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L´art public en Martinique
Dominique Brebion
Public Art in Martinique
Public Art in Martinique
The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral
The stained glass window
panes created by Victor
Anicet and realised by
The Simon Marq
workshop from Reims for
the Saint-Pierre
Cathedral are definitely
the most important action
in Martinique in 2006.
They were realised as a
commissioned project.
(La commande publique)
Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre.
Public Art in Martinique
The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral
From the end of the
year 2000, the Trinité
-Saint-Pierre
Soroptimist Club
initiated the project of
creating some stained
glass panes for the
three west windows –
29sq.m - of the old
Cathedral, Notre Dame
du Bon Port in Saint-
Pierre in order to
commemorate by a
major and lasting work
the hundredth
anniversary of The
Mount Pelé eruption
on May 8th 1902.
Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
Public Art in Martinique
The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral
The diocesan association,
owner of the building -
entirely registered as a
historical monument in the
Inventaire
Supplémentaire des
Monuments Historiques
- entrusted The
Soroptimist Club with the
management of the work.
The Direction Régionale
des Affaires Culturelles
supported the project
registering this action as
commissioned project.
(Commande publique)
Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
Public Art in Martinique
The stages of the project
 September 2001: A contract for
research, financed by the
Ministère de la culture is signed
with the artist.
 November 2002: the preparatory
designs are presented.
 December 2003: The designs
made by Victor Anicet are
presented to the commission of the
project.
 From 2003 to 2006: The stained-
glass panes are realised by the
Simon de Reims workshop. A
contract is signed with the artist for
the progress of the work.
 December 2006: inaugural
celebration. Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
Public Art in Martinique
Financing project
The cost amounts to 216 615,40€
and develops as follows:
 The French Government
46,5% 100 815,40€
 FEDER
17,9% 38 600,00€
 The Conseil Régional
17,8% 38 589,31€
 The Conseil Général
8,9% 19 294,65€
 Sponsors and others
8,9% 19 316,04€
Victor Anicet – inside the Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
Public Art in France
Other recent window panes in France
The window panes created by
Victor Anicet for the
Cathedrale de Notre Dame du
Bon Port thus completes other
recent creations such as :
 Aurélie Nemours's in Salagon
 Carole Benzaken's in Varennes
Jarcy
 Christophe Cuzin's in Lognes
 Pierrre Soulages 's in Conques
 Sarkis's in Silvacane
 Ian Dibbets's in Blois
 Robert Morris's in Maguelone
Carole Benzaken & les Ateliers Duchemin, Vitraux de l´Eglise
Saint Sulpice de Varennes-Jarcy (Essonne)
Christophe Cuzin & les Ateliers Duchemin, Eglise de Lognes
Public Art in France
Other recent window panes in France
All these build up
progressively, a history of
the contemporary stained
glass pane, along with its
iconographical and stylistic
development. In fact,
several recent
commissioned projects
have for a few years,
supported the artists in the
realisation of art works in
the field of religious art.
Pierre Soulages, Conques
Public Art in Martinique
What Victor Anicet says
“It is the immersion in our tropical
forest, in a womb-like environment,
literally, that helped me find the
inspiration. Spanning the vegetal
entwining, photographing the
designs of forms and curves,
pierced here and there by spikes of
filtered light. The surrealist
manner of André Breton’s work,
Martinique, Charmeuse de
serpents, majestically illustrated by
André Masson, as well as
Wifredo Lam’s Jungle were a
great help. All three had been
introduced to the universe of “
la Trace ” by Aimé Césaire when
they visited Martinique and all took
their inspiration from there in their
creative action ”. Victor Anicet.
Victor Anicet – Detail photos - Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale
de Saint Pierre
Public Art in France
What is La commande publique ?
It is one of the most significant
artistic decentralisation the French
Ministère de la culture has
endeavoured for the last twenty
years. It has resulted in a series of
works bringing contemporary art
into everyday life.
The term commande publique
indicates both
An object:
Art work which, outside reserved
spaces, aims at some contact with
the population in the places where
they live.
A procedure: « La commande
publique »,from the initial project
until the realisation of the work and
the final reception by the public.
Daniel Buren - Les deux plateaux –1986 –
cylindres de marbre noir et granit blanc - Cour
d’honneur du Palais Royal - Paris –
Commande publique du Ministère de la Culture
Public Art in France
La commande publique in France
Commissioning projects is one
of the procedures initiated by
the Ministère de la Culture
through the Délégation aux
Arts Plastiques since 1983,
aiming at
 stimulating the creation of
living artists
 encouraging the contact
between the public and
contemporary art.
Numerous works of art, among
which sculptures, paintings,
installations, environment,
video art, furniture, half of
which being displayed
outdoors have thus been
commissioned.
Sol Lewitt – Wall Drawing n°711-
1990/1992 Musée de Picardie -Amiens –
Peinture polychrome et lavis d’encre - 1%
Public Art in France
Different types of procedures are available
 On a national basis, financed by
the government, and supervised
by the CNAP - Centre National
pour les Arts Plastiques -
which amounts to about twenty
projects per year at a total cost
of 2M. €
 On a regional basis co-financed
by the government, public
regional financing; and for a
lesser part, private financing.
This represents seventeen
projects at a total cost of 2 M.€
The impulse initiated by the
French government during the
eighties encouraged many other
corporations to start initiating
programmes to commission
public works.
Joseph Kossuth – Hommage à Champollion -1989/1990
-Figeac (Midi Pyrénées) –granit noir gravé au sable – 92 M²
et 50 tonnes – Commande publique décentralisée Ministère
de la culture et Municipalité de Figeac dans le cadre des
Hommages aux grands hommes – Bicentenaire de la
naissance de Champollion
Public Art in France
These programmes are
built up thanks to public
assemblies:
government, region,
local councils
 to launch a new urban
programme,
 to help rebuild a new
area or a public area,
 to rehabilitate a
historical monument,
 to commemorate a
personality or event.
Daniel Buren Rayonnant –2002 - Sérignan
(Languedoc) –métal déployé et fibres
optiques - Commande publique
décentralisée – Ministère de la culture et
municipalité de Sérignan
Public Art in France
Stage 1
From the commissioning action
to the complete realisation of
the work.
Supervising committee and
experts committee
Once the local assembly has
decided, a supervising
committee is appointed.
The latter is composed of
elected members, presided by
the chairman of the community
of cities.
It defines the project and makes
decisions concerning realisation
A committee of experts brings
their help
 in suggesting artistic choices
 in advising the committee in the
selection of artists.
Emmanuel Saulnier - Rester Résister –
1994 - Vercors –73 stèles de verre nu de
2 m sur 0,90m les plus grandes ; les plus
petites sont les plus nombreuses –
soixante treize noms gravés sur une
bande de granit de 26 m – Lieu de
mémoire en hommage aux victimes
civiles de 1944 - Commande publique
décentralisée Ministère de la Culture et
Parc Naturel du Vercors
Public Art in France
Stage 2: the initial contract
Once the decision has been
made, an agreement is
signed either with the DRAC,
or with the central services
of Dap or Cnap.
The designated artist or
team receives a contract
which defines the object of
the project and the cost,
along with the written details
about the work. This initial
contract is entirely financed
by the government and does
not guarantee its realisation.
Carmen Ines Blondet – Crecimiento en
Brazil – 1994 Saô Paulo – Acier corten,
Acier inoxydable Muséo de arte
contemporaneo , Universidad de Saô
Paulo
Public Art in France
Stage 3
The artistic programme
and the preparatory
designs are presented to
the team in charge of the
project who meet twice a
year under supervision of
The Délégation aux arts
Plastiques - Centre
national des Arts
Plastiques. It is only once
they have studied the
project and stated about it,
that the different partners
will agree to realise the
project.
François Morellet -Rythmes interférents –
1984/1986 - Paris - La Villette – 800 mètres
de néons clignotants programmés par
ordinateur – Commande de l’établissement
public du Parc de la Villette
Public Art in France
This is the crucial moment
when the agreement
between partners
concerning the artistic
project must be entirely
understood, that every
technical detail in
connection with the
feasibility of the work must
be resolved, and that the
conditions of delivery,
maintenance, and
conservation must be
considered.
Arman - Larmes de fonte - 1992 - Chaînes d’ancre de
bateaux 3,56 m x 1,83 m x 0,92m et 3 tonnes -
Morne Rouge – Commande publique décentralisée.
Ministère de la Culture et Municipalité du Morne
Rouge
Public Art in France
Last stage: realisation
At this stage of the
process, the artist
possesses a signed
contract for the
realisation process -
suivi de réalisation- the
amount of which is
decided by the
committee of experts
entrusted, in this phase
of construction, with the
observation of the initial
project.
Mario Merz – Commande publique décentralisée dans
le cadre de la restructuration urbaine de Strasbourg et
de la création de la première ligne de Tramway – 1994
Public Art in Martinique
The works visible in the
Martiniquan public
space are not all
commissioned by the
Ministère de la
Culture, but can be for
some of them, projects
from the artists who
after conceiving them,
offer them to public or
private partners.
Laurent Valère - Cap 110 - 1998 - béton 2,5m - 4,2 tonnes
commémoration du cent cinquantenaire de l'aboliton de
l'esclavage Commande de la municipalité - Diamant
Public Art in Martinique
Laurent Valère - Manman D’lo - Béton armé - 3,5
m de hauteur - 6 tonnes – 2002 - Saint – Pierre.
Laurent Valère - Manman D´lo
Conference - résine sur armature
métallique , pompes avec
programmation électrique - 2006 -
Sainte – Anne
Public Art in Martinique
Claude Yacoub Trente mille âmes sous les cieux- Saint –
Pierre Martinique –2002 Commémoration du centenaire
de l’éruption de la Montagne Pelée –installation éphémère
bâtonnets fluorescents, dans la baie de Saint – Pierre.
Véronique Baude - Chair ou poisson – 1998 -
4m2
Mosaïque de carreaux cassés, Fort de France -
cent cinquantenaire de l'abolition de l'esclavage
Public Art in Martinique
They may be commissioned
by assemblies - Conseil
Régional, Conseil Général,
town councils.
In Lamentin:
 Khokho René-Corail and
Alberto Lescay Merencio -
The Tree of Freedom, 1998
Commemoration of the one
-hundred -and -fiftieth year
after the slave revolution -
Bronze - Height: 8 meters
 Khokho René-Corail -
Mural relating The history of
Martinique.
KhoKho René Corail et
Alberto Lescay Merencio –
Arbre de la liberté – 1998 –
Commémoration du cent
cinquantenaire de la révolution
esclavagiste – Bronze -
Hauteur 8 m - Ville du
Lamentin
KhoKho René Corail
– fresque retraçant l
´histoire de la
Martinique
Ville du Lamentin
Public Art in Martinique
In Schoelcher:
 Henri Guédon
 Hector Charpentier
-Peace, Unity,
Freedom, Work,
celebration of the
hundredth anniversary
of the town- 1988 -
reinforced concrete-
Height 7meters
Hector Charpentier
Monument pour le
centenaire de la
commune – 1988 -
Paix, Union, Liberté,
Travail,
Béton armé, hauteur 7
m - Schoelcher
Henri Guédon - Arbre
de la liberté - bronze
9x3,20 m Commande
de la municipalité de
Schoelcher
Public Art in Martinique
Victor Anicet
Liberté – 2004 - Lave émaillée – 11m x 3m – 33m² - Commande de la municipalité de Schoelcher
Public Art in Martinique
Some are initiatives of
diverse organisms.
 L’Accueil Paysan
Zhang Yangen - Fruit of the
Sky , 2004 - assembled
carved wood, Height 2m50 -
Saint-Esprit
 La SIMAR
Catherine Théodose - glass
paste mural for the gables of
7 buildings - 1994 Dillon
Fort-de-France
All these works have not
been commissioned by the
Ministère de la Culture.
L´Accueil Paysan
Zhang Yangen - Les fruits du ciel, 2004
Bois taillé et assemblé, hauteur 2,50 m,Saint - Esprit
Catherine Théodose - Fresques en pâte de
verre pour 7 pignons d’immeubles, Quartier
Dillon, Fort – de – France, 1994

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Public art in martinique

  • 1. L´art public en Martinique Dominique Brebion Public Art in Martinique
  • 2. Public Art in Martinique The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral The stained glass window panes created by Victor Anicet and realised by The Simon Marq workshop from Reims for the Saint-Pierre Cathedral are definitely the most important action in Martinique in 2006. They were realised as a commissioned project. (La commande publique) Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre.
  • 3. Public Art in Martinique The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral From the end of the year 2000, the Trinité -Saint-Pierre Soroptimist Club initiated the project of creating some stained glass panes for the three west windows – 29sq.m - of the old Cathedral, Notre Dame du Bon Port in Saint- Pierre in order to commemorate by a major and lasting work the hundredth anniversary of The Mount Pelé eruption on May 8th 1902. Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
  • 4. Public Art in Martinique The stained glass window panes of the Saint Pierre Cathedral The diocesan association, owner of the building - entirely registered as a historical monument in the Inventaire Supplémentaire des Monuments Historiques - entrusted The Soroptimist Club with the management of the work. The Direction Régionale des Affaires Culturelles supported the project registering this action as commissioned project. (Commande publique) Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
  • 5. Public Art in Martinique The stages of the project  September 2001: A contract for research, financed by the Ministère de la culture is signed with the artist.  November 2002: the preparatory designs are presented.  December 2003: The designs made by Victor Anicet are presented to the commission of the project.  From 2003 to 2006: The stained- glass panes are realised by the Simon de Reims workshop. A contract is signed with the artist for the progress of the work.  December 2006: inaugural celebration. Victor Anicet, Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
  • 6. Public Art in Martinique Financing project The cost amounts to 216 615,40€ and develops as follows:  The French Government 46,5% 100 815,40€  FEDER 17,9% 38 600,00€  The Conseil Régional 17,8% 38 589,31€  The Conseil Général 8,9% 19 294,65€  Sponsors and others 8,9% 19 316,04€ Victor Anicet – inside the Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
  • 7. Public Art in France Other recent window panes in France The window panes created by Victor Anicet for the Cathedrale de Notre Dame du Bon Port thus completes other recent creations such as :  Aurélie Nemours's in Salagon  Carole Benzaken's in Varennes Jarcy  Christophe Cuzin's in Lognes  Pierrre Soulages 's in Conques  Sarkis's in Silvacane  Ian Dibbets's in Blois  Robert Morris's in Maguelone Carole Benzaken & les Ateliers Duchemin, Vitraux de l´Eglise Saint Sulpice de Varennes-Jarcy (Essonne) Christophe Cuzin & les Ateliers Duchemin, Eglise de Lognes
  • 8. Public Art in France Other recent window panes in France All these build up progressively, a history of the contemporary stained glass pane, along with its iconographical and stylistic development. In fact, several recent commissioned projects have for a few years, supported the artists in the realisation of art works in the field of religious art. Pierre Soulages, Conques
  • 9. Public Art in Martinique What Victor Anicet says “It is the immersion in our tropical forest, in a womb-like environment, literally, that helped me find the inspiration. Spanning the vegetal entwining, photographing the designs of forms and curves, pierced here and there by spikes of filtered light. The surrealist manner of André Breton’s work, Martinique, Charmeuse de serpents, majestically illustrated by André Masson, as well as Wifredo Lam’s Jungle were a great help. All three had been introduced to the universe of “ la Trace ” by Aimé Césaire when they visited Martinique and all took their inspiration from there in their creative action ”. Victor Anicet. Victor Anicet – Detail photos - Les Vitraux de la Cathedrale de Saint Pierre
  • 10. Public Art in France What is La commande publique ? It is one of the most significant artistic decentralisation the French Ministère de la culture has endeavoured for the last twenty years. It has resulted in a series of works bringing contemporary art into everyday life. The term commande publique indicates both An object: Art work which, outside reserved spaces, aims at some contact with the population in the places where they live. A procedure: « La commande publique »,from the initial project until the realisation of the work and the final reception by the public. Daniel Buren - Les deux plateaux –1986 – cylindres de marbre noir et granit blanc - Cour d’honneur du Palais Royal - Paris – Commande publique du Ministère de la Culture
  • 11. Public Art in France La commande publique in France Commissioning projects is one of the procedures initiated by the Ministère de la Culture through the Délégation aux Arts Plastiques since 1983, aiming at  stimulating the creation of living artists  encouraging the contact between the public and contemporary art. Numerous works of art, among which sculptures, paintings, installations, environment, video art, furniture, half of which being displayed outdoors have thus been commissioned. Sol Lewitt – Wall Drawing n°711- 1990/1992 Musée de Picardie -Amiens – Peinture polychrome et lavis d’encre - 1%
  • 12. Public Art in France Different types of procedures are available  On a national basis, financed by the government, and supervised by the CNAP - Centre National pour les Arts Plastiques - which amounts to about twenty projects per year at a total cost of 2M. €  On a regional basis co-financed by the government, public regional financing; and for a lesser part, private financing. This represents seventeen projects at a total cost of 2 M.€ The impulse initiated by the French government during the eighties encouraged many other corporations to start initiating programmes to commission public works. Joseph Kossuth – Hommage à Champollion -1989/1990 -Figeac (Midi Pyrénées) –granit noir gravé au sable – 92 M² et 50 tonnes – Commande publique décentralisée Ministère de la culture et Municipalité de Figeac dans le cadre des Hommages aux grands hommes – Bicentenaire de la naissance de Champollion
  • 13. Public Art in France These programmes are built up thanks to public assemblies: government, region, local councils  to launch a new urban programme,  to help rebuild a new area or a public area,  to rehabilitate a historical monument,  to commemorate a personality or event. Daniel Buren Rayonnant –2002 - Sérignan (Languedoc) –métal déployé et fibres optiques - Commande publique décentralisée – Ministère de la culture et municipalité de Sérignan
  • 14. Public Art in France Stage 1 From the commissioning action to the complete realisation of the work. Supervising committee and experts committee Once the local assembly has decided, a supervising committee is appointed. The latter is composed of elected members, presided by the chairman of the community of cities. It defines the project and makes decisions concerning realisation A committee of experts brings their help  in suggesting artistic choices  in advising the committee in the selection of artists. Emmanuel Saulnier - Rester Résister – 1994 - Vercors –73 stèles de verre nu de 2 m sur 0,90m les plus grandes ; les plus petites sont les plus nombreuses – soixante treize noms gravés sur une bande de granit de 26 m – Lieu de mémoire en hommage aux victimes civiles de 1944 - Commande publique décentralisée Ministère de la Culture et Parc Naturel du Vercors
  • 15. Public Art in France Stage 2: the initial contract Once the decision has been made, an agreement is signed either with the DRAC, or with the central services of Dap or Cnap. The designated artist or team receives a contract which defines the object of the project and the cost, along with the written details about the work. This initial contract is entirely financed by the government and does not guarantee its realisation. Carmen Ines Blondet – Crecimiento en Brazil – 1994 Saô Paulo – Acier corten, Acier inoxydable Muséo de arte contemporaneo , Universidad de Saô Paulo
  • 16. Public Art in France Stage 3 The artistic programme and the preparatory designs are presented to the team in charge of the project who meet twice a year under supervision of The Délégation aux arts Plastiques - Centre national des Arts Plastiques. It is only once they have studied the project and stated about it, that the different partners will agree to realise the project. François Morellet -Rythmes interférents – 1984/1986 - Paris - La Villette – 800 mètres de néons clignotants programmés par ordinateur – Commande de l’établissement public du Parc de la Villette
  • 17. Public Art in France This is the crucial moment when the agreement between partners concerning the artistic project must be entirely understood, that every technical detail in connection with the feasibility of the work must be resolved, and that the conditions of delivery, maintenance, and conservation must be considered. Arman - Larmes de fonte - 1992 - Chaînes d’ancre de bateaux 3,56 m x 1,83 m x 0,92m et 3 tonnes - Morne Rouge – Commande publique décentralisée. Ministère de la Culture et Municipalité du Morne Rouge
  • 18. Public Art in France Last stage: realisation At this stage of the process, the artist possesses a signed contract for the realisation process - suivi de réalisation- the amount of which is decided by the committee of experts entrusted, in this phase of construction, with the observation of the initial project. Mario Merz – Commande publique décentralisée dans le cadre de la restructuration urbaine de Strasbourg et de la création de la première ligne de Tramway – 1994
  • 19. Public Art in Martinique The works visible in the Martiniquan public space are not all commissioned by the Ministère de la Culture, but can be for some of them, projects from the artists who after conceiving them, offer them to public or private partners. Laurent Valère - Cap 110 - 1998 - béton 2,5m - 4,2 tonnes commémoration du cent cinquantenaire de l'aboliton de l'esclavage Commande de la municipalité - Diamant
  • 20. Public Art in Martinique Laurent Valère - Manman D’lo - Béton armé - 3,5 m de hauteur - 6 tonnes – 2002 - Saint – Pierre. Laurent Valère - Manman D´lo Conference - résine sur armature métallique , pompes avec programmation électrique - 2006 - Sainte – Anne
  • 21. Public Art in Martinique Claude Yacoub Trente mille âmes sous les cieux- Saint – Pierre Martinique –2002 Commémoration du centenaire de l’éruption de la Montagne Pelée –installation éphémère bâtonnets fluorescents, dans la baie de Saint – Pierre. Véronique Baude - Chair ou poisson – 1998 - 4m2 Mosaïque de carreaux cassés, Fort de France - cent cinquantenaire de l'abolition de l'esclavage
  • 22. Public Art in Martinique They may be commissioned by assemblies - Conseil Régional, Conseil Général, town councils. In Lamentin:  Khokho René-Corail and Alberto Lescay Merencio - The Tree of Freedom, 1998 Commemoration of the one -hundred -and -fiftieth year after the slave revolution - Bronze - Height: 8 meters  Khokho René-Corail - Mural relating The history of Martinique. KhoKho René Corail et Alberto Lescay Merencio – Arbre de la liberté – 1998 – Commémoration du cent cinquantenaire de la révolution esclavagiste – Bronze - Hauteur 8 m - Ville du Lamentin KhoKho René Corail – fresque retraçant l ´histoire de la Martinique Ville du Lamentin
  • 23. Public Art in Martinique In Schoelcher:  Henri Guédon  Hector Charpentier -Peace, Unity, Freedom, Work, celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the town- 1988 - reinforced concrete- Height 7meters Hector Charpentier Monument pour le centenaire de la commune – 1988 - Paix, Union, Liberté, Travail, Béton armé, hauteur 7 m - Schoelcher Henri Guédon - Arbre de la liberté - bronze 9x3,20 m Commande de la municipalité de Schoelcher
  • 24. Public Art in Martinique Victor Anicet Liberté – 2004 - Lave émaillée – 11m x 3m – 33m² - Commande de la municipalité de Schoelcher
  • 25. Public Art in Martinique Some are initiatives of diverse organisms.  L’Accueil Paysan Zhang Yangen - Fruit of the Sky , 2004 - assembled carved wood, Height 2m50 - Saint-Esprit  La SIMAR Catherine Théodose - glass paste mural for the gables of 7 buildings - 1994 Dillon Fort-de-France All these works have not been commissioned by the Ministère de la Culture. L´Accueil Paysan Zhang Yangen - Les fruits du ciel, 2004 Bois taillé et assemblé, hauteur 2,50 m,Saint - Esprit Catherine Théodose - Fresques en pâte de verre pour 7 pignons d’immeubles, Quartier Dillon, Fort – de – France, 1994