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CHILD LABOUR
Presented
by
ILA Roy
Roll: 000
Class - X
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 1
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 2
SELF INTRODUCTION
Name- ILA ROY
Contact No- 62910xxxxx
Email ID- ila.xxxxx@gmail.com
Address- Fulbari, Darjeeling (WB-734014)
CONTENTS
Introduction
What is the age of Child Labour?
Child Labour statistics
Causes of Child Labour
Cycle of Child Labour
Regulation and Prohibition Act
Effects of Child Labour
How do we stop Child Labour?
Action
Preventive measures
Conclusion
Reference
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 3
INTRODUCTION
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 4
CHLD LABOUR
(A SOCIALLY ACCEPTED CRIME)
Child labour refers to employment of
children at regular and sustained level.
This practice is considered as illegal in
many countries. In these practices
children below the age of 14 are force to
work by other people.
Child labour is work for children that
harms them or exploits them in some way
(i.e. physically, morally, mentally or by
blocking access to education .)
What is the age of child Labor?
What is the law on child labour? In India the law
addressing child labour is known as the Child
Labour Amendment (Prohibition and Regulation)
Act, 2016.
This law regulates the employment of children and
does not allow children below the age of 14 to
work except as a child artist and in a family
business.
10/6/2022 5
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
WORLDWISE
 61% in Asia, 32% in Africa,
and 7% in Latin America, 1%
in US, Canada, Europe and
other wealthy nations.
 In Asia, 22% of the workforce
is children. In Latin America,
17% of the workforce is
children.
 246 million child workers aged
5 and 17 were involved in child
labor.
 Out of which 171 million were
involved in work that by its
nature is hazardous.
10/6/2022 6
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Scale
Extreme Risk
High Risk
Medium Risk
Low Risk
Countries
Bangladesh
Nigeria
India
Somalia
Pakistan
Rating
Extreme
Extreme
Extreme
Extreme
Extreme
CHILD LABOUR INDEX
7
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Child labour statistics
One in every six children aged 5 to 17 worldwide is
exploited by child labour.
There are approximately 9 million children involved in
the unconditional worst forms of child labour.
In Sub-Saharan Africa around one in three children are
engaged in child labour, representing 69 million
children.
In South Asia, another 44 million are engaged in child
labour.
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 8
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR
9
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Causes of child labour
Overexploitation of population.
Decrease of resources.
Decrease in literacy.
Increase of poverty.
Increase of unemployment.
Lack of schooling and daily care.
Limited choices for women.
10/6/2022 10
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
CYCLE OF CHILD LABOUR
11
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
 poverty is the basic reason and
driving force that compels these
children to work like labours and earn a
little money at the end of the day. The
bad financial condition up-thrust to the
problem of child labour.
Mostly poor families have more
number of children, so it becomes very
difficult for them to survive on the
income of only one family member so
they make their small children their
source of income .
12
poverty
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 13
Unemployment Of Elders
Another important reason is
unemployment which forces the parents
to send their children to work places
Due to unemployment its become
compulsion of parents to make their
children to work in factories, shops,
even selling items on streets.
There are many cases of child labor
where a child has to work against the
repayment of a loan which was taken by
his father.
Excess Population
In villages there is trend of early
marriages and have large number of
children. To fulfill the basic needs they
compel their children to do work.
 So they have no other choice but to
work and earn a little amount to support
their families
 They consider children as their source of
income and they make them to work like
pulling carts, repairing machines, work in
factories, selling goods etc.
14
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Tradition Of Making Children Learn The Family Skills
Children are force to follow the
foot prints of their parents.
 They are trained from their
childhood in the profession that
the family has been following
since ages. So they are unable to
get primary education
Children are forbidden from doing
any other work. Because of this the
children of labourers, craftsmen etc
start working with their parents at a
very young age.
15
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Many developing countries like Pakistan,
India, Bangladesh, many African countries
are facing a huge problem of illiteracy.
Lower class people are mostly illiterate, so
it is difficult for uneducated parents to
understand the importance of education
for their children.
Literacy rate of India is :74.04%
Male: 82.14%
Female: 65.46%
Parental Illiteracy
16
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
 Another main reason for the
promotion of child labour is due
to the failure of government in
practicing the laws to stop child
labour due to which child labour
is increasing day by day .
Failure Of Laws
17
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
CHILD ABUSE
• Physical Abuse
Children are physically abuse about
69% of children are physically
abused and 52% of them are boys
• Sexual abuse
According to ILO report 53.22%
children specially girls are sexually
• Emotional abuse
Children are emotional abused.
According
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 18
Regulation and Prohibition Act,1986
This was declared by the parliament on 23rd
December, 1986.
It includes Prohibition of employment of
children in certain occupations and
processes.
No child shall be employed or permitted to
work in any of the occupations which are
hazardous by its nature.
10/6/2022 19
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory
Education Act, 2009
The law mandates free and compulsory education
to all children aged 6 to 14 years. This
legislation also mandated that 25 per cent of
seats in every private school must be allocated
for children from economically disadvantaged
groups.
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 20
EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOUR
 The difficulty of tasks and harsh
working conditions create a number
of problems such as
1. premature ageing,
2. malnutrition,
3. depression,
4. drug dependency etc.
 From disadvantaged backgrounds,
minority groups, or abducted from
their families, these children have
no protection.
10/6/2022 21
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
How do we stop Child Labour?
Educate yourself.
Contact retail stores, manufacturers,
and importers.
Buy fair trade and sweatshop-free
products whenever possible.
Grow more of your own food.
Share your time and money.
Contact local, regional, and national
legislators.
10/6/2022 22
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Action
We have many plans for removing child labour in
our home town, country and the world. Firstly we
will go to the child labour. Then ask them in their
position. We will say them it is very bad in a child
life. In this time they need to go to school. We will
go to them parents. We will say them some words.
Education is the backbone of a nation. We are
helping them for education and life
23
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
 Free Education
 Awareness Programs
 Mid Day Meal System In Schools
 Laws Should Be Implemented Strictly
 Punishment Should Be Given To
People Who Exploit Children
24
PREVENTIVE MEASURES
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
Conclusion
The social malady of child labour can be brought
under control, if each individual takes responsibility
of reporting about anyone employing a child below
the age of 14years.
Thus, instead of ignoring on should find out about
reporting child labour and how such children can
actually be saved.
Child labour can be controlled if the government
functions effectively with the support of the public.
10/6/2022 25
Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
REFERENCE
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 26
1. Md Nurul Momen in April 2020 “Child Labor: History, Process, and Consequences” Springer
Nature Switzerland AG 2020W. Leal Filho et al. (eds.), No Poverty, Encyclopedia of the UN
Sustainable Development Goals, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69625-6_30-1.
2. International Labour Organization, Copyright © International Labour Organization and United
Nations Children’s Fund 2021 .
3. ILO ISBN: 978-92-2-034878-9 (print); 978-92-2-034879-6 (web PDF).
4. UNICEF ISBN: 978-92-806-5239-0 (print); 978-92-806-5240-6 (web PDF).
5. Child Labour in India, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
6. International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, www.ilo.org/ipec.
Thank You
10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 27

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CHILD LABOUR PPT.pptx

  • 1. CHILD LABOUR Presented by ILA Roy Roll: 000 Class - X 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 1
  • 2. 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 2 SELF INTRODUCTION Name- ILA ROY Contact No- 62910xxxxx Email ID- ila.xxxxx@gmail.com Address- Fulbari, Darjeeling (WB-734014)
  • 3. CONTENTS Introduction What is the age of Child Labour? Child Labour statistics Causes of Child Labour Cycle of Child Labour Regulation and Prohibition Act Effects of Child Labour How do we stop Child Labour? Action Preventive measures Conclusion Reference 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 3
  • 4. INTRODUCTION 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 4 CHLD LABOUR (A SOCIALLY ACCEPTED CRIME) Child labour refers to employment of children at regular and sustained level. This practice is considered as illegal in many countries. In these practices children below the age of 14 are force to work by other people. Child labour is work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way (i.e. physically, morally, mentally or by blocking access to education .)
  • 5. What is the age of child Labor? What is the law on child labour? In India the law addressing child labour is known as the Child Labour Amendment (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2016. This law regulates the employment of children and does not allow children below the age of 14 to work except as a child artist and in a family business. 10/6/2022 5 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 6. WORLDWISE  61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in Latin America, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and other wealthy nations.  In Asia, 22% of the workforce is children. In Latin America, 17% of the workforce is children.  246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 were involved in child labor.  Out of which 171 million were involved in work that by its nature is hazardous. 10/6/2022 6 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 7. Scale Extreme Risk High Risk Medium Risk Low Risk Countries Bangladesh Nigeria India Somalia Pakistan Rating Extreme Extreme Extreme Extreme Extreme CHILD LABOUR INDEX 7 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 8. Child labour statistics One in every six children aged 5 to 17 worldwide is exploited by child labour. There are approximately 9 million children involved in the unconditional worst forms of child labour. In Sub-Saharan Africa around one in three children are engaged in child labour, representing 69 million children. In South Asia, another 44 million are engaged in child labour. 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 8
  • 9. CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR 9 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 10. Causes of child labour Overexploitation of population. Decrease of resources. Decrease in literacy. Increase of poverty. Increase of unemployment. Lack of schooling and daily care. Limited choices for women. 10/6/2022 10 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 11. CYCLE OF CHILD LABOUR 11 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 12.  poverty is the basic reason and driving force that compels these children to work like labours and earn a little money at the end of the day. The bad financial condition up-thrust to the problem of child labour. Mostly poor families have more number of children, so it becomes very difficult for them to survive on the income of only one family member so they make their small children their source of income . 12 poverty 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 13. 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 13 Unemployment Of Elders Another important reason is unemployment which forces the parents to send their children to work places Due to unemployment its become compulsion of parents to make their children to work in factories, shops, even selling items on streets. There are many cases of child labor where a child has to work against the repayment of a loan which was taken by his father.
  • 14. Excess Population In villages there is trend of early marriages and have large number of children. To fulfill the basic needs they compel their children to do work.  So they have no other choice but to work and earn a little amount to support their families  They consider children as their source of income and they make them to work like pulling carts, repairing machines, work in factories, selling goods etc. 14 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 15. Tradition Of Making Children Learn The Family Skills Children are force to follow the foot prints of their parents.  They are trained from their childhood in the profession that the family has been following since ages. So they are unable to get primary education Children are forbidden from doing any other work. Because of this the children of labourers, craftsmen etc start working with their parents at a very young age. 15 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 16. Many developing countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, many African countries are facing a huge problem of illiteracy. Lower class people are mostly illiterate, so it is difficult for uneducated parents to understand the importance of education for their children. Literacy rate of India is :74.04% Male: 82.14% Female: 65.46% Parental Illiteracy 16 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 17.  Another main reason for the promotion of child labour is due to the failure of government in practicing the laws to stop child labour due to which child labour is increasing day by day . Failure Of Laws 17 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 18. CHILD ABUSE • Physical Abuse Children are physically abuse about 69% of children are physically abused and 52% of them are boys • Sexual abuse According to ILO report 53.22% children specially girls are sexually • Emotional abuse Children are emotional abused. According 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 18
  • 19. Regulation and Prohibition Act,1986 This was declared by the parliament on 23rd December, 1986. It includes Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes. No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations which are hazardous by its nature. 10/6/2022 19 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 20. Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 The law mandates free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years. This legislation also mandated that 25 per cent of seats in every private school must be allocated for children from economically disadvantaged groups. 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 20
  • 21. EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOUR  The difficulty of tasks and harsh working conditions create a number of problems such as 1. premature ageing, 2. malnutrition, 3. depression, 4. drug dependency etc.  From disadvantaged backgrounds, minority groups, or abducted from their families, these children have no protection. 10/6/2022 21 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 22. How do we stop Child Labour? Educate yourself. Contact retail stores, manufacturers, and importers. Buy fair trade and sweatshop-free products whenever possible. Grow more of your own food. Share your time and money. Contact local, regional, and national legislators. 10/6/2022 22 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 23. Action We have many plans for removing child labour in our home town, country and the world. Firstly we will go to the child labour. Then ask them in their position. We will say them it is very bad in a child life. In this time they need to go to school. We will go to them parents. We will say them some words. Education is the backbone of a nation. We are helping them for education and life 23 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 24.  Free Education  Awareness Programs  Mid Day Meal System In Schools  Laws Should Be Implemented Strictly  Punishment Should Be Given To People Who Exploit Children 24 PREVENTIVE MEASURES 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 25. Conclusion The social malady of child labour can be brought under control, if each individual takes responsibility of reporting about anyone employing a child below the age of 14years. Thus, instead of ignoring on should find out about reporting child labour and how such children can actually be saved. Child labour can be controlled if the government functions effectively with the support of the public. 10/6/2022 25 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri
  • 26. REFERENCE 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 26 1. Md Nurul Momen in April 2020 “Child Labor: History, Process, and Consequences” Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020W. Leal Filho et al. (eds.), No Poverty, Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69625-6_30-1. 2. International Labour Organization, Copyright © International Labour Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund 2021 . 3. ILO ISBN: 978-92-2-034878-9 (print); 978-92-2-034879-6 (web PDF). 4. UNICEF ISBN: 978-92-806-5239-0 (print); 978-92-806-5240-6 (web PDF). 5. Child Labour in India, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 6. International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, www.ilo.org/ipec.
  • 27. Thank You 10/6/2022 Darjeeling Public School, Siliguri 27