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Getting Serious about Games.
Seriously.
Richard	
  Cula,a	
  
9	
  reasons	
  you	
  should	
  throw	
  
out	
  your	
  online	
  courses	
  and	
  
start	
  using	
  games	
  
User:	
  
Level:	
  
DevLearn	
  2010	
  
Shameless	
  plug	
  
@rec54	
  
A word about words
Educa<onal	
  Games	
  
A word about words
Educa<onal	
  Games	
  
#9
They give learners choice
They give learners choice
• 	
  Monty,	
  R	
  &	
  Perimuter	
  L	
  1972	
  
• 	
  Constance	
  Kamii,	
  1991	
  
• 	
  Ran<	
  &	
  Corno,	
  2000	
  
• Zimmerman	
  &	
  Salen	
  2003	
  
Educa7onal	
  researchers	
  
Crazy	
  Dave	
  
They give learners choice
How	
  should	
  you	
  proceed?	
  
They give learners choice
Ready to start module 27?!
I	
  guess	
  so	
  
Back	
  to	
  
Module	
  26	
  
#8
It’s what Amazon.com would do if they
had your job
It’s what Amazon would do
Inspired	
  by	
  my	
  wish	
  
list	
  –	
  cool!	
  
How	
  did	
  they	
  know	
  my	
  
kids	
  speak	
  Spanish?	
  
Wow,	
  the	
  only	
  season	
  of	
  
West	
  Wing	
  I	
  don’t	
  already	
  have!	
  
It’s what Amazon would do
Read This, Richard:!
Blah	
  blah	
  blah	
  ton	
  of	
  text	
  here.	
  Fizzle	
  ipsum	
  dolor	
  fizzle	
  
amizzle,	
  consectetuer	
  adipiscing	
  crazy.	
  Nullizzle	
  fo	
  velit,	
  
aliquet	
  volutpizzle,	
  suscipit	
  gangster,	
  gravida	
  gangsta,	
  
arcu.	
  Pellentesque	
  eget	
  tor<zzle.	
  Sizzle	
  erizzle.	
  Fusce	
  dang	
  
dolor	
  yo	
  mamma	
  check	
  it	
  out	
  tempizzle	
  tempor.	
  Maurizzle	
  
mah	
  nizzle	
  nibh	
  izzle	
  mah	
  nizzle.	
  Ves<bulum	
  tellivizzle	
  
tortor.	
  Pellentesque	
  eleifend	
  crunk.	
  In	
  hac	
  away	
  platea	
  
dictumst.	
  Gizzle	
  the	
  bizzle.	
  Curabitur	
  gangsta	
  boom	
  
shackalack,	
  pre<zzle,	
  sure	
  izzle,	
  eleifend	
  vitae,	
  nunc.	
  Break	
  
it	
  down	
  suscipizzle.	
  My	
  shizz	
  semper	
  velit	
  sizzle	
  purus.	
  
Whelp,	
  they	
  know	
  my	
  name.	
  	
  I	
  guess	
  that’s	
  as	
  good	
  as	
  it	
  gets	
  
It’s what Amazon would do
Kinesthe7c	
  learners:	
  Read	
  this	
  while	
  jumping	
  up	
  and	
  down,	
  that	
  will	
  really	
  help	
  you	
  learn	
  beLer	
  
Read This, Richard:!
Whelp,	
  they	
  know	
  my	
  name.	
  	
  I	
  guess	
  that’s	
  as	
  good	
  as	
  it	
  gets	
  
Blah	
  blah	
  blah	
  ton	
  of	
  text	
  here.	
  Fizzle	
  ipsum	
  dolor	
  fizzle	
  
amizzle,	
  consectetuer	
  adipiscing	
  crazy.	
  Nullizzle	
  fo	
  velit,	
  
aliquet	
  volutpizzle,	
  suscipit	
  gangster,	
  gravida	
  gangsta,	
  
arcu.	
  Pellentesque	
  eget	
  tor<zzle.	
  Sizzle	
  erizzle.	
  Fusce	
  dang	
  
dolor	
  yo	
  mamma	
  check	
  it	
  out	
  tempizzle	
  tempor.	
  Maurizzle	
  
mah	
  nizzle	
  nibh	
  izzle	
  mah	
  nizzle.	
  Ves<bulum	
  tellivizzle	
  
tortor.	
  Pellentesque	
  eleifend	
  crunk.	
  In	
  hac	
  away	
  platea	
  
dictumst.	
  Gizzle	
  the	
  bizzle.	
  Curabitur	
  gangsta	
  boom	
  
shackalack,	
  pre<zzle,	
  sure	
  izzle,	
  eleifend	
  vitae,	
  nunc.	
  Break	
  
it	
  down	
  suscipizzle.	
  My	
  shizz	
  semper	
  velit	
  sizzle	
  purus.	
  
It’s what Amazon would do
#7
There are no next buttons
Next	
  
Next	
  
Next?	
  
Next	
  >	
  
No Next buttons
How	
  tradi<onal	
  online	
  courses	
  force	
  people	
  to	
  learn:	
  
1	
   2	
   3	
   4	
   5	
  
Learn	
  this	
   Then	
  this	
   Now	
  do	
  this	
  
No Next buttons
How	
  tradi<onal	
  online	
  courses	
  force	
  people	
  to	
  learn:	
  
How	
  people	
  actually	
  learn:	
  
1	
   2	
   3	
   4	
   5	
  
Learn	
  this	
   Then	
  this	
   Now	
  do	
  this	
  
Learn	
  this	
  
I	
  wonder	
  what	
  that	
  
looks	
  like	
  in	
  prac7ce?	
  
Hmmm…	
  I	
  wonder	
  how	
  
that	
  relates	
  to	
  this?	
  
Holy	
  crap,	
  that	
  
reminds	
  me	
  of	
  this	
  
1	
   2	
   3	
   4	
   5	
  
No Next buttons
•  We just LOVE content. What we do is so important that
when we finally get a chance to make an online learning
it’s all we just can’t hold ourselves back. !
•  But the best learning experiences are judicious with
content. But it’s more than just not having too much
content. It’s also having an abundance of context.!
•  It seems like the best learning experiences use context
effectively. Here’s what it looks like. First,
describe the contextual problem (or ideally, allow them
to actually experience it!). Second, teach the solution
to the problem. !
•  Here’s an example of the wrong way: teach a group of
scouts how to tie a taut line hitch. Together, think of
ways to use the taut line hitch!
•  Here’s an example of the right way: Set up a tent in the
wind, let them try to figure out how to anchor it down.
Then teach them the taut line hitch!
•  Here’s another example of the wrong way: Teach MBAs the
Newsvendor Equation, then let them play the Newsvendor
Game.!
•  Here’s another example of the right way: Let them play
the game then teach them the Newsvendor Equation (once
they have the context for it).!
Online	
  Learning	
  –	
  Module	
  79	
  of	
  5362	
  
Next	
  
I	
  know	
  you	
  just	
  can’t	
  wait	
  to	
  see	
  what’s	
  on	
  the	
  next	
  page!	
  
#6
Cognitive psychologists dig it
Cognitive psychologists dig it
“The best instruction hovers at the
boundary of a student’s competence.”!
- Andy diSessa (Berkeley Graduate School of Education)!
h,p://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.05/view.html	
  
Cognitive psychologists dig it
What I
can do!
What I can’t do!
Cognitive psychologists dig it
What I
can do!
What I can!
do with help!
What I can’t do!
Zone	
  of	
  
Proximal	
  
Development	
  
Cognitive psychologists dig it
What I can’t do!
Zone	
  of	
  
Proximal	
  
Development	
  
What I can!
do with help!
What I

can do!
Cognitive psychologists dig it
Ooh,	
  I’m	
  SO	
  close	
  –	
  just	
  one	
  
more	
  7me	
  I’m	
  sure	
  I	
  can	
  beat	
  it!	
  
#5
Sometimes it’s good to fail
Sometimes it’s good to fail
If you want to succeed,
double your failure rate!
- Thomas Watson, Founder IBM!
Sometimes it’s good to fail
1.  Tried	
  it	
  
2.  Failed	
  
3.  Yelled	
  at	
  by	
  teacher,	
  GPA	
  destroyed	
  
Result:	
  Hated	
  math	
  for	
  the	
  rest	
  of	
  my	
  
life	
  
Online	
  Algebra	
  
Failure	
  =	
  Bad	
  
Sometimes it’s good to fail
Plants	
  vs.	
  
Zombies	
  
1.  Tried	
  it	
  
2.  Failed	
  
3.  Yelled	
  at	
  by	
  teacher,	
  GPA	
  destroyed	
  
Result:	
  Hated	
  math	
  for	
  the	
  rest	
  of	
  my	
  
life	
  
1.  Tried	
  it	
  
2.  Failed	
  
3.  Rewarded	
  by	
  game	
  for	
  gedng	
  as	
  far	
  
as	
  I	
  did,	
  encouraged	
  to	
  try	
  again	
  
Result:	
  Spent	
  exaggerated	
  amounts	
  of	
  
<me	
  playing	
  (and	
  eventually	
  bea<ng)	
  
the	
  game	
  
Online	
  Algebra	
  
Failure	
  =	
  Bad	
  
Failure	
  =	
  Learning	
  
Sometimes it’s good to fail
Next	
  <me	
  you	
  interrupt,	
  you	
  be,er	
  have	
  a	
  good	
  
	
  reason	
  –	
  objec<on	
  overruled!	
  	
  
#4
Immerses the learner in context
Immerses learner in context
Here’s a shape:!
Here’s where it!
is supposed to go:!
Immerses learner in context
Start	
  by	
  dividing	
  the	
  screen	
  in	
  half	
  ver<cally.	
  	
  
Then	
  divide	
  the	
  right	
  side	
  in	
  half	
  again	
  and	
  
place	
  the	
  shape	
  in	
  the	
  middle	
  of	
  the	
  ver<cal	
  
plane.	
  	
  Without	
  moving	
  the	
  shape	
  to	
  the	
  lek	
  
and	
  right,	
  divide	
  the	
  screen	
  horizontally	
  and	
  
place	
  the	
  shape	
  approximately	
  2”	
  above	
  the	
  
horizontal	
  plane.	
  	
  The	
  loca<on	
  of	
  the	
  shape	
  
can	
  have	
  a	
  margin	
  of	
  error	
  or	
  3/4”	
  in	
  any	
  
direc<on	
  and	
  s<ll	
  be	
  considered	
  adequate.	
  	
  
Immerses learner in context
Here’s some context:!
Immerses learner in context
Here’s a shape:!
Immerses learner in context
Where should it go?!
Immerses learner in context
Immerses learner in context
#3
Gets rid of learners once and for all...
Gets rid of learners once and for all...
#2
They make data sexy
They make data sexy
Tombstone	
  photo	
  by	
  Flickr	
  user	
  “tstadler”	
  
They make data sexy
Player	
  results	
  
#1
Nobody ever wanted to stay up until
2:00 AM just to take your CBT one
more time before going to bed
Games are more fun
surprises	
  
collabora7on	
  
Mastery	
  =	
  Fun	
  
Might	
  want	
  
to	
  pick	
  this	
  
up.	
  	
  Ya	
  never	
  
know	
  when	
  a	
  	
  
mega-­‐blaster	
  
might	
  come	
  
in	
  handy	
  
mastery	
  
Try	
  again?	
  
Games are more fun
“In other words, with games,
learning is the drug”!
- Raph Koster (theory of fun)!
Games are more fun
Innova<veLearning.com/games	
  
So	
  what	
  next?	
  
Go	
  here	
  
Games are more fun
There’s	
  no	
  learning	
  
objec7ve	
  that	
  can’t	
  be	
  
made	
  into	
  a	
  great	
  game	
  
There’s	
  no	
  learning	
  objec7ve	
  
can’t	
  be	
  ruined	
  by	
  turning	
  it	
  
into	
  a	
  “nexter”	
  
Innova<veLearning.com/games	
  
Thank you!
Innova<veLearning.com/games	
  

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Games for Learning

  • 1. Getting Serious about Games. Seriously. Richard  Cula,a   9  reasons  you  should  throw   out  your  online  courses  and   start  using  games   User:   Level:   DevLearn  2010   Shameless  plug   @rec54  
  • 2. A word about words Educa<onal  Games  
  • 3. A word about words Educa<onal  Games  
  • 5. They give learners choice •   Monty,  R  &  Perimuter  L  1972   •   Constance  Kamii,  1991   •   Ran<  &  Corno,  2000   • Zimmerman  &  Salen  2003   Educa7onal  researchers   Crazy  Dave  
  • 6. They give learners choice How  should  you  proceed?  
  • 7. They give learners choice Ready to start module 27?! I  guess  so   Back  to   Module  26  
  • 8. #8 It’s what Amazon.com would do if they had your job
  • 9. It’s what Amazon would do Inspired  by  my  wish   list  –  cool!   How  did  they  know  my   kids  speak  Spanish?   Wow,  the  only  season  of   West  Wing  I  don’t  already  have!  
  • 10. It’s what Amazon would do Read This, Richard:! Blah  blah  blah  ton  of  text  here.  Fizzle  ipsum  dolor  fizzle   amizzle,  consectetuer  adipiscing  crazy.  Nullizzle  fo  velit,   aliquet  volutpizzle,  suscipit  gangster,  gravida  gangsta,   arcu.  Pellentesque  eget  tor<zzle.  Sizzle  erizzle.  Fusce  dang   dolor  yo  mamma  check  it  out  tempizzle  tempor.  Maurizzle   mah  nizzle  nibh  izzle  mah  nizzle.  Ves<bulum  tellivizzle   tortor.  Pellentesque  eleifend  crunk.  In  hac  away  platea   dictumst.  Gizzle  the  bizzle.  Curabitur  gangsta  boom   shackalack,  pre<zzle,  sure  izzle,  eleifend  vitae,  nunc.  Break   it  down  suscipizzle.  My  shizz  semper  velit  sizzle  purus.   Whelp,  they  know  my  name.    I  guess  that’s  as  good  as  it  gets  
  • 11. It’s what Amazon would do Kinesthe7c  learners:  Read  this  while  jumping  up  and  down,  that  will  really  help  you  learn  beLer   Read This, Richard:! Whelp,  they  know  my  name.    I  guess  that’s  as  good  as  it  gets   Blah  blah  blah  ton  of  text  here.  Fizzle  ipsum  dolor  fizzle   amizzle,  consectetuer  adipiscing  crazy.  Nullizzle  fo  velit,   aliquet  volutpizzle,  suscipit  gangster,  gravida  gangsta,   arcu.  Pellentesque  eget  tor<zzle.  Sizzle  erizzle.  Fusce  dang   dolor  yo  mamma  check  it  out  tempizzle  tempor.  Maurizzle   mah  nizzle  nibh  izzle  mah  nizzle.  Ves<bulum  tellivizzle   tortor.  Pellentesque  eleifend  crunk.  In  hac  away  platea   dictumst.  Gizzle  the  bizzle.  Curabitur  gangsta  boom   shackalack,  pre<zzle,  sure  izzle,  eleifend  vitae,  nunc.  Break   it  down  suscipizzle.  My  shizz  semper  velit  sizzle  purus.  
  • 12. It’s what Amazon would do
  • 13. #7 There are no next buttons Next   Next   Next?   Next  >  
  • 14. No Next buttons How  tradi<onal  online  courses  force  people  to  learn:   1   2   3   4   5   Learn  this   Then  this   Now  do  this  
  • 15. No Next buttons How  tradi<onal  online  courses  force  people  to  learn:   How  people  actually  learn:   1   2   3   4   5   Learn  this   Then  this   Now  do  this   Learn  this   I  wonder  what  that   looks  like  in  prac7ce?   Hmmm…  I  wonder  how   that  relates  to  this?   Holy  crap,  that   reminds  me  of  this   1   2   3   4   5  
  • 16. No Next buttons •  We just LOVE content. What we do is so important that when we finally get a chance to make an online learning it’s all we just can’t hold ourselves back. ! •  But the best learning experiences are judicious with content. But it’s more than just not having too much content. It’s also having an abundance of context.! •  It seems like the best learning experiences use context effectively. Here’s what it looks like. First, describe the contextual problem (or ideally, allow them to actually experience it!). Second, teach the solution to the problem. ! •  Here’s an example of the wrong way: teach a group of scouts how to tie a taut line hitch. Together, think of ways to use the taut line hitch! •  Here’s an example of the right way: Set up a tent in the wind, let them try to figure out how to anchor it down. Then teach them the taut line hitch! •  Here’s another example of the wrong way: Teach MBAs the Newsvendor Equation, then let them play the Newsvendor Game.! •  Here’s another example of the right way: Let them play the game then teach them the Newsvendor Equation (once they have the context for it).! Online  Learning  –  Module  79  of  5362   Next   I  know  you  just  can’t  wait  to  see  what’s  on  the  next  page!  
  • 18. Cognitive psychologists dig it “The best instruction hovers at the boundary of a student’s competence.”! - Andy diSessa (Berkeley Graduate School of Education)! h,p://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.05/view.html  
  • 19. Cognitive psychologists dig it What I can do! What I can’t do!
  • 20. Cognitive psychologists dig it What I can do! What I can! do with help! What I can’t do! Zone  of   Proximal   Development  
  • 21. Cognitive psychologists dig it What I can’t do! Zone  of   Proximal   Development   What I can! do with help! What I
 can do!
  • 22. Cognitive psychologists dig it Ooh,  I’m  SO  close  –  just  one   more  7me  I’m  sure  I  can  beat  it!  
  • 24. Sometimes it’s good to fail If you want to succeed, double your failure rate! - Thomas Watson, Founder IBM!
  • 25. Sometimes it’s good to fail 1.  Tried  it   2.  Failed   3.  Yelled  at  by  teacher,  GPA  destroyed   Result:  Hated  math  for  the  rest  of  my   life   Online  Algebra   Failure  =  Bad  
  • 26. Sometimes it’s good to fail Plants  vs.   Zombies   1.  Tried  it   2.  Failed   3.  Yelled  at  by  teacher,  GPA  destroyed   Result:  Hated  math  for  the  rest  of  my   life   1.  Tried  it   2.  Failed   3.  Rewarded  by  game  for  gedng  as  far   as  I  did,  encouraged  to  try  again   Result:  Spent  exaggerated  amounts  of   <me  playing  (and  eventually  bea<ng)   the  game   Online  Algebra   Failure  =  Bad   Failure  =  Learning  
  • 27. Sometimes it’s good to fail Next  <me  you  interrupt,  you  be,er  have  a  good    reason  –  objec<on  overruled!    
  • 29. Immerses learner in context Here’s a shape:!
  • 30. Here’s where it! is supposed to go:! Immerses learner in context Start  by  dividing  the  screen  in  half  ver<cally.     Then  divide  the  right  side  in  half  again  and   place  the  shape  in  the  middle  of  the  ver<cal   plane.    Without  moving  the  shape  to  the  lek   and  right,  divide  the  screen  horizontally  and   place  the  shape  approximately  2”  above  the   horizontal  plane.    The  loca<on  of  the  shape   can  have  a  margin  of  error  or  3/4”  in  any   direc<on  and  s<ll  be  considered  adequate.    
  • 32. Here’s some context:! Immerses learner in context
  • 33. Here’s a shape:! Immerses learner in context
  • 34. Where should it go?! Immerses learner in context
  • 36. #3 Gets rid of learners once and for all...
  • 37. Gets rid of learners once and for all...
  • 39. They make data sexy Tombstone  photo  by  Flickr  user  “tstadler”  
  • 40. They make data sexy Player  results  
  • 41. #1 Nobody ever wanted to stay up until 2:00 AM just to take your CBT one more time before going to bed
  • 42. Games are more fun surprises   collabora7on   Mastery  =  Fun   Might  want   to  pick  this   up.    Ya  never   know  when  a     mega-­‐blaster   might  come   in  handy   mastery   Try  again?  
  • 43. Games are more fun “In other words, with games, learning is the drug”! - Raph Koster (theory of fun)!
  • 44. Games are more fun Innova<veLearning.com/games   So  what  next?   Go  here  
  • 45. Games are more fun There’s  no  learning   objec7ve  that  can’t  be   made  into  a  great  game   There’s  no  learning  objec7ve   can’t  be  ruined  by  turning  it   into  a  “nexter”   Innova<veLearning.com/games