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Regional Dances in Turkey
Bar (dance)
With their structure and formation, they are the
dances performed by groups in the open. They are
spread, in general, over the eastern part of Anatolia
(Erzurum, Bayburt, Agri, Kars, Artvin and Erzincan
provinces). The characteristic of their formation is that
they are performed side-by-side, hand, shoulder and
arm-in-arm. Woman and man bars are different from one
another. The principal instruments of our bar dances are
davul and zurna (shrill pipe).
Halay
The rhythmic elements
of halay dances are very rich
and are mostly performed with
drum-zurna combination as
well as with kaval (shepherd's
pipe), sipsi (reed), cigirtma
(fife) or baglama (an
instrument with three double
strings played with a plectrum)
or performed when folk songs
are sung.
This folk-dance, is a part of Turkish dance and is
performed to a large extent in the Eastern, South-
Eastern and Central Anatolia and it is one of the most
striking dance. It has a rich figure structure of simplicity
is the symbol of creation and originality of the folk.
Horon
The horon (Greek:
Horos [masculine noun,
singular form, nominative]),
which derives from the Greek
word choros (Greek: (ο)
Χορός) meaning dance in
both ancient and modern
Greek, Turkish: Horon, is a
dance style found in the
Black Sea region, now
modern Turkey.
The dances called Horon derived from the Greek
culture of the area and are circular in nature, each
characterized by distinct short steps. HORON or the
round dance is a typical folk dance of the Black Sea
coastal area and its interior parts.
Horon
Horons appear very different from
the folk dances in other parts of the
country with their formation of tempo,
rhythm and measure. Horons are
performed, in general, by groups and
their characteristic measure is 7/16 For
their melodies are rendered very fast, it is
very difficult to render them with every
instrument.
For this reason,
rendering with a drum and
zurna becomes practical.
Melodies of horon are
performed with the small
type of zurna which is called
'cura'.
Zeybek
Zeybeks are, in general, the widespread folk
dances of the Western Anatolia. It is rendered by
one person or two or by a group of people and its
name changes for example as 'seymen' in the
central parts of Anatolia. Zeybek dances are
formed, in general, of 9/8 measures and have a
variety of tempos such as very slow, slow, fast and
very fast. Very slow zeybek dances have the
measure of 9/2, slow ones 9/4 and some others
9/8.
Zeybek
Very fast dances, for
instance, teke (goat) dance seen in
Burdur - Fethiye region can be
regarded as dances of zeybek
character, they have the traditional
measure of 9/16 There is another
folk dance named as BENGI in the
zeybek region. It is performed
more differently than zeybek and
has got a different musical feature
and the most characteristic
measure of bengi dance is 9/8.
Particularly in slow zeybeks, the
traditional instruments is drum-
zurna combination.
Other forms
Karsilamas:
(a kind of wedding music) and hora type folk
dances with melodic and rhythmic structure and
with a fast performance facing one another and
different cultural structure of the region and the
dominant measure is 9/8 but some other
measures are used as well. Their traditional
instrument are 2 drum - 2 zurna combination,
the most characteristic use of this combination is
seen in this region.
Kaşık Oyunları (Wooden-spoon dances):
these dances, in general, are mostly spread over the
Mediterranean region and have a very different
structure with their arrangement performance,
rhythmic and melodic characteristics. They are
always rendered with wooden- spoons and the
characteristic measure is 2/4 or 4/4. The instruments
used are beast bow (later violin), baglama and
clarinet, in general, they are accompanied by folk
songs.
Samah:
Samah melodies have the measures of 5/8, 7/8 and
9/8. Their traditional instruments are baglama, bow
etc. There is no rhythmic instrument. Performance by
singing (without any instrument) is also widespread.
The most developed samahs are of 3 parts, namely:
a) agirlama (entertainment b) yeldirme (cloak
wearing) c) kogdurma (dismissing).
Kolbastı:
Kolbastı is among teens in common and
widespread.

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Regional dances

  • 2. Bar (dance) With their structure and formation, they are the dances performed by groups in the open. They are spread, in general, over the eastern part of Anatolia (Erzurum, Bayburt, Agri, Kars, Artvin and Erzincan provinces). The characteristic of their formation is that they are performed side-by-side, hand, shoulder and arm-in-arm. Woman and man bars are different from one another. The principal instruments of our bar dances are davul and zurna (shrill pipe).
  • 3. Halay The rhythmic elements of halay dances are very rich and are mostly performed with drum-zurna combination as well as with kaval (shepherd's pipe), sipsi (reed), cigirtma (fife) or baglama (an instrument with three double strings played with a plectrum) or performed when folk songs are sung. This folk-dance, is a part of Turkish dance and is performed to a large extent in the Eastern, South- Eastern and Central Anatolia and it is one of the most striking dance. It has a rich figure structure of simplicity is the symbol of creation and originality of the folk.
  • 4. Horon The horon (Greek: Horos [masculine noun, singular form, nominative]), which derives from the Greek word choros (Greek: (ο) Χορός) meaning dance in both ancient and modern Greek, Turkish: Horon, is a dance style found in the Black Sea region, now modern Turkey. The dances called Horon derived from the Greek culture of the area and are circular in nature, each characterized by distinct short steps. HORON or the round dance is a typical folk dance of the Black Sea coastal area and its interior parts.
  • 5. Horon Horons appear very different from the folk dances in other parts of the country with their formation of tempo, rhythm and measure. Horons are performed, in general, by groups and their characteristic measure is 7/16 For their melodies are rendered very fast, it is very difficult to render them with every instrument. For this reason, rendering with a drum and zurna becomes practical. Melodies of horon are performed with the small type of zurna which is called 'cura'.
  • 6. Zeybek Zeybeks are, in general, the widespread folk dances of the Western Anatolia. It is rendered by one person or two or by a group of people and its name changes for example as 'seymen' in the central parts of Anatolia. Zeybek dances are formed, in general, of 9/8 measures and have a variety of tempos such as very slow, slow, fast and very fast. Very slow zeybek dances have the measure of 9/2, slow ones 9/4 and some others 9/8.
  • 7. Zeybek Very fast dances, for instance, teke (goat) dance seen in Burdur - Fethiye region can be regarded as dances of zeybek character, they have the traditional measure of 9/16 There is another folk dance named as BENGI in the zeybek region. It is performed more differently than zeybek and has got a different musical feature and the most characteristic measure of bengi dance is 9/8. Particularly in slow zeybeks, the traditional instruments is drum- zurna combination.
  • 8. Other forms Karsilamas: (a kind of wedding music) and hora type folk dances with melodic and rhythmic structure and with a fast performance facing one another and different cultural structure of the region and the dominant measure is 9/8 but some other measures are used as well. Their traditional instrument are 2 drum - 2 zurna combination, the most characteristic use of this combination is seen in this region.
  • 9. Kaşık Oyunları (Wooden-spoon dances): these dances, in general, are mostly spread over the Mediterranean region and have a very different structure with their arrangement performance, rhythmic and melodic characteristics. They are always rendered with wooden- spoons and the characteristic measure is 2/4 or 4/4. The instruments used are beast bow (later violin), baglama and clarinet, in general, they are accompanied by folk songs.
  • 10. Samah: Samah melodies have the measures of 5/8, 7/8 and 9/8. Their traditional instruments are baglama, bow etc. There is no rhythmic instrument. Performance by singing (without any instrument) is also widespread. The most developed samahs are of 3 parts, namely: a) agirlama (entertainment b) yeldirme (cloak wearing) c) kogdurma (dismissing).
  • 11. Kolbastı: Kolbastı is among teens in common and widespread.