SlideShare a Scribd company logo
H E A L T H P R O M O T I O N , R I S K
R E D U C T I O N A N D D I S E A S E
P R E V E N T I O N
F O R T H E E L D E R L Y
P R E S E N T E D B Y :
N O U R H A N D A H S H A N
INTRODUCTION
Health promotion is a preventative approach
to health that is self-actualization-oriented
and guides individuals to maintain or
improve their health and actively establish
new positive behaviors .
I N T R O D U C T I O N
Many older adults over the age of 85 require
medical attention from doctors and paramedics,
which is not actually a healthy behavior The
healthy behavior of older adults should include
exercise, smoking cessation, and the restriction
of alcohol consumption, as well as increasing
learning activities and social activities in life
D E F I N I T I O N O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase
control over & improve their health by developing their
resources to maintain or enhance well being.
Health promoting is an action for health using knowledge,
communication & understanding
O B J E C T I V E O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
Increase quality and years of healthy life
• Maintain function
• Eliminate health disparities and independency
• Improve (enhance) quality of life
• Extend life expectancy → ↓ premature mortality
caused by chronic& acute diseases
C O M P O N E N T O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
1. Exercise
2. Nutrition
3. Rest & sleep
4. Periodic medical check up
5. High risk behavior
6. Spiritual well-being
7. Psychosocial well-being
1 . E X E R C I S E
P H Y S I C A L B E N E F I T S O F E X E R C I S E
1) Consumption of body fat
2) Improve cardio-vascular capacity( by↑ blood
flow----- keep tissue healthy
3) Control hypertension& blood sugar
4) Improve respiratory function
5) Improve joint flexibility
6) Improve pattern of sleep & rest
7) ↑ independency
8) Improve sense of well –being & relaxation
9) Maintain mind’s function
10) Promote sense of normality
11) Peristaltic movement
P S Y C H O L O G I C A L B E N E F I T S O F
E X E R C I S E
1. Improve mood state
2. Improve self-image
3. Reduce stress
4. Enhance sleep
5. Improve depressive state of elderly
S O C I A L B E N E F I T S O F E X E R C I S E
• Mood Improvement. ...
• Boosts Confidence. ...
• Improves Social Connections. ...
• Improves Mental Health. ...
• Promotes satisfaction and fulfillment. ...
• Improves Concentration. ...
• Improves Teamwork and Cooperation. ...
• Helps with Learning.
T Y P E S O F E X E R C I S E
Isometric means “same length,” so that your
muscles do not get longer or shorter by bending a
joint. Isotonic means “same tension” so that the
weight on your muscles stays the same.
Isokinetic means “same speed” so that your
muscles are contracting at the same speed
throughout the workout.
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E
I- Assessment done at the beginning of exercise program
include:
1. History & physical examination (CVS, rasp,
musculoskeletal & neurological system)
2. Renal & liver function tests
3. ECG,& exercise stress test
4. Assess range of motion & use of assistive devices.
5. Assess environmental hazards
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E
II-Set a regular time to exercise each day
III- Before starting exercise the nurse should advice the elderly
about:
1. Document baseline resting function status (ht &resp rate, bl.sugar)
2. 10 minutes warms up stretching exercise
3. Drink water before and after exercise is important as water will be lost
during exercise
4. Clothes worn during exercise should allow for easy movement and
perspiration.
5. Athletic shoes provide both support and protection
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E
During exercise
• Monitor heart & resp. Rate
• Stop exercise if elderly has fatigue , chest pain or ↑heart &
resp. Rate
After exercise:
• 10 minutes cooling up at end of exercise
• Monitor pulse rate during cooling for returning to resting ht.
2 - NUTRITIO N
It is neglected especially those living alone or with low income.
Factors affecting nutritional status:
1) Age related changes
2) Psychosocial factors
3) Economic factors
4) Cultural factors
2 - NUTRITIO N
Age related changes
• ↓ Taste & smell
• ↓ Visual acuity
• Loss of teeth & poor fitting denture
• ↓ Gastric secretion→ influence in absorption of B12,
folic acid& iron. Food remain longer time in stomach + ↓
gastric secretion will lead to indigestion &feeling of
2 - N U T R I T I O N
Psychosocial factors
• Depression is common ( losses, death,retirement, change of
body appearance,
impaired vision &poor physical fitness) this will lead to lack of
interest in eating& anorexia and ↓ food intake.
• Living alone also will lead to lack of incentive to cook &eat.
2 - N U T R I T I O N
Economic Factors
• Low income
• Limited access to food and food choices
• Inadequate facilities to food storage and preparation
Cultural factors
• Eating habits may miss certain food group
as vegetarians.
2 - N U T R I T I O N
Dietary guideline for old persons
• Eat a variety of food
• Maintain a healthy wt
• Choose a diet low in fat,saturated & cholesterol
• Choose a diet plenty of vegetables, fruits & grain products
• Use sugar & salts in moderate
• Drink 200-3000cc/daily
N U R S I N G R O L E I N N U T R I T I O N
Assessment involves: nutritional history, physical
examination, anthropometric measurements, biochemical
evaluation, cognitive & mood evaluation
• Health history related to nutrition
• Anthropometric measurement
• Client and family education
3 . R E S T & S L E E P
• Person spend 1/3 of his life in sleep
• Sleep is time for cell growth& repair
• Elderly need 5-7 hrs at night
I M P O R T A N C E O F R E S T & S L E E P :
• 1) Conserve energy
• 2) Provide organ respite (rest)
• 3) Restore the mental alertness& neurological
efficiency
• 4) Relieve tension
• 5) Emerge feeling of well being
3 . R E S T & S L E E P
Factors affecting sleeping patterns
• Age related changes in sleep patterns
• Internal factors
• External factors
N U R S I N G M E A S U R E S A D O P T E D T O P R O M O T E
S L E E P
1. Engage in exercise program
2. Avoid exercise within 3-4 hr. Of bedtime.
3. Spend time out door in the sunlight each day but
avoid period between 12 Md to 3 PM sunshine exposure.
4. Engage in relaxing activities near bedtime.
5. Avoid tobacco at bedtime
6. Avoid drink any caffeinated beverages before mid afternoon.
7. Limit fluid intake after the dinner hour if nocturia is a problem.
8. Limit daytime naps to 30 minutes or less.
9. Avoid using the bed for watching TV, writing bills, and reading.
4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N AT I O N
Importance of Periodic medical examination:
1. Assess elderly level of well-being
2. Detect early signs of disease
3. Educate client how to promote his health
4. Reinforce + ve promoting & protecting behaviors
5. If examination done at home, it permit evaluation of
environment ( hazards care giver…)
4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N A T I O N
Types of health screening
4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N A T I O N
Types of health screening
5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R
• It is behavior that damage physical health.It
includes:
• Over the counter medication (multiple
medications )
• Smoking
• Caffeine
5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R
Smoking
Nicotine & toxic substances in cigarette has
impact on detoxication process in the body---
---- cell damage& variety of diseases as cancer,
respiratory, CVD, ↑ risk of osteoporosis
• Cessation of smoking improves cerebral blood flow& ↑
pulmonary function
5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R
Multiple medication
• Older people consume many medication-
-------↑adverse drug reaction
• The most common over the counter medication:
Analgesics, laxatives& antacids followed by cough
products, eye wash& vitamins.
5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R
Caffeine
• Found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate
• It is mood elevator
• It stimulates sympathetic nervous system
• ↑motor activity
• ↑ muscle capacity & alertness
• ↑ Rapid pulse
• ↑ calcium excretion
6 - S P I R I T U A L W E L L - B E I N G
• Spiritual well-being is the practice and philosophy of
the integral aspects of mental, emotional and overall
wellbeing.
• Spiritual well-being is a state in which the positive
aspects of spirituality are experienced, incorporated and
lived by the individual and reflected into ones
environment.
S I G N S O F S P I R I T U A L D I S T R E S S :
• Doubt
• Despair
• Guilt
• Boredom
• Expression of anger toward god
BENEFITS
The practice and incorporation of Spiritual
Wellbeing into one’s life influences and
includes benefits for ones;
Emotional
Wellbeing,
Physical Wellbeing,
Mental Wellbeing
S O M E O F T H E M E A S U R A B L E B E N E F I T S T H A T P E O P L E
E X P E R I E N C E
F R O M S P I R I T U A L W E L L B E I N G C O U N S E L I N G A N D
G R O U P S I N C L U D E :
• A feeling of being more contented with their life’s situation
• Greater enjoyment of self time, finding an inner peace
• Greater ability to take control of and resolve their life’s issues
• A greater sense of satisfaction in their activities and life
situations
• Ability to take a more active part in life rather than standing
still and watching it pass by
• Ability to build more intimate, loving and lasting relationships
M E A S U R E S T O I N C R E A S E S P I R I T U A L
W E L L B E I N G
Identify ways that believes give meaning to life
• Use problem solving to solve any conflict related to spirituality
• Meeting with religious man at regular intervals
• Presence of religious literatures in the immediate environment such
as Quran on beside table
• Reading in religious books & praying
• Discuss role of spirituality in one’s life
7 - P S Y C H O S O C I A L W E L L - B E I N G
Psychosocial changes may alter an individual relationship with
others.
Physical wellbeing depend on:
• Psychosocial wellbeing
• Social structure
• Personal relationshipsIn Later years many adjustment are
necessary
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
• Assessment to his physical health,
• Psychosocial Well- being, lifestyle pattern, hobbies, high
risk behaviors, knowledge, believes& attitudes that affect
health & wellbeing.
• Assess health needs
• Assess social , environmental & cultural influences on
health behaviors
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
• Lifestyle modifications is a comprehensive
approach for effective change in heath promotion
behaviors
• Nurse role should directed toward helping elderly
to cope with his function level ------delay
disabilities & impairments.
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H
P R O M O T I O N
• Nurse identify environmental hazards & make
necessary modifications
• Identify social needs & encourage participation &
social support groups.
• Nurse should inform elderly & caregivers about
aging process, common disorders & disabilities ,
different services available
R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N
• Encourage elderly to take better care to
them, avoid high risk behaviors,& hazards
affecting their health.
• Regular and continuous evaluation is
important aspect of nurse’s role.
R E F E R E N C E S
• World Health Organization (2019). Phase V (2009–2013) of the WHO European
Healthy Cities Network: goals and requirements.• Europe: World Health Organization.
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/100989/E92260.pdf
• Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2010). Deaths and mortality. Retrieved from•
www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm
• Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2013). A framework for prevention. Retrieved
• from www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/overview/social-ecologicalmodel.html
• Worldviews Evid Based Nurse. 2016 The Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st
Century. HPR/HEP/4ICHP/BR/97.4
THANK YOU 👍

More Related Content

Similar to health promotion for elderly.pptx community health

Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptxQ1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
raketeeraph
 
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
Canadian Cancer Survivor Network
 
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
Rajneesh Pankaj
 
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptxQ1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
raketeeraph
 
Holistic health
Holistic healthHolistic health
Holistic health
Ma Angelica Mae Cano
 
Holistic concept of health
Holistic concept of healthHolistic concept of health
Holistic concept of health
arijitkundu88
 
Health promotion for elderly
Health promotion for elderlyHealth promotion for elderly
Health promotion for elderly
Sapana Shrestha
 
Health and wellness for seniors
Health and wellness for seniorsHealth and wellness for seniors
Health and wellness for seniors
AbiodunIsah1
 
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its Five Dimensions
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its  Five Dimensions Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its  Five Dimensions
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its Five Dimensions
Elmer Llames
 
PowerPoint mental health and physical health
PowerPoint mental health and physical healthPowerPoint mental health and physical health
PowerPoint mental health and physical health
alvicroda2
 
Living A Healthier Life
Living A Healthier LifeLiving A Healthier Life
Living A Healthier Life
Morning Health News
 
Patient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
Patient CareghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshgPatient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
Patient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
NOKHAIZHAMMAD2021BSM
 
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellnessLesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
Yogz John Mark
 
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellnessLesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
uploadlessons
 
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptxhealthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
RhiaLopez3
 
WH102-PPT.pptx
WH102-PPT.pptxWH102-PPT.pptx
WH102-PPT.pptx
manoj703580
 
The health triangle (4)
The health triangle (4)The health triangle (4)
The health triangle (4)
Univ. of Tripoli
 
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptxmental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
alvicroda2
 
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the BodyCCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
Canadian Cancer Survivor Network
 
Concept of self health ppt
Concept of self health pptConcept of self health ppt
Concept of self health ppt
Anamika Ramawat
 

Similar to health promotion for elderly.pptx community health (20)

Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptxQ1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
 
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
When a Loved One has Cancer - Ten Ways to Support Someone with a Cancer Diagn...
 
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE for healthy living....
 
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptxQ1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
Q1-PE 10-WK1-LIFESTYLE.pptx
 
Holistic health
Holistic healthHolistic health
Holistic health
 
Holistic concept of health
Holistic concept of healthHolistic concept of health
Holistic concept of health
 
Health promotion for elderly
Health promotion for elderlyHealth promotion for elderly
Health promotion for elderly
 
Health and wellness for seniors
Health and wellness for seniorsHealth and wellness for seniors
Health and wellness for seniors
 
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its Five Dimensions
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its  Five Dimensions Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its  Five Dimensions
Health grade 7 first quarter Holistic Health and Its Five Dimensions
 
PowerPoint mental health and physical health
PowerPoint mental health and physical healthPowerPoint mental health and physical health
PowerPoint mental health and physical health
 
Living A Healthier Life
Living A Healthier LifeLiving A Healthier Life
Living A Healthier Life
 
Patient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
Patient CareghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshgPatient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
Patient Careghhgjhgwugwghjsghjsgjsghusvhgshg
 
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellnessLesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
 
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellnessLesson1 2-healthand wellness
Lesson1 2-healthand wellness
 
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptxhealthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
healthgrade7firstquarter.pptx
 
WH102-PPT.pptx
WH102-PPT.pptxWH102-PPT.pptx
WH102-PPT.pptx
 
The health triangle (4)
The health triangle (4)The health triangle (4)
The health triangle (4)
 
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptxmental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
mental and physical well-being presentation in manuel.pptx
 
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the BodyCCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
CCSN's Remarkable Cancer Survivor's Guide to Healing at the Level of the Body
 
Concept of self health ppt
Concept of self health pptConcept of self health ppt
Concept of self health ppt
 

More from NameNoordahsh

Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areapBullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
NameNoordahsh
 
disaster Response final.pptx disaster response
disaster Response final.pptx disaster responsedisaster Response final.pptx disaster response
disaster Response final.pptx disaster response
NameNoordahsh
 
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
NameNoordahsh
 
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptxTheories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
NameNoordahsh
 
technology in health education.pptx technology
technology in health education.pptx technologytechnology in health education.pptx technology
technology in health education.pptx technology
NameNoordahsh
 
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communicationPresentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
NameNoordahsh
 
inter personal.pptx inter personal communication
inter personal.pptx inter personal communicationinter personal.pptx inter personal communication
inter personal.pptx inter personal communication
NameNoordahsh
 
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppphealth_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
NameNoordahsh
 
technology in health education.pptxtechn
technology in health education.pptxtechntechnology in health education.pptxtechn
technology in health education.pptxtechn
NameNoordahsh
 
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptxprinciples of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
NameNoordahsh
 
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity healthdisaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
NameNoordahsh
 
Theories of Aging that presented again process
Theories of Aging that presented again processTheories of Aging that presented again process
Theories of Aging that presented again process
NameNoordahsh
 
adolescents and young adults health.pptx
adolescents and young adults health.pptxadolescents and young adults health.pptx
adolescents and young adults health.pptx
NameNoordahsh
 

More from NameNoordahsh (13)

Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areapBullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
Bullying عملي.pptx practice school areap
 
disaster Response final.pptx disaster response
disaster Response final.pptx disaster responsedisaster Response final.pptx disaster response
disaster Response final.pptx disaster response
 
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
global health11.pptxglopal health 1234556666666
 
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptxTheories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
Theories of community health nursing finall (1).pptx
 
technology in health education.pptx technology
technology in health education.pptx technologytechnology in health education.pptx technology
technology in health education.pptx technology
 
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communicationPresentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
Presentation (28) (4).pptx interpersonal communication
 
inter personal.pptx inter personal communication
inter personal.pptx inter personal communicationinter personal.pptx inter personal communication
inter personal.pptx inter personal communication
 
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppphealth_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
health_education_program2.pptxppppppppppp
 
technology in health education.pptxtechn
technology in health education.pptxtechntechnology in health education.pptxtechn
technology in health education.pptxtechn
 
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptxprinciples of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
principles of first aid and emergency nursing.pptx
 
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity healthdisaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
disaster response af.ppsxcommunity health
 
Theories of Aging that presented again process
Theories of Aging that presented again processTheories of Aging that presented again process
Theories of Aging that presented again process
 
adolescents and young adults health.pptx
adolescents and young adults health.pptxadolescents and young adults health.pptx
adolescents and young adults health.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa AjmanDiscover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
 
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical ProfessionalDr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
Sherman Lai Guelph
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptxASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
Rommel Luis III Israel
 
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPASunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
ssuser555edf
 
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 BathindaBathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
varun0kumar00
 
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every DaySimple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
Lucas Smith
 
Mohali Call Girls 7742996321 Call Girls Mohali
Mohali Call Girls  7742996321 Call Girls  MohaliMohali Call Girls  7742996321 Call Girls  Mohali
Mohali Call Girls 7742996321 Call Girls Mohali
Digital Marketing
 
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practicecontraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
Karuna Yoga Vidya Peetham
 
Medicard presentation for companies 2024
Medicard presentation for companies 2024Medicard presentation for companies 2024
Medicard presentation for companies 2024
FrancescaAlainaDeGuz
 
Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈 Top Escorts Experiences With F...
 Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈  Top Escorts Experiences With F... Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈  Top Escorts Experiences With F...
Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈 Top Escorts Experiences With F...
aadeshkumar4448
 
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
SGRT Community
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.pptASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
Rommel Luis III Israel
 
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPTNursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
blessyjannu21
 
Columbia毕业证书退学办理
Columbia毕业证书退学办理Columbia毕业证书退学办理
Columbia毕业证书退学办理
ozcot
 
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-TechThe Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
Gokul Rangarajan
 
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I, PCI
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I,  PCICOLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I,  PCI
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I, PCI
ssuser555edf
 
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdfEXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
Madhusmita Sahoo
 
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
rightmanforbloodline
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptxASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
Rommel Luis III Israel
 
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 FaridkotFaridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
varun0kumar00
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa AjmanDiscover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
Discover the Perfect Way to Relax - Malayali Kerala Spa Ajman
 
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical ProfessionalDr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
Dr. Sherman Lai, MD — Guelph's Dedicated Medical Professional
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptxASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS.pptx
 
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPASunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
Sunscreens, IP-I, Dr. M.N.CHISHTI, Asst Prof. Dept of Pharmaceutics, YBCCPA
 
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 BathindaBathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
Bathinda ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Bathinda
 
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every DaySimple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
Simple Steps to Make Her Choose You Every Day
 
Mohali Call Girls 7742996321 Call Girls Mohali
Mohali Call Girls  7742996321 Call Girls  MohaliMohali Call Girls  7742996321 Call Girls  Mohali
Mohali Call Girls 7742996321 Call Girls Mohali
 
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practicecontraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
contraindications in asana movement - during yoga practice
 
Medicard presentation for companies 2024
Medicard presentation for companies 2024Medicard presentation for companies 2024
Medicard presentation for companies 2024
 
Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈 Top Escorts Experiences With F...
 Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈  Top Escorts Experiences With F... Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈  Top Escorts Experiences With F...
Bangalore Call Girls 💯Call Us 👉 9024918724 👈 Top Escorts Experiences With F...
 
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
Correlation between surface motion and heart-breast distance for breast cance...
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.pptASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (1)-Health Assessment.ppt
 
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPTNursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
Nursing management of the patient with Tonsillitis PPT
 
Columbia毕业证书退学办理
Columbia毕业证书退学办理Columbia毕业证书退学办理
Columbia毕业证书退学办理
 
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-TechThe Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
The Ultimate Guide in Setting Up Market Research System in Health-Tech
 
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I, PCI
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I,  PCICOLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I,  PCI
COLD CREAM AND VANISHING CREAM, IP-I, PCI
 
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdfEXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
 
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
Test bank calculating drug dosages a patient safe approach to nursing and mat...
 
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptxASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
ASSESSMENT OF THE EYE (2)-Health Assessment.pptx
 
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 FaridkotFaridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
Faridkot ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 7742996321 ℂ𝕒𝕝𝕝 𝔾𝕚𝕣𝕝𝕤 Faridkot
 

health promotion for elderly.pptx community health

  • 1. H E A L T H P R O M O T I O N , R I S K R E D U C T I O N A N D D I S E A S E P R E V E N T I O N F O R T H E E L D E R L Y P R E S E N T E D B Y : N O U R H A N D A H S H A N
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Health promotion is a preventative approach to health that is self-actualization-oriented and guides individuals to maintain or improve their health and actively establish new positive behaviors .
  • 3. I N T R O D U C T I O N Many older adults over the age of 85 require medical attention from doctors and paramedics, which is not actually a healthy behavior The healthy behavior of older adults should include exercise, smoking cessation, and the restriction of alcohol consumption, as well as increasing learning activities and social activities in life
  • 4. D E F I N I T I O N O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over & improve their health by developing their resources to maintain or enhance well being. Health promoting is an action for health using knowledge, communication & understanding
  • 5. O B J E C T I V E O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N Increase quality and years of healthy life • Maintain function • Eliminate health disparities and independency • Improve (enhance) quality of life • Extend life expectancy → ↓ premature mortality caused by chronic& acute diseases
  • 6. C O M P O N E N T O F H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N 1. Exercise 2. Nutrition 3. Rest & sleep 4. Periodic medical check up 5. High risk behavior 6. Spiritual well-being 7. Psychosocial well-being
  • 7. 1 . E X E R C I S E
  • 8. P H Y S I C A L B E N E F I T S O F E X E R C I S E 1) Consumption of body fat 2) Improve cardio-vascular capacity( by↑ blood flow----- keep tissue healthy 3) Control hypertension& blood sugar 4) Improve respiratory function 5) Improve joint flexibility 6) Improve pattern of sleep & rest 7) ↑ independency 8) Improve sense of well –being & relaxation 9) Maintain mind’s function 10) Promote sense of normality 11) Peristaltic movement
  • 9. P S Y C H O L O G I C A L B E N E F I T S O F E X E R C I S E 1. Improve mood state 2. Improve self-image 3. Reduce stress 4. Enhance sleep 5. Improve depressive state of elderly
  • 10. S O C I A L B E N E F I T S O F E X E R C I S E • Mood Improvement. ... • Boosts Confidence. ... • Improves Social Connections. ... • Improves Mental Health. ... • Promotes satisfaction and fulfillment. ... • Improves Concentration. ... • Improves Teamwork and Cooperation. ... • Helps with Learning.
  • 11.
  • 12. T Y P E S O F E X E R C I S E Isometric means “same length,” so that your muscles do not get longer or shorter by bending a joint. Isotonic means “same tension” so that the weight on your muscles stays the same. Isokinetic means “same speed” so that your muscles are contracting at the same speed throughout the workout.
  • 13. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E I- Assessment done at the beginning of exercise program include: 1. History & physical examination (CVS, rasp, musculoskeletal & neurological system) 2. Renal & liver function tests 3. ECG,& exercise stress test 4. Assess range of motion & use of assistive devices. 5. Assess environmental hazards
  • 14. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E II-Set a regular time to exercise each day III- Before starting exercise the nurse should advice the elderly about: 1. Document baseline resting function status (ht &resp rate, bl.sugar) 2. 10 minutes warms up stretching exercise 3. Drink water before and after exercise is important as water will be lost during exercise 4. Clothes worn during exercise should allow for easy movement and perspiration. 5. Athletic shoes provide both support and protection
  • 15. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E D U R I N G E X E R C I S E During exercise • Monitor heart & resp. Rate • Stop exercise if elderly has fatigue , chest pain or ↑heart & resp. Rate After exercise: • 10 minutes cooling up at end of exercise • Monitor pulse rate during cooling for returning to resting ht.
  • 16. 2 - NUTRITIO N It is neglected especially those living alone or with low income. Factors affecting nutritional status: 1) Age related changes 2) Psychosocial factors 3) Economic factors 4) Cultural factors
  • 17. 2 - NUTRITIO N Age related changes • ↓ Taste & smell • ↓ Visual acuity • Loss of teeth & poor fitting denture • ↓ Gastric secretion→ influence in absorption of B12, folic acid& iron. Food remain longer time in stomach + ↓ gastric secretion will lead to indigestion &feeling of
  • 18. 2 - N U T R I T I O N Psychosocial factors • Depression is common ( losses, death,retirement, change of body appearance, impaired vision &poor physical fitness) this will lead to lack of interest in eating& anorexia and ↓ food intake. • Living alone also will lead to lack of incentive to cook &eat.
  • 19. 2 - N U T R I T I O N Economic Factors • Low income • Limited access to food and food choices • Inadequate facilities to food storage and preparation Cultural factors • Eating habits may miss certain food group as vegetarians.
  • 20. 2 - N U T R I T I O N Dietary guideline for old persons • Eat a variety of food • Maintain a healthy wt • Choose a diet low in fat,saturated & cholesterol • Choose a diet plenty of vegetables, fruits & grain products • Use sugar & salts in moderate • Drink 200-3000cc/daily
  • 21. N U R S I N G R O L E I N N U T R I T I O N Assessment involves: nutritional history, physical examination, anthropometric measurements, biochemical evaluation, cognitive & mood evaluation • Health history related to nutrition • Anthropometric measurement • Client and family education
  • 22. 3 . R E S T & S L E E P • Person spend 1/3 of his life in sleep • Sleep is time for cell growth& repair • Elderly need 5-7 hrs at night
  • 23. I M P O R T A N C E O F R E S T & S L E E P : • 1) Conserve energy • 2) Provide organ respite (rest) • 3) Restore the mental alertness& neurological efficiency • 4) Relieve tension • 5) Emerge feeling of well being
  • 24. 3 . R E S T & S L E E P Factors affecting sleeping patterns • Age related changes in sleep patterns • Internal factors • External factors
  • 25. N U R S I N G M E A S U R E S A D O P T E D T O P R O M O T E S L E E P 1. Engage in exercise program 2. Avoid exercise within 3-4 hr. Of bedtime. 3. Spend time out door in the sunlight each day but avoid period between 12 Md to 3 PM sunshine exposure. 4. Engage in relaxing activities near bedtime. 5. Avoid tobacco at bedtime 6. Avoid drink any caffeinated beverages before mid afternoon. 7. Limit fluid intake after the dinner hour if nocturia is a problem. 8. Limit daytime naps to 30 minutes or less. 9. Avoid using the bed for watching TV, writing bills, and reading.
  • 26. 4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N AT I O N Importance of Periodic medical examination: 1. Assess elderly level of well-being 2. Detect early signs of disease 3. Educate client how to promote his health 4. Reinforce + ve promoting & protecting behaviors 5. If examination done at home, it permit evaluation of environment ( hazards care giver…)
  • 27. 4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N A T I O N Types of health screening
  • 28. 4 - P E R I O D I C M E D I C A L E X A M I N A T I O N Types of health screening
  • 29. 5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R • It is behavior that damage physical health.It includes: • Over the counter medication (multiple medications ) • Smoking • Caffeine
  • 30. 5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R Smoking Nicotine & toxic substances in cigarette has impact on detoxication process in the body--- ---- cell damage& variety of diseases as cancer, respiratory, CVD, ↑ risk of osteoporosis • Cessation of smoking improves cerebral blood flow& ↑ pulmonary function
  • 31. 5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R Multiple medication • Older people consume many medication- -------↑adverse drug reaction • The most common over the counter medication: Analgesics, laxatives& antacids followed by cough products, eye wash& vitamins.
  • 32. 5 - H I G H R I S K B E H AV I O R Caffeine • Found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate • It is mood elevator • It stimulates sympathetic nervous system • ↑motor activity • ↑ muscle capacity & alertness • ↑ Rapid pulse • ↑ calcium excretion
  • 33. 6 - S P I R I T U A L W E L L - B E I N G • Spiritual well-being is the practice and philosophy of the integral aspects of mental, emotional and overall wellbeing. • Spiritual well-being is a state in which the positive aspects of spirituality are experienced, incorporated and lived by the individual and reflected into ones environment.
  • 34. S I G N S O F S P I R I T U A L D I S T R E S S : • Doubt • Despair • Guilt • Boredom • Expression of anger toward god
  • 35. BENEFITS The practice and incorporation of Spiritual Wellbeing into one’s life influences and includes benefits for ones; Emotional Wellbeing, Physical Wellbeing, Mental Wellbeing
  • 36. S O M E O F T H E M E A S U R A B L E B E N E F I T S T H A T P E O P L E E X P E R I E N C E F R O M S P I R I T U A L W E L L B E I N G C O U N S E L I N G A N D G R O U P S I N C L U D E : • A feeling of being more contented with their life’s situation • Greater enjoyment of self time, finding an inner peace • Greater ability to take control of and resolve their life’s issues • A greater sense of satisfaction in their activities and life situations • Ability to take a more active part in life rather than standing still and watching it pass by • Ability to build more intimate, loving and lasting relationships
  • 37. M E A S U R E S T O I N C R E A S E S P I R I T U A L W E L L B E I N G Identify ways that believes give meaning to life • Use problem solving to solve any conflict related to spirituality • Meeting with religious man at regular intervals • Presence of religious literatures in the immediate environment such as Quran on beside table • Reading in religious books & praying • Discuss role of spirituality in one’s life
  • 38. 7 - P S Y C H O S O C I A L W E L L - B E I N G Psychosocial changes may alter an individual relationship with others. Physical wellbeing depend on: • Psychosocial wellbeing • Social structure • Personal relationshipsIn Later years many adjustment are necessary
  • 39. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N • Assessment to his physical health, • Psychosocial Well- being, lifestyle pattern, hobbies, high risk behaviors, knowledge, believes& attitudes that affect health & wellbeing. • Assess health needs • Assess social , environmental & cultural influences on health behaviors
  • 40. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N • Lifestyle modifications is a comprehensive approach for effective change in heath promotion behaviors • Nurse role should directed toward helping elderly to cope with his function level ------delay disabilities & impairments.
  • 41. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N • Nurse identify environmental hazards & make necessary modifications • Identify social needs & encourage participation & social support groups. • Nurse should inform elderly & caregivers about aging process, common disorders & disabilities , different services available
  • 42. R O L E O F T H E N U R S E I N H E A LT H P R O M O T I O N • Encourage elderly to take better care to them, avoid high risk behaviors,& hazards affecting their health. • Regular and continuous evaluation is important aspect of nurse’s role.
  • 43. R E F E R E N C E S • World Health Organization (2019). Phase V (2009–2013) of the WHO European Healthy Cities Network: goals and requirements.• Europe: World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/100989/E92260.pdf • Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2010). Deaths and mortality. Retrieved from• www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm • Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2013). A framework for prevention. Retrieved • from www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/overview/social-ecologicalmodel.html • Worldviews Evid Based Nurse. 2016 The Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century. HPR/HEP/4ICHP/BR/97.4