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Foreign relations india

Foreign Relations of India in the Modi era

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Foreign relations india

  1. 1. Foreign Relations - India Group 6 – Sec A Anjali Mirchandani 7A Preetam Das 31A Sandeep Chandra D R 43A Shadab Khan 46A Surbhi Gupta 51A
  2. 2. Foreign Relations – in a nutshell Promoted a strong personal role for the Prime Minister but a weak institutional structure. Nehru served concurrently as Prime Minister and Minister of External Affairs; he made all major foreign policy decisions himself after consulting with his advisers and then entrusted the conduct of international affairs to senior members of the Indian Foreign Service By the 1970s, the Office of the Prime Minister had become the de facto coordinator and supraministry of the Indian government. The enhanced role of the office strengthened the prime minister's control over foreign policy making at the expense of the Ministry of External Affairs Even before independence, the Government of British India maintained semi-autonomous diplomatic relations After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, it soon joined the Commonwealth of Nations and strongly supported independence movements in other colonies, like the Indonesian National Revolution During the Cold War, India adopted a foreign policy of not aligning itself with any major power bloc. However, India developed close ties with the Soviet Union and received extensive military support from it The end of the Cold War significantly affected India's foreign policy, as it did for much of the world. India now seeks to strengthen its diplomatic and economic ties with the United States, the People's Republic of China, the European Union, Japan, Israel, Mexico, and Brazil. India has also forged close ties with the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the African Union, the Arab League and Iran Though India continues to have a military relationship with Russia, Israel has emerged as India's second largest military partner while India has built a strong strategic partnership with the United States. The foreign policy of Narendra Modi indicated a shift towards focusing on the Asian region and, more broadly, trade deals.
  3. 3. The Modi Doctrine Ajit DovalSubrahmanyam Jaishankar Gen. V K SinghSushma Swaraj External Affairs Minister Foreign Secretary National Security AdvisorMinister of State for External Affairs Prime Minister The Team India's growing economy, strategic location, friendly foreign policy and large and vibrant diaspora has won it more allies than enemies India has friendly relations with several countries in the developing world Though India is not a part of any major military alliance, it has close strategic and military relationship with most of the fellow major powers
  4. 4. Policy initiatives Act East policy Neighbourhood first policy Indian Ocean outreach Project Mausam Fast-track DiplomacyPara Diplomacy Transition from “Look East” to “Act East” India would focus more and more on improving relations Inviting all heads of state/heads of government of South Asian countries in his inauguration and on the second day on office he held bilateral talks with all of them individually India's nautical backyard, steadily turning into a hotspot thanks to growing Chinese strategic presence over the region's numerous strategically located archipelagos On the back of growing Chinese naval activity in the Indian ocean region, which India considers its area of supremacy, the Modi administration have introduced Project Mausam Since taking office the External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj held round-table meeting with all Indian heads of missions to the SAARC region, ASEAN region and Middle East separately as a follow up measure to carry forward the leads gained by high profile visits and exchanges. One of the innovative idea of Modi govt is the introduction of elements of para diplomacy in India’s foreign policy where each states and cities would be encouraged to forge special relation with countries or federal states of another country or even cities of their interest in order
  5. 5. Asia and Africa • Despite growing economic and strategic ties, there are several hurdles for India and the PRC to overcome in order to establish favourable relations • The two countries have failed to resolve their long-standing border dispute • The major challenge confronting India-China relations has been to build mutual trust and confidence • Heavy trade imbalance in favor of China • India, China to Discuss Lakhvi Issue and Cooperation on Counterterrorism • Focus of Sino-Indian relations shifting from “high politics” issues to “low politics” ones Way Ahead • Relations between India and Nepal are close yet fraught with difficulties stemming from border disputes, geography, economics, the problems inherent in big power-small power relations, and common ethnic and linguistic identities that overlap the two countries' borders • India is the largest regional investor in Afghanistan, having committed more than US$2.2 billion for reconstruction purposes • Dam built by Tata Power will greatly develop the Bhutanese economy by providing employment, and by selling electricity to India and fulfilling India's burgeoning energy needs. Due to this dam Bhutan's economy grew 20%, the second highest growth rate in the world Way Ahead
  6. 6. The Americas • India signed various MoUs like in areas of cyber security, skill development, cooperation in the railways and civil aviation front with Canada • Modi’s visit was the first bilateral visit to that country by an Indian Prime Minister in 42 years • President Rousseff emphasized the special place this relationship enjoyed in Brazil's foreign policy, because of the potential for bilateral cooperation and the international significance of their partnership • India made nuclear deal with the Canada’s biggest producer of uranium, Cameco, signed a $280 million, five-year deal to supply uranium to fuel Indian nuclear reactorsThe long-term deal announced later that Cameco will sell 7.1 million pounds of uranium to India, through 2020 • diversify trade and investment flows and deepen cooperation in agriculture and dairy science, conventional and renewable energy, space research and applications, defence, cyber security and environment conservation Way Ahead • "India and the United States are bound together, by history and culture“ – Modi • President Obama greeted Modi by calling him a "Man of Action“ • President Obama was the first US President to visit India twice in office and the two leaders now scheduled to hold back to back summits within six months • India is perceived by Americans as their 6th favorite nation in the world, with 71% of Americans viewing India favorably in 2015 (Gallup’s World Affairs survey, 2015) • The two leaders also agreed to “develop a roadmap that leverages our respective efforts to increase ties among Asian powers, enabling both our nations to better respond” to the emerging diplomatic, economic and security challenges in the region Way Ahead
  7. 7. Europe and Eurasia India's long term strategic ally for more that half a century but relations strained post cold war, India diversified its defense purchases • Ind-Russia have set a target of US$30 billion of bilateral trade by 2025 with equal amount of investment in each other's economy • Joint feasibility study of building gas pipeline through China • The annual commission meeting have identified new areas of cooperation including prioritising the International North South Corridor Project (INSTC), start negotiating on a Free Trade Agreement between India and the Euresian customs union, focusing on enhancing economic partnership in areas like energy, civil aviation and diamond trade along with Russian participation in Modi's smart city project • Modi has assured Russia of a long term defence relation Way Ahead • Modi discussed bilateral issues including strategic space and defense collaboration • Expressed solidarity with the people of France besides condemning the act of terror • Clenched a government to government deal for 36 Dassault Rafale fighter aircraft in fly-away condition • David Cameron said improving relations with India in the "top priority" of UK foreign policy • Modi made strongest pitch for the ”Make in India” initiative in Hannover fair, Germany • There were announcements of strengthened cooperation in sectors like energy, skill development, science & technology and the Modi government’s initiatives like Digital India and Clean India • Airbus committed to increase its outsourcing from India from current level of US$ 400 million to US$ 2 billion by 2020 • Ind-France negotiating setting-up of a 9900 MW nuclear power plant in Jaitapur by the French firm Areva Way Ahead
  8. 8. Salient Features of FTP 2015-20 to promote exports • FTP 2015-20 introduces two new schemes, namely "Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS)" and "Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS)” • FTP benefits from both MEIS & SEIS will be extended to units located in SEZs • Agricultural and village industry products to be supported across the globe at rates of 3% and 5% under MEIS. Higher level of support to be provided to processed and packaged agricultural and food items under MEIS • Industrial products to be supported in major markets at rates ranging from 2% to 3% • Branding campaigns planned to promote exports in sectors where India has traditional Strength • SEIS shall apply to 'Service Providers located in India' instead of 'Indian Service Providers‘ • Business services, hotel and restaurants to get rewards scrips under SEIS at 3% and other specified services at 5% • Duty credit scrips to be freely transferable and usable for payment of customs duty, excise duty and service tax • Reduced Export Obligation (EO) (75%) for domestic procurement under EPCG scheme • No need to repeatedly submit physical copies of documents available on Exporter Importer Profile • Calicut Airport, Kerala and Arakonam ICDS, Tamil Nadu notified as registered ports for import and export • Certificate from independent chartered engineer for redemption of EPCG authorisation no longer required
  9. 9. Thank You

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Foreign Relations of India in the Modi era

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