SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 11
Download to read offline
Basharat Rasheed Mirza.
 Definition
 Importance of Research Questions
 Selection of a Research Problem/Question
 Characteristics of Good Research
Questions
 Examples
 Conclusion
 Research problems are frequently stated as
Research Questions.
 A Research Question is the statement of the
problem, to be researched, in inquisitive
form.
 A Research Question is usually the research
problem posed as a question which serves as
the focus of the researcher’s investigation.
 Research Question is the process of
operationalizing the research.
A good research question:
 Helps to find the direction
 Helps to narrow the scope
 Defines the investigation
 Sets boundaries
The research problem:
 Should be “researchable” i.e. it can be
investigated through the collection and
analysis of data
 Should have theoretical or practical
significance
A research problem should be
relevant to your:
 Academic interest
 Current level of research skills
 Available resources
 Time and other restrictions
Good research questions possess
four essential characteristics:
 The question is Feasible, i.e., it can be
investigated without an undue amount of
time, effort, or money.
 The question is Clear, i.e., most people
would agree as to what the key words in the
question mean.
 The question is Significant, i.e., it is worth
investigating because it will contribute
important knowledge about the human
condition.
 The question is Ethical, i.e., it will not
involve physical or psychological harm or
damage to human beings, or to the natural or
social environment of which they are a part.
 The questions often(not always) suggest a
relationship to be investigated.
NO
Non researchable
YES
Researchable
 Should I put my
youngster in
preschool?
 What is the best way
to learn to read?
 Are some people born
bad?
 Do children enrolled in
preschool develop
better social skills than
children not enrolled?
 At which age is it better
to introduce phonics to
children-age 5, age 6,
or age 7?
 Who commits more
crimes-poor people or
rich people?
 Many research problems are stated as questions.
 A research problem in question form is a
Research Question.
 A research problem should be
researchable, should have theoretical and
practical significance, and should be relevant to
academic interest, level of research
skills, available resources, time & other
restrictions.
 Good research questions have four essential
characteristics: they are
feasible, clear, significant, and ethical.
Thank you

More Related Content

Similar to Research question8..pdf

selection of a research problem.ppt
selection of a research problem.pptselection of a research problem.ppt
selection of a research problem.pptrupasi13
 
Lecture 4--Research Questions I
Lecture 4--Research Questions ILecture 4--Research Questions I
Lecture 4--Research Questions IBrittany Milbourn
 
Problem identification and its sources
Problem identification and its sourcesProblem identification and its sources
Problem identification and its sourcesMxize
 
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptx
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptxInquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptx
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptxEcestz Estuista
 
Research Methodology.pdf
Research Methodology.pdfResearch Methodology.pdf
Research Methodology.pdfAkshat470463
 
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??kamektok2011
 
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptx
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptxAN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptx
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptxJaymarkCasas
 
formulating research questions.pptx
formulating research questions.pptxformulating research questions.pptx
formulating research questions.pptxJOEMARKGUMAPAC
 
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna Bhandari
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna BhandariDeveloping a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna Bhandari
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna BhandariACSRM
 
Inquire, information and immersion.pptx
Inquire, information and immersion.pptxInquire, information and immersion.pptx
Inquire, information and immersion.pptxJasonPDelosSantos
 
research problem.pdf
research problem.pdfresearch problem.pdf
research problem.pdfshanmukhadevi
 
Developing good research questions
Developing good research questionsDeveloping good research questions
Developing good research questionsbrannow
 
Research Methodology
Research MethodologyResearch Methodology
Research MethodologyAneel Raza
 
Research question sb_faculty
Research question sb_facultyResearch question sb_faculty
Research question sb_facultySandeep Buttan
 

Similar to Research question8..pdf (20)

selection of a research problem.ppt
selection of a research problem.pptselection of a research problem.ppt
selection of a research problem.ppt
 
Lecture 4--Research Questions I
Lecture 4--Research Questions ILecture 4--Research Questions I
Lecture 4--Research Questions I
 
Problem identification and its sources
Problem identification and its sourcesProblem identification and its sources
Problem identification and its sources
 
Presentación semana 4 (preguntas de investigación)
Presentación semana 4 (preguntas de investigación)Presentación semana 4 (preguntas de investigación)
Presentación semana 4 (preguntas de investigación)
 
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptx
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptxInquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptx
Inquiry, investigation and immersion Lesson 1 Brainstorming.pptx
 
Research Methodology.pdf
Research Methodology.pdfResearch Methodology.pdf
Research Methodology.pdf
 
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??
BAGAIMANA MENGENALPASTI PERMASALAHAN KAJIAN??
 
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptx
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptxAN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptx
AN INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS.pptx
 
formulating research questions.pptx
formulating research questions.pptxformulating research questions.pptx
formulating research questions.pptx
 
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna Bhandari
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna BhandariDeveloping a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna Bhandari
Developing a Systematic Review Topic and Research Question - Dr Buna Bhandari
 
Research problem
Research problem Research problem
Research problem
 
UNIT-6-1.pptx
UNIT-6-1.pptxUNIT-6-1.pptx
UNIT-6-1.pptx
 
RESEARCH PROBLEM
RESEARCH PROBLEMRESEARCH PROBLEM
RESEARCH PROBLEM
 
Inquire, information and immersion.pptx
Inquire, information and immersion.pptxInquire, information and immersion.pptx
Inquire, information and immersion.pptx
 
Research Problems
Research ProblemsResearch Problems
Research Problems
 
research problem.pdf
research problem.pdfresearch problem.pdf
research problem.pdf
 
Research problem
Research problemResearch problem
Research problem
 
Developing good research questions
Developing good research questionsDeveloping good research questions
Developing good research questions
 
Research Methodology
Research MethodologyResearch Methodology
Research Methodology
 
Research question sb_faculty
Research question sb_facultyResearch question sb_faculty
Research question sb_faculty
 

More from IqraAli875037

Research review..pptx
Research review..pptxResearch review..pptx
Research review..pptxIqraAli875037
 
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdf
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdfresearchobjectives-180731090401.pdf
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdfIqraAli875037
 
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdf
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdfthecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdf
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdfIqraAli875037
 
hypotheses-181107095620.pdf
hypotheses-181107095620.pdfhypotheses-181107095620.pdf
hypotheses-181107095620.pdfIqraAli875037
 
Ethnoveternary .pptx
Ethnoveternary .pptxEthnoveternary .pptx
Ethnoveternary .pptxIqraAli875037
 
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptx
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptxDOC-20230319-WA0000..pptx
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptxIqraAli875037
 
Research and Quran01..pptx
Research and Quran01..pptxResearch and Quran01..pptx
Research and Quran01..pptxIqraAli875037
 
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdf
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdfhybridization-200403024946 (1).pdf
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdfIqraAli875037
 
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdf
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdfvernalization-190224045241 (1).pdf
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdfIqraAli875037
 
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdf
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdfTakhtajan System of Classification.pdf
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdfIqraAli875037
 

More from IqraAli875037 (14)

Research review..pptx
Research review..pptxResearch review..pptx
Research review..pptx
 
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdf
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdfresearchobjectives-180731090401.pdf
researchobjectives-180731090401.pdf
 
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdf
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdfthecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdf
thecomponentsofresearchproposal-160305120959.pdf
 
hypotheses-181107095620.pdf
hypotheses-181107095620.pdfhypotheses-181107095620.pdf
hypotheses-181107095620.pdf
 
Ethnoveternary .pptx
Ethnoveternary .pptxEthnoveternary .pptx
Ethnoveternary .pptx
 
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptx
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptxDOC-20230319-WA0000..pptx
DOC-20230319-WA0000..pptx
 
mutation-.pdf
mutation-.pdfmutation-.pdf
mutation-.pdf
 
Research and Quran01..pptx
Research and Quran01..pptxResearch and Quran01..pptx
Research and Quran01..pptx
 
Chapter1p1.pdf
Chapter1p1.pdfChapter1p1.pdf
Chapter1p1.pdf
 
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdf
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdfhybridization-200403024946 (1).pdf
hybridization-200403024946 (1).pdf
 
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdf
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdfvernalization-190224045241 (1).pdf
vernalization-190224045241 (1).pdf
 
brassicaceae.pdf
brassicaceae.pdfbrassicaceae.pdf
brassicaceae.pdf
 
Asteraceae.pptx
Asteraceae.pptxAsteraceae.pptx
Asteraceae.pptx
 
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdf
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdfTakhtajan System of Classification.pdf
Takhtajan System of Classification.pdf
 

Recently uploaded

Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdfRich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdfJerry Chew
 
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111GangaMaiya1
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi RajagopalEADTU
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxannathomasp01
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...EADTU
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptNishitharanjan Rout
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaEADTU
 
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell TollsErnest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell TollsPallavi Parmar
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxCeline George
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxneillewis46
 
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptxMichaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptxRugvedSathawane
 
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17Celine George
 
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfUGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfNirmal Dwivedi
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfPondicherry University
 
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxHMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxmarlenawright1
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptxJoelynRubio1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdfRich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
Rich Dad Poor Dad ( PDFDrive.com )--.pdf
 
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
Details on CBSE Compartment Exam.pptx1111
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptxCOMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
COMMUNICATING NEGATIVE NEWS - APPROACHES .pptx
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
 
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes GuàrdiaPersonalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
Personalisation of Education by AI and Big Data - Lourdes Guàrdia
 
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell TollsErnest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
Ernest Hemingway's For Whom the Bell Tolls
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
 
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptxMichaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
Michaelis Menten Equation and Estimation Of Vmax and Tmax.pptx
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
 
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdfUGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
UGC NET Paper 1 Unit 7 DATA INTERPRETATION.pdf
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
 
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptxHMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
HMCS Vancouver Pre-Deployment Brief - May 2024 (Web Version).pptx
 
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
21st_Century_Skills_Framework_Final_Presentation_2.pptx
 

Research question8..pdf

  • 2.  Definition  Importance of Research Questions  Selection of a Research Problem/Question  Characteristics of Good Research Questions  Examples  Conclusion
  • 3.  Research problems are frequently stated as Research Questions.  A Research Question is the statement of the problem, to be researched, in inquisitive form.  A Research Question is usually the research problem posed as a question which serves as the focus of the researcher’s investigation.  Research Question is the process of operationalizing the research.
  • 4. A good research question:  Helps to find the direction  Helps to narrow the scope  Defines the investigation  Sets boundaries
  • 5. The research problem:  Should be “researchable” i.e. it can be investigated through the collection and analysis of data  Should have theoretical or practical significance
  • 6. A research problem should be relevant to your:  Academic interest  Current level of research skills  Available resources  Time and other restrictions
  • 7. Good research questions possess four essential characteristics:  The question is Feasible, i.e., it can be investigated without an undue amount of time, effort, or money.  The question is Clear, i.e., most people would agree as to what the key words in the question mean.
  • 8.  The question is Significant, i.e., it is worth investigating because it will contribute important knowledge about the human condition.  The question is Ethical, i.e., it will not involve physical or psychological harm or damage to human beings, or to the natural or social environment of which they are a part.  The questions often(not always) suggest a relationship to be investigated.
  • 9. NO Non researchable YES Researchable  Should I put my youngster in preschool?  What is the best way to learn to read?  Are some people born bad?  Do children enrolled in preschool develop better social skills than children not enrolled?  At which age is it better to introduce phonics to children-age 5, age 6, or age 7?  Who commits more crimes-poor people or rich people?
  • 10.  Many research problems are stated as questions.  A research problem in question form is a Research Question.  A research problem should be researchable, should have theoretical and practical significance, and should be relevant to academic interest, level of research skills, available resources, time & other restrictions.  Good research questions have four essential characteristics: they are feasible, clear, significant, and ethical.