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OECD Competition Trends 2023
Competition Open Day – 23 February 2023
oe.cd/comp-trends
Table of Contents
2
1.
OECD Global
CompStats Database
2.
Competition Trends 2023 –
main developments 2021
Compstats includes almost all of the world’s
competition enforcement, and …
3
Europe
34
79
Middle East and
Africa
18
Americas
10
Asia-Pacific
17
Non -OECD
41
OECD
38
79
…includes over 30 economic and legal variables
4
Audience and objectives
5
• Competition authorities: comparison / benchmark
• Policy makers: evidence-based policy making
• Academic research
• Business community
• OECD Competition Committee
Purpose/use of the reports
6
The reports can mainly be used in three ways:
• Identify / highlight trends in variables (not causality) – common
to most jurisdictions or at least driven by a significant number
• Aggregate / anonymous data – no rankings
• Highlight differences between geographic regions
(All, OECD, Non-OECD, Americas,
Asia-Pacific, Europe, MEA)
1. Competition staff grew much faster in 2021 than
in preceding years
7
Annual percentage change in competition staff
-1.0%
0.0%
1.0%
2.0%
3.0%
4.0%
5.0%
6.0%
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Dawn raids recovered from the dip in 2020, but
are generally still fewer than pre pandemic
8
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
All Non-OECD OECD
Average number of cartel dawn raids per year per agency
Leniency applications increased in Europe in 2021,
but continued declining in the other regions
9
Total number of leniency applications
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
All Non-OECD OECD Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA
Total
leniency
applications
Authorities used more settlements and
commitments in 2021
10
Percentage of cartel cases with a settlement
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA
Non-OECD OECD All
Fines increased significantly in all regions
11
Total fines imposed, EUR bn. (abuse of dominance and cartel cases)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
All Non-OECD OECD Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA
The overall intervention rate in merger
review decreased in 2021
12
Average merger intervention rate (prohibitions + remedies)
0.0%
0.5%
1.0%
1.5%
2.0%
2.5%
3.0%
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
PREVIOUS OECD COMPETITION TRENDS REPORTS
Full publications available at oe.cd/comp-trends
2020 2021 2022
Thank you!
Wouter Meester
Competition Expert, OECD
oe.cd/comp-trends

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OECD Competition Trends 2023 - Highlights

  • 1. OECD Competition Trends 2023 Competition Open Day – 23 February 2023 oe.cd/comp-trends
  • 2. Table of Contents 2 1. OECD Global CompStats Database 2. Competition Trends 2023 – main developments 2021
  • 3. Compstats includes almost all of the world’s competition enforcement, and … 3 Europe 34 79 Middle East and Africa 18 Americas 10 Asia-Pacific 17 Non -OECD 41 OECD 38 79
  • 4. …includes over 30 economic and legal variables 4
  • 5. Audience and objectives 5 • Competition authorities: comparison / benchmark • Policy makers: evidence-based policy making • Academic research • Business community • OECD Competition Committee
  • 6. Purpose/use of the reports 6 The reports can mainly be used in three ways: • Identify / highlight trends in variables (not causality) – common to most jurisdictions or at least driven by a significant number • Aggregate / anonymous data – no rankings • Highlight differences between geographic regions (All, OECD, Non-OECD, Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe, MEA)
  • 7. 1. Competition staff grew much faster in 2021 than in preceding years 7 Annual percentage change in competition staff -1.0% 0.0% 1.0% 2.0% 3.0% 4.0% 5.0% 6.0% 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
  • 8. Dawn raids recovered from the dip in 2020, but are generally still fewer than pre pandemic 8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 All Non-OECD OECD Average number of cartel dawn raids per year per agency
  • 9. Leniency applications increased in Europe in 2021, but continued declining in the other regions 9 Total number of leniency applications 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 All Non-OECD OECD Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA Total leniency applications
  • 10. Authorities used more settlements and commitments in 2021 10 Percentage of cartel cases with a settlement 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA Non-OECD OECD All
  • 11. Fines increased significantly in all regions 11 Total fines imposed, EUR bn. (abuse of dominance and cartel cases) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 All Non-OECD OECD Americas Asia-Pacific Europe MEA
  • 12. The overall intervention rate in merger review decreased in 2021 12 Average merger intervention rate (prohibitions + remedies) 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
  • 13. PREVIOUS OECD COMPETITION TRENDS REPORTS Full publications available at oe.cd/comp-trends 2020 2021 2022
  • 14. Thank you! Wouter Meester Competition Expert, OECD oe.cd/comp-trends