2484 USA: 90% of BNP, 86% of Jobs are produced on 3% of land http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2013/11/20/cities-solve-problems Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 7 NiCE project study visit
  • 8. Cities require us to redefine Imagination & Reality
  • 15. www.donau-uni.ac.at CLAIMS “ Urban areas contribute disproportionally to national productivity. However, the structural productivity of cities will at least in part rest upon an efficient supply of serviced land and reliable infrastructure, including transport, power, water and sanitation as well as information & communication technologies. UN Habitat Report State of the World's Cities 2012/2013, p. xiv http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3387 Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 15 NiCE project study visit
  • 16. www.donau-uni.ac.at CLAIMS 1. Smart Cities are characterized by informed decisions based on facts by government representatives and private parties (Citizens, Economy, NGOs) 2. Information Technology enabling the free-flow of Data & Information will contribute to the smartness of a City 3. Traditional understanding of city-planning will have to evolve to meet the challenges of an interconnected world Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 16 NiCE project study visit
  • 17. The traditional planning approach Wait – Plan – Build – Hope
  • 18. Image courtesy http://lifeinperpetualbeta.melissapierce.com/life-in-perpetual-beta.jpg The new approach Ask – Integrate – Co-create – Innovate
  • 21. “Data is the Oil of the 21st Century” Neelie Kroes, EU Commissioner responsible for the Digital Agenda (without pollution side effects)
  • 22. www.donau-uni.ac.at Open Data Portal Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 22 NiCE project study visit
  • 23. www.donau-uni.ac.at Open Data Portal Berlin Vienna 290 Data sets 196 Data sets 110 Applications 16 Apps Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 23 NiCE project study visit
  • 25. www.donau-uni.ac.at Smartness – Viewport & Dimensions Inside Outside Who? What for? What is? Stakeholder viewport: Smart Citizens vs. Smart Administration Dimensions Social together: Citizen, Business drivers government bodies Functions: Transport, sewage system, environment protection Facilities: Re-creational, entertainment, Education, jurisdiction Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 25 NiCE project study visit
  • 26. www.donau-uni.ac.at Smartness and the Role of ICT Splatters from the Internet – What constitutes a smart city? • … efficiency based on the intelligent management and integrated ICT • … ability to solve problems and use of ICTs to improve this capacity • … main focus is still on the role of ICT infrastructure • … investments into ICT Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 26 NiCE project study visit
  • 27. ICT is the mortar which ties building blocks together Smart Mobility Smart Economy Smart Governance Smart People Smart Living Smart Environment
  • 28. Steering Smart Governance Smart Mobility Smart Economy Smart People Smart City Strategy Supportive Measures Smart Living Smart Environment Organisation & Processes Enabler Policies Values
  • 29. www.donau-uni.ac.at Influencers to ICT-Smartness Factor Identification • Good Governance: ICT usage to leverage many eyes and many opinions • Sensor networks: Smart power grids, user sensors • Situation-aware devices: GPS sensors and ambient technologies • User generated design: 3-D printers • Real time data, open data, business intelligence • Intelligent transport and routing • Visualisations, Simulations and scenario planning • Usability and applicability • E-Learning and distant education • Seed funding and venture capital Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 29 NiCE project study visit
  • 31. www.donau-uni.ac.at User sensors? Sensing Sydney – Datensätze von BürgerInnen http://sensingsydney.com/explore/#/feed/ Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 31 NiCE project study visit
  • 32. www.donau-uni.ac.at ICT-Factors contributing to the Smart City Strategy Guiding principles 1. Value is defined by the city stakeholders; 2. Technology and stakeholder groups are an entity; technological solutions influence the stakeholders; 3. Isolated technical solutions are meaningless; 4. Interoperability is always beneficial; 5. Increased verified information leads to better decisions; 6. Intensity of ICT usage is inappropriate to predict the contribution towards the Smart City goals Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 32 NiCE project study visit
  • 33. www.donau-uni.ac.at Next steps • Desk research on Factors • Factor clustering – Possible Dimensions: Involving human interaction, Governance, ICT, Education, Innovation & Creativity • Test ICT Smartness assessment model on projects • Model refinement • Visualisation and comparison of project ICT-smartness Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 33 NiCE project study visit
  • 34. www.donau-uni.ac.at To consider • Qualitative or quantitative model? – What does a smartness value of „25“ express? – Is a project of smartness value 10 only half as smart compared to a project of smartness value 20? – Who can reliably and mostly unbiased assess projects according to their smartness? • Use results for benchmarking? • Integrate into planning process – Make smartness contribution compulsory for every new ICT project? Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 34 NiCE project study visit
  • 36. www.donau-uni.ac.at Challenges no longer met by nations? G7 / G8 / G20  C-40 Rural structures dominate cities Federal government paralysed by shut down. „New York garbage has to be removed nonetheless.“ Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 36 NiCE project study visit
  • 37. www.donau-uni.ac.at Terms & Associations City Nation Function Identity Work, innovation & creativity Cultural origins What you do and how you do it – aims and interests Who you are and where you come from Advertisement Flags Motion - driven by aspiration Static - defined by history Collaboration Power Mayors discuss garbage and snow removal Prime ministers / chancellors proclaim distinctive identities Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 37 NiCE project study visit
  • 38. www.donau-uni.ac.at An idea not that revolutionary • Democracy was born in the Polis, the city-states of ancient Greece • Literature on that topic Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 5 December | 2013 | Page 38 NiCE project study visit
  • 39. • • • • • • • • • • • • • Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation E-Democracy and E-Participation E-Voting Bottom-Up Movements Social and Mobile Media for Public Administration Open Collaborative Government Democracy, Globalization and Migration Connected Smart City Technology and Architecture Self-governance in Complex Networks Rethinking Information Visualization for the People Freedom and Ethics in Digital Societies Design and Co-creation for E-democracy • PhD Colloquium Important Deadlines Deadline for the submission of papers, workshop proposals, reflections: 6. January 2014 Notification of acceptance 7. February 2014 Camera-ready paper submission 28 February 2014 Conference 21. - 23. May 2014