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iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
June 3-5 Online
Immersive Learning that Works:
Research Grounding and Paths Forward
Dennis Beck
Associate Professor
University of Arkansas
Leonel Morgado
Full Professor
Universidade Aberta & INESC TEC
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
June 3-5 Online
Big problems in immersive learning research
How can we evaluate outcomes, without
the means to determine if the instructional
approaches and contexts are comparable?
How can we make informed
decisions, without awareness of what
works and doesn’t?
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
June 3-5 Online
Lousy technocentric research cycle
RESULTS!
Positive effect!
Neutral effect!
Negative effect!
I’ll show it
is harmful!
I’ll show
it works!
Just comparing with tech vs. without tech…
Tech
innovation!
Outcomes
without
context
= pretext
Research
the
combination:
Tech+
Pedagogy+
Setting
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
June 3-5 Online
The research approach error rollercoaster
Teaching
machines
Computers Programming Edutainment
software
Serious
games
Immersive
Environments
…
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
“… if learning gains are due to novelty
effects, they tend to decrease over time as
student interest in the technology wanes.”
(Beck et al., 2024)
Novelty effects Hawthorne effect
When subjects of an experimental
study improve or change their behavior
because it is being evaluated or
studied.
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Wicked
problems
“elusive, complex, and
changing in response
to interventions that
mistakenly aim to
directly resolve them.”
Schlemmer & Morgado (2024). Inven!RA: a contribution towards platforms
aligned with Digital Transformation in Education, RE@D - Revista de Educação
a Distância e Elearning
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
To the rescue…
STRUCTURED
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
STRUCTURED
Consideration of what WORKS
● In which specific contexts
● Under what conditions
● Through which processes
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Later today at iLRN 2024…
the Immersive Learning Case Sheet
…bringing
theory into practice
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
But where did it come from? What has been done so far by iLRN?
https://www.immersivelrn.org/initiatives/knowledge-tree/
The KT Board:
Dennis
Beck
USA
Leonel
Morgado
Portugal
Anasol
Peña-Rios
UK
Scott
Warren
USA
Jonathan
Richter
USA
Christian
Gütl
Austria
Ken Bigger
USA
Daphne
Economou
UK
Andreas
Dengel
Germany
Minjuan
Wang
China
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Birds
Leaves
Roots
The Immersive Learning
Knowledge Tree
Trunk
Soil
Branches
How can we evaluate outcomes,
without the means to determine if
the instructional approaches and
contexts are comparable?
How can we make informed
decisions, without confidence on
what works and doesn’t?
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Roots
Morgado & Beck, 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/9799
Definitions
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Roots
Immersion
Immersive Learning
Immersive Environments
Morgado & Beck, 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/9799
Beck et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/10070
Definitions
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Roots
Nilsson et al., 2016
Agrawal et al., 2019
Morgado & Beck, 2024
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/15670
Definitions
Narrative Agency
System
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Nilsson et al., 2016
Why is this important?
“But I know more
immersion
dimensions that
are not there!”
2009
Plausibility illusion is determined
by the extent to which the
system can produce events that
directly relate to the
participant, the overall
credibility of the scenario being
depicted in comparison with
expectations.
What about Social immersion?
What about Emotional immersion?
What about Flow?
“What matters is
feeling there!”
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Roots
Methods
Mapping uses to the three
dimensions of immersion
01
Mapping practices to
strategies by using specific
criteria
02
● Theoretical affinity
● Co-occurrence
● Co-citation
● Etc.
Beck et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/1040
0.2/10070
Beck et al., 2024
https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat
Flexible Assessment
Framework for Exploratory
Immersive Environments
03
● Adaptive network-oriented tracking-based
assessment for real-time educational simulations
● Flexible separation and reusability of several
components of the learning system
Maderer & Gütl, (2021)
https://bit.ly/AntaresFrame
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Roots
Instruments
Gaspar et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/1
0400.2/8444
Morgado et al., 2023
(iLRN 2023 proceedings)
Validated Questionnaires
Research priorities
Knowledge Tree structure
Narrative Agency
System
Immersion Cube
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Soil
Soil
A working group of scholars
have been meeting regularly
for authoring the ontological
and epistemological
structure.
Beck et al., 2024
https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat
The
Immersive
Learning
Brain
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Mapping of the research:
● educational strategies and practices with
immersive learning
● uses of immersive environments
State of XR and Immersive Learning report
● 2021 https://bit.ly/3Ku3Gqg
● 2024
Scientometric awareness
● Who is the community?
Beck et al., 2023
https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat
Beck et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/10070
Gaspar et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/1
0400.2/8444
Tree Trunk
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
1) The fields of inquiry
2) the research priorities and agendas
Research Agenda for
Immersive Learning 2030
(RAIL.2030)
Dengel et al., 2023
(iLRN 2023 proceedings)
202
3
Gaspar et al., 2020
http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/8444
Research priorities in immersive
learning technology
Tree branches
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Leaves
iLRN Houses of Application
https://elegant-centaur-92b59c.netlify.app/
https://bit.ly/3yKYEmT
ILB visualization
Recommendation
tool for immersive
learning
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Birds Birds
WE ALL are the BIRDS!
● Researchers
● Practitioners
● Communicators
● Learners
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Evaluating Outcomes
⇒ being able to compare approaches
Making Informed Decisions
⇒ having awareness of what works
Common definitions, instruments, and methods Literature reviews and annual reports
(syntheses of knowledge)
Explicit ontologies and taxonomies Using exemplars, reusing/remixing content
Field-specific viewpoints enmeshed with
research priorities
Practice instruments such as templates and
forms; tools to support production, “how to”
guides, shared resources
iLRN2024 |
10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE
IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK
Scotland
Daniela
Pedrosa
Carl Boel Syed Ali
Asif
Jule
Krüger
GET INVOLVED!!
- some of you have already raised your hands
https://qrs.ly/1leymkg
Spencer
Galvan
Savannah
Bosley
Marie-Luce
Bourget

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Immersive Learning That Works: Research Grounding and Paths Forward

  • 1. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK June 3-5 Online Immersive Learning that Works: Research Grounding and Paths Forward Dennis Beck Associate Professor University of Arkansas Leonel Morgado Full Professor Universidade Aberta & INESC TEC
  • 2. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK June 3-5 Online Big problems in immersive learning research How can we evaluate outcomes, without the means to determine if the instructional approaches and contexts are comparable? How can we make informed decisions, without awareness of what works and doesn’t?
  • 3. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK June 3-5 Online Lousy technocentric research cycle RESULTS! Positive effect! Neutral effect! Negative effect! I’ll show it is harmful! I’ll show it works! Just comparing with tech vs. without tech… Tech innovation! Outcomes without context = pretext Research the combination: Tech+ Pedagogy+ Setting
  • 4. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK June 3-5 Online The research approach error rollercoaster Teaching machines Computers Programming Edutainment software Serious games Immersive Environments …
  • 5. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland “… if learning gains are due to novelty effects, they tend to decrease over time as student interest in the technology wanes.” (Beck et al., 2024) Novelty effects Hawthorne effect When subjects of an experimental study improve or change their behavior because it is being evaluated or studied.
  • 6. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland
  • 7. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Wicked problems “elusive, complex, and changing in response to interventions that mistakenly aim to directly resolve them.” Schlemmer & Morgado (2024). Inven!RA: a contribution towards platforms aligned with Digital Transformation in Education, RE@D - Revista de Educação a Distância e Elearning
  • 8. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK To the rescue… STRUCTURED
  • 9. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK STRUCTURED Consideration of what WORKS ● In which specific contexts ● Under what conditions ● Through which processes
  • 10. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Later today at iLRN 2024… the Immersive Learning Case Sheet …bringing theory into practice
  • 11. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland But where did it come from? What has been done so far by iLRN? https://www.immersivelrn.org/initiatives/knowledge-tree/ The KT Board: Dennis Beck USA Leonel Morgado Portugal Anasol Peña-Rios UK Scott Warren USA Jonathan Richter USA Christian Gütl Austria Ken Bigger USA Daphne Economou UK Andreas Dengel Germany Minjuan Wang China
  • 12. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Birds Leaves Roots The Immersive Learning Knowledge Tree Trunk Soil Branches How can we evaluate outcomes, without the means to determine if the instructional approaches and contexts are comparable? How can we make informed decisions, without confidence on what works and doesn’t?
  • 13. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Roots Morgado & Beck, 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/9799 Definitions
  • 14. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Roots Immersion Immersive Learning Immersive Environments Morgado & Beck, 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/9799 Beck et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/10070 Definitions
  • 15. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Roots Nilsson et al., 2016 Agrawal et al., 2019 Morgado & Beck, 2024 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/15670 Definitions Narrative Agency System
  • 16. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Nilsson et al., 2016 Why is this important? “But I know more immersion dimensions that are not there!” 2009 Plausibility illusion is determined by the extent to which the system can produce events that directly relate to the participant, the overall credibility of the scenario being depicted in comparison with expectations. What about Social immersion? What about Emotional immersion? What about Flow? “What matters is feeling there!”
  • 17. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Roots Methods Mapping uses to the three dimensions of immersion 01 Mapping practices to strategies by using specific criteria 02 ● Theoretical affinity ● Co-occurrence ● Co-citation ● Etc. Beck et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/1040 0.2/10070 Beck et al., 2024 https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat Flexible Assessment Framework for Exploratory Immersive Environments 03 ● Adaptive network-oriented tracking-based assessment for real-time educational simulations ● Flexible separation and reusability of several components of the learning system Maderer & Gütl, (2021) https://bit.ly/AntaresFrame
  • 18. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Roots Instruments Gaspar et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/1 0400.2/8444 Morgado et al., 2023 (iLRN 2023 proceedings) Validated Questionnaires Research priorities Knowledge Tree structure Narrative Agency System Immersion Cube
  • 19. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Soil Soil A working group of scholars have been meeting regularly for authoring the ontological and epistemological structure. Beck et al., 2024 https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat The Immersive Learning Brain
  • 20. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Mapping of the research: ● educational strategies and practices with immersive learning ● uses of immersive environments State of XR and Immersive Learning report ● 2021 https://bit.ly/3Ku3Gqg ● 2024 Scientometric awareness ● Who is the community? Beck et al., 2023 https://bit.ly/ImmersiveEduStrat Beck et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/10070 Gaspar et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/1 0400.2/8444 Tree Trunk
  • 21. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland 1) The fields of inquiry 2) the research priorities and agendas Research Agenda for Immersive Learning 2030 (RAIL.2030) Dengel et al., 2023 (iLRN 2023 proceedings) 202 3 Gaspar et al., 2020 http://hdl.handle.net/10400.2/8444 Research priorities in immersive learning technology Tree branches
  • 22. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Leaves iLRN Houses of Application https://elegant-centaur-92b59c.netlify.app/ https://bit.ly/3yKYEmT ILB visualization Recommendation tool for immersive learning
  • 23. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Birds Birds WE ALL are the BIRDS! ● Researchers ● Practitioners ● Communicators ● Learners
  • 24. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Evaluating Outcomes ⇒ being able to compare approaches Making Informed Decisions ⇒ having awareness of what works Common definitions, instruments, and methods Literature reviews and annual reports (syntheses of knowledge) Explicit ontologies and taxonomies Using exemplars, reusing/remixing content Field-specific viewpoints enmeshed with research priorities Practice instruments such as templates and forms; tools to support production, “how to” guides, shared resources
  • 25. iLRN2024 | 10th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IMMERSIVE LEARNING RESEARCH NETWORK Scotland Daniela Pedrosa Carl Boel Syed Ali Asif Jule Krüger GET INVOLVED!! - some of you have already raised your hands https://qrs.ly/1leymkg Spencer Galvan Savannah Bosley Marie-Luce Bourget