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Production Possibility
Frontier
Presented By
Rokhsana Rahim Rumki
2
Roll:1610
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh
What is Production Possibility Frontier Curve?
Characteristics of PPFC
Why PPFC is bow shaped?
What is Opportunity cost?
PPFC curve shape according to opportunity cost
types
Efficiency from PPFC
What happens to PPFC when technological
advancement occurs?
CONTENTS
3
What is PPFC?
Illustrates the variations in
the amounts that can be
produced of two products if
both depend upon the same
finite resource for their
manufacture
From Nation’s Perspective
Demonstrates the point
that any nation’s economy
reaches its greatest level of
efficiency
From Industry Perspective
4
Efficiency from PPFC
Points D, E
Inefficient
Combination -
underutilized
Point F
Unattainable
Point A,B,C
Efficient output
combination
lying on the PPF
5
Characteristics of PPFC
Downward
Slope
Concave to
the origin
01 02
6
Why PPFC is Bow
Shaped?
Because, some resources are suited toone product than otherDue to the increasing law of opportunity
cost
7
Opportunity
COST
● Loss of other alternatives● When other alternative has been chosen● Value of Trade off
Value of Trade Off
8
3 types of Opportunity Cost from PPFC
Decreasing
if marginal opportunity
cost decreases then PPC
will be convex to the
origin owing to
decreasing slope
Constant
when the opportunity
cost of a good remains
constant as output of the
good increases
Increasing
when the opportunity
cost of a good increases
as output of the good
increases
9
Economic Growth from PPFC
● New Technology
● New production method
● New Raw materials
● Increase in labor force
Outward Shift
● Resources run out
● Natural disaster
● Failure to invest
● Erosion of infrastructure
Inward Shift
10
What happens when technological advancement occurs?
● Shifts the PPFC
rightward
● Less costly inputs are
needed
11
12

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Production possibility frontier curve

  • 2. Presented By Rokhsana Rahim Rumki 2 Roll:1610 Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh
  • 3. What is Production Possibility Frontier Curve? Characteristics of PPFC Why PPFC is bow shaped? What is Opportunity cost? PPFC curve shape according to opportunity cost types Efficiency from PPFC What happens to PPFC when technological advancement occurs? CONTENTS 3
  • 4. What is PPFC? Illustrates the variations in the amounts that can be produced of two products if both depend upon the same finite resource for their manufacture From Nation’s Perspective Demonstrates the point that any nation’s economy reaches its greatest level of efficiency From Industry Perspective 4
  • 5. Efficiency from PPFC Points D, E Inefficient Combination - underutilized Point F Unattainable Point A,B,C Efficient output combination lying on the PPF 5
  • 7. Why PPFC is Bow Shaped? Because, some resources are suited toone product than otherDue to the increasing law of opportunity cost 7
  • 8. Opportunity COST ● Loss of other alternatives● When other alternative has been chosen● Value of Trade off Value of Trade Off 8
  • 9. 3 types of Opportunity Cost from PPFC Decreasing if marginal opportunity cost decreases then PPC will be convex to the origin owing to decreasing slope Constant when the opportunity cost of a good remains constant as output of the good increases Increasing when the opportunity cost of a good increases as output of the good increases 9
  • 10. Economic Growth from PPFC ● New Technology ● New production method ● New Raw materials ● Increase in labor force Outward Shift ● Resources run out ● Natural disaster ● Failure to invest ● Erosion of infrastructure Inward Shift 10
  • 11. What happens when technological advancement occurs? ● Shifts the PPFC rightward ● Less costly inputs are needed 11
  • 12. 12