SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Download to read offline
POLITICAL
CHANGES
IN
TAMIL NADU
INDEX
1. WHAT IS POLITICS?
WHAT IS POLITICS?
Politics is the set of activities that are
associated with making
decisions in groups, or other forms
of power relations among individuals,
such as the distribution
of resources or status
HOW POLITICS STARTED IN
TAMIL NADU?
 The era of pre-Dravidian politics of Tamil Nadu is dominated by the Indian
National Congress (INC). The Indian National Congress was the ruling party of
Tamil Nadu for the first twenty years after independence, until a Dravidian
party, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), swept the 1967
elections. Power has since shifted between the two major Dravidian parties of
the state, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the All India Anna Dravida
Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).
 K. Kamaraj was the most influential leader during the Congress era in Tamil
Nadu.Kamaraj was instrumental in the ascension and downfall of the first six
Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu following independence: T. Prakasam, O.P.
Ramaswamy Reddiar, Kumaraswamy Raja, C. Rajagopalachari, M.
Bhakthavatsalam, and himself. Kamaraj originally threw his support behind T.
Prakasam to prevent C. Rajagopalachari from becoming Chief Minister in
1946, however, Kamaraj felt it was too difficult to control Prakasam as he was
Telugu and didn't feel the need to report to the Tamil Nadu Congress
Committee.
 Kamaraj facilitated the ouster of Prakasam and the ascension of O.P.
Ramaswamy Reddiar as Chief Minister in 1947.Ramaswamy and
Kamaraj eventually had a falling out which led to Ramaswamy's
downfall though he was Tamil and originally became Chief Minister
with Kamaraj's support.Kamaraj eventually elevated Kumaraswamy
Raja to the position of Chief Minister in 1949—a position which
Raja retained till he lost his seat in the general election of 1952.
 The general election of 1952 temporarily reduced the Congress Party
to a minority in the state legislative assembly. Though Congress held
the most seats in the state legislative assembly—152 out of 375, they
did not meet the required 188 seats to prove a governing majority. In
response, communist parties began to build a post-election coalition
challenging the Congress party.
 The coalition, the United Democratic Front (UDF), comprised 30
independents as well as the Communist Party of India (CPI) and CPI
backed independents, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP), Tamil
Nadu Toilers Party, Commonweal Party, Forward Block (Marxist
Group) also known as FBL (MG), All India Scheduled Caste
Federation (SCF), and Justice Party (JUSP).With 166 legislative
seats, the UDF staked their claim to form a government.
 But,the coalition government failed.
 Next government was formed by Kamarajar . He ruled for years ,he
was one of the successful leader in TN politics.
LIST OF CHIEF MINISTERS
RULED TAMIL NADU
EPS 2017-
2022.
M.K.STALIN
2022-present
PROMINENT LEADERS OF TAMIL
NADU
 KAMARAJAR
KAMARAJAR
 Kumaraswami Kamaraj (15 July 1903– 2 October 1975),
popularly known as Kamarajar was an Indian independence
activist and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Madras
State (Tamil Nadu) from 13 April 1954 to 2 October 1963. He was
the founder and the president of the Indian National Congress
(Organisation), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian
politics during the 1960s. He also served as the president of
the Indian National Congress for two terms i.e. four years between
1964–1967 and was responsible for the elevation of Lal Bahadur
Shastri to the position of Prime Minister of India after Nehru's death
and Indira Gandhi after Shastri's death. He was the Member of
Parliament, Lok Sabha during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was
known for his simplicity and integrity. He played a major role in
developing the infrastructure of the Madras state and worked to
improve the quality of life of the needy and the disadvantaged.
M.G.RAMACHANDRAN
M.G.RAMACHANDRAN
 Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917
– 24 December 1987), also popularly known as M.G.R.,
was an Indian politician, actor, philanthropist, and
filmmaker who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil
Nadu from 1977 until his death in 1987. He was
the AIADMK's founder and J. Jayalalithaa's mentor.On
19 March 1988, M.G.R. was posthumously awarded
the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
JAYALALITHA
JAYALALITHA
 Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December
2016) was an Indian politician and actress who served
as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for more than fourteen
years over six terms between 1991 and 2016. From 9
February 1989 to 5 December 2016, she was the 5th and
longest-serving general secretary of the All India Anna
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),a Dravidian
party whose cadre revered her as their "Amma" (Mother)
and "Puratchi Thalaivi" (Revolutionary leader).Her
critics in the media and the opposition accused her of
fostering a personality cult and of demanding absolute
loyalty from AIADMK legislators and ministers
KALAINGAR KARUNANIDHI
M.KARUNANIDHI
 Muthuvel Karunanidhi (3 June 1924 – 7 August 2018) was an
Indian writer and politician who served as Chief Minister of Tamil
Nadu for almost two decades over five terms between 1969 and
2011. He was popularly referred to as Kalaignar (Artist)
and Mutthamizh Arignar (Tamil Scholar) for his contributions to
Tamil literature. He had the longest tenure as Chief Minister of
Tamil Nadu with 6,863 days in office. He was also a long-standing
leader of the Dravidian movement and ten-time president of
the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam political party. Karunanidhi has
the record of never losing an election to the Tamil Nadu Assembly,
having won 13 times since his first victory in 1957.
 Karunanidhi died on 7 August 2018 at Kauvery
Hospital in Chennai after a series of prolonged, age-related
illnesses.[3]
M.K.STALIN
M.K.STALIN
 Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin, born 1 March 1953),
often referred to by his initials as MK Stalin, is an
Indian Tamil politician serving as the 8th and
current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. The son of the
former Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, Stalin has been
the president of the Dravida Munnetra
Kazhagam (DMK) party since 28 August 2018. He
served as the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002
and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009
to 2011.Stalin was placed 30th on the list of India's Most
Powerful Personalities in 2019 by The Indian Express.

More Related Content

What's hot

lal bahadur shastri ppt
lal bahadur shastri pptlal bahadur shastri ppt
lal bahadur shastri pptMuniKarnamkota
 
Revolutionary Nationalism in India
Revolutionary Nationalism in IndiaRevolutionary Nationalism in India
Revolutionary Nationalism in IndiaMonica Sharma
 
MQ: Indian Freedom Struggle
MQ: Indian Freedom StruggleMQ: Indian Freedom Struggle
MQ: Indian Freedom StruggleArun Hiregange
 
Indian independence and partition ppt
Indian independence and partition pptIndian independence and partition ppt
Indian independence and partition pptvineethdoddannar
 
Netaji and azad hind fouz
Netaji and azad hind fouzNetaji and azad hind fouz
Netaji and azad hind fouzfarman53
 
Indian national congress word document
Indian national congress word document Indian national congress word document
Indian national congress word document Rishabh Dhakarwal
 
The National Movement And Mahatma Gandhi
The National Movement And Mahatma GandhiThe National Movement And Mahatma Gandhi
The National Movement And Mahatma GandhiGirish Arabbi
 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelNikhilRai62
 
emergency (1975-1977)
emergency (1975-1977)emergency (1975-1977)
emergency (1975-1977)Akankshaaj46
 
Partition of India
Partition of IndiaPartition of India
Partition of Indiajpate55
 
Constitutional design
Constitutional designConstitutional design
Constitutional designRajni Arya
 
Partition of India
Partition of India Partition of India
Partition of India katherald
 
Making of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionMaking of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionHitesh Singh
 
India’s independence and partition
India’s independence and partitionIndia’s independence and partition
India’s independence and partitionUniversity of Lucknow
 

What's hot (20)

lal bahadur shastri ppt
lal bahadur shastri pptlal bahadur shastri ppt
lal bahadur shastri ppt
 
Revolutionary Nationalism in India
Revolutionary Nationalism in IndiaRevolutionary Nationalism in India
Revolutionary Nationalism in India
 
MQ: Indian Freedom Struggle
MQ: Indian Freedom StruggleMQ: Indian Freedom Struggle
MQ: Indian Freedom Struggle
 
Indian independence and partition ppt
Indian independence and partition pptIndian independence and partition ppt
Indian independence and partition ppt
 
Constitutional design
Constitutional designConstitutional design
Constitutional design
 
Netaji and azad hind fouz
Netaji and azad hind fouzNetaji and azad hind fouz
Netaji and azad hind fouz
 
Indira gandhi
Indira gandhiIndira gandhi
Indira gandhi
 
ppt
pptppt
ppt
 
Indian national congress word document
Indian national congress word document Indian national congress word document
Indian national congress word document
 
Ssc project
Ssc projectSsc project
Ssc project
 
Naxalism in india
Naxalism in indiaNaxalism in india
Naxalism in india
 
The National Movement And Mahatma Gandhi
The National Movement And Mahatma GandhiThe National Movement And Mahatma Gandhi
The National Movement And Mahatma Gandhi
 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
 
emergency (1975-1977)
emergency (1975-1977)emergency (1975-1977)
emergency (1975-1977)
 
Partition of India
Partition of IndiaPartition of India
Partition of India
 
Congress
CongressCongress
Congress
 
Constitutional design
Constitutional designConstitutional design
Constitutional design
 
Partition of India
Partition of India Partition of India
Partition of India
 
Making of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionMaking of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitution
 
India’s independence and partition
India’s independence and partitionIndia’s independence and partition
India’s independence and partition
 

Similar to POLITICAL CHANGES.pptx

The president of india is the commander
The president of india is the commanderThe president of india is the commander
The president of india is the commanderPSC online class
 
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIADETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIAmanuj217
 
Polital parties.pdf
Polital parties.pdfPolital parties.pdf
Polital parties.pdfMehakBikhta
 
Making of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionMaking of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionHitesh Singh
 
Leading leaders of Indian constitution
Leading leaders of Indian constitutionLeading leaders of Indian constitution
Leading leaders of Indian constitutionPankaj Pandey
 
List of all presidents of india
List of all presidents of indiaList of all presidents of india
List of all presidents of indiaAmeer Khan
 
P.p.d by ashish
P.p.d by ashishP.p.d by ashish
P.p.d by ashishNo way out
 
Presidents of india
Presidents of indiaPresidents of india
Presidents of indiaJai Gupta
 
Regional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaRegional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaCol Mukteshwar Prasad
 
presidents of India
presidents of Indiapresidents of India
presidents of IndiaRAHANA NK
 
Morarji desai
Morarji desai Morarji desai
Morarji desai sujay762
 
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of india
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of indiaIntresting facts about 15 prime ministers of india
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of indiaannanyasharma55
 
presidents of india
presidents of indiapresidents of india
presidents of indiaanoop014
 
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari VajpayeeVatsal Arora
 
Women status in politics
Women status in politicsWomen status in politics
Women status in politicsAnanyaSinha19
 

Similar to POLITICAL CHANGES.pptx (20)

The president of india is the commander
The president of india is the commanderThe president of india is the commander
The president of india is the commander
 
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIADETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
DETAILS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA
 
Polital parties.pdf
Polital parties.pdfPolital parties.pdf
Polital parties.pdf
 
Making of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitutionMaking of the indian constitution
Making of the indian constitution
 
Leading leaders of Indian constitution
Leading leaders of Indian constitutionLeading leaders of Indian constitution
Leading leaders of Indian constitution
 
List of all presidents of india
List of all presidents of indiaList of all presidents of india
List of all presidents of india
 
P.p.d by ashish
P.p.d by ashishP.p.d by ashish
P.p.d by ashish
 
Presidents of india
Presidents of indiaPresidents of india
Presidents of india
 
Regional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in IndiaRegional parties and its implications in India
Regional parties and its implications in India
 
presidents of India
presidents of Indiapresidents of India
presidents of India
 
Morarji desai
Morarji desai Morarji desai
Morarji desai
 
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of india
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of indiaIntresting facts about 15 prime ministers of india
Intresting facts about 15 prime ministers of india
 
Union executive-5.pptx
Union executive-5.pptxUnion executive-5.pptx
Union executive-5.pptx
 
Union executive
Union executiveUnion executive
Union executive
 
Description coins
Description coinsDescription coins
Description coins
 
presidents of india
presidents of indiapresidents of india
presidents of india
 
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
 
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari VajpayeeAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
 
Women status in politics
Women status in politicsWomen status in politics
Women status in politics
 
Presidents
PresidentsPresidents
Presidents
 

Recently uploaded

13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)ssuser583c35
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptUsmanKaran
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxSasikiranMarri
 

Recently uploaded (6)

13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
 

POLITICAL CHANGES.pptx

  • 2. INDEX 1. WHAT IS POLITICS?
  • 3. WHAT IS POLITICS? Politics is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations among individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status
  • 4. HOW POLITICS STARTED IN TAMIL NADU?  The era of pre-Dravidian politics of Tamil Nadu is dominated by the Indian National Congress (INC). The Indian National Congress was the ruling party of Tamil Nadu for the first twenty years after independence, until a Dravidian party, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), swept the 1967 elections. Power has since shifted between the two major Dravidian parties of the state, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).  K. Kamaraj was the most influential leader during the Congress era in Tamil Nadu.Kamaraj was instrumental in the ascension and downfall of the first six Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu following independence: T. Prakasam, O.P. Ramaswamy Reddiar, Kumaraswamy Raja, C. Rajagopalachari, M. Bhakthavatsalam, and himself. Kamaraj originally threw his support behind T. Prakasam to prevent C. Rajagopalachari from becoming Chief Minister in 1946, however, Kamaraj felt it was too difficult to control Prakasam as he was Telugu and didn't feel the need to report to the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee.
  • 5.  Kamaraj facilitated the ouster of Prakasam and the ascension of O.P. Ramaswamy Reddiar as Chief Minister in 1947.Ramaswamy and Kamaraj eventually had a falling out which led to Ramaswamy's downfall though he was Tamil and originally became Chief Minister with Kamaraj's support.Kamaraj eventually elevated Kumaraswamy Raja to the position of Chief Minister in 1949—a position which Raja retained till he lost his seat in the general election of 1952.  The general election of 1952 temporarily reduced the Congress Party to a minority in the state legislative assembly. Though Congress held the most seats in the state legislative assembly—152 out of 375, they did not meet the required 188 seats to prove a governing majority. In response, communist parties began to build a post-election coalition challenging the Congress party.
  • 6.  The coalition, the United Democratic Front (UDF), comprised 30 independents as well as the Communist Party of India (CPI) and CPI backed independents, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP), Tamil Nadu Toilers Party, Commonweal Party, Forward Block (Marxist Group) also known as FBL (MG), All India Scheduled Caste Federation (SCF), and Justice Party (JUSP).With 166 legislative seats, the UDF staked their claim to form a government.  But,the coalition government failed.  Next government was formed by Kamarajar . He ruled for years ,he was one of the successful leader in TN politics.
  • 7. LIST OF CHIEF MINISTERS RULED TAMIL NADU
  • 9. PROMINENT LEADERS OF TAMIL NADU  KAMARAJAR
  • 10. KAMARAJAR  Kumaraswami Kamaraj (15 July 1903– 2 October 1975), popularly known as Kamarajar was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Madras State (Tamil Nadu) from 13 April 1954 to 2 October 1963. He was the founder and the president of the Indian National Congress (Organisation), widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s. He also served as the president of the Indian National Congress for two terms i.e. four years between 1964–1967 and was responsible for the elevation of Lal Bahadur Shastri to the position of Prime Minister of India after Nehru's death and Indira Gandhi after Shastri's death. He was the Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity. He played a major role in developing the infrastructure of the Madras state and worked to improve the quality of life of the needy and the disadvantaged.
  • 12. M.G.RAMACHANDRAN  Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran (17 January 1917 – 24 December 1987), also popularly known as M.G.R., was an Indian politician, actor, philanthropist, and filmmaker who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 1977 until his death in 1987. He was the AIADMK's founder and J. Jayalalithaa's mentor.On 19 March 1988, M.G.R. was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.
  • 14. JAYALALITHA  Jayaram Jayalalithaa (24 February 1948 – 5 December 2016) was an Indian politician and actress who served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for more than fourteen years over six terms between 1991 and 2016. From 9 February 1989 to 5 December 2016, she was the 5th and longest-serving general secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK),a Dravidian party whose cadre revered her as their "Amma" (Mother) and "Puratchi Thalaivi" (Revolutionary leader).Her critics in the media and the opposition accused her of fostering a personality cult and of demanding absolute loyalty from AIADMK legislators and ministers
  • 16. M.KARUNANIDHI  Muthuvel Karunanidhi (3 June 1924 – 7 August 2018) was an Indian writer and politician who served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for almost two decades over five terms between 1969 and 2011. He was popularly referred to as Kalaignar (Artist) and Mutthamizh Arignar (Tamil Scholar) for his contributions to Tamil literature. He had the longest tenure as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu with 6,863 days in office. He was also a long-standing leader of the Dravidian movement and ten-time president of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam political party. Karunanidhi has the record of never losing an election to the Tamil Nadu Assembly, having won 13 times since his first victory in 1957.  Karunanidhi died on 7 August 2018 at Kauvery Hospital in Chennai after a series of prolonged, age-related illnesses.[3]
  • 18. M.K.STALIN  Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin, born 1 March 1953), often referred to by his initials as MK Stalin, is an Indian Tamil politician serving as the 8th and current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. The son of the former Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, Stalin has been the president of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party since 28 August 2018. He served as the 37th Mayor of Chennai from 1996 to 2002 and 1st Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from 2009 to 2011.Stalin was placed 30th on the list of India's Most Powerful Personalities in 2019 by The Indian Express.