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No country for old men

    Online Round Table,
       October 8, 2009
         Ralf Klamma
          Informatik 5
         RWTH Aachen
                          © www.role-project.eu
Responsive Open LE

Problems                                  Areas of Interest

• Developed by Professionals for Peers    • Community
                                               oAwareness
                                               oReflection
                                          • Context
                                               oAdaptation
                                               oRecommendations
                                          • Ubiquity
• Non-open/Non-responsive Learning             oInteroperability
                                               oMobility
                                          • Semantics
                                               oMultimedia
                                               oMetadata
                                               oStory-telling

                            R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                            2
                                                                   © www.role-project.eu
ROLE Vision
                     Focus of key research objectives:
                   • Empower the learner to build their
 ROLE Vision         own responsive learning
                     environment



  Responsiveness
                   • Awareness and reflection of own
                     learning process



  User-Centered
                   • Individually adapted composition
                     of personal learning environment

                   R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen                            3
                                                         © www.role-project.eu
ROLE Transitions
Testbeds define the scope
  of ROLE                                                                     From academic to
                                             From formal
    Rich context with significant                                RWTH        professional learning
    impact                                    to informal
    Large numbers of learners                   learning
    Focus on transitions
                                               OLrn                                  FESTO
•   Festo Lernzentrum

•   RWTH Aachen University             From un-               Transitionen
                                     employment                                       From a position
•   BILD: British Institute for     or a job to jobs                                   to positions or
    Learning & Development                                                             accreditations
                                                       SJTU                   BILD
•   OLrn: OpenLearn by
    Open University UK                                            From
                                                                individual
•   SJTU: Jiao Tong University                                  to shared
                                                              competences
                                     R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                        4
                                                                                       © www.role-project.eu
ROLE Roll-out Process
Towards Universality & Scalability           Design
   of ROLE Solutions through large-
   scale real-world deployment in             Scenarios                Tryout
   highly populated testbeds
                                            Learners           Specs
Participatory Design & Darwinism
Holistic handling of ethnographical,                      Scientists
   psychological, pedagogical and                 RWTH
   technical dimensions                                              Components
                                          OLrn             FESTO
Progressive & Iterative                                        Developers          Externa-
• Refinement of PL requirements                                                    lisation
   and specifications                      All                BILD
• Definition and validation of the        World                         Standards
   ROLE PLE Bundle components
   and standards                                       SJTU   Educators
• Design and implementation of
   the ROLE evaluation                            Providers
   methodologies
                                                                             Freeing
• Evaluation thorough social and           Evaluation methodologies
   educational data mining
                             R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                   5
                                                                          © www.role-project.eu
Multidisciplinary Approach




• Actor Network Theory • Agent-oriented RE       • Community-regulated Learning
• Social Network Analysis • Community IS Design • Dual Coding Theory
• Game Theory             • Participatory Design • SECI


                         R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                             6
                                                                 © www.role-project.eu
Learners in CoP
                             Interactions



             CoP                                Learner


                              Intention


                              Information




  Community intention -> community mission (Joint Enterprise (JE))
  Community information -> knowledge repository (Shared Repertoire (SR))
  Interactions between CoP and Learner -> Mutual Engagement(ME)

                        R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                   7
                                                                     © www.role-project.eu
Understanding PLE Use

                           Gap
          Goals            identification     Activities
          Intentions                          Interactions


                                            patterns

                               Analysis
   • I*modelling                                  • Mediabase
   • ….                  • Visualization          • ….
                         • Pattern
                           definition
                         • ….                          Information
        Modelling
                                                         retrieval


                   mapping

                       R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                   8
                                                                     © www.role-project.eu
Communities of Practice




                                    [PeKl08]
            R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen                 9
                                       © www.role-project.eu
Mediabases
• Actor Network Theory
  [Lato1988]
   • Everything is an actor
   • Actor aggregation
• Mediabases
  • Crawl PLE
    data
  • Analysis
    tools
  • Visualization
  • Feedback
                                                   [KlPe08]

                          R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen             10
                                                   © www.role-project.eu
Social Network Analysis

                                <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
                                <graphml
                                xmlns="http://graphml.graphdrawing.org/xmlns/graphml"
                                      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-
                                instance"
                                      xmlns:y="http://www.yworks.com/xml/graphml"

                                xsi:schemaLocation="http://graphml.graphdrawing.org/xmlns/g
                                raphml
                                http://www.yworks.com/xml/schema/graphml/1.0/ygraphml.xsd
                                ">
                                 <key for="node" id="d0" yfiles.type="nodegraphics"/>
                                  <key attr.name="name" attr.type="string" for="node"
                                id="d1"/>
                                  <key for="edge" id="d2" yfiles.type="edgegraphics"/>
                                  <key for="graphml" id="d3" yfiles.type="resources"/>
                                  <graph edgedefault="directed" id="G" parse.edges="1217"
                                parse.nodes="302"
                                       parse.order="free">
                                    <node id="n0">
                                       <data key="d0">
                                        <y:ShapeNode>

                                ....

                                </graphml>




            R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                               11
                                                                      © www.role-project.eu
Understanding PLE Development

• Agent and goal-oriented modeling [Yu95]
   • Clear goal representation and intention definition
   • CoP-based model for PLE environments




                                                          [KHPR09]

                              R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                12
                                                          © www.role-project.eu
ROLE Technical Infrastructure
                                                                           External IM Servers




                 External Services
                (XML-RPC, SOAP)
                                                                                                                              External Web 2.0 APIs & Widgets




                                           Multimedia                                                              Community
                                           Repositories                                                           Monitoring Data

                                                                            Routing/Gateway
  Desktop PCs                                                                XMPP Server                                                                    Smartphones




  Laptops                                                                                                                      Public
                               Institutional                                                                                 XMPP Server                    Game Consoles
                              XMPP Server                                      Community
                                                                             Mash-Up Services


  PDAs
                                                           <<ROLE Basic Service>>        <<ROLE Basic Service>>
                                                             User Management                      ...                                                           Handhelds
                                                                                                                                     Learning
                                                                                                                                    Repositories

                              Metadata                                    <<ROLE Basic Service>>
                              Ontologies                                      Self-Monitoring



                                                                           ROLE Service Cloud
                                                                            (XML-RPC, SOAP)




                                                          R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen                                                                                            13
                                                                                                                                                                 © www.role-project.eu
Join us!

• http://www.role-project.eu/
• LinkedIn
  http://www.linkedin.com/groupInvitation
  ?gid=1590487




               R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen             14
                                       © www.role-project.eu

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Online Round Table 09

  • 1. No country for old men Online Round Table, October 8, 2009 Ralf Klamma Informatik 5 RWTH Aachen © www.role-project.eu
  • 2. Responsive Open LE Problems Areas of Interest • Developed by Professionals for Peers • Community oAwareness oReflection • Context oAdaptation oRecommendations • Ubiquity • Non-open/Non-responsive Learning oInteroperability oMobility • Semantics oMultimedia oMetadata oStory-telling R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 2 © www.role-project.eu
  • 3. ROLE Vision Focus of key research objectives: • Empower the learner to build their ROLE Vision own responsive learning environment Responsiveness • Awareness and reflection of own learning process User-Centered • Individually adapted composition of personal learning environment R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 3 © www.role-project.eu
  • 4. ROLE Transitions Testbeds define the scope of ROLE From academic to From formal Rich context with significant RWTH professional learning impact to informal Large numbers of learners learning Focus on transitions OLrn FESTO • Festo Lernzentrum • RWTH Aachen University From un- Transitionen employment From a position • BILD: British Institute for or a job to jobs to positions or Learning & Development accreditations SJTU BILD • OLrn: OpenLearn by Open University UK From individual • SJTU: Jiao Tong University to shared competences R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 4 © www.role-project.eu
  • 5. ROLE Roll-out Process Towards Universality & Scalability Design of ROLE Solutions through large- scale real-world deployment in Scenarios Tryout highly populated testbeds Learners Specs Participatory Design & Darwinism Holistic handling of ethnographical, Scientists psychological, pedagogical and RWTH technical dimensions Components OLrn FESTO Progressive & Iterative Developers Externa- • Refinement of PL requirements lisation and specifications All BILD • Definition and validation of the World Standards ROLE PLE Bundle components and standards SJTU Educators • Design and implementation of the ROLE evaluation Providers methodologies Freeing • Evaluation thorough social and Evaluation methodologies educational data mining R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 5 © www.role-project.eu
  • 6. Multidisciplinary Approach • Actor Network Theory • Agent-oriented RE • Community-regulated Learning • Social Network Analysis • Community IS Design • Dual Coding Theory • Game Theory • Participatory Design • SECI R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 6 © www.role-project.eu
  • 7. Learners in CoP Interactions CoP Learner Intention Information Community intention -> community mission (Joint Enterprise (JE)) Community information -> knowledge repository (Shared Repertoire (SR)) Interactions between CoP and Learner -> Mutual Engagement(ME) R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 7 © www.role-project.eu
  • 8. Understanding PLE Use Gap Goals identification Activities Intentions Interactions patterns Analysis • I*modelling • Mediabase • …. • Visualization • …. • Pattern definition • …. Information Modelling retrieval mapping R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 8 © www.role-project.eu
  • 9. Communities of Practice [PeKl08] R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 9 © www.role-project.eu
  • 10. Mediabases • Actor Network Theory [Lato1988] • Everything is an actor • Actor aggregation • Mediabases • Crawl PLE data • Analysis tools • Visualization • Feedback [KlPe08] R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 10 © www.role-project.eu
  • 11. Social Network Analysis <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <graphml xmlns="http://graphml.graphdrawing.org/xmlns/graphml" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema- instance" xmlns:y="http://www.yworks.com/xml/graphml" xsi:schemaLocation="http://graphml.graphdrawing.org/xmlns/g raphml http://www.yworks.com/xml/schema/graphml/1.0/ygraphml.xsd "> <key for="node" id="d0" yfiles.type="nodegraphics"/> <key attr.name="name" attr.type="string" for="node" id="d1"/> <key for="edge" id="d2" yfiles.type="edgegraphics"/> <key for="graphml" id="d3" yfiles.type="resources"/> <graph edgedefault="directed" id="G" parse.edges="1217" parse.nodes="302" parse.order="free"> <node id="n0"> <data key="d0"> <y:ShapeNode> .... </graphml> R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 11 © www.role-project.eu
  • 12. Understanding PLE Development • Agent and goal-oriented modeling [Yu95] • Clear goal representation and intention definition • CoP-based model for PLE environments [KHPR09] R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 12 © www.role-project.eu
  • 13. ROLE Technical Infrastructure External IM Servers External Services (XML-RPC, SOAP) External Web 2.0 APIs & Widgets Multimedia Community Repositories Monitoring Data Routing/Gateway Desktop PCs XMPP Server Smartphones Laptops Public Institutional XMPP Server Game Consoles XMPP Server Community Mash-Up Services PDAs <<ROLE Basic Service>> <<ROLE Basic Service>> User Management ... Handhelds Learning Repositories Metadata <<ROLE Basic Service>> Ontologies Self-Monitoring ROLE Service Cloud (XML-RPC, SOAP) R. Klamma, RWTH Aachen 13 © www.role-project.eu
  • 14. Join us! • http://www.role-project.eu/ • LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com/groupInvitation ?gid=1590487 R.Klamma, RWTH Aachen 14 © www.role-project.eu