SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Kyaw Than Win
August 2015
Content
 1. Introduction
 2. Mineral Occurrences in Myanmar
 3. Current Mining Activity in Myanmar
 4. Investment Information
I-Procedure for Foreign Investment in Mining Sector
II-Tex Regime and Royalty in Mining Sector
III-Category of Mining Permits
 5.Why You Investment in Mining Sector in Myanmar
 6.Conclusion
Introduction
 Myanmar has extensive mineral resources and
a well established centuries-old mining industry.
 The main resources are petroleum, gas, coal, iron, tin, tungsten,
antimony, lead, zinc, copper, silver, gold, jade and gemstones.
 Clay, limestone, dolomite, barite, fluorite, gypsum, rock salt,
feldspar, quartz, glass sand and etc. are the main industry mineral
and raw mineral.
• Lies btw 09˚ 32’N and 28˚ 31’N(lat),
and 92˚ 10’ E and 101˚ 11’ E(long)
• The greatest N-S extent is about 2051 km
• The greatest E-W extent is about 936 km
• Total length of country border is 4000 km
• Covering area of 676580 km2
• N&NS border by China 2204 km
• SE border by Thailand 2107 km
• E border by Laos 238 km
• W border by Bangladesh 271 km
• N border by India 1338 km
Geographic Background of Myanmar
Physiographic and major tectonic feature of
Myanmar
Geological Map of Myanmar 2011
Geology of Myanmar
Physiographic feature of Myanmar
Minerals Occurrence in
Myanmar
Mineral Deposit of Myanmar
Million Tons
Iron ore 359.24
Barite 87.32
Coal 490.00
Lead & Zinc Ore 13.80
Chromite Ore 1.03
Nickel Ore 162.00
Limestone 6560.893
Antimony Ore 2.27
Gold Ore 12.86
Tin – Tungsten 40.00
Copper Ore 1587.80
Platinum Group 21.47
Distribution of major deposits in Myanmar
Distribution of Tin & Tungsten Deposit
Mawchi Primary
0.32%
Padaukchaung
Primary
Heinze (Placer)
Kanbauk
(Primary/Placer)
Bokpuin
(Placer)
0.56%
Hermyingyi (Primary)
0.37%
Kyaukme Taung,
Pagaaye (Placer)
0.283%
Theindaw (Placer)
0.36 lb/yd3
Manawlon(Placer)
Tin-Tungsten Occurrence = 480
Heinda Mine (Placer)
Tin & Tungsten Deposit in Myanmar
• -one of the most important mineral resources in Myanmar
• -tin & tungsten mineralization is related to granitoid
intrusions.
• -about 480 of occurrences, along the Tanintharyi Region
and western part of the Shan Plateau.
• -occurs along the granitic belt in SE Asia peninsula
(distributed over more than 1200 Km in Myanmar with
more prominent in tungsten toward the north)
• -the ratio of tin & tungsten are varies locally.
• -Most of the cassiterite is mined from placers while
tungsten is mined from hard rock veins.
Distribution of Copper Deposit
Sinbo-Nankesan
Cu – 3 to 4 %
0.21 million (Possible)
Bawdwin
Cu – 0.87%
2.5 million (Possible)
Panmakut Manna
Cu – 4%
0.001 million (Possible)
Panpwe Kyauk Taung
Cu – 4%
0.001 million (Possible)
Kweeight
Cu – 4%
0.001 million (Possible)
Shangalon
Cu – 0.23%
9 million(Possible)
Kyesin Taung
Cu – 0.77%
66.5 million (Possibld)
Sable Taung & S of SB
Cu – 0.7 to 1.01 %
27.86 million (Possible)
Lrtpadaung
Cu – 0.4 %
1478 million (Possible)
Sable Taung (Kyaukse)
Cu – 1.51 %
0.88 million (Possible)
Laymyetna
Cu – 0.8 to 2%
0.28 million (Possible)
Distribution of Lead, Zinc, Silver
Panwa (Kachin)
Pb,Zn -1.06%
12.5 million(Possible)
Bawdwin (Shan North)
Pb,Zn- 5%
12.8 million(Probable)
Phaleng(Shan North)
Zn 15.84
0.01 million (Possible)
Yadanatheingi (Shan
North)
Pb,Zn- 4%
0.1 million (probable)
Paungdaw (Mandalay)
Pb- 4.7%
0.09 million(Probable)
Mawhki(Kayin)
Zn – 0.3%
0.332 million (Possible)
Bawsaing (Shan North)
Pb,Zn – 6%
0.0075 million (Probable)
Lon Chein (Shan South)
Zn - 36%
0.234 million (Possible)
Lead-Zinc-Silver Deposit in Myanmar
 more than 100 occurrences of Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization in
the Eastern Highland Province
 Mineralization occurs as five different styles
1. Volcanogenic massive sulphites types(VMS) at Bawdwin
mine
2. Massissipi valley type deposit at Bawsaing
3. Cavity filling vein –type in Yadanatheingi
4. In vein and skarn type near the contact between granitic
rock and marble at Phaungdaw mine
5. Zinc carbonate deposit (secondary deposit)at Long Hken
Distribution of Coal Deposit
Distribution of Antimony Deposit
Nahok, Shan
Mong Inn, Shan
Liharmyar, Hopone
Peinchit, Kayah
Konesut, kayah
Lebyin, Mandaay
Kadaik, Mon
Thabyu, Kayin
Netsan, Mon
Kadaik, Mon
Antimony Deposit in Myanmar
 More than 140 occurrences of stibnite and other Sb
bearing minerals are known in Myanmar.
 Occurrence in Kayah State, Kayin State, Mon State,Shan
State(S)
 The majority of antimony mineralization occurs in the
late Paleozoic carbonates (Triassic to Permian in age)
and also in the late Pleozoic clastic sediments of the
Mergui series.
 Generally found in veins or lenses or both.
 Must be successively upgraded for the required
concentation or grade.
 So far, the best known antimony deposit are at Thabyu,
Kayin State. The ore is reported to be hight grade.
Distribution of Iron Deposit
Kantawyan (Kachin)
Fe – 49 to 69%
2.354 million (Possible)
Taungkatone Taung(kachin)
Fe – 37 to 45%
2.3 million (Possible)
Taung Nyo Taung(Kachin)
Fe – 40.67%
18.9 million (Potential)
Haemaung (Kachin)
Fe – 45.93%
1.1 million (Potential)
Mongkanwe (Shan East)
Fe – 39 to 66%
21.5 million(Potential)
Pinpet (Shan South)
Fe – 56.4% (He,Lim)
80 million (Probable)
Maputae Island (Tanitharyi)
Fe – 42%
1 million (Probable)
Lamaug (Kachin)
Fe – 51.54%
8.9 million (Probable)
Kathaing Taung (Kachin)
Fe – 50.56%
223 million (Probable)
Sanleik (Kachin)
Lim
10 million (Potential)
Kyatwinye, Inya (Mandalay)
Fe – 54%
3.7 + 4.5 million (Probable)
Minlan Thanseik,
Shwegyin(Bago)
Fe – 28 to 56.7%
75.53 million (Possible)
Kanmaw Island
(Tanintharyi)
Fe – 36%
21.2 million (Probable)
Kho Island (Thanintharyi)
Fe – 46.05%
7.6 million (Probable)
Distribution of Nickel Deposit
Nickel Deposit in Myanmar
 14 occurrence of nickel deposit.
 Nickel and chromium minerals are always associated with the
Ultramafic rocks .
 Occur in several localities on the eastern foothill of the Western
Ranges.
 Mwe Taung and Phar Tung in Chin State and Tagaung Taung in
Mandlay Region are economically attractive.
 Tagaung Taung nickel mine was the largest mining project with
Myanmar and China, also one of the largest Chinese project
investments in neighboring country.
Distribution of Chromium Deposit
Chromium Deposits in Myanmar
 43 of Chromium occurrences
 Associated with ophiolite assemblage occur in several localities on
eastern foothill of the Westen Ranges.
 Chromite deposits are wide spread occurrences in Myanmar being related
to north –south trending ophiolite lines.
Distribution of Gold and Platinum Deposit
Gold Occurrence in Myanmar
PRIMARY GOLD DEPOSITS/OCCURRENCES IN MYANMAR
 (1) Mesothermal gold-quartz lode, porphyry style Cu-Au & its related
Epithermal Au along the central magmatic arc.
 (2) Sediment-hosted epithermal Au mineralization along the Sagaing
fault zone.
 (3) Mesothermal and epithermal gold mineralization in Tagaung
Myitkyina belt
 (4) Au(Cu) skarn & Mesothermal veins in marble, gneiss and
granite within the Mogok metamorphic belt
 (5) Slate belt style Mesothermal gold-quartz veins in Chaung Magyi &
Mergui Groups.
Gold Deposit in Myanmar
 Gold is known to occur quite widely in several part of the
country.
 As placer in stream channels or in the soil developed above
the mineralization area.
 The central volcanic line is very attractive for epithermal and
mesothermal copper-gold mineralization.(Wintho-Bamauk
region, Kyaukpazut, Kyaukpahto gold mine and etc.)
 The Slate Belt on western mergin of the EHP became a
target of Slate Belt gold (metamorphic hydration)
mineralization. (Modi Taung, Phayaung Taung, Taungoo-
Shwegyin- Kyaikhto areas)
Distribution of Manganese Deposit
Distribution of Gem & Quartz
Distribution of Zircon Sand, Glass Sand and Heavy Mineral
Distribution of Limestone Deposit
Distribution of Gypsum Deposit
Distribution of Clay, Bauxite and Phosphate Deposit
Current Mining in
Myanmar
The List of Issued Mining Licence from Ministry of Mine
Sr.
No
State& Region Large
Scale
Small
Scale
Exploratio
n
Subsistanc
e
Small Scale
Processing
Feasibility Total
1 Kachine 3 77 64 - 144
2 Kayar 1 15 12 - 28
3 Kayin 11 46 42 10 109
4 Chin - - 4 - 4
5 Sagaing 23 423 24 2 3 475
6 Tanintharyi 17 44 49 - 1 111
7 Nay Pyi Taw 2 - - - 2
8 Bago - 13 2 - 15
9 Magway 2 33 20 - 1 56
10 Mandalay 44 400 54 2 141 2 643
11 Mon 6 33 7 - 3 49
12 RaKhine 1 - 4 - 5
13 Shan (South) 12 117 115 - 1 245
14 Shan ( North) 19 74 48 10 3 154
15 Shan ( East) 1 64 74 2 141
16 Ayarwaddy 3 4 - 7
Total 145 1343 519 24 141 16 2188
Current Mining in Myanmar
Sabe Taung, Kyisin Taung(S&K) Copper Project
 Also known as Monywa Project.
 Myanmar Ivanhoe Copper Co Ltd(MICCL) had been foregin
joint venture with ME-1 and produced grade A cathode
copper from S&K and Sable Taung South deposits.
 It ownership was transferred to local company with a foreign
joint venture company.
 MICCL produced 264,036 t of cathode copper up to the
transfer date.
 Early in the 20 century the S&K mine is operated by Wanbo
Mining Ltd with the name of Myanmar Yang Tse Copper Ltd.
Current Mining in Myanmar
Letpadaung Copper Project
 LCP is located in the largest of four copper deposits in the
Salingyi Township area of Sagaing Region.
 On July 24 2013 , ME -1 signed to the PSC for LCP with
Myanmar Economic Holding Ltd (MEHL) and Wanbo Mining
Ltd.
 Government of Myanmar with 51%,whilst MEHL and Wanbo
retain 49% .
 The estimated mine life is 30 years.
 This is expected to produce 100,000 t/y of copper.
 The stripping ratio in mine is almost 1:0.99.
Current Mining in Myanmar
Namtu Bawdwin Lead-Zinc-Silver
 The famous Namtu Bawdwin lead-zinc mine has been producting refined lead
and silver, as well as nickel, copper matte and antimonial products for many
years.
 Bawdwin is one of the world’s largest undeveloped silver-lead-zinc mines.
 Ownership was transferred in 2010 to Win Myint Mo Industrial Co.PSC with
ME1
 Bawdwin is a rich polymetallic deposit of 520g/t silver –equivalent grades.
 The metal content of run-of-mine ore (ROM) around this time was 100-185 g/t
Ag, 21%Pb , 15%Zn, Cu0.23%, Ni 0.08% and Fe 4.4%, APML says silver
equivalent grade is 305-520 g/t.
 Asia Pacific Mining Ltd licence application covers 80,000 ha surrounding
Bawdwin mine.
Current Mining in Myanmar
Tagaung Taung Nickel Project
 A considerable amount of Chinese investment in the
minerals sector.
 At the time, it was signed, Tagaung Taung nackel
pooject was the largest mining project, China and
Myanmar Government.
 It was also one of the largest Chinese project
investments in a neighboring country.
 In July 2004 China Nonferrous Metal Mining (Group) Co
(CNMC) signed exploration and feasibility agreement
with ME -3.
 Total investment in the project will exceed $800 million
for annual output of 85,000 t of ferro-nickel after
completion.
 It has 700,000 t of nickel resources in the mine.
Investment Information
a. In accord with the policy of the Ministry of Mines, ministry of mine is not
making their own investment, but to encourage foreign and local
investors to invest in the mining sector.
b. The investor can invest as a foreign direct investment (FDI) or joint
investment with local company.
c. For investors who would like to do exploration to confirm the reserve of a
deposit or to start with the grassroots exploration operations in a
virgin land, they may apply accordingly clearly stating their intentions.
d. Funds required to conduct the prospecting, exploration and feasibility
study are borne by the investor 100% at his own risk.
e. Ministry of Mines not allowed to export the raw ore.
f. Investor should be made value added (or) mineral processing.
g. Ministry encourages to establish the refinery plants/ smelters with the
latest technologies.
Investment Information
Procedure for Foreign Direct
Investment in
Mining Sector
(a) Foreign companies have to send letter of courtesy call to the Union
Minister through the respective Embassy in Myanmar to Ministry of Foreign
Affairs to the Ministry of Mines officially.
(b) The Union Minister or responsible officials will discuss the investment
opportunities in mining sector mainly focus on mineral commodity and
targeted area.
(c) Site visit will be arranged if requested by the investors or company after
technical discussion with responsible departments. Recommendation letter
from the respective Embassy, letter of undertaking, tentative site visit
schedule and passport copy are required to submit to the Ministry of Mines
two week ahead.
(d) After the site visit, if the investor decided to invest in Myanmar, a
proposal should submit to the Ministry of Mines and copy to relevant
departments.
(e) Minerals prospecting, exploration and feasibility study are concerned to
DGSE and other
Mining Enterprises are responsible for mining operation and
production stages.
(g) After getting the approval of the Ministry of Mines and the
completion of all the require recommendation document, the
proposal and the Agreement Draft will send to the
Myanmar Investment Commission
( MIC ) for Investment permit.
The following documents should be included with the proposal:
1. Company Registration
2. Company Profile and other relevant facts about the company
3. Recommendation and endorsement of the respective Embassy
in Myanmar
4. Financial Bank Statement
5. List of the Board of Directors
6. Initial work program
7. Map of the proposed area with coordinates.
The require document with Proposal
Tex regime and Royalty in
Mineral Sector
Sr.
Type of
Mineral
s
Prospect
ing
Period
Exploration Period
Feasibility
Study
Period
Developing
Period
Product
ion
Period
1st
Yr
2nd
Yr
1st
Yr
2nd
Yr
1st
Yr
1st
Yr
2nd
Yr
1st
Yr
2nd
Yr
1st
Yr
2nd
Yr
3rd Yr 1-15 Yrs
1.
Industri
al
Minerals
(or)
Stone
0.5 1.0 8.0
12.
0
14.
0
8.0 12.0 8.0 12.0
14.
0
16.
0
20.0 20.0
2.
Metallic
Minerals
1.0 2.0
16.
0
16.
0
18.
0
16.
0
16.0 16.0 16.0
18.
0
21.
0
24.0 30.0
3.
Precious
Metallic
Minerals
2.0 4.0
32.
0
32.
0
36.
0
32.
0
32.0 32.0 32.0
36.
0
42.
0
48.0 60.0
Dead Rent
Remark :
1. Extension period subject to the approval of the Ministry or the
Department.
2. 2. Exchange rate subject to daily exchange rate.
a. For Metallic Minerals - 3 to 4 %
b. For Precious Metallic Minerals - 4 to 5 %
c. For Industrial Minerals - 1 to 3%
d. For Ruby, Sapphire, Jade and Diamond - 20%
e. For other Gems - 10 %
Royalty is taxed on value of mineral sold.
Fiscal Regime Royalty
Category of Mining
Permits
a. Prospecting Permits -1 yr + 1 yr
b. Exploration Permits -3 yrs + 1 yr+1yr
c. Feasibility Study -1 yr
d. Subsistence Mining Permits -1 yr
e. Small Scale Mining Permits -5 yrs
f. Large Scale Mining Permits -15 yrs+ 5 yrs (4 Times)
Categories of Mining Permits
a. Prospecting Permits - 4200 Km2
b. Exploration Permits - 3150 Km2
c. Small Scale Mining Permits - not more than 1 Km2
d. Large Scale Mining Permits - depends on Investment
amount and Ore Deposit.
Area of Mining Permits
Production Sharing Contract (PSC) System
1. Ministry of Mine has practiced the production Sharing Contract
(PSC) system in mining.
2. In the production sharing types of agreement the investor shall have
to contribute 100% of investment in which case the government
would expect a share of the production and a production sharing
will be signed ratio to be agree upon between the parties.
3. The Production Sharing Ratio is based on the mineral commodity
like Gold, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Tin, Tungsten, Nickel, Manganese,
Industrial Raw Mineral and Coal etc. and as well as based on the
current LME (London Metal Exchange) prices.
4. The Production Sharing Ratio has to negotiate with concerning
Mining Enterprises when Foreign Company is proposed for
Mining.
Investment Opportunity (Joint Venture)
 1988 Union of Myanmar Investment Law
 1994 Union of Myanmar Mines Law
 1996 Rule relating to Mines Law
 To invite participation in terms of technical known-hown and investment
from sources with in the country and abroad.
 Now Myanmar Foreign Investment Law and Myanmar Mining Law are
revised to fulfill the present situation and will submit to the Pyithu Luttaw
(Parliament) in near future.
Sr. Company Registered
Country
Type of Mineral Type of Permit
1. Conerstone Resource (Myanmar)
Ltd
Australia Zinc Ore Large Scale
Mineral Production Permit
2. Myanmar Ponepipet Co.,Ltd Thailand Tin Concentrate ၊၊
3. Myanmar CNMC Nickel Co.,Ltd China Ferronickel ၊၊
4. Simco Song Da Joint Stock Co., Vietnam Marble ၊၊
5. Asia Pacific Mining Ltd. China Lead, Zinc, Copper,
Gold
Exploration Permit
6. Nobel Gold Limited Russia Exploration Permit
7. De Rui Feng Investment Co., Ltd. China ၊၊
8. North Mining Investment Co.,
Ltd.
China Gold and Associated
Minerals
Feasibility Study
9. Myanmar Yangtze Copper Co.,
Ltd.
China Tin-Tungsten Large Scale
Mineral Production Permit
10. Myanmar Wanbao Copper Co.,
Ltd.
China Copper ၊၊
11. Daewoo Precious Resources
Co.Ltd
Korea Copper, Gold Exploration Permit
12. GPS Joint Venture Co.,Ltd China Lead, Zinc Large Scale
Mineral Production Permit
13 Sichuan Chuandi Myanmar
Mining Co.,Ltd
China Copper Feasibility Study
14 Royal Light Ron Ann Co., China Iron Exploration & Feasibility
15 Geo Pro Mining Co.,Ltd Russia Antimony Prospecting , Exploration &
Feasibility
16 Asia Mining Limited Singapore Heavy Sand ( Mineral
Sand)
Exploration
17 Myanmar VES Joint Venture Co., Thailand Jewellery Value added Processing &
Marketing
18 Myanmar Tasaki Co., Japan Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production
19 Myanmar Atlantic Co., Australia Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production
20 Myanmar Adman Pearl Co., Thiland Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production
Foreign Direct Investment List in Mining Sector
On 31.12.201
Sr. Company
Registere
d
Country
Type of Mineral
Type of
Permit
1.
Conerstone Resource
(Myanmar) Ltd
Australia Zinc Ore
Large Scale
Mining Permit
2. Myanmar Ponepipet Co., Ltd Thailand Tin Concentrate
၊၊
3. Myanmar CNMC Nickel Co., Ltd China Ferronickel
၊၊
4. Simco Song Da Joint Stock Co., Vietnam Marble
၊၊
5. Asia Pacific Mining Ltd. China
Lead, Zinc,
Copper, Gold
Exploration
Permit
6. Nobel Gold Limited Russia
Gold and
Associated
Minerals
၊၊
7.
De Rui Feng Investment Co.,
Ltd.
China Tin-Tungsten
၊၊
8.
North Mining Investment Co.,
Ltd.
China Ferronickel
Feasibility
Study
9.
Myanmar Yangtze Copper
Co.,Ltd.
China Copper
Large Scale
Mining Permit
Myanmar Wanbao Copper ၊၊
Permit Issued to Foreign Investors from Ministry of Mine
Project Requiring An Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
 Industrial Mineral (Small Scale) less than 247.1 acres
 Gold (small scale) less than 20 acres
 Gemstone less than 20 acres
 Other Mineral(small scale) less than 20 acres
Project Requiring A Full Environmental Impact
Assessment(EIA)
 Industrial Mineral (Large Scale) 247.1 acres and above
 Gold (Large scale) 20 acres and above
 Gemstone 20 acres and above
 Other Mineral(Large scale) 20 acres and above
Why You Investment in Mining Sector in
Myanmar
 Access to untapped world-class mineral resources and a
geostrategic location.
 Unknown small scale mine are preserved in most of parts.
 Small scale will be large scale
 Undergoing political and economic reforms, which will
attract more foreign trade and FDI once the laws are in place
 The first three SEZs will set up in Thilawa, Kyaukphyu and
Dawei.
Conclusion
 Well known deposits are already occupied by local company.
 So Foreign investors should be start from Green field area.
 Most of area in Myanmar have no geological records and
minerals occurrence record because of security and terrain.
 So investor can expect to find the big mineral deposit base on
mineral potential belt.
 Combine with accumulation on local people’s data base.
 Some of companies are making prospection and exploration in
wide area.
 we expected to find new large deposits .
Thank You
for Your Attention

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Mining Activity and Investment Opportunity in Myanmar.pptx

  • 2. Content  1. Introduction  2. Mineral Occurrences in Myanmar  3. Current Mining Activity in Myanmar  4. Investment Information I-Procedure for Foreign Investment in Mining Sector II-Tex Regime and Royalty in Mining Sector III-Category of Mining Permits  5.Why You Investment in Mining Sector in Myanmar  6.Conclusion
  • 4.  Myanmar has extensive mineral resources and a well established centuries-old mining industry.  The main resources are petroleum, gas, coal, iron, tin, tungsten, antimony, lead, zinc, copper, silver, gold, jade and gemstones.  Clay, limestone, dolomite, barite, fluorite, gypsum, rock salt, feldspar, quartz, glass sand and etc. are the main industry mineral and raw mineral.
  • 5. • Lies btw 09˚ 32’N and 28˚ 31’N(lat), and 92˚ 10’ E and 101˚ 11’ E(long) • The greatest N-S extent is about 2051 km • The greatest E-W extent is about 936 km • Total length of country border is 4000 km • Covering area of 676580 km2 • N&NS border by China 2204 km • SE border by Thailand 2107 km • E border by Laos 238 km • W border by Bangladesh 271 km • N border by India 1338 km Geographic Background of Myanmar
  • 6. Physiographic and major tectonic feature of Myanmar
  • 7. Geological Map of Myanmar 2011 Geology of Myanmar Physiographic feature of Myanmar
  • 9. Mineral Deposit of Myanmar Million Tons Iron ore 359.24 Barite 87.32 Coal 490.00 Lead & Zinc Ore 13.80 Chromite Ore 1.03 Nickel Ore 162.00 Limestone 6560.893 Antimony Ore 2.27 Gold Ore 12.86 Tin – Tungsten 40.00 Copper Ore 1587.80 Platinum Group 21.47 Distribution of major deposits in Myanmar
  • 10. Distribution of Tin & Tungsten Deposit Mawchi Primary 0.32% Padaukchaung Primary Heinze (Placer) Kanbauk (Primary/Placer) Bokpuin (Placer) 0.56% Hermyingyi (Primary) 0.37% Kyaukme Taung, Pagaaye (Placer) 0.283% Theindaw (Placer) 0.36 lb/yd3 Manawlon(Placer) Tin-Tungsten Occurrence = 480 Heinda Mine (Placer)
  • 11. Tin & Tungsten Deposit in Myanmar • -one of the most important mineral resources in Myanmar • -tin & tungsten mineralization is related to granitoid intrusions. • -about 480 of occurrences, along the Tanintharyi Region and western part of the Shan Plateau. • -occurs along the granitic belt in SE Asia peninsula (distributed over more than 1200 Km in Myanmar with more prominent in tungsten toward the north) • -the ratio of tin & tungsten are varies locally. • -Most of the cassiterite is mined from placers while tungsten is mined from hard rock veins.
  • 12. Distribution of Copper Deposit Sinbo-Nankesan Cu – 3 to 4 % 0.21 million (Possible) Bawdwin Cu – 0.87% 2.5 million (Possible) Panmakut Manna Cu – 4% 0.001 million (Possible) Panpwe Kyauk Taung Cu – 4% 0.001 million (Possible) Kweeight Cu – 4% 0.001 million (Possible) Shangalon Cu – 0.23% 9 million(Possible) Kyesin Taung Cu – 0.77% 66.5 million (Possibld) Sable Taung & S of SB Cu – 0.7 to 1.01 % 27.86 million (Possible) Lrtpadaung Cu – 0.4 % 1478 million (Possible) Sable Taung (Kyaukse) Cu – 1.51 % 0.88 million (Possible) Laymyetna Cu – 0.8 to 2% 0.28 million (Possible)
  • 13. Distribution of Lead, Zinc, Silver Panwa (Kachin) Pb,Zn -1.06% 12.5 million(Possible) Bawdwin (Shan North) Pb,Zn- 5% 12.8 million(Probable) Phaleng(Shan North) Zn 15.84 0.01 million (Possible) Yadanatheingi (Shan North) Pb,Zn- 4% 0.1 million (probable) Paungdaw (Mandalay) Pb- 4.7% 0.09 million(Probable) Mawhki(Kayin) Zn – 0.3% 0.332 million (Possible) Bawsaing (Shan North) Pb,Zn – 6% 0.0075 million (Probable) Lon Chein (Shan South) Zn - 36% 0.234 million (Possible)
  • 14. Lead-Zinc-Silver Deposit in Myanmar  more than 100 occurrences of Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization in the Eastern Highland Province  Mineralization occurs as five different styles 1. Volcanogenic massive sulphites types(VMS) at Bawdwin mine 2. Massissipi valley type deposit at Bawsaing 3. Cavity filling vein –type in Yadanatheingi 4. In vein and skarn type near the contact between granitic rock and marble at Phaungdaw mine 5. Zinc carbonate deposit (secondary deposit)at Long Hken
  • 16. Distribution of Antimony Deposit Nahok, Shan Mong Inn, Shan Liharmyar, Hopone Peinchit, Kayah Konesut, kayah Lebyin, Mandaay Kadaik, Mon Thabyu, Kayin Netsan, Mon Kadaik, Mon
  • 17. Antimony Deposit in Myanmar  More than 140 occurrences of stibnite and other Sb bearing minerals are known in Myanmar.  Occurrence in Kayah State, Kayin State, Mon State,Shan State(S)  The majority of antimony mineralization occurs in the late Paleozoic carbonates (Triassic to Permian in age) and also in the late Pleozoic clastic sediments of the Mergui series.  Generally found in veins or lenses or both.  Must be successively upgraded for the required concentation or grade.  So far, the best known antimony deposit are at Thabyu, Kayin State. The ore is reported to be hight grade.
  • 18. Distribution of Iron Deposit Kantawyan (Kachin) Fe – 49 to 69% 2.354 million (Possible) Taungkatone Taung(kachin) Fe – 37 to 45% 2.3 million (Possible) Taung Nyo Taung(Kachin) Fe – 40.67% 18.9 million (Potential) Haemaung (Kachin) Fe – 45.93% 1.1 million (Potential) Mongkanwe (Shan East) Fe – 39 to 66% 21.5 million(Potential) Pinpet (Shan South) Fe – 56.4% (He,Lim) 80 million (Probable) Maputae Island (Tanitharyi) Fe – 42% 1 million (Probable) Lamaug (Kachin) Fe – 51.54% 8.9 million (Probable) Kathaing Taung (Kachin) Fe – 50.56% 223 million (Probable) Sanleik (Kachin) Lim 10 million (Potential) Kyatwinye, Inya (Mandalay) Fe – 54% 3.7 + 4.5 million (Probable) Minlan Thanseik, Shwegyin(Bago) Fe – 28 to 56.7% 75.53 million (Possible) Kanmaw Island (Tanintharyi) Fe – 36% 21.2 million (Probable) Kho Island (Thanintharyi) Fe – 46.05% 7.6 million (Probable)
  • 20. Nickel Deposit in Myanmar  14 occurrence of nickel deposit.  Nickel and chromium minerals are always associated with the Ultramafic rocks .  Occur in several localities on the eastern foothill of the Western Ranges.  Mwe Taung and Phar Tung in Chin State and Tagaung Taung in Mandlay Region are economically attractive.  Tagaung Taung nickel mine was the largest mining project with Myanmar and China, also one of the largest Chinese project investments in neighboring country.
  • 22. Chromium Deposits in Myanmar  43 of Chromium occurrences  Associated with ophiolite assemblage occur in several localities on eastern foothill of the Westen Ranges.  Chromite deposits are wide spread occurrences in Myanmar being related to north –south trending ophiolite lines.
  • 23. Distribution of Gold and Platinum Deposit
  • 24. Gold Occurrence in Myanmar PRIMARY GOLD DEPOSITS/OCCURRENCES IN MYANMAR  (1) Mesothermal gold-quartz lode, porphyry style Cu-Au & its related Epithermal Au along the central magmatic arc.  (2) Sediment-hosted epithermal Au mineralization along the Sagaing fault zone.  (3) Mesothermal and epithermal gold mineralization in Tagaung Myitkyina belt  (4) Au(Cu) skarn & Mesothermal veins in marble, gneiss and granite within the Mogok metamorphic belt  (5) Slate belt style Mesothermal gold-quartz veins in Chaung Magyi & Mergui Groups.
  • 25. Gold Deposit in Myanmar  Gold is known to occur quite widely in several part of the country.  As placer in stream channels or in the soil developed above the mineralization area.  The central volcanic line is very attractive for epithermal and mesothermal copper-gold mineralization.(Wintho-Bamauk region, Kyaukpazut, Kyaukpahto gold mine and etc.)  The Slate Belt on western mergin of the EHP became a target of Slate Belt gold (metamorphic hydration) mineralization. (Modi Taung, Phayaung Taung, Taungoo- Shwegyin- Kyaikhto areas)
  • 28. Distribution of Zircon Sand, Glass Sand and Heavy Mineral
  • 31. Distribution of Clay, Bauxite and Phosphate Deposit
  • 33. The List of Issued Mining Licence from Ministry of Mine Sr. No State& Region Large Scale Small Scale Exploratio n Subsistanc e Small Scale Processing Feasibility Total 1 Kachine 3 77 64 - 144 2 Kayar 1 15 12 - 28 3 Kayin 11 46 42 10 109 4 Chin - - 4 - 4 5 Sagaing 23 423 24 2 3 475 6 Tanintharyi 17 44 49 - 1 111 7 Nay Pyi Taw 2 - - - 2 8 Bago - 13 2 - 15 9 Magway 2 33 20 - 1 56 10 Mandalay 44 400 54 2 141 2 643 11 Mon 6 33 7 - 3 49 12 RaKhine 1 - 4 - 5 13 Shan (South) 12 117 115 - 1 245 14 Shan ( North) 19 74 48 10 3 154 15 Shan ( East) 1 64 74 2 141 16 Ayarwaddy 3 4 - 7 Total 145 1343 519 24 141 16 2188
  • 34. Current Mining in Myanmar Sabe Taung, Kyisin Taung(S&K) Copper Project  Also known as Monywa Project.  Myanmar Ivanhoe Copper Co Ltd(MICCL) had been foregin joint venture with ME-1 and produced grade A cathode copper from S&K and Sable Taung South deposits.  It ownership was transferred to local company with a foreign joint venture company.  MICCL produced 264,036 t of cathode copper up to the transfer date.  Early in the 20 century the S&K mine is operated by Wanbo Mining Ltd with the name of Myanmar Yang Tse Copper Ltd.
  • 35. Current Mining in Myanmar Letpadaung Copper Project  LCP is located in the largest of four copper deposits in the Salingyi Township area of Sagaing Region.  On July 24 2013 , ME -1 signed to the PSC for LCP with Myanmar Economic Holding Ltd (MEHL) and Wanbo Mining Ltd.  Government of Myanmar with 51%,whilst MEHL and Wanbo retain 49% .  The estimated mine life is 30 years.  This is expected to produce 100,000 t/y of copper.  The stripping ratio in mine is almost 1:0.99.
  • 36. Current Mining in Myanmar Namtu Bawdwin Lead-Zinc-Silver  The famous Namtu Bawdwin lead-zinc mine has been producting refined lead and silver, as well as nickel, copper matte and antimonial products for many years.  Bawdwin is one of the world’s largest undeveloped silver-lead-zinc mines.  Ownership was transferred in 2010 to Win Myint Mo Industrial Co.PSC with ME1  Bawdwin is a rich polymetallic deposit of 520g/t silver –equivalent grades.  The metal content of run-of-mine ore (ROM) around this time was 100-185 g/t Ag, 21%Pb , 15%Zn, Cu0.23%, Ni 0.08% and Fe 4.4%, APML says silver equivalent grade is 305-520 g/t.  Asia Pacific Mining Ltd licence application covers 80,000 ha surrounding Bawdwin mine.
  • 37. Current Mining in Myanmar Tagaung Taung Nickel Project  A considerable amount of Chinese investment in the minerals sector.  At the time, it was signed, Tagaung Taung nackel pooject was the largest mining project, China and Myanmar Government.  It was also one of the largest Chinese project investments in a neighboring country.  In July 2004 China Nonferrous Metal Mining (Group) Co (CNMC) signed exploration and feasibility agreement with ME -3.  Total investment in the project will exceed $800 million for annual output of 85,000 t of ferro-nickel after completion.  It has 700,000 t of nickel resources in the mine.
  • 39. a. In accord with the policy of the Ministry of Mines, ministry of mine is not making their own investment, but to encourage foreign and local investors to invest in the mining sector. b. The investor can invest as a foreign direct investment (FDI) or joint investment with local company. c. For investors who would like to do exploration to confirm the reserve of a deposit or to start with the grassroots exploration operations in a virgin land, they may apply accordingly clearly stating their intentions. d. Funds required to conduct the prospecting, exploration and feasibility study are borne by the investor 100% at his own risk. e. Ministry of Mines not allowed to export the raw ore. f. Investor should be made value added (or) mineral processing. g. Ministry encourages to establish the refinery plants/ smelters with the latest technologies. Investment Information
  • 40. Procedure for Foreign Direct Investment in Mining Sector
  • 41. (a) Foreign companies have to send letter of courtesy call to the Union Minister through the respective Embassy in Myanmar to Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Ministry of Mines officially. (b) The Union Minister or responsible officials will discuss the investment opportunities in mining sector mainly focus on mineral commodity and targeted area. (c) Site visit will be arranged if requested by the investors or company after technical discussion with responsible departments. Recommendation letter from the respective Embassy, letter of undertaking, tentative site visit schedule and passport copy are required to submit to the Ministry of Mines two week ahead.
  • 42. (d) After the site visit, if the investor decided to invest in Myanmar, a proposal should submit to the Ministry of Mines and copy to relevant departments. (e) Minerals prospecting, exploration and feasibility study are concerned to DGSE and other Mining Enterprises are responsible for mining operation and production stages. (g) After getting the approval of the Ministry of Mines and the completion of all the require recommendation document, the proposal and the Agreement Draft will send to the Myanmar Investment Commission ( MIC ) for Investment permit.
  • 43. The following documents should be included with the proposal: 1. Company Registration 2. Company Profile and other relevant facts about the company 3. Recommendation and endorsement of the respective Embassy in Myanmar 4. Financial Bank Statement 5. List of the Board of Directors 6. Initial work program 7. Map of the proposed area with coordinates. The require document with Proposal
  • 44. Tex regime and Royalty in Mineral Sector
  • 45. Sr. Type of Mineral s Prospect ing Period Exploration Period Feasibility Study Period Developing Period Product ion Period 1st Yr 2nd Yr 1st Yr 2nd Yr 1st Yr 1st Yr 2nd Yr 1st Yr 2nd Yr 1st Yr 2nd Yr 3rd Yr 1-15 Yrs 1. Industri al Minerals (or) Stone 0.5 1.0 8.0 12. 0 14. 0 8.0 12.0 8.0 12.0 14. 0 16. 0 20.0 20.0 2. Metallic Minerals 1.0 2.0 16. 0 16. 0 18. 0 16. 0 16.0 16.0 16.0 18. 0 21. 0 24.0 30.0 3. Precious Metallic Minerals 2.0 4.0 32. 0 32. 0 36. 0 32. 0 32.0 32.0 32.0 36. 0 42. 0 48.0 60.0 Dead Rent Remark : 1. Extension period subject to the approval of the Ministry or the Department. 2. 2. Exchange rate subject to daily exchange rate.
  • 46. a. For Metallic Minerals - 3 to 4 % b. For Precious Metallic Minerals - 4 to 5 % c. For Industrial Minerals - 1 to 3% d. For Ruby, Sapphire, Jade and Diamond - 20% e. For other Gems - 10 % Royalty is taxed on value of mineral sold. Fiscal Regime Royalty
  • 48. a. Prospecting Permits -1 yr + 1 yr b. Exploration Permits -3 yrs + 1 yr+1yr c. Feasibility Study -1 yr d. Subsistence Mining Permits -1 yr e. Small Scale Mining Permits -5 yrs f. Large Scale Mining Permits -15 yrs+ 5 yrs (4 Times) Categories of Mining Permits
  • 49. a. Prospecting Permits - 4200 Km2 b. Exploration Permits - 3150 Km2 c. Small Scale Mining Permits - not more than 1 Km2 d. Large Scale Mining Permits - depends on Investment amount and Ore Deposit. Area of Mining Permits
  • 50. Production Sharing Contract (PSC) System 1. Ministry of Mine has practiced the production Sharing Contract (PSC) system in mining. 2. In the production sharing types of agreement the investor shall have to contribute 100% of investment in which case the government would expect a share of the production and a production sharing will be signed ratio to be agree upon between the parties. 3. The Production Sharing Ratio is based on the mineral commodity like Gold, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Tin, Tungsten, Nickel, Manganese, Industrial Raw Mineral and Coal etc. and as well as based on the current LME (London Metal Exchange) prices. 4. The Production Sharing Ratio has to negotiate with concerning Mining Enterprises when Foreign Company is proposed for Mining.
  • 51. Investment Opportunity (Joint Venture)  1988 Union of Myanmar Investment Law  1994 Union of Myanmar Mines Law  1996 Rule relating to Mines Law  To invite participation in terms of technical known-hown and investment from sources with in the country and abroad.  Now Myanmar Foreign Investment Law and Myanmar Mining Law are revised to fulfill the present situation and will submit to the Pyithu Luttaw (Parliament) in near future.
  • 52. Sr. Company Registered Country Type of Mineral Type of Permit 1. Conerstone Resource (Myanmar) Ltd Australia Zinc Ore Large Scale Mineral Production Permit 2. Myanmar Ponepipet Co.,Ltd Thailand Tin Concentrate ၊၊ 3. Myanmar CNMC Nickel Co.,Ltd China Ferronickel ၊၊ 4. Simco Song Da Joint Stock Co., Vietnam Marble ၊၊ 5. Asia Pacific Mining Ltd. China Lead, Zinc, Copper, Gold Exploration Permit 6. Nobel Gold Limited Russia Exploration Permit 7. De Rui Feng Investment Co., Ltd. China ၊၊ 8. North Mining Investment Co., Ltd. China Gold and Associated Minerals Feasibility Study 9. Myanmar Yangtze Copper Co., Ltd. China Tin-Tungsten Large Scale Mineral Production Permit 10. Myanmar Wanbao Copper Co., Ltd. China Copper ၊၊ 11. Daewoo Precious Resources Co.Ltd Korea Copper, Gold Exploration Permit 12. GPS Joint Venture Co.,Ltd China Lead, Zinc Large Scale Mineral Production Permit 13 Sichuan Chuandi Myanmar Mining Co.,Ltd China Copper Feasibility Study 14 Royal Light Ron Ann Co., China Iron Exploration & Feasibility 15 Geo Pro Mining Co.,Ltd Russia Antimony Prospecting , Exploration & Feasibility 16 Asia Mining Limited Singapore Heavy Sand ( Mineral Sand) Exploration 17 Myanmar VES Joint Venture Co., Thailand Jewellery Value added Processing & Marketing 18 Myanmar Tasaki Co., Japan Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production 19 Myanmar Atlantic Co., Australia Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production 20 Myanmar Adman Pearl Co., Thiland Pearl Large Scale Pearl Production Foreign Direct Investment List in Mining Sector On 31.12.201
  • 53. Sr. Company Registere d Country Type of Mineral Type of Permit 1. Conerstone Resource (Myanmar) Ltd Australia Zinc Ore Large Scale Mining Permit 2. Myanmar Ponepipet Co., Ltd Thailand Tin Concentrate ၊၊ 3. Myanmar CNMC Nickel Co., Ltd China Ferronickel ၊၊ 4. Simco Song Da Joint Stock Co., Vietnam Marble ၊၊ 5. Asia Pacific Mining Ltd. China Lead, Zinc, Copper, Gold Exploration Permit 6. Nobel Gold Limited Russia Gold and Associated Minerals ၊၊ 7. De Rui Feng Investment Co., Ltd. China Tin-Tungsten ၊၊ 8. North Mining Investment Co., Ltd. China Ferronickel Feasibility Study 9. Myanmar Yangtze Copper Co.,Ltd. China Copper Large Scale Mining Permit Myanmar Wanbao Copper ၊၊ Permit Issued to Foreign Investors from Ministry of Mine
  • 54. Project Requiring An Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)  Industrial Mineral (Small Scale) less than 247.1 acres  Gold (small scale) less than 20 acres  Gemstone less than 20 acres  Other Mineral(small scale) less than 20 acres
  • 55. Project Requiring A Full Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA)  Industrial Mineral (Large Scale) 247.1 acres and above  Gold (Large scale) 20 acres and above  Gemstone 20 acres and above  Other Mineral(Large scale) 20 acres and above
  • 56. Why You Investment in Mining Sector in Myanmar  Access to untapped world-class mineral resources and a geostrategic location.  Unknown small scale mine are preserved in most of parts.  Small scale will be large scale  Undergoing political and economic reforms, which will attract more foreign trade and FDI once the laws are in place  The first three SEZs will set up in Thilawa, Kyaukphyu and Dawei.
  • 57. Conclusion  Well known deposits are already occupied by local company.  So Foreign investors should be start from Green field area.  Most of area in Myanmar have no geological records and minerals occurrence record because of security and terrain.  So investor can expect to find the big mineral deposit base on mineral potential belt.  Combine with accumulation on local people’s data base.  Some of companies are making prospection and exploration in wide area.  we expected to find new large deposits .
  • 58. Thank You for Your Attention