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Presented By :- Shivani Sethi 
B.Sc.-FT 
Dezyne E’cole College, Ajmer 
www.dezyneecole.com
1. Formation Of Fabric 
2. Fabric’s Introduction 
3. Types Of Fabric:- 
a. Knitted Fabric 
b. Woven fabric 
c. Non Woven Fabric
Formation Of Fabric 
Fibre 
Yarn 
Fabric 
Fibre is the raw material used in making yarn. 
Fibre is the initial stage in the process of making 
“Fabric”. 
Yarn is the 2nd stage in the process of fabric 
formation. 
Yarn is made by fibre. 
It is the raw material used to make fabrics. 
 It is the final product after fibre & yarn 
formation to make fabric.
The basic ingredient for the 
development of fabric is 
fibre. From a fibre yarns are 
made than these yarns are 
woven or knitted to form 
fabric. 
There are several different 
types of fabric from two main 
sources :- Manmade or 
Natural sources. 
Fabric formation process 
contributes to the fabric 
appearance, texture, 
performance, end uses and 
cost. 
A fabric can be used to 
make 2-D or 3-D products 
that require some shape & 
flexibility. Fabrics are used in 
Apparel, Furnishing & many 
Industrial products,
Types Of Fabric 
1. Knitted Fabrics 
2. Woven Fabrics 
3. Non Woven Fabrics
Knitted Fabrics 
Knitting is a method by which 
threads or yarns turned into 
cloth or other fine crafts. 
Knitting is of two types:- 
1. Warp Knit 
2. Weft Knit 
 Knitted fabrics are stretchy & 
mote comfortable to wear. 
 Knitted fabrics are used in 
Dresses, Ties, Socks, 
Sweaters, Blankets, 
Furnishings, Fire protection 
clothing etc..... 
Warp Knitting 
Weft Knitting
Woven Fabrics 
Woven fabrics are formed by 
weaving. Weaving is an art of 
interlacing the yarns together to 
make a piece of fabric. 
The main types of weave are 
Twill, Satin, Pile and Plain 
weave. 
Woven fabrics are tough & 
durable, and these fabrics are 
usually frays at edges. 
Woven fabrics includes 
muslin, poplin, cotton, chiffon, 
corduroy, denim, taffeta, cambric 
etc....
Non Woven Fabrics 
Non Woven fabrics are 
produced by interlocking or 
bonding fibres together by 
chemical, mechanical, heat or 
solvent treatment. 
Non Woven fabrics are not 
made by weaving or knitting and 
do not require converting the 
fibres to yarn. 
Non Woven fabric are used in 
surgical masks, caps, tea bags, 
carpet backing & packaging....
Knitted Fabric Woven Fabric Non Woven Fabric
Presented By :- Shivani Sethi 
B.Sc.-FT 
Dezyne E’cole College, Ajmer 
www.dezyneecole.com

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Fabric studies

  • 1. Presented By :- Shivani Sethi B.Sc.-FT Dezyne E’cole College, Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com
  • 2. 1. Formation Of Fabric 2. Fabric’s Introduction 3. Types Of Fabric:- a. Knitted Fabric b. Woven fabric c. Non Woven Fabric
  • 3. Formation Of Fabric Fibre Yarn Fabric Fibre is the raw material used in making yarn. Fibre is the initial stage in the process of making “Fabric”. Yarn is the 2nd stage in the process of fabric formation. Yarn is made by fibre. It is the raw material used to make fabrics.  It is the final product after fibre & yarn formation to make fabric.
  • 4. The basic ingredient for the development of fabric is fibre. From a fibre yarns are made than these yarns are woven or knitted to form fabric. There are several different types of fabric from two main sources :- Manmade or Natural sources. Fabric formation process contributes to the fabric appearance, texture, performance, end uses and cost. A fabric can be used to make 2-D or 3-D products that require some shape & flexibility. Fabrics are used in Apparel, Furnishing & many Industrial products,
  • 5. Types Of Fabric 1. Knitted Fabrics 2. Woven Fabrics 3. Non Woven Fabrics
  • 6. Knitted Fabrics Knitting is a method by which threads or yarns turned into cloth or other fine crafts. Knitting is of two types:- 1. Warp Knit 2. Weft Knit  Knitted fabrics are stretchy & mote comfortable to wear.  Knitted fabrics are used in Dresses, Ties, Socks, Sweaters, Blankets, Furnishings, Fire protection clothing etc..... Warp Knitting Weft Knitting
  • 7. Woven Fabrics Woven fabrics are formed by weaving. Weaving is an art of interlacing the yarns together to make a piece of fabric. The main types of weave are Twill, Satin, Pile and Plain weave. Woven fabrics are tough & durable, and these fabrics are usually frays at edges. Woven fabrics includes muslin, poplin, cotton, chiffon, corduroy, denim, taffeta, cambric etc....
  • 8. Non Woven Fabrics Non Woven fabrics are produced by interlocking or bonding fibres together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. Non Woven fabrics are not made by weaving or knitting and do not require converting the fibres to yarn. Non Woven fabric are used in surgical masks, caps, tea bags, carpet backing & packaging....
  • 9. Knitted Fabric Woven Fabric Non Woven Fabric
  • 10. Presented By :- Shivani Sethi B.Sc.-FT Dezyne E’cole College, Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com