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LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ ON UTILISE LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ POUR RACONTER DES ÉVÉNEMENTS DU PASSÉ
EN PRINCIPE, IL EST CONSTRUIT COMME EN ESPAGNOL, QUOIQUE, PARFOIS, IL Y A DES DIFFÉRENCES IMPORTANTES.
LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ, STRUCTURE( L'AUXILIAIRE) TOUT COMME EN ESPAGNOL (PRESQUE DANS TOUS LES CAS):
-  ÉL  HA  QUERIDO.
- IL  A  VOULU.
SUJET + AUXILIAIRE
AVOIR AU PRÉSENT +  PARTICIPE PASSÉ QUAND ÇA NE MARCHE PAS COMME EN ESPAGNOL:
- ELLE EST VENUE.

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Passé composé

  • 1. LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ ON UTILISE LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ POUR RACONTER DES ÉVÉNEMENTS DU PASSÉ
  • 2. EN PRINCIPE, IL EST CONSTRUIT COMME EN ESPAGNOL, QUOIQUE, PARFOIS, IL Y A DES DIFFÉRENCES IMPORTANTES.
  • 3. LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ, STRUCTURE( L'AUXILIAIRE) TOUT COMME EN ESPAGNOL (PRESQUE DANS TOUS LES CAS):
  • 4. - ÉL HA QUERIDO.
  • 5. - IL A VOULU.
  • 7. AVOIR AU PRÉSENT + PARTICIPE PASSÉ QUAND ÇA NE MARCHE PAS COMME EN ESPAGNOL:
  • 8. - ELLE EST VENUE.
  • 10. - ILS SONT PASSÉS PAR ICI...
  • 11. DANS CES CAS L'AUXILIAIRE N'EST PLUS L' AVOIR MAIS L' ÊTRE
  • 12. LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ, STRUCTURE: LE PARTICIPE PASSÉ ON L'OBTIENT DE MANIÈRE DIFFERENTE SELON LE GROUPE VERBAL:
  • 13. - PREMIER GROUPE: À PARTIR DE L'INFINITIF...ON ENLÈVE LE “R” FINAL ET ON MET UN ACCENT AIGU SUR LE “E” FINAL:
  • 15. - DEUXIÈME GROUPE: À PARTIR DE L'INFINITIF...ON ENLÈVE LE “R” FINAL, C'EST TOUT... FINIR........FINI (R)
  • 16. - TROISIÈME GROUPE: CHACUN A SON PROPRE PARTICIPE IRRÉGULIER.
  • 17. PASSÉ COMPOSÉ AVEC AUXILIAIRE “ÊTRE” CELA ARRIVE QUAND LE VERBE VERSE L'ACTION QUI EXPRIME SUR LE PROPRE SUJET, ON PARLE DONC DE TROIS TYPES DE VERBES:
  • 18. - VERBES RÉFLÉCHIS OU RÉCIPROQUES.
  • 19. - VERBES DE MOUVEMENT.
  • 20. - VERBES DE CHANGEMENT D'ÉTAT.
  • 21. LE PARTICIPE DE CE TYPE DE VERBES FAIT TOUJOURS(PRESQUE) CONCORDANCE AVEC SON SUJET.
  • 22. PASSÉ COMPOSÉ AVEC AUXILIAIRE “ÊTRE” VERBES RÉFLÉCHIS
  • 23. - LE VERBE VERSE L'ACTION SUR LE SUJET À TRAVERS UN PRONOM RÉFLÉCHI:
  • 24. JE ME SUIS LAVÉE
  • 26. - DU POINT DE VUE DE LA STRUCTURE ILS SONT COMME LES RÉFLÉCHIS, PAR CONTRE, À NIVEAU SÉMANTIQUE, ILS IMPLIQUENT L'EXISTENCE DE, AU MOINS, DEUX SUJETS QUI EXERCENT L'ACTION EN RÉCIPROCITÉ:
  • 27. NOUS NOUS SOMMES BATTUS(L'UN À L'AUTRE) ESPAGNOL FRANÇAIS YO ME... TÚ TE... ÉL SE... NOSOTROS NOS... VOSOTROS OS... ELLOS SE... JE ME SUIS... TU T'ES... IL S'EST... NOUS NOUS SOMMES... VOUS VOUS ÊTES... ILS SE SONT...
  • 28. PASSÉ COMPOSÉ AVEC AUXILIAIRE “ÊTRE” VERBES DE MOUVEMENT : ILS INDIQUENT UN CHANGEMENT DE LIEU (SAUF RESTER). PAR CONTRE, LES VERBES INDIQUANT LA MANIÈRE DE SE DÉPLACER(COURIR, MARCHER,SAUTER,ETC)...SE FORMENT AVEC AVOIR COMME AUXILIAIRE ALLER ENTRER ARRIVER MONTER RESTER VENIR SORTIR PARTIR DESCENDRE PASSER
  • 29. PASSÉ COMPOSÉ AVEC AUXILIAIRE “ÊTRE” VERBES DE CHANGEMENT D'ÉTAT. ILS INDIQUENT, ÉVIDEMMENT, UN CHANGEMENT ESSENTIEL DE LA NATURE DU SUJET, ON VA TRAVAILLER AVEC CES TROIS VERBES: INFINITIF PARTICIPE PASSÉ MOURIR MORT NAÎTRE NÉ DEVENIR DEVENU
  • 30. PASSÉ COMPOSÉ, LA CONCORDANCE AVEC ÊTRE COMME AUXILIAIRE:
  • 31. LE PARTICIPE PASSÉ FAIT CONCORDANCE AVEC SON SUJET EN GENRE ET NOMBRE:
  • 32. - ELLE S'EST PEIGNÉE .
  • 33. - NOUS SOMMES NÉES .
  • 34. - ILS SONT MONTÉS AVEC AVOIR COMME AUXILIAIRE:
  • 35. - UNIQUEMENT SI L'OBJET DIRECT APPARAÎT AVANT LE VERBE DONT IL REÇOIT L'ACTION:
  • 36. - LES FILLES QUE J'AI VUES TOUT À L'HEURE.
  • 37. - CES DEVOIRS, JE LES AI DÉJÀ FAITS