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A Project
Submitted for
Partial fulfillment of course of
Environmental Studies –II
Submitted by: Submitted to:
Prabhat Kumar Jha Dr. Nidhi Shukla
B.Tech. Civil (IInd Sem.) Assistant Professor II
Batch 2014-18 Environmental Studies
Date of submission: AUMP, Gwalior-474005
April, 28-2023
Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Amity University Gwalior, Madhya pradesh
Solid waste Problems in Thatipur
Area
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The success and final outcome of this project required a lot of guidance
and assistance from many people and I am extremely fortunate to have
got this all along the completion of my project work. It would not have
been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals
and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of
them. I am highly indebted to (Name of your Organization Guide) for
their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing
necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in
completing the project. I would like to express my gratitude towards my
parents & member of (Organization Name) for their kind co-operation
and encouragement which help me in completion of this project. I am
thankful to and fortunate enough to get constant encouragement,
support and guidance from all Teaching staffs of Department of
computer science which helped me in successful completion of my
project work. Also, I would like to extend my sincere regards to all the
non-teaching staff of department of computer science for their timely
support. My thanks and appreciations also go to my colleague in
developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out
with their abilities.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Content: Page No
Acknowledgement I-II
Introduction 1-5
Methodology 6-12
Site visit 6
Questionnaire 7-8
Interaction with local people 9-10
Sampling and calculation 11-12
Observations/Results 13-20
Conclusion 21
INTRODUCTION
Solid waste has significant negative externalities, with impact on the
environment and health. Uncollected solid waste in cities provides a
favourable habitat for insects, vermin, and scavenging animals, which
proliferate and spread air and waterborne diseases such as plague,
dengue fever and diarrhoea among local populations. When not
disposed of with sound sanitary practices, leachate produced by
accumulated municipal solid waste can leak into the environment and
contaminate ground water and surface water. MSW also contributes to
some global environmental challenges, such as the increase of
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere – contributing
almost _ 5% of total human-based GHG emissions. Open burning in
dumpsites releases particulates as black carbon and persistent organic
pollutants, which bio accumulate in the food chain. In addition, many
cities engaged in flood management programs recognise that
uncollected solid waste – which blocks drains – is a major factor
causing flooding. Sound waste management is thus a daily matter for
local public authorities aiming at offering a safe and quality environment
to their residents.
Solid waste Problem in Gwalior:
Gwalior city is located..........
Solid Waste Problem in Thatipur area:
Thatipur is small town located.............
METHODOLOGY
Site Visit:
Thatipur is a locality in Gwalior Metropolitan region in the Indian
state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located at 26°14′15″N 78°13′50″E
with an area of 10 km2 (4 sq mi). As per the census of 2011, the
population of the city is 1,15,100. "Thatipur" term came from the "34
Battalion" which was there during British time. It lies 7 km from the
Old city of Gwalior and just 3 km from newly build City Centre
Tehsil headquarters . It is a part of Morar Subcity. It is usually
referred to as the new town of Gwalior because of its modern
infrastructure, wide roads, and modern amenities.
The city was visited on dated 25 and 26/02/2016 to gather the
information about the generation and disposal of solid waste
including municipal solid waste. To collect the data/ information we
divided the city in to four different zones viz. Suresh Nagar, Mayur
Nagar, Shastri Nagar and Chauhan Payou area. All the selected
sites were......................
Questionnaire:
During the course of investigation, we interacted with local peoples
of the area and tried to collect the relevant information regarding the
problem using questionnaire. The format of the questionnaire used
during the study is as:
We are students from _____________________ and we are
conducting a questionnaire to find out about recycling in our homes
as part of our project work on solid waste problem. If you could take
a few minutes to complete the questionnaire we would be very
grateful. Thank you for your time.
Name:............. Age:...............
Profession:................ Education:..............
1. What is recycling?
2. What materials do you recycle?
Plastic
Paper
Cardboard
Cans
Bottles
Other
3. How long have you been recycling?
Days
Weeks
Months
Years
4. Why do you recycle?
To help the environment
For fun
To save money
Other
5. If you don’t recycle, why not?
6. If you don’t recycle, will you start?
7. Do you know where your local recycling centre is?
Yes
No
If yes, where
8. When you grow out of clothes do you:
Throw them out and buy something new
Pass them on to a sibling of friend
Donate them to a charity
9. What do you do with paper that is printed on one side?
Use the other side the recycle it
Throw it in the rubbish bin
Recycle it
10. Do you compost at home?
Yes
No
Interaction with local people:
During this course of work, we interacted with number of people of
different age groups. At least 10 people were interviewed from every
zone. They were asked to put forward their view on solid waste
problem of their area along with their response on set of question
from questionnaire. The statements were noted and............
Sampling and calculation (If any):
OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS
The Relationship between Socioeconomic Characteristics
of Respondents and Solid Waste Disposal
We studied two socioeconomic characteristics of respondents in
study, employment status and educational level of respondents. This
is probably because employment as a source of income may
depend on the level of education. Figure 2 shows data obtained on
the employment status of respondents during field work. Majority of
the respondents were not employed (48%), making life difficult for
them. Therefore, they embark on small scale agricultural gardening
on the swampy area by the fringes of the Granville Brook dumpsite
as a source of income and livelihood. They also use the stream for
washing clothes and bathing their children. These activities expose
these residents to solid waste particularly hazardous wastes which
can lead to various diseases through chemical exposure.
Educational
level
Frequency Total Percentage
Near by residents Far away residents
Primary level 140 110 250 39.6
Higher education 53 53 106 16.8
Not education 205 70 275 43.6
Total 398 233 631 100
Residents’ Views on the Location of the Dumpsite and Their
Surroundings
Household residents, especially those who are closer to the
dumpsite are not happy about the location of the dumpsite in their
community. They complained that the dumpsite is too close to their
houses causing them a lot of sicknesses. Furthermore, they argued
that their surroundings are smelly and filthy and some of the wastes
from the dumpsite over lap their houses caus- ing pollution in the
environment.
Disposal Methods Used by Residents
The disposal methods of solid waste used by residents in the study
area were very unsatisfactory. The preference of educated people to
adopt better methods of waste disposal could be higher than
illiterates. It is obvious from the table that most of the people who
throw refuse on open land and drains are uneducated. Those who
keep waste in bins or burn it are most likely those with higher
education. In general, majority of the respondents either throw their
waste on land or drains or streets. Equally, only a small proportion
(21%) of the respondents deposits their waste in bins and bags from
FWMC where they can be transferred to the designated points for
ultimate disposal.
Impact of Having a Dumpsite in a Nearby Community
The dumpsite in a nearby community has many impacts as indicated
by the respondents during the study. Majority of both nearby and far
away residents indicated that the dumpsite is the breeding place for
disease vectors, cause diseases, and makes the place dirty.
However, the location of the dumpsite has considerably made the
residents to suffer from various diseases with malaria being the
most prevalent.
Conclusion
This study examined the solid waste problem in Thatipur area,
Gwalior. Results from the analysis of data revealed that both nearby
residents and far away residents suffered from related diseases due
to the location of the dumpsite closer to their settlements. It was
discovered that residents less than fifty metres from the dumpsite
are most affected by the dumpsite. Nagar Nigam must pursue
vigorously to enable the poor to live in affordable yet clean
environment. People need to be educated by health motivators
about the effects of municipal solid waste on their health and........
.............
Last Date of Submission
28th April 2023

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PROJECT FORMAT FOR EVS AMITY UNIVERSITY GWALIOR.ppt

  • 1. A Project Submitted for Partial fulfillment of course of Environmental Studies –II Submitted by: Submitted to: Prabhat Kumar Jha Dr. Nidhi Shukla B.Tech. Civil (IInd Sem.) Assistant Professor II Batch 2014-18 Environmental Studies Date of submission: AUMP, Gwalior-474005 April, 28-2023 Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Amity University Gwalior, Madhya pradesh Solid waste Problems in Thatipur Area
  • 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The success and final outcome of this project required a lot of guidance and assistance from many people and I am extremely fortunate to have got this all along the completion of my project work. It would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. I am highly indebted to (Name of your Organization Guide) for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in completing the project. I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents & member of (Organization Name) for their kind co-operation and encouragement which help me in completion of this project. I am thankful to and fortunate enough to get constant encouragement, support and guidance from all Teaching staffs of Department of computer science which helped me in successful completion of my project work. Also, I would like to extend my sincere regards to all the non-teaching staff of department of computer science for their timely support. My thanks and appreciations also go to my colleague in developing the project and people who have willingly helped me out with their abilities.
  • 3. TABLE OF CONTENT Content: Page No Acknowledgement I-II Introduction 1-5 Methodology 6-12 Site visit 6 Questionnaire 7-8 Interaction with local people 9-10 Sampling and calculation 11-12 Observations/Results 13-20 Conclusion 21
  • 4. INTRODUCTION Solid waste has significant negative externalities, with impact on the environment and health. Uncollected solid waste in cities provides a favourable habitat for insects, vermin, and scavenging animals, which proliferate and spread air and waterborne diseases such as plague, dengue fever and diarrhoea among local populations. When not disposed of with sound sanitary practices, leachate produced by accumulated municipal solid waste can leak into the environment and contaminate ground water and surface water. MSW also contributes to some global environmental challenges, such as the increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere – contributing almost _ 5% of total human-based GHG emissions. Open burning in dumpsites releases particulates as black carbon and persistent organic pollutants, which bio accumulate in the food chain. In addition, many cities engaged in flood management programs recognise that uncollected solid waste – which blocks drains – is a major factor causing flooding. Sound waste management is thus a daily matter for local public authorities aiming at offering a safe and quality environment to their residents. Solid waste Problem in Gwalior: Gwalior city is located.......... Solid Waste Problem in Thatipur area: Thatipur is small town located.............
  • 5. METHODOLOGY Site Visit: Thatipur is a locality in Gwalior Metropolitan region in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is located at 26°14′15″N 78°13′50″E with an area of 10 km2 (4 sq mi). As per the census of 2011, the population of the city is 1,15,100. "Thatipur" term came from the "34 Battalion" which was there during British time. It lies 7 km from the Old city of Gwalior and just 3 km from newly build City Centre Tehsil headquarters . It is a part of Morar Subcity. It is usually referred to as the new town of Gwalior because of its modern infrastructure, wide roads, and modern amenities. The city was visited on dated 25 and 26/02/2016 to gather the information about the generation and disposal of solid waste including municipal solid waste. To collect the data/ information we divided the city in to four different zones viz. Suresh Nagar, Mayur Nagar, Shastri Nagar and Chauhan Payou area. All the selected sites were......................
  • 6. Questionnaire: During the course of investigation, we interacted with local peoples of the area and tried to collect the relevant information regarding the problem using questionnaire. The format of the questionnaire used during the study is as: We are students from _____________________ and we are conducting a questionnaire to find out about recycling in our homes as part of our project work on solid waste problem. If you could take a few minutes to complete the questionnaire we would be very grateful. Thank you for your time. Name:............. Age:............... Profession:................ Education:..............
  • 7. 1. What is recycling? 2. What materials do you recycle? Plastic Paper Cardboard Cans Bottles Other 3. How long have you been recycling? Days Weeks Months Years 4. Why do you recycle? To help the environment For fun To save money Other
  • 8. 5. If you don’t recycle, why not? 6. If you don’t recycle, will you start? 7. Do you know where your local recycling centre is? Yes No If yes, where 8. When you grow out of clothes do you: Throw them out and buy something new Pass them on to a sibling of friend Donate them to a charity 9. What do you do with paper that is printed on one side? Use the other side the recycle it Throw it in the rubbish bin Recycle it 10. Do you compost at home? Yes No
  • 9. Interaction with local people: During this course of work, we interacted with number of people of different age groups. At least 10 people were interviewed from every zone. They were asked to put forward their view on solid waste problem of their area along with their response on set of question from questionnaire. The statements were noted and............ Sampling and calculation (If any):
  • 10. OBSERVATIONS/RESULTS The Relationship between Socioeconomic Characteristics of Respondents and Solid Waste Disposal We studied two socioeconomic characteristics of respondents in study, employment status and educational level of respondents. This is probably because employment as a source of income may depend on the level of education. Figure 2 shows data obtained on the employment status of respondents during field work. Majority of the respondents were not employed (48%), making life difficult for them. Therefore, they embark on small scale agricultural gardening on the swampy area by the fringes of the Granville Brook dumpsite as a source of income and livelihood. They also use the stream for washing clothes and bathing their children. These activities expose these residents to solid waste particularly hazardous wastes which can lead to various diseases through chemical exposure.
  • 11. Educational level Frequency Total Percentage Near by residents Far away residents Primary level 140 110 250 39.6 Higher education 53 53 106 16.8 Not education 205 70 275 43.6 Total 398 233 631 100
  • 12. Residents’ Views on the Location of the Dumpsite and Their Surroundings Household residents, especially those who are closer to the dumpsite are not happy about the location of the dumpsite in their community. They complained that the dumpsite is too close to their houses causing them a lot of sicknesses. Furthermore, they argued that their surroundings are smelly and filthy and some of the wastes from the dumpsite over lap their houses caus- ing pollution in the environment. Disposal Methods Used by Residents The disposal methods of solid waste used by residents in the study area were very unsatisfactory. The preference of educated people to adopt better methods of waste disposal could be higher than illiterates. It is obvious from the table that most of the people who throw refuse on open land and drains are uneducated. Those who keep waste in bins or burn it are most likely those with higher education. In general, majority of the respondents either throw their waste on land or drains or streets. Equally, only a small proportion (21%) of the respondents deposits their waste in bins and bags from FWMC where they can be transferred to the designated points for ultimate disposal.
  • 13. Impact of Having a Dumpsite in a Nearby Community The dumpsite in a nearby community has many impacts as indicated by the respondents during the study. Majority of both nearby and far away residents indicated that the dumpsite is the breeding place for disease vectors, cause diseases, and makes the place dirty. However, the location of the dumpsite has considerably made the residents to suffer from various diseases with malaria being the most prevalent.
  • 14. Conclusion This study examined the solid waste problem in Thatipur area, Gwalior. Results from the analysis of data revealed that both nearby residents and far away residents suffered from related diseases due to the location of the dumpsite closer to their settlements. It was discovered that residents less than fifty metres from the dumpsite are most affected by the dumpsite. Nagar Nigam must pursue vigorously to enable the poor to live in affordable yet clean environment. People need to be educated by health motivators about the effects of municipal solid waste on their health and........ .............
  • 15. Last Date of Submission 28th April 2023