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Role of Technology &
Entrepreneurship in
Strengthening Gender
Equality
Bikash Sahoo
Founder
Economically empowered women have higher chances of improved
lifestyle not limiting to education for their children compared to men
and is considered one of the best indicators of whether her children will
complete their education and enjoy healthy, poverty-free adulthoods
1
Women’s economic advancement also promotes overall economic
growth. Studies by ICRW from countries like Burkina Faso, Cameroon,
and Kenya demonstrate that increasing women’s control over
household inputs and farm income could boost farm yields by up to 20
percent
2
A study by International Labour Organization reveals that women who
represent 50 percent of the world adult population, and one third of the
official labour force, and perform nearly 2/3rd of the working hours
receive only one tenth of the world's income and own less than one
percent of the world property
3
Fact File - Why it Matters ? Strengthening Gender Equality
Fact File - Where do we stand Strengthening Gender Equality
Top 5 Countries INDIA
GII: 127
HDI: 135
Female Education
26.6%
Not So Surprising
Facts
● Worst in South Asia except
Afghanistan
● Among worst in the world :
UN
● Indian laws reinforce gender
inequality: UN
● 29% women are part of India’
s labour force compared to
80.7% men
Gender Inequality Index Vs Human Development Index
Country GII HDI Female
education 25+
Norway 9 1 97.4%
Australia 19 2 94.3%
Switzerland 2 3 95.0%
Germany 3 6 96.3%
Slovenia 1 25 95.8%
Fact File - Some more Surprises ? Strengthening Gender Equality
Somewhere in India
● Goa polygamy law which actually
permits a second marriage for the
husband when there is no son from the
first marriage
● Laws in some states which do not
allow daughters and widows to inherit
land
● Our Cultural ideology. Sons are
traditionally viewed as the
breadwinners who will carry on the
family name and perform the last rites
of the parents - an important ritual in
many faiths.
Gender Inequality : Hits us Hard ? Strengthening Gender Equality
● Unequal wages
● Undignified treatment
● Sexual harassment :
○ Every 42 minutes a sexual harassment occurring
○ Every 43 minutes a woman kidnapped
○ Every 93 minutes a woman is burnt for dowry
○ Every 26 minutes a woman is molested
○ Every 34 minutes a rape take place
● Poor health care , lack of education
● Discriminative socialization process
● Economic constraints
● Detrimental cultural practices
Terminology source : http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol13-issue3/G01334850.pdf?
id=2285
section : “facets of inequality”
A GIANT TUG - Is this the India we
envision ?
Technology and Women empowerment ? Strengthening Gender Equality
WHY ICT ? 5 quick reasons ! Strengthening Gender Equality
Using ICT to address Barriers Strengthening Gender Equality
JUMPING BARRIERS - USE OF ICT
● Locational Restrictions
● Literacy Technology
○ Search
○ Translation - Voice to Text & vice-versa
● Security Woes
● Opportunities
○ E-Shop
○ Education
○ Health
What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality
What stops women from ICT ?
1. Cultural peek
a. Promiscuity associated
b. Male interactions associated
c. Travel
d. Affordability
ANSWER : SHGs - SEWA & Others
What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality
What stops women from ICT ?
2. Technical Literacy
a. Late start
b. Non-priority
c. Support parameters
ANSWER: Awareness & Training programmes
What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality
What stops women from ICT ?
3. Availability & Affordability
● Lack of confidence
● Language barrier
● Cost
● Lack of Freedom
ANSWER: Women centric government/social ventures
Technology & Entrepreneurship Strengthening Gender Equality
Technology & Entrepreneurship
YOUr Role Strengthening Gender Equality
Some role models Strengthening Gender Equality
Sanitary napkin, an essential personal hygiene product, has very low
penetration in India due to it’s high price. The survey showed that 81%
of rural women use unsterilized cloth since it is relatively cheaper than
sanitary napkins
Muruganatham (47) has developed an
assembly of low cost, portable machines
that produce quality sanitary napkins at a
cost of Rs. 1 to Rs. 1.50 per pad
approximately
Some role models Strengthening Gender Equality
Effort to curb female foeticides-Active Tracker
System on Sirsa Ultrasound Machines is Active
Jan 13th , SIRSA News
We definitely keep gender diversity in mind,
while ensuring that we hire the best people," said
Deepinder Goyal, cofounder of restaurant listing
service Zomato where women make up 48 % of
the 800-strong workforce
Economic Times 6th Nov
Hiring Women ! Strengthening Gender Equality
Entrepreneurship & Women Strengthening Gender Equality
Lets set ground rules - U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality

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HeForShe @ NIT K

  • 1. Role of Technology & Entrepreneurship in Strengthening Gender Equality Bikash Sahoo Founder
  • 2. Economically empowered women have higher chances of improved lifestyle not limiting to education for their children compared to men and is considered one of the best indicators of whether her children will complete their education and enjoy healthy, poverty-free adulthoods 1 Women’s economic advancement also promotes overall economic growth. Studies by ICRW from countries like Burkina Faso, Cameroon, and Kenya demonstrate that increasing women’s control over household inputs and farm income could boost farm yields by up to 20 percent 2 A study by International Labour Organization reveals that women who represent 50 percent of the world adult population, and one third of the official labour force, and perform nearly 2/3rd of the working hours receive only one tenth of the world's income and own less than one percent of the world property 3 Fact File - Why it Matters ? Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 3. Fact File - Where do we stand Strengthening Gender Equality Top 5 Countries INDIA GII: 127 HDI: 135 Female Education 26.6% Not So Surprising Facts ● Worst in South Asia except Afghanistan ● Among worst in the world : UN ● Indian laws reinforce gender inequality: UN ● 29% women are part of India’ s labour force compared to 80.7% men Gender Inequality Index Vs Human Development Index Country GII HDI Female education 25+ Norway 9 1 97.4% Australia 19 2 94.3% Switzerland 2 3 95.0% Germany 3 6 96.3% Slovenia 1 25 95.8%
  • 4. Fact File - Some more Surprises ? Strengthening Gender Equality Somewhere in India ● Goa polygamy law which actually permits a second marriage for the husband when there is no son from the first marriage ● Laws in some states which do not allow daughters and widows to inherit land ● Our Cultural ideology. Sons are traditionally viewed as the breadwinners who will carry on the family name and perform the last rites of the parents - an important ritual in many faiths.
  • 5. Gender Inequality : Hits us Hard ? Strengthening Gender Equality ● Unequal wages ● Undignified treatment ● Sexual harassment : ○ Every 42 minutes a sexual harassment occurring ○ Every 43 minutes a woman kidnapped ○ Every 93 minutes a woman is burnt for dowry ○ Every 26 minutes a woman is molested ○ Every 34 minutes a rape take place ● Poor health care , lack of education ● Discriminative socialization process ● Economic constraints ● Detrimental cultural practices Terminology source : http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol13-issue3/G01334850.pdf? id=2285 section : “facets of inequality” A GIANT TUG - Is this the India we envision ?
  • 6. Technology and Women empowerment ? Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 7. WHY ICT ? 5 quick reasons ! Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 8. Using ICT to address Barriers Strengthening Gender Equality JUMPING BARRIERS - USE OF ICT ● Locational Restrictions ● Literacy Technology ○ Search ○ Translation - Voice to Text & vice-versa ● Security Woes ● Opportunities ○ E-Shop ○ Education ○ Health
  • 9. What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality What stops women from ICT ? 1. Cultural peek a. Promiscuity associated b. Male interactions associated c. Travel d. Affordability ANSWER : SHGs - SEWA & Others
  • 10. What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality What stops women from ICT ? 2. Technical Literacy a. Late start b. Non-priority c. Support parameters ANSWER: Awareness & Training programmes
  • 11. What stops women ? Strengthening Gender Equality What stops women from ICT ? 3. Availability & Affordability ● Lack of confidence ● Language barrier ● Cost ● Lack of Freedom ANSWER: Women centric government/social ventures
  • 12. Technology & Entrepreneurship Strengthening Gender Equality Technology & Entrepreneurship
  • 13. YOUr Role Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 14. Some role models Strengthening Gender Equality Sanitary napkin, an essential personal hygiene product, has very low penetration in India due to it’s high price. The survey showed that 81% of rural women use unsterilized cloth since it is relatively cheaper than sanitary napkins Muruganatham (47) has developed an assembly of low cost, portable machines that produce quality sanitary napkins at a cost of Rs. 1 to Rs. 1.50 per pad approximately
  • 15. Some role models Strengthening Gender Equality Effort to curb female foeticides-Active Tracker System on Sirsa Ultrasound Machines is Active Jan 13th , SIRSA News We definitely keep gender diversity in mind, while ensuring that we hire the best people," said Deepinder Goyal, cofounder of restaurant listing service Zomato where women make up 48 % of the 800-strong workforce Economic Times 6th Nov
  • 16. Hiring Women ! Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 17. Entrepreneurship & Women Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 18. Lets set ground rules - U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 19. U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 20. U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality
  • 21. U n Me Strengthening Gender Equality