SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 2
Phagocytosis
 Phagocytosis is a process of ingest or engulf other cells or particles by phagocytes
 Phagocytosis is an important process in the immune system.
 Several types of cells in the immune system engulf microorganisms via phagocytosis.
 Neutrophils. Neutrophils are abundant in the blood, quickly enter tissues, and
phagocytize pathogens in acute inflammation.
 Macrophages. Macrophages are closely related to monocytes in the blood. These longer-
lived cells predominate in chronic inflammation.
 Dendritic Cells. Phagocytosis in these cells is important for the elaboration of a specific
immune response rather than for directly destroying the pathogens.
 B Lymphocytes. A small amount of phagocytosis in these cells is often necessary in
order for them to develop into cells that release antibodies.
 Phagocytosis begins with the neutrophil or macrophage flowing around the pathogen and
engulfing it so that it winds up enclosed in a phagosome(phagocytic vesicle).
 The next step is the fusion of lysosomes with the phagosome. The result is called
a phagolysosome. Lysosome are focused on destroying microorganisms.
Phagocytosis

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Bacterial capsule
Bacterial capsuleBacterial capsule
Bacterial capsule
 
Basic immunology
Basic immunologyBasic immunology
Basic immunology
 
Immunology viii malt
Immunology viii maltImmunology viii malt
Immunology viii malt
 
INNATE IMMUNITY
INNATE IMMUNITYINNATE IMMUNITY
INNATE IMMUNITY
 
bacteriophage.ppt
bacteriophage.pptbacteriophage.ppt
bacteriophage.ppt
 
Microbial pathogenicity
Microbial pathogenicityMicrobial pathogenicity
Microbial pathogenicity
 
Sporulation in bacteria.pptx
Sporulation in bacteria.pptxSporulation in bacteria.pptx
Sporulation in bacteria.pptx
 
Oncogenic virus ppt
Oncogenic virus pptOncogenic virus ppt
Oncogenic virus ppt
 
Immunity
ImmunityImmunity
Immunity
 
Acquired immunity
Acquired immunityAcquired immunity
Acquired immunity
 
Immunity and their types
Immunity and their typesImmunity and their types
Immunity and their types
 
PHAGOCYTOSIS
PHAGOCYTOSISPHAGOCYTOSIS
PHAGOCYTOSIS
 
Bacterial genetics
Bacterial geneticsBacterial genetics
Bacterial genetics
 
Antigen lecture-51 (1)
Antigen lecture-51 (1)Antigen lecture-51 (1)
Antigen lecture-51 (1)
 
sporulation
sporulationsporulation
sporulation
 
Bacterial replication
Bacterial replicationBacterial replication
Bacterial replication
 
IMMUNOLOGY
IMMUNOLOGYIMMUNOLOGY
IMMUNOLOGY
 
Classification of virus
Classification of virusClassification of virus
Classification of virus
 
Phagocytosis
PhagocytosisPhagocytosis
Phagocytosis
 
Antigen
AntigenAntigen
Antigen
 

Similar to Phagocytosis

Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdf
Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdfImmunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdf
Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdfVedantShivajiShelke
 
Cells of the immune system ppt
Cells of the immune system pptCells of the immune system ppt
Cells of the immune system pptGloria Okenze
 
Presentation okkkk
Presentation okkkkPresentation okkkk
Presentation okkkkFabehaNafees
 
The Lymphatic System.pdf
The Lymphatic System.pdfThe Lymphatic System.pdf
The Lymphatic System.pdfPritamjit3
 
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)Abhijeet2509
 
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .ppt
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .pptlecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .ppt
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .pptMohammadFaisal565026
 
microbial invasion .pptx
microbial invasion .pptxmicrobial invasion .pptx
microbial invasion .pptxMohammed Mohsen
 
bacterial immunopathology
bacterial immunopathologybacterial immunopathology
bacterial immunopathologyPmn12345
 
Cells of immune system
Cells of immune systemCells of immune system
Cells of immune systemkamilKhan63
 
Chronic inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy 
Chronic  inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Chronic  inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy 
Chronic inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Indian dental academy
 

Similar to Phagocytosis (20)

Lecture 10
Lecture 10Lecture 10
Lecture 10
 
Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdf
Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdfImmunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdf
Immunology lecture 6 Phagocytosis.pdf
 
Overview of immune response
Overview of immune responseOverview of immune response
Overview of immune response
 
Cells of the immune system ppt
Cells of the immune system pptCells of the immune system ppt
Cells of the immune system ppt
 
Presentation okkkk
Presentation okkkkPresentation okkkk
Presentation okkkk
 
The Lymphatic System.pdf
The Lymphatic System.pdfThe Lymphatic System.pdf
The Lymphatic System.pdf
 
Hypersensitivity physio
Hypersensitivity physioHypersensitivity physio
Hypersensitivity physio
 
Hypersensitivity
HypersensitivityHypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity
 
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)
Mechanisms of innate immunity in invertebrates (hemocytes)
 
chronic inflamation
chronic inflamationchronic inflamation
chronic inflamation
 
Immunity - The basic concept
Immunity - The basic conceptImmunity - The basic concept
Immunity - The basic concept
 
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .ppt
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .pptlecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .ppt
lecture 9-GRANULOMATOUS INFLAMMATION .ppt
 
microbial invasion .pptx
microbial invasion .pptxmicrobial invasion .pptx
microbial invasion .pptx
 
Immunology microbiology by nilesh sharma
Immunology microbiology by nilesh sharmaImmunology microbiology by nilesh sharma
Immunology microbiology by nilesh sharma
 
Inflammation
InflammationInflammation
Inflammation
 
Inflammatory response
Inflammatory responseInflammatory response
Inflammatory response
 
Immunology
ImmunologyImmunology
Immunology
 
bacterial immunopathology
bacterial immunopathologybacterial immunopathology
bacterial immunopathology
 
Cells of immune system
Cells of immune systemCells of immune system
Cells of immune system
 
Chronic inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy 
Chronic  inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy Chronic  inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy 
Chronic inflammation /orthodontic courses by Indian dental academy 
 

More from Vidya Kalaivani Rajkumar

Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress tolerance
Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress toleranceTransgenic plants- Abiotic stress tolerance
Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress toleranceVidya Kalaivani Rajkumar
 
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOL
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOLProtein structure visualization tools-RASMOL
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOLVidya Kalaivani Rajkumar
 

More from Vidya Kalaivani Rajkumar (20)

Recombinant vaccines-Peptide Vaccines
Recombinant vaccines-Peptide Vaccines Recombinant vaccines-Peptide Vaccines
Recombinant vaccines-Peptide Vaccines
 
Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress tolerance
Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress toleranceTransgenic plants- Abiotic stress tolerance
Transgenic plants- Abiotic stress tolerance
 
Bioreactors in tissue engineering
Bioreactors in tissue engineeringBioreactors in tissue engineering
Bioreactors in tissue engineering
 
Tissue assembly in microgravity
Tissue assembly in microgravityTissue assembly in microgravity
Tissue assembly in microgravity
 
In vivo synthesis of tissues and organs
In vivo synthesis of tissues and organsIn vivo synthesis of tissues and organs
In vivo synthesis of tissues and organs
 
Bioartificial pancreas
Bioartificial pancreasBioartificial pancreas
Bioartificial pancreas
 
Biomaterials for tissue engineering
Biomaterials for tissue engineeringBiomaterials for tissue engineering
Biomaterials for tissue engineering
 
Haematopoietic system
Haematopoietic systemHaematopoietic system
Haematopoietic system
 
Fasta
FastaFasta
Fasta
 
Water vascular system of star fish
Water vascular system of star fishWater vascular system of star fish
Water vascular system of star fish
 
Cephalopodes are advance molluscs
Cephalopodes are advance molluscsCephalopodes are advance molluscs
Cephalopodes are advance molluscs
 
Beat air pollution
Beat air pollution Beat air pollution
Beat air pollution
 
Birth control methods
Birth control methodsBirth control methods
Birth control methods
 
Future of human evolution
Future of human evolutionFuture of human evolution
Future of human evolution
 
Sequence alignment
Sequence alignmentSequence alignment
Sequence alignment
 
Assignment on developmental zoology
Assignment on developmental zoologyAssignment on developmental zoology
Assignment on developmental zoology
 
Development of chick
Development of chickDevelopment of chick
Development of chick
 
Major biological nucleotide databases
Major biological nucleotide databasesMajor biological nucleotide databases
Major biological nucleotide databases
 
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOL
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOLProtein structure visualization tools-RASMOL
Protein structure visualization tools-RASMOL
 
Swiss pdb viewer
Swiss pdb viewerSwiss pdb viewer
Swiss pdb viewer
 

Recently uploaded

CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptx
CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptxCONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptx
CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptxRASHMI M G
 
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.Cherry
 
Role of AI in seed science Predictive modelling and Beyond.pptx
Role of AI in seed science  Predictive modelling and  Beyond.pptxRole of AI in seed science  Predictive modelling and  Beyond.pptx
Role of AI in seed science Predictive modelling and Beyond.pptxArvind Kumar
 
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptx
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptxCyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptx
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptxCherry
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of Asepsis
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of AsepsisGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of Asepsis
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of AsepsisAreesha Ahmad
 
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptx
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptxGenome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptx
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptxCherry
 
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center ChimneyX-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center ChimneySérgio Sacani
 
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter Physics
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter PhysicsDaily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter Physics
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter PhysicsWILSONROMA4
 
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.Cherry
 
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry Areesha Ahmad
 
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.Plasmid: types, structure and functions.
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.Cherry
 
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professor
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate ProfessorThyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professor
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professormuralinath2
 
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical Science
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical ScienceFAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical Science
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical ScienceAlex Henderson
 
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for vote
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for voteONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for vote
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for voteRaunakRastogi4
 
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virus
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virusdevelopment of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virus
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virusNazaninKarimi6
 
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....muralinath2
 
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...Cherry
 
PODOCARPUS...........................pptx
PODOCARPUS...........................pptxPODOCARPUS...........................pptx
PODOCARPUS...........................pptxCherry
 
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence acceleration
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence accelerationEfficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence acceleration
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence accelerationSérgio Sacani
 
Method of Quantifying interactions and its types
Method of Quantifying interactions and its typesMethod of Quantifying interactions and its types
Method of Quantifying interactions and its typesNISHIKANTKRISHAN
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptx
CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptxCONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptx
CONTRIBUTION OF PANCHANAN MAHESHWARI.pptx
 
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.
Porella : features, morphology, anatomy, reproduction etc.
 
Role of AI in seed science Predictive modelling and Beyond.pptx
Role of AI in seed science  Predictive modelling and  Beyond.pptxRole of AI in seed science  Predictive modelling and  Beyond.pptx
Role of AI in seed science Predictive modelling and Beyond.pptx
 
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptx
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptxCyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptx
Cyanide resistant respiration pathway.pptx
 
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of Asepsis
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of AsepsisGBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of Asepsis
GBSN - Microbiology (Unit 4) Concept of Asepsis
 
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptx
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptxGenome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptx
Genome sequencing,shotgun sequencing.pptx
 
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center ChimneyX-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
X-rays from a Central “Exhaust Vent” of the Galactic Center Chimney
 
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter Physics
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter PhysicsDaily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter Physics
Daily Lesson Log in Science 9 Fourth Quarter Physics
 
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.
LUNULARIA -features, morphology, anatomy ,reproduction etc.
 
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry
GBSN - Biochemistry (Unit 2) Basic concept of organic chemistry
 
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.Plasmid: types, structure and functions.
Plasmid: types, structure and functions.
 
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professor
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate ProfessorThyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professor
Thyroid Physiology_Dr.E. Muralinath_ Associate Professor
 
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical Science
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical ScienceFAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical Science
FAIRSpectra - Enabling the FAIRification of Analytical Science
 
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for vote
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for voteONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for vote
ONLINE VOTING SYSTEM SE Project for vote
 
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virus
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virusdevelopment of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virus
development of diagnostic enzyme assay to detect leuser virus
 
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....
Human & Veterinary Respiratory Physilogy_DR.E.Muralinath_Associate Professor....
 
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...
Major groups of bacteria: Spirochetes, Chlamydia, Rickettsia, nanobes, mycopl...
 
PODOCARPUS...........................pptx
PODOCARPUS...........................pptxPODOCARPUS...........................pptx
PODOCARPUS...........................pptx
 
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence acceleration
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence accelerationEfficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence acceleration
Efficient spin-up of Earth System Models usingsequence acceleration
 
Method of Quantifying interactions and its types
Method of Quantifying interactions and its typesMethod of Quantifying interactions and its types
Method of Quantifying interactions and its types
 

Phagocytosis

  • 1. Phagocytosis  Phagocytosis is a process of ingest or engulf other cells or particles by phagocytes  Phagocytosis is an important process in the immune system.  Several types of cells in the immune system engulf microorganisms via phagocytosis.  Neutrophils. Neutrophils are abundant in the blood, quickly enter tissues, and phagocytize pathogens in acute inflammation.  Macrophages. Macrophages are closely related to monocytes in the blood. These longer- lived cells predominate in chronic inflammation.  Dendritic Cells. Phagocytosis in these cells is important for the elaboration of a specific immune response rather than for directly destroying the pathogens.  B Lymphocytes. A small amount of phagocytosis in these cells is often necessary in order for them to develop into cells that release antibodies.  Phagocytosis begins with the neutrophil or macrophage flowing around the pathogen and engulfing it so that it winds up enclosed in a phagosome(phagocytic vesicle).  The next step is the fusion of lysosomes with the phagosome. The result is called a phagolysosome. Lysosome are focused on destroying microorganisms.