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CURRICULUM VITAE 
HOW TO DESIGN AN EFFECTIVE CV 
Howard Burns 
howard1@014.net.il 052-3485156
STRUCTURE 
 What is a CV ? 
 What is a Resume’ ? 
 What do CVs and Resume’ include ? 
 CV or Resume’ ? 
 Common mistakes 
 Tips on effective CV writing 
 Various CV and Resume’ formats 
 CV styles 
 Remember ! 
 CV samples
WHAT IS A CV ? 
 CV or curriculum vitae is a marketing tool 
 Latin word for "course of life", "life-track", or 
similar. 
 It is a summary of your main experiences on paper. 
It is retrospective in the way that it only lists things 
of your past life
WHAT IS A RESUME ? 
 Résumé" is synonymous with "summary", not a 
summary of your life but a single paper summary 
of your total job application (what you want from 
the job and why just you should have it). 
 The emphasis on a résumé is on your career 
objective. The experience you list on a résumé 
should be relevant and supportive of your goal.
WHAT DO CVs AND RESUME’ INCLUDE ? 
 Resume contains: 
 An accurate summary of 
your credentials 
 Education, achievements, 
job experience 
 Goals for the future 
 It should flow naturally and 
be easy to read 
 CV contains: 
 Your Life History 
 Your Job History 
 Your Achievements 
 Your Skills 
 Job descriptions for all 
positions held 
 Performance reviews 
 Educational transcripts and 
records of 
seminars/conferences 
attended since high school. 
 References
CV or RESUME ? 1 
 The main difference between a CV and a Resume’ is 
brevity. 
 Resume’ should be a teaser, the hook, to pass on the 
essential information. 
 For young graduates better Resume 
 The Resume’ instead of experience highlight your 
match to the job in terms of skills and personality 
traits 
 CV does not consider the future as a résumé does.
CV or RESUME ? 2 
 Your Marital Status and Date of Birth are not needed 
in a Resume’ 
 Write a two line CV Objective under your personal 
details. 
 Do you have what it takes to do the job? A list of 
skills for positions like programmers and engineers 
are essential to show which field you are most 
qualified or experienced in. 
 In a Resume’ provide as much information as 
concisely as possible
COMMON MISTAKES 
 Send a CV without cover letter (some countries 
 Change the cover letter and send the same CV to 
each company. 
 Show you are overqualified 
 Explain gaps and hiccups 
 Not proof-reading 
 Don’t lie
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 1 
 Use cover letter as gateway 
 Explain why you want the job (especially if 
overqualified) 
 The CV should be accurate and correct 
 Your contact information should be clearly visible 
on the first page of the CV 
 Your CV should be typed in an easy-to-follow 
format, i.e. the headlines should be indented and 
highlighted so as to catch the attention of the 
reader easily
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 2 
 Give two unrelated references 
 Do not forget to write your areas of personal 
interest, such as hobbies 
 Your qualifications should be presented clearly and 
concisely 
 All info should be listed in a bullet point format 
 Follow the standard format of the country or 
region, 
http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/img/dynamic/c9 
8/cv166_en_US_Europass_CV_Template_EN.doc
TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 3 
 Be as much to-the-point as possible (6 sec. the 
time an employer decide if to take your CV in 
consideration) 
 Ask for a colleague/friend for feedback (10 
seconds) 
 Research for the company, job description 
 In USA employer scan a CV for less than thirty 
seconds.
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR JAPAN 
 Expatriate may submit a standard two-page form 
in Japanese + cover letter. 
 Or a two-page American-style resume and cover 
letter in English. 
 American-style resumes should contain your name 
and contact information centered at the top. 
 You need not list job accomplishments on the 
resume; you will discuss them at the interview. 
 The CV requires a photo to be attached.
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR UK 
 Always include a cover letter 
 Address your cover letter to a specific person 
 In the UK, a resume is sometimes called a CV 
 Include a 'profile' section in your resume 
 Include 'References are available on request' at the 
end of your resume
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR FRANCE 
 Cover letters are generally hand written 
 A photograph is attached to the resume 
 Maximum resume length is 2 pages 
 Personal information is optional (Ex: birth date, 
marital status) 
 Include fluency in other languages 
 Include other important sections such as education, 
previous jobs
CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR CANADA 
 Canadians use resumes instead of CVs and prefer 
computerised applications. 
 The application process is much more commercial 
and as most employers will read resumes on the 
computer the resume should fit a specific template 
 Bullet point words such as contributed, managed, 
organized, developed etc. at the start of a sentence 
for maximum impact.
INTERNATIONAL CV/RESUME FORMAT 
 Generally you would need to include more personal 
details such as citizenship, your date and place of birth 
and marital status. 
 Use real/actual rather than active verbs. 
 Use good language skills and good prose (avoid 
repetition). 
 Use a qualified translator. 
 Use at least a two check system where a translators work 
is proof read as well. 
 Remember that some languages, such as French and 
Spanish, have different variations within the language. 
Be sure your resume is written in the intended variant.
CV STYLE 1 
 Targeted CV 
Focuses on particular objective and specific 
industry or company. Highlights skills, 
qualifications and experience that match the 
requirements of the advertised position. 
 Inventory CV 
Is used when sending your CV to: Various 
recruiters, when you do not have a specific job 
objective. is a more general overview of your skills, 
achievements and qualifications.
CV STYLE 2 
 Chronological CV 
most commonly in reverse chronological order. 
 Functional CV 
is usually two pages in length and covers your entire 
career history. It focuses on your skills, abilities and 
expertise. It is important that the skills you detail are 
relevant to the position you are applying for. 
 Combination CV 
used by job hunters who have a solid background 
associated with their career objectives. Combines 
chronological and functional CV.
REMEMBER ! 
 Every six months you need to update your 
CV with the latest information 
 Every time you apply for a new job, you need 
to re-write the CV which should be totally 
tailor-made to the job you are applying for. 
 Look at it from your employers point of view
CV SAMPLES 
 CV samples.doc
SOURCES 
 http://www.cvtips.com/job_seekers_advice.html
Thank you 
ANY QUESTION IS WELCOME 
Howard Burns 
howard1@014.net.il 052-3485156

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CV Writing

  • 1. CURRICULUM VITAE HOW TO DESIGN AN EFFECTIVE CV Howard Burns howard1@014.net.il 052-3485156
  • 2. STRUCTURE  What is a CV ?  What is a Resume’ ?  What do CVs and Resume’ include ?  CV or Resume’ ?  Common mistakes  Tips on effective CV writing  Various CV and Resume’ formats  CV styles  Remember !  CV samples
  • 3. WHAT IS A CV ?  CV or curriculum vitae is a marketing tool  Latin word for "course of life", "life-track", or similar.  It is a summary of your main experiences on paper. It is retrospective in the way that it only lists things of your past life
  • 4. WHAT IS A RESUME ?  Résumé" is synonymous with "summary", not a summary of your life but a single paper summary of your total job application (what you want from the job and why just you should have it).  The emphasis on a résumé is on your career objective. The experience you list on a résumé should be relevant and supportive of your goal.
  • 5. WHAT DO CVs AND RESUME’ INCLUDE ?  Resume contains:  An accurate summary of your credentials  Education, achievements, job experience  Goals for the future  It should flow naturally and be easy to read  CV contains:  Your Life History  Your Job History  Your Achievements  Your Skills  Job descriptions for all positions held  Performance reviews  Educational transcripts and records of seminars/conferences attended since high school.  References
  • 6. CV or RESUME ? 1  The main difference between a CV and a Resume’ is brevity.  Resume’ should be a teaser, the hook, to pass on the essential information.  For young graduates better Resume  The Resume’ instead of experience highlight your match to the job in terms of skills and personality traits  CV does not consider the future as a résumé does.
  • 7. CV or RESUME ? 2  Your Marital Status and Date of Birth are not needed in a Resume’  Write a two line CV Objective under your personal details.  Do you have what it takes to do the job? A list of skills for positions like programmers and engineers are essential to show which field you are most qualified or experienced in.  In a Resume’ provide as much information as concisely as possible
  • 8. COMMON MISTAKES  Send a CV without cover letter (some countries  Change the cover letter and send the same CV to each company.  Show you are overqualified  Explain gaps and hiccups  Not proof-reading  Don’t lie
  • 9. TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 1  Use cover letter as gateway  Explain why you want the job (especially if overqualified)  The CV should be accurate and correct  Your contact information should be clearly visible on the first page of the CV  Your CV should be typed in an easy-to-follow format, i.e. the headlines should be indented and highlighted so as to catch the attention of the reader easily
  • 10. TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 2  Give two unrelated references  Do not forget to write your areas of personal interest, such as hobbies  Your qualifications should be presented clearly and concisely  All info should be listed in a bullet point format  Follow the standard format of the country or region, http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/img/dynamic/c9 8/cv166_en_US_Europass_CV_Template_EN.doc
  • 11. TIPS ON EFFECTIVE CV WRITING 3  Be as much to-the-point as possible (6 sec. the time an employer decide if to take your CV in consideration)  Ask for a colleague/friend for feedback (10 seconds)  Research for the company, job description  In USA employer scan a CV for less than thirty seconds.
  • 12. CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR JAPAN  Expatriate may submit a standard two-page form in Japanese + cover letter.  Or a two-page American-style resume and cover letter in English.  American-style resumes should contain your name and contact information centered at the top.  You need not list job accomplishments on the resume; you will discuss them at the interview.  The CV requires a photo to be attached.
  • 13. CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR UK  Always include a cover letter  Address your cover letter to a specific person  In the UK, a resume is sometimes called a CV  Include a 'profile' section in your resume  Include 'References are available on request' at the end of your resume
  • 14. CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR FRANCE  Cover letters are generally hand written  A photograph is attached to the resume  Maximum resume length is 2 pages  Personal information is optional (Ex: birth date, marital status)  Include fluency in other languages  Include other important sections such as education, previous jobs
  • 15. CV/RESUME FORMAT FOR CANADA  Canadians use resumes instead of CVs and prefer computerised applications.  The application process is much more commercial and as most employers will read resumes on the computer the resume should fit a specific template  Bullet point words such as contributed, managed, organized, developed etc. at the start of a sentence for maximum impact.
  • 16. INTERNATIONAL CV/RESUME FORMAT  Generally you would need to include more personal details such as citizenship, your date and place of birth and marital status.  Use real/actual rather than active verbs.  Use good language skills and good prose (avoid repetition).  Use a qualified translator.  Use at least a two check system where a translators work is proof read as well.  Remember that some languages, such as French and Spanish, have different variations within the language. Be sure your resume is written in the intended variant.
  • 17. CV STYLE 1  Targeted CV Focuses on particular objective and specific industry or company. Highlights skills, qualifications and experience that match the requirements of the advertised position.  Inventory CV Is used when sending your CV to: Various recruiters, when you do not have a specific job objective. is a more general overview of your skills, achievements and qualifications.
  • 18. CV STYLE 2  Chronological CV most commonly in reverse chronological order.  Functional CV is usually two pages in length and covers your entire career history. It focuses on your skills, abilities and expertise. It is important that the skills you detail are relevant to the position you are applying for.  Combination CV used by job hunters who have a solid background associated with their career objectives. Combines chronological and functional CV.
  • 19. REMEMBER !  Every six months you need to update your CV with the latest information  Every time you apply for a new job, you need to re-write the CV which should be totally tailor-made to the job you are applying for.  Look at it from your employers point of view
  • 20. CV SAMPLES  CV samples.doc
  • 22. Thank you ANY QUESTION IS WELCOME Howard Burns howard1@014.net.il 052-3485156