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Inbound Marketing Overview
UW BUSINESS SCHOOL – 11/3/12
What We Will Cover Today
     • Internet Media Spend – Global Perspective
     • Paid vs Owned vs Earned Media – P.O.E.M.
     • Why Search? Some Stats…
     • Search Engine Basics
     • Organic Search (Natural)
     • Organic and Social Together
     • The Social Journey for an Organization
     • Paid Search
     • Testing
     • New Issues with Search




Page 2                        Confidential
Worldwide Media Spend




                                        Source: Nielsen Global AdView – Q1 2012
  • Internet media spend continues to be the fasted growing segment
  • However, it is still TINY compared to the big boys

Page 3                                 Confidential
Differences Between Media Time & Dollars




• Print is WAY over subscribed when it comes to time vs ad spend
• Mobile and Internet are STILL the biggest opportunities

Page 4                                 Confidential
P.O.E.M. Customer Acquisition Model


                           Paid Media                      Owned Media                    Earned Media
                          aka - Campaigns            aka – Nurture & Retention         Aka: Inbound Marketing
Characteristics   » Money = Traffic, No money,   » A person is “known”            » Cost is effort
                    No traffic                   » Email address + name           » Visibility continues when
                  » Channels are optimized       » Channels used to move person     effort stops
                    individually                   to initial sale & recurring    » Channels work together
                                                   revenue
Channels          » Paid Search                  » Lead Nurturing                 » Direct/Brand
                  » Display/Banners              » Re-Targeting                   » Natural Search (SEO)
                  » Affiliate (CPA)              » Customer Email                 » Social Media
                  » Email List Buying            » Transaction Emails             » Referrals (Links)
                  » TV/Radio/Print               » Customer Service               » Public Relations
                  » Daily Deals

Resources         » Media Budget                 » Email Delivery Platform        » Content Creation/Editor
                  » Campaign Management          » Customer Database              » Publishing Platform
                  » Testing/Optimization         » Email Content Creation         » Social Media Engagement
                                                                                                      5
                                                 » Customer Service Response      » PR & Blogger Engagement


  Page 5                                                Confidential
                                                                                                      5
Search Dominates > But Look at Social!




Page 6                   Confidential
Why Search Engine Marketing?
   • The #1 driver of non-direct traffic to most websites
   • High quality traffic
          All stages of the buying cycle from research to price compare
           to brand navigation
          Focused, active traffic
   • Organic traffic has no media costs
   • Pay Per Click (PPC) search traffic is highly targetable
          By keyword, location, time of day, day of week, demographic
   • PPC is self-service, easy to get up and running, highly
     controllable/optimizable
   • PPC is a great way to test messaging, offers, landing
     pages and positioning



Page 7                                 Confidential
The #1 Job of Search Engines

    Provide the Best Search Results Based on the Limited Information
      (1-4 keywords) the Searcher Gives the Engine.

    •    Better search results (organic & paid) = happier searchers
    •    Happier searchers = more search/repeat usage
    •    More search usage = more inventory
    •    More inventory = more opportunity to sell pay per click
         advertising




Page 8                                   Confidential
Search Engine Marketing (SEM) Programs
   Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
   • Listed in the editorial or organic area of engine.
   • Higher quality traffic – legitimate search results.
   • No guarantee of placement, mid to long term results.
   • Local optimization is a distinct set of tactics
   Pay Per Click (PPC) Search
   • Auction, bid or CPC system.
   • Immediate, cost effective, trackable.
   Pay Per Click (PPC) Content Network
   • Google/Bing have matched your keywords to content
     on the internet
   • You push ads to a site without a specific search
   • Managed through your same search PPC interface



Page 9                            Confidential
A Google Example SEM of Programs
                                       Paid Results: The top
                                       two performers from
                                       the AdWords CPC
                                       program.


                                       Main Results: Natural
                                       search listings which
                                       cannot be bought, but
                                       influenced with SEO
                                       program. Google does
                                       not have a trusted feed
                                       or paid inclusion
                                       program.


                                       Paid Results:
                                       AdWords closed-bid
                                       CPC placements.
                                       Ranked by CTR x
                                       CPC. Top three
                                       listings distributed to
                                       partners. Top three
                                       and more distributed to
                                       Google’s Content-
                                       Targeted Ad network.


Page 10                 Confidential
Example of a Content Ad Network Placement




                                          Content Network:
                                          Page content
                                          mapped to your
                                          keywords. Highly
                                          efficient buy, but
                                          lower in quality.




Page 11                  Confidential
The Golden Triangle of Search Usability
                                        • Eye tracking study
                                        • The focus is on the
                                          upper left with a glance
                                          over to the top of the
                                          right hand side
                                          placements.
                                        • Underlines the volume
                                          importance of the top
                                          placements.
                                        • Also, your brand
                                          connections starts at
                                          the search engine NOT
                                          on your website!


Page 12                  Confidential
The Importance of Position




» The higher the position, the higher the click
  through rate
» The higher the position, the lower the
  conversion (in general)
» Critical to understand position vs cost vs
  conversion trade off
                                                            Source is Optify click through rate study


Page 13                                      Confidential
How Web Crawlers Work – Content + Links!
                 Link          Link            Link               Link            Link
          Web           Web            Web                 Web             Web            Web
          Page          Page           Page                Page            Page           Page

          Search Bots follow links and return information to index
          Googlebot, MSNbot, Muscat Ferret (www.robotstxt.org lists 298 bots)


                                                                  Update &               Cached Pages
             Index                                                Refresh                In Database
                                                                  Schedule     News
                                      Business Rules                          (hourly)
           Web
           Page                         Algorithm
                                                                                Fresh
           Content                                                             (recent)
                                       Ancillary
                                      Data Sources                          Local Content
           Crawl Site
                                                                          (standard update)
           and
           Sitemap.xml                                                   Foundation Database
                                                                          (standard update)


Page 14                                         Confidential
Google is Evolving to the Knowledge Graph




•    Google wants to give you the exact information you want > quickly
•    Moving beyond text and pages to video, images, books, maps, sound
•    500 million people, places, things with 3.5 billion associated items
•    New search structure and UI to get you there more quickly
Page 15                                   Confidential
Why Search Engine Optimization (SEO)?

    • 70 – 80% of clicks on a search engine results page
      emanate from the organic search area.
       Google: 80% of clicks from organic
       Yahoo/Bing: 70% of clicks from organic
    • Organic clicks may or may not be more qualified.
    • The clicks are free of media costs (although there
      are internal & management costs).
    • It is an important part of your entire Search Engine
      program
    • It CONNECTS your content with people – earned
      media!


Page 16                        Confidential
Core Components of SEO

SEO has three major components
• Technology
   •       Site and page optimization
   •       Crawlability and indexing
• Content
   •       Keyword Focus
   •       The Number and Quality of Pages
• Authority
   •       Domain & Pages
   •       The Quality & Number of Links
   •       Social Media Signals
   •       Keyword Strategy & Focus




 Page 17                                     Confidential
Local SEO – Different Set of Tactics
                                       • Triggered by physical address –
                                         need to highlight on site
                                           Individual page for each store
                                       • Matched to searchers IP address
                                       • Keyword categories drive local
                                           Pizza, dry cleaners, etc.
                                       • Additional elements
                                             Map
                                             Address
                                             Hours
                                             Reviews
                                             Images
                                       • Local directories and business
                                         listings like Bing, Yellow
                                         Pages, Yahoo, etc.
                                       • Reviews in Yelp, Urban
                                         Spoon, Google, etc. add
                                         authority to site
                                       • Build authority from local links
                                         and local social influencers


Page 18                 Confidential
Search Engine Optimization Truths
   • Your #1 job is to make finding, crawling and indexing your site
     as easy as possible for bots
   • High rankings are built on relevant content & authority
           Remember the #1 goal of search engines

   • Following white hat strategies is best
           Engines getting smarter about search spam
           Do you have time to fight the search engines?

   • The simpler a site the easier to get ranked
           Balance CMS/Rich Media vs Search Objectives

   • SEO is NOT fast and never ends
           Set aside budget for SEO as you would PPC

   • SEO will effect your marketing, IT, Web site and copy writing
     groups.


Page 19                                            Confidential
Social Media and Search
• Social media has dramatically increased the amount and speed of
  indexable content available – everyone is a publisher

• Blogs, comments and articles are much easier to publish and now
  have revenue attached to them via Google Adsense, etc.

• Social media networks has raised the bar on cross linking, product
  communication and personal profile publishing.

• The concept of a homepage is changing
           Not just on your site, but Facebook, LinkedIN, Twitter, Pinterest

• Being involved in a conversation and pointing (via links) too an
  authoritative piece of content adds to the link building tool set

• Social is a core element of earned media: content+search+social


Page 20                                             Confidential
Twitter – Another Form of Social Search




          •   Looks like a cross between email and search engine
          •   Hashtags and @ symbols drive direct keyword relevance
          •   Popular topics drive HUGE traffic
          •   Find people who are talking about topics you are interested in
          •   Now Twitter feeds in Google and Bing (just announced)
Page 21                                            Confidential
Pinterest




• Visual collection of thoughts – virtual pin board
• Easy to share, re-pin and collect from around the web
• High percentage of women > 80%+
Page 22                                     Confidential
Syndicate and Engage Your Audience via Twitter
Create Content           Create Campaigns                        Syndicate     Track Results

Your Content             One off Tweets                                        In Optify Reports
• articles               • Blog post                                           • Increased visitors
• blog posts             • 3rd party content                                   • # of leads
• conferences            • Whitepaper                                          • # of sign-ups
• information guides                                                           • Source = Twitter
• online courses         Create a Series of                                    • Detail = Campaign
• podcasts               Tweets in a Campaign
• press releases         • Build your tweets for the                           In Twitter
• speaking events        week in one sitting                                   • Increase followers
• videos                 • Build all of the tweets for                         • # of ReTweets
                                                                 ReTweets
• webinars               the campaign at once
• white papers           • Include links to your site            Facebook
• webinars               which we shorten for you                LinkedIn
                         • Schedule tweets to go                 Pinterest
                         out through your account                Your Site
                                                                 Other Blogs
   • Utilizing social media and Twitter to extend the reach of your content is ideal
   • Tracking the results through campaign variables on your link back to your
     site, increased number of visitors and increased number of followers

 Page 23                                          Confidential
The Journey to an Engaged Social Media Program
    (thank you Ant’s Eye View)

Traditional          Experimental         Operational               Measurable           Fully Engaged
• Listening to       • “The arrival of    • Budget and              • Start tracking     • Everyone has
  what people are      Mavericks”           authority given           business imact       the opportunity
  saying             • Someone takes      • Strategy, tactics,      • Cross functional     to participate in
• On the sidelines     the time to          headcount                 silo’s               the social web
                       create company     • Silo’d in               • Defined success    • Governance,
                       profiles             marketing               • Influencers          policies in place
                                                                      identified           with clear roles

Low resource         Part time or “side   Resources required,       Organizational       Very few companies
requirement          time”                but metrics question      impact across        are here yet –
                                          starts to bubble up                            mostly agencies




 Page 24                                             Confidential
Paid Media Cost Methods
                 • Online Media Can be Purchased Using Various Cost
                   Methods, Each with Pros & Cons.
                     Time: Great for guaranteed SOV and placement, but
   More Common




                                                                                  Advertiser Risk
                      inventory is determined by visitor traffic. Effective
                      method for page takeovers to build awareness and to
                      block out competitors.
                     CPM: Strong guarantee of impressions, share of
                      voice, and targeted placements, but greater risk (of ROI)
                      falls on the advertiser.
   Less Common




                     CPC: Provides targeted placement at less risk than




                                                                                  Publisher Risk
                      CPM, but impressions are not guaranteed and risk of
                      forced and/or incentive clicks.
                     CPA, CPL or Revenue Share: The least amount of risk for
                      advertiser and paid only when an user-action is
                      performed, but no guarantee of
                      impressions, placement, nor acceptance by publishers.



Page 25                                          Confidential
Paid Search Overview
• The most effective, timely and trackable way to start spending
  marketing dollars.

• Market is in transition from a Google + Yahoo + Bing + others
  to just Google + Bing

• Google is king – they have the largest volume, highest quality
  audience, best testing tools & easiest user interface.
    Bing is gaining with marketing, innovation and business
     development
    Google content network is MUCH bigger and more refined
     than Bing

Testing is what will make or break your program!



Page 26                         Confidential
How Paid Search Programs Work

Advertiser                                  www.Google.com
                                               (Search)
Advertiser
                                         Syndicated Engines
Advertiser                                    AOL.com
                      Google,            (Syndicated Search)

Advertiser             Bing
                       Etc.
                                               AdSense Sites
                                               (Content Ads)
Advertiser

                                              CPM Sites
Advertiser                               (Sub Set of AdSense)

    • All of these programs are ad serving systems.
    • Search is just one outlet of impressions for the system.
    • Everything is centered around a pay per click model vs a CPM or CPA
    • Even CPM programs in Google are judged on an effective CPC basis
Page 27                                  Confidential
Paid Search Testing is Critical
• The success of your program depends on testing and your
  ability to incrementally expand/improve

• Look for incremental improvement over a long term.
           Include seasonality, week parts & day parts


• Your web analytics/tracking protocol is critical
           What level of granularity can you support/afford?
           Do you automate bid management?


• Balance between click volume and statistical significance.
           Does it make sense to optimize terms that get 4 clicks per month?




Page 28                                           Confidential
Paid Search - Areas to Optimize
   •      Inventory (# of impressions accessible)
   •      Campaign Structure & Categories
   •      Budget
   •      Keywords
   •      Match types (broad, phrase, exact)
   •      Negative Keywords
   •      Publishers/Engines
   •      Copy
   •      Placement: Search vs. Content
   •      Bid Strategy/Ad Rank
   •      Conversion Process
   •      Landing Pages
   •      Balance with Life Time Value




Page 29                               Confidential
New Issues with Search Engines
  • Competition
           Bing running Yahoo search – impact is negligible so far?
           Google updating UI to add in Bing “esque” features
           Google Instant – rapid update of results interface while you type
  • Real Time Search
           Google’s “caffeine” is trying to index content faster
  • Universal Search
           Combining multiple media types into same Search Engine Results Page.
           Text, Video, Audio, Images, etc.
  • Personalized Search
           Change results page based on previous search behavior and website visitation
           Off-shoot of behavioral targeting
  • Latent Semantic Indexing
           Already in use to improve results
           Context of keywords as well as words around the word.
  • Mobile Search
           iPhone, iPad, Surface, Blackberry, Google Android Platform
           Different search results based on mobile intent – directions, reviews, local, etc.
  • Authorship
           Assigning authorship to person who created content
           Adds a picture of author to search engine results page for better CTR

Page 30                                             Confidential
That’s a Wrap!
• Visit www.optify.net for more articles, information & blogs (in the process of
  being updated)
• Also visit www.optify.net for jobs 
• Personal blog – www.branddigital.net
• E-mail me with comments, additional questions, clarifications –
  scott@optify.net
• Join the LinkedIn University of Washington MBA Alumni Group – go beyond
  your class!
• Thank You!




Page 31                                  Confidential
Appendix - Fun SEO Tools
   • http://www.optify.net/
           Blog posts, guides, SEO and Lead Intelligence software
   • http://www.branddigital.net
   • http://www.SEOmoz.org
           Local company with great community, blog and tool set
   • http://www.seodigger.com
           See a list of keywords and what rank for a specific URL
   • http://www.seotoolset.com/tools/free_tools.html
           Various free tools for linking, keyword inventory & more
   • http://www.seocompany.ca/tool/seo-tools.html
           142 SEO tools for all things
   • http://www.marketleap.com
           Easy to use SEO tools that includes competitive comparisons.
   • http://www.searchengineworld.com/cgi-bin/sim_spider.cgi
           Search engine spider simulator




Page 32                                            Confidential
Appendix – SEM Resources
    SEO Technical Resources                 RSS Feed Resources
    • www.robotstxt.org/wc/active/html/in         www.marketingprofs.com
      dex.html (list of bots)                     www.feedster.com (find feeds)
    • www.webmonkey.com (developer site           www.netgator.com
      with good tips for SEO)
                                                  www.firefox.com

    SEO Strategic Resources
    •     www.searchenginewatch.com         Local Search Resources
    •     www.branddigital.net                    www.geolocal.com/
    •     www.bruceclay.com/
    •     www.clickz.com
                                            Paid Search Resources
    SEO Free Tools                                http://www.payperclicksearchengines.com/
    • www.marketleap.com
    • www.seotoolkit.com




Page 33                                         Confidential
Appendix - Directories
    Search Directories            Articles Directories
    •     Dmoz.org                   www.Ezinearticles.com
    •     Dir.yahoo.com
                                     www.goarticles.com
    •     www.joeant.com
    •     www.skaffe.com             www.netterweb.com
    •     www.bluefind.com           www.articlefinders.com
    •     www.zeal.com
                                     www.articlecity.com
    •     www.goguides.org
    •     www.gimpsy.com             www.ideamarketers.com
    •     www.wowdirectory.com       www.buzzle.com
    •     www.sevenseek.com
                                     thewhir.com/find/articlecentral/
    •     www.thisisouryear.com
    •     Search.looksmart.com       www.certificate.net
    • www.microsoft.com/small        www.amazines.com
      business/hub.mspx




Page 34                                  Confidential
Appendix - Resources
  Design Resources                Testing Resources
  • www.pixelmill.com             ASP Hosted Applications
  • www.templatezone.com
  • www.templatekit.com             www.Optimost.com
                                    www.Offermatica.com
  Web Analytics Resources
  • www.clicktracks.com             www.NetConversions.com
  • www.urchin.com                  www.sitespect.com
  • www.nettracker.com              www.Vertster.com
  Optimization Resources          Split Testing Calculators
  • www.websiteanalyzer.com         www.splittester.com
  • www.websiteoptimization.com
                                    http://calc.in-the-name-of-
                                     profit.com/86429/ab_test.jsp
                                    http://www.vertster.com/adwords-tool/
                                  Split Testing Software
                                    http://www.onlinemarketingtoday.com/sof
                                     tware/split-testing/
                                    http://www.splittestgenerator.com/


Page 35                            Confidential
Appendix – More Resources
Pop-up Generator
• www.dynamic-popup-generator.com/
Opt-In List Builders
• www.advertisingknowhow.com/Optin_List_builder.htm
• www.coregcomplete.com/index.php (co-reg software)
• www.opt-intelligence.com (co-reg network)
Marketing Information and Content Sites
• www.marketingexperiments.com
• www.clickz.com
• www.marketingsherpa.com
• www.marketingprofs.com
Examples of Viral Marketing Campaigns
• http://showdown.contagiousmedia.org/




Page 36                        Confidential
US Advertising Spending by Media
          2007 – 2012 in Millions

           • Search has overtaken display as the #1
             media spend online (as of 2008)
           • Internet will overtake newspapers in
             2011 (if not sooner)
           • Internet is bigger than spot
             local/national TV in spend
           • Search is already bigger than print
             Yellow Pages/directories
           • Lots of traditional media spends are in
             decline while Internet is up, up, up!




            Source: Jack Meyers Media Business Report as
            provided to eMarketer, Sept 14, 2009
Page 37        Confidential
Customer Segmentation & Search
   Two Major Ways to Segment with Search

   • By Keyword
           Each keyword someone enters is a behavioral indicator.
           A correlation exists between the stage of the research or purchase process and
            the type of keywords entered.
             o MP3 Player vs ipod 4GB nano black
             o Music vs Free Rhapsody Trial

   • By Demographic Data
           New tools that link account information with keyword searches are available.
           Research keywords to get demographic profile (very helpful for wider
            campaigns)
           Target broader keywords to a narrower demographic (helpful for expanding
            keyword campaigns)




Page 38                                          Confidential
How Do They Get Data? – Spiders are Dumb…
   Search Spiders follow links and return data to search engine for
     processing with algorithms. They can:
   • Read meta tags, title tags and HTML content.
   • Read URL’s (some read past a ? variable, some don’t).
   • Read some dynamic content.
   • Follow links through-out the site if built into page.
   • Are looking for STRONG uses of keywords.
       H1 tags, title tags and HTML content are more important.
       Bold and italic words.
   • Are looking for CONTEXT
           Block of related text, pages with single themes, etc.

   Spiders can only return what they can read and find.
   Our job is to help them find the right information in the right format




Page 39                                          Confidential
Paid Search Metrics, Levers and Actions
  Metrics              Levers                   Actions
  Impressions          Total Budget             A campaign daily or monthly cap will limit the # of impressions.
                       # of Keywords            Add keywords via expansion.
                       # of Engines             Include misspellings & similes.
                       Bid Position             Add content traffic to search program.
                       Search v Content         Bid positions 1-4 get the most circulation through syndication.
                       Match Type
                       Campaign Set-Up

  Click Through Rate   Bid Position             The higher bid positions get more click-throughs.
                       Relevancy of Copy        Putting keywords into the copy increased click-through.
                       Compelling Copy          Free now and offers tend to increase click-through rates.
                       Search v Content         Content ads have much lower click-through rate than search ads.
                       Match Type

  Cost per Click       Publisher/Engine         Different engines have different ranges of prices.
                       Bid Position             The higher the bid position you go for, the higher the CPC.
                       Max Cost per Click       By setting a higher max CPC, your cost will rise to meet position.
                       Competition              The more competition for a term, the more expensive.
                       Match Type

  Conversion           Relevance of Copy        The closer the copy matches the product offer/the higher the conversion.
  Rate                 Landing Page             Create a very clear, singular action landing page that matches keyword.
                       Offer                    What is a compelling offer? Make it so and match the copy.
                       Funnel Efficiency        What speed bumps exist between the ad the thank you page.

  Average Order Size   Product Pricing          Focus more dollars on the categories that drive highest average order size.
                       Cross/Up Sell            Manage to a higher LTV for keywords and categories by acquiring at a higher CPS.
                       Discounts

  Life Time Value      Acquisition Source       Improvements in conversion process and post acquisition communication will allow for a
                       Re-marketing Sequence    higher allowable acquisition rate which can open up the acquisition funnel.
                       Product Suite/Releases

Page 40                                                          Confidential
Testing Methodologies & Tools
• No Testing is Death
• Start with A/B/C testing > but be disciplined in variable control (only one
  at a time!)
• Move to multi-variant when you have the traffic to support it.
    Ability to test millions of combinations of variables via tree’d approach
     (aka smart test design)
    Taguchi method is de-rigueur, but new, more modern methods are
     now commercially available.
• Small incremental changes are the rule, not the exception.




Page 41                               Confidential

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Inbound Marketing Overview Nov 2012

  • 1. Inbound Marketing Overview UW BUSINESS SCHOOL – 11/3/12
  • 2. What We Will Cover Today • Internet Media Spend – Global Perspective • Paid vs Owned vs Earned Media – P.O.E.M. • Why Search? Some Stats… • Search Engine Basics • Organic Search (Natural) • Organic and Social Together • The Social Journey for an Organization • Paid Search • Testing • New Issues with Search Page 2 Confidential
  • 3. Worldwide Media Spend Source: Nielsen Global AdView – Q1 2012 • Internet media spend continues to be the fasted growing segment • However, it is still TINY compared to the big boys Page 3 Confidential
  • 4. Differences Between Media Time & Dollars • Print is WAY over subscribed when it comes to time vs ad spend • Mobile and Internet are STILL the biggest opportunities Page 4 Confidential
  • 5. P.O.E.M. Customer Acquisition Model Paid Media Owned Media Earned Media aka - Campaigns aka – Nurture & Retention Aka: Inbound Marketing Characteristics » Money = Traffic, No money, » A person is “known” » Cost is effort No traffic » Email address + name » Visibility continues when » Channels are optimized » Channels used to move person effort stops individually to initial sale & recurring » Channels work together revenue Channels » Paid Search » Lead Nurturing » Direct/Brand » Display/Banners » Re-Targeting » Natural Search (SEO) » Affiliate (CPA) » Customer Email » Social Media » Email List Buying » Transaction Emails » Referrals (Links) » TV/Radio/Print » Customer Service » Public Relations » Daily Deals Resources » Media Budget » Email Delivery Platform » Content Creation/Editor » Campaign Management » Customer Database » Publishing Platform » Testing/Optimization » Email Content Creation » Social Media Engagement 5 » Customer Service Response » PR & Blogger Engagement Page 5 Confidential 5
  • 6. Search Dominates > But Look at Social! Page 6 Confidential
  • 7. Why Search Engine Marketing? • The #1 driver of non-direct traffic to most websites • High quality traffic  All stages of the buying cycle from research to price compare to brand navigation  Focused, active traffic • Organic traffic has no media costs • Pay Per Click (PPC) search traffic is highly targetable  By keyword, location, time of day, day of week, demographic • PPC is self-service, easy to get up and running, highly controllable/optimizable • PPC is a great way to test messaging, offers, landing pages and positioning Page 7 Confidential
  • 8. The #1 Job of Search Engines Provide the Best Search Results Based on the Limited Information (1-4 keywords) the Searcher Gives the Engine. • Better search results (organic & paid) = happier searchers • Happier searchers = more search/repeat usage • More search usage = more inventory • More inventory = more opportunity to sell pay per click advertising Page 8 Confidential
  • 9. Search Engine Marketing (SEM) Programs Search Engine Optimization (SEO) • Listed in the editorial or organic area of engine. • Higher quality traffic – legitimate search results. • No guarantee of placement, mid to long term results. • Local optimization is a distinct set of tactics Pay Per Click (PPC) Search • Auction, bid or CPC system. • Immediate, cost effective, trackable. Pay Per Click (PPC) Content Network • Google/Bing have matched your keywords to content on the internet • You push ads to a site without a specific search • Managed through your same search PPC interface Page 9 Confidential
  • 10. A Google Example SEM of Programs Paid Results: The top two performers from the AdWords CPC program. Main Results: Natural search listings which cannot be bought, but influenced with SEO program. Google does not have a trusted feed or paid inclusion program. Paid Results: AdWords closed-bid CPC placements. Ranked by CTR x CPC. Top three listings distributed to partners. Top three and more distributed to Google’s Content- Targeted Ad network. Page 10 Confidential
  • 11. Example of a Content Ad Network Placement Content Network: Page content mapped to your keywords. Highly efficient buy, but lower in quality. Page 11 Confidential
  • 12. The Golden Triangle of Search Usability • Eye tracking study • The focus is on the upper left with a glance over to the top of the right hand side placements. • Underlines the volume importance of the top placements. • Also, your brand connections starts at the search engine NOT on your website! Page 12 Confidential
  • 13. The Importance of Position » The higher the position, the higher the click through rate » The higher the position, the lower the conversion (in general) » Critical to understand position vs cost vs conversion trade off Source is Optify click through rate study Page 13 Confidential
  • 14. How Web Crawlers Work – Content + Links! Link Link Link Link Link Web Web Web Web Web Web Page Page Page Page Page Page Search Bots follow links and return information to index Googlebot, MSNbot, Muscat Ferret (www.robotstxt.org lists 298 bots) Update & Cached Pages Index Refresh In Database Schedule News Business Rules (hourly) Web Page Algorithm Fresh Content (recent) Ancillary Data Sources Local Content Crawl Site (standard update) and Sitemap.xml Foundation Database (standard update) Page 14 Confidential
  • 15. Google is Evolving to the Knowledge Graph • Google wants to give you the exact information you want > quickly • Moving beyond text and pages to video, images, books, maps, sound • 500 million people, places, things with 3.5 billion associated items • New search structure and UI to get you there more quickly Page 15 Confidential
  • 16. Why Search Engine Optimization (SEO)? • 70 – 80% of clicks on a search engine results page emanate from the organic search area. Google: 80% of clicks from organic Yahoo/Bing: 70% of clicks from organic • Organic clicks may or may not be more qualified. • The clicks are free of media costs (although there are internal & management costs). • It is an important part of your entire Search Engine program • It CONNECTS your content with people – earned media! Page 16 Confidential
  • 17. Core Components of SEO SEO has three major components • Technology • Site and page optimization • Crawlability and indexing • Content • Keyword Focus • The Number and Quality of Pages • Authority • Domain & Pages • The Quality & Number of Links • Social Media Signals • Keyword Strategy & Focus Page 17 Confidential
  • 18. Local SEO – Different Set of Tactics • Triggered by physical address – need to highlight on site  Individual page for each store • Matched to searchers IP address • Keyword categories drive local  Pizza, dry cleaners, etc. • Additional elements  Map  Address  Hours  Reviews  Images • Local directories and business listings like Bing, Yellow Pages, Yahoo, etc. • Reviews in Yelp, Urban Spoon, Google, etc. add authority to site • Build authority from local links and local social influencers Page 18 Confidential
  • 19. Search Engine Optimization Truths • Your #1 job is to make finding, crawling and indexing your site as easy as possible for bots • High rankings are built on relevant content & authority  Remember the #1 goal of search engines • Following white hat strategies is best  Engines getting smarter about search spam  Do you have time to fight the search engines? • The simpler a site the easier to get ranked  Balance CMS/Rich Media vs Search Objectives • SEO is NOT fast and never ends  Set aside budget for SEO as you would PPC • SEO will effect your marketing, IT, Web site and copy writing groups. Page 19 Confidential
  • 20. Social Media and Search • Social media has dramatically increased the amount and speed of indexable content available – everyone is a publisher • Blogs, comments and articles are much easier to publish and now have revenue attached to them via Google Adsense, etc. • Social media networks has raised the bar on cross linking, product communication and personal profile publishing. • The concept of a homepage is changing  Not just on your site, but Facebook, LinkedIN, Twitter, Pinterest • Being involved in a conversation and pointing (via links) too an authoritative piece of content adds to the link building tool set • Social is a core element of earned media: content+search+social Page 20 Confidential
  • 21. Twitter – Another Form of Social Search • Looks like a cross between email and search engine • Hashtags and @ symbols drive direct keyword relevance • Popular topics drive HUGE traffic • Find people who are talking about topics you are interested in • Now Twitter feeds in Google and Bing (just announced) Page 21 Confidential
  • 22. Pinterest • Visual collection of thoughts – virtual pin board • Easy to share, re-pin and collect from around the web • High percentage of women > 80%+ Page 22 Confidential
  • 23. Syndicate and Engage Your Audience via Twitter Create Content Create Campaigns Syndicate Track Results Your Content One off Tweets In Optify Reports • articles • Blog post • Increased visitors • blog posts • 3rd party content • # of leads • conferences • Whitepaper • # of sign-ups • information guides • Source = Twitter • online courses Create a Series of • Detail = Campaign • podcasts Tweets in a Campaign • press releases • Build your tweets for the In Twitter • speaking events week in one sitting • Increase followers • videos • Build all of the tweets for • # of ReTweets ReTweets • webinars the campaign at once • white papers • Include links to your site Facebook • webinars which we shorten for you LinkedIn • Schedule tweets to go Pinterest out through your account Your Site Other Blogs • Utilizing social media and Twitter to extend the reach of your content is ideal • Tracking the results through campaign variables on your link back to your site, increased number of visitors and increased number of followers Page 23 Confidential
  • 24. The Journey to an Engaged Social Media Program (thank you Ant’s Eye View) Traditional Experimental Operational Measurable Fully Engaged • Listening to • “The arrival of • Budget and • Start tracking • Everyone has what people are Mavericks” authority given business imact the opportunity saying • Someone takes • Strategy, tactics, • Cross functional to participate in • On the sidelines the time to headcount silo’s the social web create company • Silo’d in • Defined success • Governance, profiles marketing • Influencers policies in place identified with clear roles Low resource Part time or “side Resources required, Organizational Very few companies requirement time” but metrics question impact across are here yet – starts to bubble up mostly agencies Page 24 Confidential
  • 25. Paid Media Cost Methods • Online Media Can be Purchased Using Various Cost Methods, Each with Pros & Cons.  Time: Great for guaranteed SOV and placement, but More Common Advertiser Risk inventory is determined by visitor traffic. Effective method for page takeovers to build awareness and to block out competitors.  CPM: Strong guarantee of impressions, share of voice, and targeted placements, but greater risk (of ROI) falls on the advertiser. Less Common  CPC: Provides targeted placement at less risk than Publisher Risk CPM, but impressions are not guaranteed and risk of forced and/or incentive clicks.  CPA, CPL or Revenue Share: The least amount of risk for advertiser and paid only when an user-action is performed, but no guarantee of impressions, placement, nor acceptance by publishers. Page 25 Confidential
  • 26. Paid Search Overview • The most effective, timely and trackable way to start spending marketing dollars. • Market is in transition from a Google + Yahoo + Bing + others to just Google + Bing • Google is king – they have the largest volume, highest quality audience, best testing tools & easiest user interface.  Bing is gaining with marketing, innovation and business development  Google content network is MUCH bigger and more refined than Bing Testing is what will make or break your program! Page 26 Confidential
  • 27. How Paid Search Programs Work Advertiser www.Google.com (Search) Advertiser Syndicated Engines Advertiser AOL.com Google, (Syndicated Search) Advertiser Bing Etc. AdSense Sites (Content Ads) Advertiser CPM Sites Advertiser (Sub Set of AdSense) • All of these programs are ad serving systems. • Search is just one outlet of impressions for the system. • Everything is centered around a pay per click model vs a CPM or CPA • Even CPM programs in Google are judged on an effective CPC basis Page 27 Confidential
  • 28. Paid Search Testing is Critical • The success of your program depends on testing and your ability to incrementally expand/improve • Look for incremental improvement over a long term.  Include seasonality, week parts & day parts • Your web analytics/tracking protocol is critical  What level of granularity can you support/afford?  Do you automate bid management? • Balance between click volume and statistical significance.  Does it make sense to optimize terms that get 4 clicks per month? Page 28 Confidential
  • 29. Paid Search - Areas to Optimize • Inventory (# of impressions accessible) • Campaign Structure & Categories • Budget • Keywords • Match types (broad, phrase, exact) • Negative Keywords • Publishers/Engines • Copy • Placement: Search vs. Content • Bid Strategy/Ad Rank • Conversion Process • Landing Pages • Balance with Life Time Value Page 29 Confidential
  • 30. New Issues with Search Engines • Competition  Bing running Yahoo search – impact is negligible so far?  Google updating UI to add in Bing “esque” features  Google Instant – rapid update of results interface while you type • Real Time Search  Google’s “caffeine” is trying to index content faster • Universal Search  Combining multiple media types into same Search Engine Results Page.  Text, Video, Audio, Images, etc. • Personalized Search  Change results page based on previous search behavior and website visitation  Off-shoot of behavioral targeting • Latent Semantic Indexing  Already in use to improve results  Context of keywords as well as words around the word. • Mobile Search  iPhone, iPad, Surface, Blackberry, Google Android Platform  Different search results based on mobile intent – directions, reviews, local, etc. • Authorship  Assigning authorship to person who created content  Adds a picture of author to search engine results page for better CTR Page 30 Confidential
  • 31. That’s a Wrap! • Visit www.optify.net for more articles, information & blogs (in the process of being updated) • Also visit www.optify.net for jobs  • Personal blog – www.branddigital.net • E-mail me with comments, additional questions, clarifications – scott@optify.net • Join the LinkedIn University of Washington MBA Alumni Group – go beyond your class! • Thank You! Page 31 Confidential
  • 32. Appendix - Fun SEO Tools • http://www.optify.net/  Blog posts, guides, SEO and Lead Intelligence software • http://www.branddigital.net • http://www.SEOmoz.org  Local company with great community, blog and tool set • http://www.seodigger.com  See a list of keywords and what rank for a specific URL • http://www.seotoolset.com/tools/free_tools.html  Various free tools for linking, keyword inventory & more • http://www.seocompany.ca/tool/seo-tools.html  142 SEO tools for all things • http://www.marketleap.com  Easy to use SEO tools that includes competitive comparisons. • http://www.searchengineworld.com/cgi-bin/sim_spider.cgi  Search engine spider simulator Page 32 Confidential
  • 33. Appendix – SEM Resources SEO Technical Resources RSS Feed Resources • www.robotstxt.org/wc/active/html/in  www.marketingprofs.com dex.html (list of bots)  www.feedster.com (find feeds) • www.webmonkey.com (developer site  www.netgator.com with good tips for SEO)  www.firefox.com SEO Strategic Resources • www.searchenginewatch.com Local Search Resources • www.branddigital.net  www.geolocal.com/ • www.bruceclay.com/ • www.clickz.com Paid Search Resources SEO Free Tools  http://www.payperclicksearchengines.com/ • www.marketleap.com • www.seotoolkit.com Page 33 Confidential
  • 34. Appendix - Directories Search Directories Articles Directories • Dmoz.org  www.Ezinearticles.com • Dir.yahoo.com  www.goarticles.com • www.joeant.com • www.skaffe.com  www.netterweb.com • www.bluefind.com  www.articlefinders.com • www.zeal.com  www.articlecity.com • www.goguides.org • www.gimpsy.com  www.ideamarketers.com • www.wowdirectory.com  www.buzzle.com • www.sevenseek.com  thewhir.com/find/articlecentral/ • www.thisisouryear.com • Search.looksmart.com  www.certificate.net • www.microsoft.com/small  www.amazines.com business/hub.mspx Page 34 Confidential
  • 35. Appendix - Resources Design Resources Testing Resources • www.pixelmill.com ASP Hosted Applications • www.templatezone.com • www.templatekit.com  www.Optimost.com  www.Offermatica.com Web Analytics Resources • www.clicktracks.com  www.NetConversions.com • www.urchin.com  www.sitespect.com • www.nettracker.com  www.Vertster.com Optimization Resources Split Testing Calculators • www.websiteanalyzer.com  www.splittester.com • www.websiteoptimization.com  http://calc.in-the-name-of- profit.com/86429/ab_test.jsp  http://www.vertster.com/adwords-tool/ Split Testing Software  http://www.onlinemarketingtoday.com/sof tware/split-testing/  http://www.splittestgenerator.com/ Page 35 Confidential
  • 36. Appendix – More Resources Pop-up Generator • www.dynamic-popup-generator.com/ Opt-In List Builders • www.advertisingknowhow.com/Optin_List_builder.htm • www.coregcomplete.com/index.php (co-reg software) • www.opt-intelligence.com (co-reg network) Marketing Information and Content Sites • www.marketingexperiments.com • www.clickz.com • www.marketingsherpa.com • www.marketingprofs.com Examples of Viral Marketing Campaigns • http://showdown.contagiousmedia.org/ Page 36 Confidential
  • 37. US Advertising Spending by Media 2007 – 2012 in Millions • Search has overtaken display as the #1 media spend online (as of 2008) • Internet will overtake newspapers in 2011 (if not sooner) • Internet is bigger than spot local/national TV in spend • Search is already bigger than print Yellow Pages/directories • Lots of traditional media spends are in decline while Internet is up, up, up! Source: Jack Meyers Media Business Report as provided to eMarketer, Sept 14, 2009 Page 37 Confidential
  • 38. Customer Segmentation & Search Two Major Ways to Segment with Search • By Keyword  Each keyword someone enters is a behavioral indicator.  A correlation exists between the stage of the research or purchase process and the type of keywords entered. o MP3 Player vs ipod 4GB nano black o Music vs Free Rhapsody Trial • By Demographic Data  New tools that link account information with keyword searches are available.  Research keywords to get demographic profile (very helpful for wider campaigns)  Target broader keywords to a narrower demographic (helpful for expanding keyword campaigns) Page 38 Confidential
  • 39. How Do They Get Data? – Spiders are Dumb… Search Spiders follow links and return data to search engine for processing with algorithms. They can: • Read meta tags, title tags and HTML content. • Read URL’s (some read past a ? variable, some don’t). • Read some dynamic content. • Follow links through-out the site if built into page. • Are looking for STRONG uses of keywords.  H1 tags, title tags and HTML content are more important.  Bold and italic words. • Are looking for CONTEXT  Block of related text, pages with single themes, etc. Spiders can only return what they can read and find. Our job is to help them find the right information in the right format Page 39 Confidential
  • 40. Paid Search Metrics, Levers and Actions Metrics Levers Actions Impressions Total Budget A campaign daily or monthly cap will limit the # of impressions. # of Keywords Add keywords via expansion. # of Engines Include misspellings & similes. Bid Position Add content traffic to search program. Search v Content Bid positions 1-4 get the most circulation through syndication. Match Type Campaign Set-Up Click Through Rate Bid Position The higher bid positions get more click-throughs. Relevancy of Copy Putting keywords into the copy increased click-through. Compelling Copy Free now and offers tend to increase click-through rates. Search v Content Content ads have much lower click-through rate than search ads. Match Type Cost per Click Publisher/Engine Different engines have different ranges of prices. Bid Position The higher the bid position you go for, the higher the CPC. Max Cost per Click By setting a higher max CPC, your cost will rise to meet position. Competition The more competition for a term, the more expensive. Match Type Conversion Relevance of Copy The closer the copy matches the product offer/the higher the conversion. Rate Landing Page Create a very clear, singular action landing page that matches keyword. Offer What is a compelling offer? Make it so and match the copy. Funnel Efficiency What speed bumps exist between the ad the thank you page. Average Order Size Product Pricing Focus more dollars on the categories that drive highest average order size. Cross/Up Sell Manage to a higher LTV for keywords and categories by acquiring at a higher CPS. Discounts Life Time Value Acquisition Source Improvements in conversion process and post acquisition communication will allow for a Re-marketing Sequence higher allowable acquisition rate which can open up the acquisition funnel. Product Suite/Releases Page 40 Confidential
  • 41. Testing Methodologies & Tools • No Testing is Death • Start with A/B/C testing > but be disciplined in variable control (only one at a time!) • Move to multi-variant when you have the traffic to support it.  Ability to test millions of combinations of variables via tree’d approach (aka smart test design)  Taguchi method is de-rigueur, but new, more modern methods are now commercially available. • Small incremental changes are the rule, not the exception. Page 41 Confidential

Editor's Notes

  1. P.O.E.M. Model
  2. Organic Integration Model
  3. Update slide or get rid of – top level spend