fabric study

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fabric study

  1. 1. Fabric Study ASSIGNMENT #4 FABRIC ALBUMSubmitted to Submitted ByMr. Vasant Kothari Mohnish Madkaikar MFT-1
  2. 2. VOILE A soft yet firm, sheer fabric of plain weave. Generally made of combed hard twisted single yarns, although ply yarns are also used. Has clinging effect. It is generally 100% cotton , blends include polyester or linen. Can be solid dyed or printed
  3. 3. PROPERTIES It is sheer and lightweight fabric It has soft feel It drapes and gathers very well Generally 100% cotton and less resilientUSES  Ladies dresses, skirts and dress lining  Accessory fabric in apparels
  4. 4. POPLIN Poplin, also called tabinet (or tabbinet), is a strong fabric in a plain weave of any fiber or blend Poplin traditionally consisted of a silk warp with a weft of worsted yarn. As the weft is in the form of a stout cord the fabric has a ridged structure, like rep, which gave depth and softness to the lustre of the silky surface. It is now made with wool, cotton, silk, rayon, or any mixture of these, though originally made from silk.
  5. 5. PROPERTIES It is soft and medium weight fabric It is durable and has good wear resistance It has average drapability It has poor crease resistanceUSES mens shirts, blouses, pyjamas, childrens clothes, and dresses. Perfect for making banners or table drape displays in stores or tradeshows.  It is also widely used as all kinds of sportswear, shirts, boys suits, uniforms, blouses and dresses.
  6. 6. MUSLIN Coarse type of plain weave fabric made of carded cotton or polyster/cotton yarns of various thread counts heavier than long cloth upto 140. Muslin is most typically an unbleached or white cloth, produced from carded cotton yarn
  7. 7. PROPERTIES Unbleached greige cloth with low moisture absorption It is smooth and delicate It has good drapability It is light to medium weight It has low crease resistanceUSES The upholsterers put muslin as the primary fabric of chair and sofa. The fabric is lightweight, so it is used as slipcovers, bedspread, bed skirt, throw pillow, table skirt, etc. Muslin curtains and window shade suits a country house.
  8. 8. GEORGETTE Georgette (shortened from crêpe Georgette or Georgette crêpe) is a sheer, lightweight, dull- finished crêpe fabric Can be solid dyed or printed crinkly surface is created by alternating S- and Z- twist yarns in both warp and weft
  9. 9. PROPERTIES Uneven texture and has crispy feel It is a sheer fabric and light weight It has elegant look but dull appearance It snagging is more and is difficult to sewUSES Used as interlining or lining Used to manufacture sarees Used for scarves , dresses and various garment accessories
  10. 10. GAUZE May be of cotton, wool, silk, rayon and other man-made fibers. Usually plain weave, leno- weave Occassionally knitted Gauze used in bookbinding is called mull, and is used in case binding to adhere the text block to the book cover
  11. 11. PROPERTIES Is thin and lightweight. It is fine and airy. It is crispy and has poor drape. It is open-textured.USES Bandages. Some silk or rayon gauze used for curtains, trimmings.  casual window dressings like panels and scarves.
  12. 12. SATIN Originally silk, now also of filament man-made fibers with a highly lustrous surface and usually a dull back. It is a warp-dominated weaving technique that forms a minimum number of interlacings in a fabric Made in different weights
  13. 13. PROPERTIES Schreiner finish to produce lustre. Soft and good drapability It is flat and lustrous with a smooth surface The surface slides easily for linings. The long floats like 7/1 or 11/1 and filament fabrics are subject to snagging and is poor resistant to abrasion. The shorter floats like 4/1 or ¼ and spun fabrics may be tough, compact and durable with low luster.
  14. 14. USES  commonly used in apparel: satin baseball jackets, athletic shorts, Womens lingerie, nightgowns, blouses and evening gowns, but also in some mens boxe shorts, shirts and neckties. It is also used in the production of pointe shoes for use in ballet. Other uses include interior furnishing fabrics, upholstery, and bed sheets.
  15. 15. VELVET Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric in which the cut threads are evenly distributed , with a short dense pile, giving it a distinctive feel. Compact short pile of silk or man-made fiber and usually a cotton perhaps rayon back. Similar to plush but shorter pile.  Velvet pile is created by warp or vertical yarns and velveteen pile is created by weft or fill yarns.
  16. 16. PROPERTIES Smooth and softer It is thick and bulky Good warmth retention Good drape and fall Good crease resistanceUSES Evening wear Upholstery Curtains and Cushions covers
  17. 17. FLANNEL A fuller and napped woven fabric, generally of wool yarn. Woven with a twill weave which may be obscured by the nap. Blends can be used to increase the comfort and drapability of the fabric Flannel may be brushed to create extra softness or remain unbrushed.  Typically, flannel has either a single- or double-sided.
  18. 18. PROPERTIES It is soft and fuzzy It good stretchability It is thick and warm It is very durable It drapes well It is dull-surfaced It is slightly fuzzy It is scratchy It absorbs and releases perspiration quickly.
  19. 19. USES Bathrobes Skirts Men’s suits Trousers Flannel is used as blazers, jackets, trousers, womens suits, mens suits, shirts, flannel pajamas, flannel pants, sleeping garments, work gloves, linings, coverings, and sheets flannel.
  20. 20. DRILL A durable fabric of medium weight. Usually three harness warp face left hand twills. Made of carded yarns generally on coarser counts
  21. 21. PROPERTIES It is medium to heavy-weight. It is strong and durable It is breathable Has good drapability It is tightly woven fabric Has high tensile strength Various finishes can be imparted to suit the end use of the fabric
  22. 22. USES The lighter weights drill is used for skirts, trousers, dresses, jackets, and household items. The heavyweight drill is used as work clothes, industrial uses and wall coverings. It is also used as pocketing, shoe linings, book bindings, corsets, backing for coated fabric, ticking, banners, slip covers and sportswear. Khaki drill is used as uniforms and boat-sail drill is used as sails for sailing craft
  23. 23. TERRY It is a warp pile fabric with loops of warp threads alternating with ground threads. Terrycloth, terry cloth, terry towelling, terry, or simply towelling is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water. It can be manufactured by weaving or knitting, with weaving on a dobby loom the predominant commercial method, having two beams of longitudinal warp through which the filler or weft is fired laterally
  24. 24. PROPERTIES It is very absorbent and comfortable. It is easy to launder. It does not require ironing. It is bulky and thickUSES Towels, Bath robes, Beach coverups Sportswear, children’s wear Draperies Exercise wear Infants and toddler accessories
  25. 25. DENIM Firm, left hand, 2/1 3/1,twill weave of white filling and coloured warp, typically indigo dyed. Uses coarse yarn for weaving Generally warp dyed Slub yarns can also be inserted for varied effects
  26. 26. PROPERTIES Strong, Durable It is for long wearing. It resists snags and tears. USES casual style clothing, such as jeans, skirts. lightweight jackets and suits. shorts, childrens clothes. for protective clothing. In apparel, it is used as jeans, skirts, shorts, light- weight jackets and suits, uniforms, work-cloths, overalls, sportswear, caps, evening wear and childrens cloth.
  27. 27. CORDUROY A ribbed pile fabric with a high luster and soft feel. Made with extra filling threads, which floats over the ground threads. After weaving these loops threads are cut , brushed, forming a pile.
  28. 28. PROPERTIES It is warm. It is durable fabric It is thick and stable fabric It absorbs and releases moisture quickly.USES Used for better cloths, draperies and upholstery. It is commonly made into pants or trousers, jackets (sports) and shirts. Corduroy is also used as skirts, suits, slacks, childrens cloths and dresses.
  29. 29. CHIFFON It is a fabric made of polyester with a soft and crispy texture. High twist yarns are used for weaving It is flimsy in nature Made from high twisted yarn and woven in gummed condition.
  30. 30. PROPERTIES Highly twisted yarns Extremely lightweight and Flimsy It is elegant and sheer fabric. It is resilient and drapes wellUSES Used for - special occasion dresses, - nightgowns, - linings Also used as - eveningwear, - blouses - scarves.
  31. 31. CAMBRIC It is a cloth made of high quality cotton yarn and given a special finish. This imparts a bright appearance to the cloth. It is a lightweight plain weave cloth, originally from Cambrai , woven in greige, then bleached and piece- dyed, often glazed or calendered. Initially made from flax, then cotton in the 19th century, it is also called batiste
  32. 32. PROPERTIES Has stiff feel. The fabric is - light to medium weight, -Crispy Have high tensile strength USES  Home furnishing industries.   linens, shirtings, handkerchieves and as fabric for lace and needlework.
  33. 33. SINGLE JERSEY - KNITS Single jersey fabrics are manufactured by weft knitting technique Here interlooping of single yarn takes place Soft twisted yarns are used It is manufactured on circular knitting machine
  34. 34. PROPERTIES High stretchability and elastic recovery Soft and resilient High drapability and good fall Dimensional stability is low High shrinkage in natural fiberUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear Used for sports wear Used for manufacturing under garments Also used for industrial and medical purpose
  35. 35. DOUBLE JERSEY – 1X1 KNIT RIB Double jersey fabric is manufactured by weft knitting technique Two sets of needles are used for face and back knitting Can be 1x1 rib, 2x2 rib, 2x1 rib etc depending on the end use Interlooping of yarn takes place
  36. 36. PROPERTIES High stretchability and elastic recovery is than single jersey Soft and resilient Reversible type High drapability and good fall Dimensional stability is low High shrinkage in natural fiberUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s, Women’s and Kids wear as accessory fabric Used in sports wear for collar and cuff Used for manufacturing under garments
  37. 37. PIQUE - KNITS Jersey fabric is manufactured by warp knitting technique Can be knitted using any fibre content One sets of needles are used for knitting Interlooping of yarn takes place in vertical plane
  38. 38. PROPERTIES Stretchability is low and elastic recovery is more than weft knit single jersey Soft and resilient Non Reversible type High drapability and good fall Good Dimensional stability High shrinkage in natural fiberUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing basically Men’s, Women’s and Kids polo T-shirts Used for manufacturing sports wear
  39. 39. SLUB JERSEY - KNITS Single jersey fabrics are manufactured by weft knitting technique Here interlooping of slub yarn takes place Soft twisted yarns are used It is manufactured on circular knitting machine Fabric dyeing is carried out in solid colors so that slub effect is prominent
  40. 40. PROPERTIES High stretchability and elastic recovery Soft and resilient High drapability and good fall Dimensional stability is low High shrinkage in natural fiberUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear Used for sports wear Used for manufacturing under garments Also used for industrial and medical purpose
  41. 41. FLEECE - KNITSo Available as brushed or unbrused fleeceo It is a soft napped insulating synthetic fabric made from polyethylene terepthalate (PET) or other synthetic fibreso Soft twisted yarns are usedo It is manufactured on circular knitting machine
  42. 42. PROPERTIES Low stretchability and high elastic recovery Soft, resilient and thick fabric Warmth retention High drapability and good fall Dimensional stability is highUSES Used in casual jackets, hats, sweaters, jogging bottoms/sweatpants, gym clothes, Hoodies, inexpensive throw blankets, and high- performance outdoor clothing,
  43. 43. FRENCH TERRY - KNITSo Available as 3 or 4thread french terry in the marketo Soft twisted coarse yarns are usedo It is manufactured on flat knitting machineo Consists of tuck and miss structure on the back sideo High GSM fabrico 100% Cotton
  44. 44. PROPERTIES Low stretchability and high elastic recovery Soft, resilient and thick fabric Warmth retention Non reversible fabric different or same yarns used for face and back High drapability and good fall Highly absorbent Dimensional stability is highUSES Used in casual jackets, hats, sweaters, jogging bottoms/sweatpants, gym clothes, Hood.
  45. 45. GRINDLE JERSEY - KNITSo Soft twisted coarse grindle yarns are usedo It is manufactured on circular knitting machineo Medium to High GSM fabrico 100% Cotton
  46. 46. PROPERTIES Low stretchability and high elastic recovery Soft and resilient fabric Non reversible fabric different or same yarns used for face and back High drapability and good fall Highly absorbent Dimensional stability is highUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear
  47. 47. YARN DYED STRIPE JERSEY - KNITSo Fabric is manufactured by weft knitting techniqueo Soft twisted are usedo Can be single jersey or pique structureo Classified as auto and feeder stripero It is manufactured on circular knitting or flat knitting machineo Low to medium GSM fabrico 100% Cotton or blends may be used
  48. 48. PROPERTIES Low stretchability and high elastic recovery Soft and resilient fabric Non reversible fabric different or same yarns used for face and back High drapability and good fall Highly absorbent Dimensional stability is highUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear
  49. 49. WAFFLE - KNITSo Fabric is manufactured by weft knitting techniqueo Soft twisted are usedo Waffle weave is a reversible, woven knit fabric with a raised geometric texture that looks like honeycomb.o Can be solid or stripero It is manufactured on circular knitting or flat knitting machineo 100% Cotton or blends may be used
  50. 50. PROPERTIES High stretchability and low elastic recovery Soft and resilient fabric Warmth retention Non reversible fabric different or same yarns used for face and back Good drapability and but poor fall Highly absorbent Dimensional stability is lowUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear
  51. 51. VELOUR - KNITSo Fabric is manufactured by weft knitting techniqueo Soft twisted are usedo Cut or uncut piles are present on the surface of the fabrico Velour is a knitted fabric, allowing it to stretch.o It combines the stretchy properties of knits such as spandex with the rich appearance and feel of velvet
  52. 52. PROPERTIES High stretchability and elastic recovery Soft and resilient fabric Warmth retention Non reversible fabric Good drapability and fall Dimensional stability is highUSES Used for leisure wear manufacturing Men’s , Women’s and Kids wear Upholstery purpose
  53. 53. THANKYOU

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